1821 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 17 Mexico permits Moses Austin & 300 US families to settle in Texas, after his death leaves to son Stephen

Founder of Texas Stephen F. Austin
Founder of Texas
Stephen F. Austin
  • Jan 21 Paramaribo Suriname catches fire, 4 die
  • Feb 12 Mercantile Library of City of NY opens
  • Feb 22 Spain sells (east) Florida to United States for $5 million
  • Feb 23 College of Apothecaries organized in Phil; 1st US pharmacy college
  • Feb 24 Mexico gains independence from Spain
  • Mar 5 Monroe is 1st US president inaugurated on March 5th, because 4th was Sun
  • Mar 14 African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (NY)
  • Mar 21 First revolutionary act in Monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta, Greek War of Independence.
  • Mar 23 Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence.
  • Mar 25 Greece gains independence from Turkey (National Day)
  • Mar 26 Franz Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess" premieres in Vienna
  • Apr 10 Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople is hanged by the Turks from the main gate of the Patriarchate and his body is thrown into the Bosphorus.
  • May 8 Greek War of Independence: Greeks defeat the Turks in Gravia
  • May 12 The first major battle of the Greek War of Independence against the Turks occurs in Valtetsi.
  • May 30 James Boyd patents Rubber Fire Hose
  • May 31 Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st US Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore
  • Jun 14 Badi VII, king of Sennar, surrenders his throne and realm to Ismail Pasha, general of the Ottoman Empire, bringing the 300 year old Sudanese kingdom to an end
  • Jun 19 Decisive defeat of the Greek revolutionary society Philikí Etaireía by the Ottomans at Drăgăşani (in Wallachia).
  • Jun 21 African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organizes (NYC)
  • Jun 23 Dutch troops conquer Palembang
  • Jun 24 Battle of Carabobo; Bolívar defeats royalists outside Caracas
  • Jul 17 Spain cedes Florida to US
  • Jul 28 Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • Aug 4 1st edition of Saturday Evening Post (publishes until 1969)
  • Aug 4 Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen and Russian polar expedition returns to Kronshtadt after becoming 1st to circumnavigate Antarctica
  • Aug 6 1st edition of "Courrier of Pays-Bas" newspaper published in Brussels
  • Aug 10 Missouri admitted as 24th US state

BattleCoup d'état

Aug 19 Failed liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
  • Aug 21 Jarvis Island is discovered by the crew of the ship, Eliza Frances
  • Aug 23 Mexico declares independence
  • Sep 1 1st colonies along Santa Fe Trail
  • Sep 15 Act of Independence of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua declare their independence from the Spanish Empire
  • Sep 23 Fall of Tripolitsa, Greek forces massacre 30,000 Turks during Greek War of Independence
  • Sep 27 Mexican Empire declares its independence; Mexican revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 The government of General José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy.

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • Nov 9 1st US pharmacy college holds 1st classes, Philadelphia
  • Nov 28 Panama declares independence from Spain
  • Dec 1 Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain
  • Dec 17 Kentucky abolishes debtors' prisons
  • Dec 28 Naples: Gioacchini Rossini moves to Bologna

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 John James Peck, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1878)
  • Jan 7 Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell, Brigadier General (Confed Army), (d. 1891)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 8 James Longstreet, Confederate general (1st Corps, ANV)

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet
  • Jan 15 Lafayette McLaws, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • Jan 21 John Cabell Breckinridge, (D) 14th US VP (1857-61)/mjr-gen (Confed)
  • Jan 27 John Chivington, American officer, (d. 1892)
  • Jan 29 Isaac Ferdinand Quinby, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1891)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 3 Elizabeth Blackwell, English-American physician who was the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, born in Bristol, England (d. 1910)

  • Feb 10 William Read Scurry, (Confederate Army Brigadier General, (d. 1864))
  • Feb 11 Hermann Allmers, writer
  • Feb 11 Auguste-Édouard Mariette, French Egyptologist (d. 1881)
  • Feb 15 Abraham de Amorie van der de Have, theologist/poet
  • Feb 16 Heinrich Barth, Hamburg Germany, geographer/explorer (Central Africa)
  • Feb 19 Francis Preston Blair Jr, Lexington Ky, (Rep-Missouri)
  • Mar 1 Joseph Hubert Reinkens, German Catholic bishop (d. 1896)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 12 John Abbott, 3rd Canadian Prime Minister (1891-92), born in Saint-Andre, Quebec (d. 1893)

