1819 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 16 Godert Alexander Gerard Philip, Baron van der Capellen, becomes governor-general of Dutch East Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 28 Sir Stamford Raffles lands in Singapore

British Statesman and Founder of Singapore Stamford Raffles
British Statesman and Founder of Singapore
Stamford Raffles
  • Feb 6 Stamford Raffles founds Singapore as a British trading port
  • Feb 19 British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III.
  • Feb 22 Spain renounces claims to Oregon Country, Florida (Adams-Onís Treaty)
  • Mar 2 Territory of Arkansas organized
  • Mar 2 US passed its 1st immigration law
  • Apr 2 1st successful agricultural journal ("American Farmer") begins
  • Apr 26 Odd Fellows Lodge forms
  • May 22 1st steam propelled vessel to cross Atlantic (Savannah leaves Ga)
  • Jun 12 Dutch colonial troops driven out of Palembang Sumatra
  • Jun 20 320 ton Savannah becomes 1st steamship to cross any ocean (Atlantic)
  • Jul 3 1st savings bank in US (Bank of Savings in NYC) opens its doors

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4 William Herschel makes last telescopic observation of 1819 comet

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel
  • Jul 16 Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen sets sail to explore Antarctica for Tsar Alexander I
  • Aug 2 1st parachute jump in US
  • Aug 6 Norwich University is founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States.
  • Aug 7 Battle of Boyacá; Bolívar defeats Spanish in Colombia
  • Aug 16 Peterloo Massacre, Manchester, England: cavalry charges demonstrators.15 people killed and 400–700 injured
  • Aug 17 The Church Missionary Society establishes New Zealand's second mission station at Kerikeri
  • Sep 6 Thomas Blanchard patents lathe
  • Sep 17 First whaling ship arrives in Hawaii
  • Oct 22 1st ship sails by Erie-channel (Rome-Utica)
  • Nov 4 Māori Chiefs Hongi Hika and Rewa sell 13,000 acres (5260 hectares) at Kerikeri to the Church Missionary Society for 48 felling axes, New Zealand
  • Dec 14 Alabama admitted to Union as 22nd state
  • Dec 17 Congress of Angostura establishes Colombia's independence from Spain

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Arthur Hugh Clough, poet, friend of Matthew Arnold
  • Jan 1 George Foster Shepley, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1878)
  • Jan 3 Thomas Hill Watts, Atty Gen (Confederacy), (d. 1892)
  • Jan 3 Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
  • Jan 6 Baldassare Verazzi, Italian painter (d. 1886)
  • Jan 9 James Francis, Premier of Victoria (d. 1884)
  • Jan 12 Zealous Bates Tower, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1900)
  • Jan 14 Frederick Steele, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1868)
  • Feb 1 Henry Lawrence Eustis, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1885)
  • Feb 4 Joshua Norton, SF, Norton I, emperor of USA
  • Feb 8 John Ruskin, writer/critic/artist/Gothic Revivalist (Prerafaelite)
  • Feb 14 James Green Martin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1878)
  • Feb 14 Christopher Sholes, Mooresburg Penn, newspaper man, politician and inventor of the typewriter
  • Feb 19 Mark Prager Lindo, English/Dutch author/novelist/writer
  • Feb 20 Alfred Escher, Swiss politician, railroad entrepreneur (d. 1882)
  • Feb 22 James Russell Lowell, poet/critic/diplomat/abolitionist
  • Mar 11 Henry Tate, English sugar producer (Tate Gallery)
  • Mar 19 David Henry Williams, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1891)
  • Mar 22 William Wirt Adams, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1888)
  • Mar 26 Louise Otto, Germany, author/feminist
  • Mar 28 Sir Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (d. 1891)
  • Mar 29 Edwin Drake, drilled 1st productive US oil well
  • Mar 29 Isaac Mayer Wise, rabbi/founder (American Hebrew Congregations)
  • Mar 31 Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1901)
  • Apr 4 Queen Maria II of Portugal (d. 1853)
  • Apr 6 Johann A H Scheler, Belgian librarian
  • Apr 18 Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Cuban Revolutionary (d. 1874)
  • Apr 28 Ezra Abbot, American Bible scholar (d. 1884)
  • May 1 William Steele, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1885)
  • May 15 Thomas Leonidas Crittenden, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • May 16 Daniel Ammen, Capt (Union Navy), (d. 1898)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 24 Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1837-1901), born in London (d. 1901)

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • May 27 Julia Ward Howe, US, author/lecturer (Battle Hymn of the Republic)
  • May 28 William Birney, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1907)
  • May 30 William McMurdo, British army officer (d. 1894)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 31 Walt Whitman, American poet (Leaves of Grass), born in West Hills, New York (d. 1892)

  • Jun 3 Johann Barthold Jongkind, Lattrop Neth, Dut/Fr painter (Winter Scenes)
  • Jun 5 John Couch Adams, English astronomer (co-discover Neptune)
  • Jun 10 J D Gustave Courbet, French realist painter (Demoiselles the la Seine)
  • Jun 12 Charles Kingsley [Parson Lot], English vicar and historian (Westward Ho!)
  • Jun 14 Henry J. Gardner, 23rd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1892)
  • Jun 30 William A Wheeler, (R) 19th VP (1877-81)
  • Jul 2 Thomas Anderson, Scottish Chemist (discovered pyridine)
  • Jul 4 Reuben Eaton Fenton, Governor (Union), (d. 1885)
  • Jul 6 Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke, German Physician and Physiologist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • Jul 8 Alexander Hays, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • Jul 8 Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)
  • Jul 9 Elias Howe, Spencer Mass, invented sewing machine
  • Jul 19 Gottfried Keller, German-Swiss poet and novelist, born in Zurich (d. 1890)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 1 Herman Melville, author (Moby-Dick, Billy Budd),born in New York City (d. 1891)

