1820 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 12 Royal Astronomical Society founded in England
  • Jan 28 Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discover the continent of Antarctica
  • Jan 30 British explorer Edward Bransfield aboard Williams sights Trinity Peninsula, Antarctica claims for Britain
  • Feb 6 1st organized emigration of blacks back to Africa (NY to Sierra Leone)
  • Feb 6 US population announced at 9,638,453, African Americans 1,771,656 (18.4%)
  • Feb 6 The first 86 African American immigrants sponsored by the American Colonization Society started a settlement in present-day Liberia.
  • Feb 23 Cato Street conspiracy uncovered
  • Mar 3 Missouri Compromise passes, allowing Missouri to join the United States despite slavery still being legal there.
  • Mar 5 Dutch city of Leeuwarden forbids Jews to go to synagogues on Sundays
  • Mar 9 -11) Philippines chases out foreigners; about 125 die
  • Mar 15 Maine admitted as 23rd state of the Union
  • Mar 25 Greece freedom revolt against anti Ottoman attack
  • Apr 8 The famous ancient Greek statue, Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Melos
  • Apr 12 Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11 Launch of HMS Beagle, the ship that took young Charles Darwin on his scientific voyage.

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • Jun 28 Tomato is proven non-poisonous
  • Jul 1 1st edition of newspaper "Courrier de la Meuse" published
  • Aug 1 London's Regent's Canal opens.
  • Aug 7 1st potatoes planted in Hawaii
  • Aug 14 1st US eye hospital, the NY Eye Infirmary, opens in NYC
  • Aug 24 Constitutionalist insurrection at Oporto, Portugal; see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century.
  • Sep 15 Constitutionalist revolution in Lisbon, Portugal; (see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century).
  • Sep 25 French Physicist Francois Arago announces electromagnetism in his discovery that a copper wire between the poles of a voltaic cell could laterally attract iron filings to itself
  • Oct 9 Guayaquil, Ecuador declares its freedom from Ecuador
  • Oct 20 Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million
  • Nov 3 Cuenca Ecuador declares independence

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7 James Monroe re-elected US president

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • Nov 18 Antarctica sighted by US Navy Capt Nathaniel B Palmer
  • Dec 15 1st General pharmacopoeia in US published, Boston
  • Dec 20 Missouri imposes a $1 bachelor tax on unmarried men between 21 & 50

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 17 Anne Brontë, English novelist/poet (Tenant of Wildfell Hall), born in Thornton, West Yorkshire (d. 1849)
  • Jan 18 Abraham Buford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1884)
  • Jan 19 John Haskell King, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1888)
  • Jan 20 Anne Jemima Clough, England, promoted higher education for women
  • Jan 22 Hermann von Lingg, German playwright/poet
  • Jan 22 Johan Hendrik Koelman, portrait painter (Jahresringe)
  • Jan 22 Joseph Wolf, German artist (d. 1899)
  • Jan 24 John Milton Thayer, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1906)
  • Jan 31 William B. Washburn, 28th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • Feb 1 George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (d. 1897)
  • Feb 2 Hans E Schack, Danish politician/writer (Phantasterne)
  • Feb 3 Elisha Kent Kane, US Arctic explorer (Kane Basin off NW Greenland)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 8 William Tecumseh Sherman, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1891)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 15 Susan Brownell Anthony, Adams Mass, woman's suffragette

  • Feb 17 Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau, Catholic cardinal (d. 1898)
  • Feb 20 Mahlon Dickerson Manson, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1895)
  • Feb 28 John Tenniel, England, cartoonist/illustrator (Alice in Wonderland)
  • Mar 1 George Davis, Atty Gen (Confederacy), (d. 1896)
  • Mar 2 Multatuli [Eduard Douwes Dekker], Dutch writer (Max Havelaar), born in Amsterdam (d. 1887)
  • Mar 4 Francesco Bentivegna, Italian revolutionary (d. 1856)
  • Mar 6 Horatio Gouverneur Wright, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Mar 9 Samuel Blatchford, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1893)
  • Mar 13 Louis Herbert, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 14 Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia (1849-61) and Italy (1861-78), born in Torino, Italy (d. 1878)