3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
John Abbott
  • Mar 12 Luitpold von Bayern, Prince-regent of Bayern
  • Mar 14 Jens Worsaae, Denmark, archaeologist
  • Mar 15 William Milligan, Scottish theologian (d. 1892)
  • Mar 15 Eduard Heine, German mathematician (d. 1881)
  • Mar 15 Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (d. 1895)
  • Mar 16 Ernest Feydeau, French author (Georges Feydeau)
  • Mar 19 Francis Barretto Spinola, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 19 Richard Burton, English explorer and translator (Arabian Nights), born in Torquay, Devon (d. 1890)

Geographer, Explorer & Translator Richard Francis Burton
Geographer, Explorer & Translator
Richard Francis Burton
  • Mar 19 William Allingham, Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Irish poet (The Fairies, Laurence Bloomfield in Ireland)
  • Mar 23 Aleksej F Pisemski, Russian writer (Clodhopper)
  • Mar 24 Elisa Felix, [Rachel], tragedienne
  • Mar 24 [George] Hector Tyndale, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Mar 26 Earnest Angel, German statistician (Law of Angel)
  • Mar 29 Joshua Thomas Owen, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1887)
  • Apr 3 T. Pelham Dale, Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s (d. 1892)
  • Apr 4 Linus Yale, US, portrait painter/inventor (Yale cylinder lock)
  • Apr 9 Charles-Pierre Baudelaire, France, symbolist poet (Flowers of Evil)
  • Apr 15 Emerson Brown Joseph, (Confederacy), (d. 1894)
  • Apr 16 Ford Maddox Brown, painter
  • Apr 19 Mortimer Dormer Leggett, Mjr General (Union volunteers), (d. 1896)
  • May 2 Abram Sanders Piatt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1908)
  • May 8 William Henry Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1885)
  • May 11 [Carlos] Charles John Stolbrand, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • May 16 Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (d. 1894)
  • May 17 Sebastian Kneipp, German naturopathist (d. 1897)
  • May 21 John F Loudon, Dutch entrepreneur/colonial director
  • May 22 Alfred Sully, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1879)
  • Jun 2 Ion Bratianu, (Lib), premier of Romania (1876-88)
  • Jun 4 Apollon Maykov, Russian poet (d. 1897)
  • Jun 8 John Dunlap Stevenson, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1897)
  • Jun 8 Samuel White Baker, explorer (Ceylon/Egypt), born in London, England
  • Jun 12 Henry Moses Judah, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1866)
  • Jun 13 Albert, duc de Broglie, France, premier (1873-74, 1977)
  • Jun 13 Navy Gustavus Vasa Fox, Asst Secy (Union), (d. 1883)
  • Jun 14 Jozef Lies, Flemish painter
  • Jun 26 Bartolomé Mitre, Argentine general

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 2 Charles Tupper, 6th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 69-day term), born in Amherst, Nova Scotia (d. 1915)

6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper
  • Jul 6 Edward Winston Pettus, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1907)
  • Jul 8 William Harvey Lamb Wallace, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • Jul 10 Christopher Columbus Augur, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Jul 12 Daniel Harvey Hill, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1889)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 13 Nathan Bedford Forrest, American slave trader, Confederate lieutenant general and KKK Grand Wizard, born in Chapel Hill, Tennessee (d. 1877)

Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 16 Mary Baker Eddy, American founder of Christian Science (Science & Health), born in Bow, New Hampshire (d. 1910)

Christian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science Founder
Mary Baker Eddy
  • Jul 21 Vasile Alecsandri, Romania, poet/ Foreign Minister/diplomat

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 24 William Poole, American gang member (New York City's Bowery Boys), born in Sussex County, New Jersey

Gang Leader Bill the Butcher
Gang Leader
Bill the Butcher
  • Aug 4 James White, American theologian (d. 1881)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 4 Louis Vuitton, French founder of the Louis Vuitton brand of leather goods now owned by LVMH, born in Anchay, France (d. 1892)