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville
  • Aug 6 Samuel Powhatan Carter, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Aug 8 Charles Anderson Dana, Asst Secy War, (Union) (d. 1897)
  • Aug 9 William Thomas Green Morton, dentist, used ether (HOF 1920)
  • Aug 9 Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, born in Geneseo, New York (d. 1880)
  • Aug 12 Daniel Davidson Bidwell, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • Aug 13 George Gabriel Stokes, physicist/mathematician (spectroscope)
  • Aug 17 James Henry Van Alen, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
  • Aug 18 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaievna, Duchess of Leuchtenberg (d. 1876)
  • Aug 25 Allan Pinkerton, founded Chicago detective agency
  • Aug 26 Albert "Bertie" von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha, husband of queen Victoria
  • Sep 6 Nicolae Filimon, Romania, writer/critic (Ciocoii Vechi Si Noi)
  • Sep 6 William Starke Rosecrans, Mjr General (Union volunteers)
  • Sep 7 Jean E "Adriaan" van Bevervoorde, journalist (History of Holland)
  • Sep 9 Martin Luther Smith, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • Sep 14 Henry Jackson Hunt, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1889)
  • Sep 17 Leon Foucault, French physicist (pendulum proved Earth rotates), born in Paris (d. 1968)
  • Sep 17 Marthinus Wessels Pretorius, 1st president (Republic South Africa)
  • Sep 17 Thomas A. Hendricks, 21st US Vice President (D); died in office in 1885
  • Sep 21 Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France (d. 1864)
  • Sep 22 Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (d. 1897)
  • Sep 23 Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist (d. 1896)
  • Sep 28 Jacob G de Hoop Scheffer, Dutch vicar/theologist
  • Oct 2 George Washington Getty, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1901)
  • Oct 6 Willem A Scholten, Dutch potato-flour manufacturer
  • Oct 9 Samuel McGowan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • Oct 10 Zebulon York, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1900)
  • Oct 15 Marinus FAG Campbell, bibliography/literary
  • Oct 16 Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (d. 1886)
  • Oct 19 Joseph C Juglar, French physician/economist (Crises Commercial)
  • Oct 20 Daniel Edgar Sickles, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1914)
  • Oct 20 The Báb, Persian founder of the Bábí Faith (d. 1850)
  • Oct 25 Zachariah Cantey Deas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1882)
  • Nov 10 Cyrus West Field, financier/success of 1st transatlantic cable
  • Nov 22 George Eliot, [Mary Anne Evans], English author (Middlemarch, Silas Marner), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire (d. 1880)
  • Nov 23 Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1901)
  • Nov 23 Josiah Dwight Whitney, Northampton Massachusetts, American Geologist who led the California Geological Survey (Mount Whitney and Whitney Glacier are named for him)
  • Dec 16 Robert Selden Garnett, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)
  • Dec 17 Samuel Jones, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1887)
  • Dec 18 Yakov Petrovich Polonsky, Russian poet (Stichotvorenija)
  • Dec 19 James Clifford Veatch, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1895)
  • Dec 20 John Geary, 1st SF postmaster, 1st mayor (May 1, 1850)
  • Dec 22 Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (d. 1892)
  • Dec 23 Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate, Dutch poet and clergyman (d. 1889)
  • Dec 26 E. D. E. N. Southworth, American novelist (d. 1899)
  • Dec 30 John White Geary, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1873)
  • Dec 30 Theodor Fontane, German writer (Effi Briest)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 14 Peter Pindar, English satirist (b. 1738)
  • Jan 20 Carlos IV, King of Spain (1788-1808), dies at 70
  • Mar 8 Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge, doctor, Massachusetts militia officer, member of the Massachusetts legislature (b. 1739)
  • Mar 10 Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, writer, dies
  • Mar 23 August v Kotzebue, writer, dies
  • May 2 Mary Moser, English painter (b. 1744)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 8 Kamehameha I, King of Hawaii (1782-1819), dies at 81

King of Hawaii Kamehameha I
King of Hawaii
Kamehameha I
  • May 16 Alexander van Bylandt, military, dies at 75
  • May 22 John H van Kinsbergen, lt-admiral/founder (Corps Marines), dies at 84
  • Jun 26 Slome Duikelar, [Abraham J Swalff], Yiddish writer, dies
  • Jul 1 Jemima Wilkinson, American preacher (b. 1752)
  • Jul 20 John Playfair, Scottish geologist/mathematician, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 19 James Watt, Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer and chemist (steam engine), dies at 83

Inventor, Engineer and Chemist James Watt
Inventor, Engineer and Chemist
James Watt
  • Aug 23 Oliver Hazard Perry, naval hero, dies on 34th birthday
  • Sep 12 Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prussian general (b. 1742)
  • Sep 14 Erik Acharius, Swedish botanist, dies
  • Oct 6 Charles Emanuel II, King of Sardinia (1796-1802)/Jesuit, dies
  • Oct 15 F Louise W, daughter of viceroy Willem V, dies at 48
  • Oct 15 Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)
  • Nov 5 Dirk van den Boetzelaer, regent of Holland, dies at 55
  • Nov 15 Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (b. 1749)
  • Dec 5 Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg, German poet (b. 1750)
  • Dec 9 Ann C Coleman, fiancee of President Buchanan, commits suicide
  • Dec 19 Sir Thomas Fremantle, British naval officer and politician (b. 1765)