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • Mar 17 Patrick Edward Connor, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Mar 17 Jean Ingelow, English poet (d. 1897)
  • Mar 20 Alexander J Cuza, monarch of Moldavia/Wallachia/Romania
  • Mar 20 Susan B. Anthony, reformer and women's suffrage movement leader, born in Adams, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • Mar 24 A. E. Becquerel, French physicist (d. 1891)
  • Mar 24 Fanny Crosby, American hymnist (d. 1915)
  • Mar 25 Xavier F M G, Earl of Merode, Belgian minister to Pope (in Rome)
  • Mar 30 Anna Sewell, English author (Black Beauty), born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk (d. 1878)
  • Apr 4 Charles Devens Jr, Major General, Bvt (Union volunteers), (d. 1891)
  • Apr 5 Nadar, [Félix Tournachon], French painter/cartoonist/author/ballonist
  • Apr 14 Harry Thompson Hays, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1876)
  • Apr 15 Evander McNair, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1902)
  • Apr 16 Georg Curtius, German classical linguist
  • Apr 26 Alice Cary, American poet (Cincinnati Sentinel), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Apr 27 Herbert Spencer, Derby England, Victorian philosopher (Social Statics)
  • May 4 Joseph Whitaker, England, publisher, founded Whitaker's Almanack
  • May 4 Julia Gardiner Tyler, 2nd wife of Pres John Tyler (1841-45)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 12 Florence Nightingale, British nurse (Crimean War), born in Florence, Tuscany, Italy (d. 1910)

  • May 23 James Buchanan Eads, US, engineer/inventor (Eads Bridge-St Louis)
  • May 23 Lorenzo Sawyer, 9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of California (d. 1891)
  • May 27 Mathilde Bonaparte, French princess and socialite (d. 1904)
  • May 28 Willem Doorenbos, [Keerom], literary/critic
  • May 30 Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, French Canadian politician (d. 1890)
  • Jun 13 WF Hendrik, the Navigator, prince of the Netherlands/admiral
  • Jun 14 John Bartlett, US, editor (compiled Familiar Quotations)
  • Jun 16 Athanase Coquerel, French Protestant preacher (d. 1875)
  • Jun 24 Henry Rootes Jackson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1898)
  • Jul 2 George Law Curry, Newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon (d. 1878)
  • Jul 5 William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish engineer and physicist (d. 1872)
  • Jul 10 Andrew Porter, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1872)
  • Jul 22 Louis Powell Harvey, Governor (Union), (d. 1862)
  • Jul 26 John Marshall Jones, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Jul 27 John Franklin Farnsworth, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • Jul 29 Clement Laird Vallandigham, MC (Union), (d. 1871)
  • Aug 2 John Tyndall, Leighlinbridge, County Carlow Ireland, Irish physicist who demonstrated why the sky is blue and proved that the Earth's atmosphere has a greenhouse effect
  • Aug 3 William Miller, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1909)
  • Aug 8 Winfield Scott "Old Swet" Featherston, Army Brigadier General (Confederate)
  • Aug 12 Oliver Mowat, a founder of the Canadian Confederation
  • Aug 13 George Grove, biblical scholar/misicographer, born in London, England
  • Aug 13 Joseph Alberdingk Thijm, [Pauwels Foreestier], poet (Dietsche Warande)
  • Aug 16 Andrew Rainsford Wetmore, Canadian politician (d. 1892)
  • Aug 26 James Harlan, (Rep-Iowa)/US Secretary of Interior (1865-66)
  • Sep 3 George Hearst, American businessman and father of William Randolph Hearst (d. 1891)
  • Sep 17 Earle Van Dorn, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • Sep 17 Émile Augier, French dramatist (d. 1889)
  • Sep 20 George Washington Morgan, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • Sep 20 John Fulton Reynolds, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1863)
  • Sep 21 Williams Carter Wickham, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Sep 23 Thomas Kilby Smith, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Sep 26 Isvar Chandra Vidyasagar, father of Bengali prose (Exile of Sita)
  • Sep 28 Freidrich Engels, German social philosopher
  • Oct 5 David Wilber, American politician (d. 1890)
  • Oct 11 Alfred Washington Ellet, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1895)
  • Oct 13 John William Dawson, Canadian geologist (d. 1899)
  • Oct 20 Benjamin Franklin Cheatham, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • Oct 20 George Jerrison Stannard, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Oct 23 James Monroe Goggin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1889)
  • Nov 4 Robert Vinkler Richardson, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1870)
  • Nov 9 Matthias de Vries, Dutch linguist (spelling)
  • Nov 23 John Willis Ellis, Governor (Confederacy) (d. 1861)
  • Nov 23 Isaac Todhunter, British mathematician (d. 1884)
  • Nov 28 Friedrich Engels, Germany, social philosopher; Marx's collaborator
  • Nov 28 Lawrence O'Bryan Branch, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • Dec 5 Afanasy Fet, Russian poet (d. 1892)
  • Dec 10 David Allen Russell, Army Bvt Major General (Union), (d. 1864)
  • Dec 10 Princess Elizabeth of Clarence (d. 1821)
  • Dec 17 Frederick Tracy Dent, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • Dec 26 Gustavus Adolphus Smith, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1885)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 8 5th US President James Monroe's daughter Maria 1st child of a President to marry in the White House