Luggage Maker Louis Vuitton
Luggage Maker
Louis Vuitton
  • Aug 10 Jay Cooke, American financier (d. 1905)
  • Aug 14 Clement Hoffman "Rock" Stevens, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Aug 21 William Barksdale, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • Aug 29 Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet, Meylan, French Anthropologist who was the first to organize and classify Stone Age cultures into a chronological sequence of epochs
  • Aug 30 Anita Garibaldi, Brazilian warrior; Garibaldi's wife (War of Tatters) (d. 1849)
  • Sep 8 Henry Baxter, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1873)
  • Sep 24 Cyprian K Norwid, Polish painter/poet/playwright (Wanda)
  • Sep 26 Alvin Peterson Hovey, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Sep 27 Henri-Frederic Amiel, Swiss/French writer (Grains de Mil)
  • Sep 28 Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (d. 1874)
  • Oct 2 Alexander Peter "Old Straight" Stewart, Lt Gen (Confederate Army)
  • Oct 7 Richard Heron Anderson, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • Oct 7 William Sill, with The Underground Railroad
  • Oct 11 George Williams, England, founder YMCA

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 13 Rudolf Virchow, German politician, anthropologist and pathologist (cell pathology), born in Schivelbein, Prussia (d. 1902)

Anthropologist/Pathologist Rudolf Virchow
Rudolf Virchow
  • Oct 22 Collis Potter Huntington, American railroad executive (d. 1900)
  • Oct 30 Fjodor Mikhailovich Dostoevski, Russian novelist (Idiot) [NS=11/11]
  • Nov 2 Sir George Bowen, British provincial governor (d. 1899)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 11 Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (Crime and Punishment), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1881)

  • Nov 23 Charles Meryon, British/French etcher
  • Nov 30 Gustavus Woodson Smith, Secy War (Confederacy), (d. 1896)
  • Nov 30 Frederick Temple, 95th Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1902)
  • Dec 2 Rufus Barringer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)
  • Dec 10 Nikolai A Nekrasov, Russian poet, writer and publisher (Russkije Zjenjshiny)
  • Dec 12 Gustave Flaubert, France, novelist (Madame Bovary)
  • Dec 17 Frederick West Lander, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • Dec 19 Mary Ashton Livermore, American reformer/women's suffrage leader

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 25 Clara Barton, Oxford Mass, nurse/founder (American Red Cross), (d. 1912)

Humanitarian Clara Barton
Clara Barton
  • Dec 27 Jane Wilde, Irish poet, nationalist and mother of Oscar Wilde, born in Wexford (d. 1896)

Deaths in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 4 Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, 1st native-born American saint, dies in Maryland at 46

1st American-born Saint Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton
1st American-born Saint
Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton
  • Jan 25 Johan Valckenier, Dutch politician/patriot, dies at 62
  • Feb 21 Georg Friedrich von Martens, German diplomat (b. 1756)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 23 John Keats, Romantic poet, dies of tuberculosis at 25 in Rome

Romantic Poet John Keats
Romantic Poet
John Keats
  • Feb 23 Marie-Anne Collot, French sculptor, dies
  • Feb 26 Joseph de Maistre, Savoyard diplomat and writer (b. 1753)
  • Apr 20 Franz K Achard, German physicist/chemist, dies at 67
  • Apr 22 John Crome, [Old Crome], English landscape painter/etcher, dies at 52

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 5 Napoleon Bonaparte, French military leader and Emperor of the French (1804-14, 1815), dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena, officially from stomach cancer but rumours of arsenic poisoning persist

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • May 19 Camille Jordan, French politician (b. 1771)
  • Jun 7 Tudor Vladimirescu, Romanian rebellion-leader (b. cca. 1780)
  • Jun 13 [Izaak J] Alexander Gogel, minister of finance/patriot, dies at 55
  • Jun 17 Martín Miguel de Güemes Argentine military leader (b. 1785)
  • Jul 4 Richard Cosway, English artist (b. 1742)
  • Jul 21 Maurice J M prince de Broglie, bishop of Ghent, dies at about 55
  • Aug 4 William Floyd, US soldier/signer (Declar of Independence), dies at 86
  • Sep 27 Luis (Philippus) Brion, Curacaos admiral/supreme commander, dies at 39
  • Oct 4 John Rennie, Scottish engineer (b. 1761)
  • Oct 11 John Ross Key, American judge and lawyer (b. 1754)
  • Oct 24 Elias Boudinot, American President of the Continental Congress (b. 1740)
  • Dec 29 Jean-Baptiste Dumonceau de Bergendael, S Neth general, dies at 61