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 14 British PM Robert Peel (32) weds Sir John Floyd's daughter Julia at St George's, Hanover Square in London

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel

Deaths in History

  • Jan 17 Daniel W Wyttenbach, Dutch classicist/historian, dies at 73
  • Jan 23 Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
  • Jan 29 King George III of the United Kingdom (b. 1738). Reigned 1760-1820.
  • Feb 14 Charles F, Duke of Berry, murdered at 42
  • Feb 15 Pierre-Joseph Cambon, member of Committee the Salut Public, dies at 63
  • Feb 15 William Ellery, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 92
  • Feb 16 Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero (b. 1758).
  • Feb 29 Johann Joachim Eschenburg, German literary critic (b. 1743)
  • Mar 11 Benjamin West, British painter (Death of General Wolfe), dies at 81
  • Mar 15 Clemens Maria Hofbauer, patron saint of Vienna (b. 1751
  • Mar 22 Stephen Decatur, killed in a duel with Com James Barron at 41
  • Apr 5 Henrik C Cras, lawyer (Laudatio Hugonis Grotii), dies at 81
  • Apr 20 Arthur Young, author (Annals of Agriculture), dies
  • Jun 9 Wilhelmina FS, princess of Prussia/Orange, dies at 68

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 19 Joseph Banks, English natural historian (Cook/Australia), dies

Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • Jun 20 Manuel Belgrano, Argentine lawyer and politician (b. 1770)
  • Aug 6 M A Elisa Bonaparte, Corsican monarch of Lucca, dies at 43, dies
  • Aug 28 Andrew Ellicott, American surveyor (b. 1754)
  • Sep 2 Jiaqing, Emperor of China (b. 1760)
  • Sep 7 Coert L van Beyma thoe Kingma, Fries regent/patriot, dies at 67
  • Sep 21 Joseph R Drake, US poet (American Flag), dies at 25)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 26 Daniel Boone, frontiersman, dies in Missouri at 85

Frontiersman Daniel Boone
Daniel Boone
  • Oct 12 Elias Annes Borger, theologist/poet (Ode on the Rhine), dies at 36
  • Oct 15 Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal (b. 1771)