1822 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 5 Central America proclaims annexation to Mexican Empire
  • Jan 7 1st printing in Hawaii
  • Jan 7 Liberia colonized by Americans
  • Jan 13 The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
  • Jan 14 Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrius Ypsilanti.
  • Jan 15 Greek War of Independence: Demetrius Ypsilanti is elected president of the legislative assembly.
  • Feb 4 Free American Blacks settle Liberia, West Africa
  • Feb 9 American Indian Society organizes
  • Feb 9 Haiti invades the newly founded Dominican Republic.
  • Feb 23 Boston, Massachusetts, is incorporated as a city
  • Mar 9 Charles Graham of NY granted first US patent for artificial teeth
  • Mar 19 Boston, Mass, incorporated as a city
  • Mar 22 NY Horticultural Society founded
  • Mar 30 Congress combined East & West Florida into Florida Territory
  • Mar 31 The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, depicted by the French artist Eugène Delacroix.
  • May 1 John Phillips becomes 1st mayor of Boston
  • May 3 Society for the Propagation of the Faith founded (Lyon, France)
  • May 16 Greek War of Independence: Turks capture the Greek town of Souli.
  • May 24 Battle of Pichincha, Bolívar secures independence of Quito from Spain
  • May 30 House slave betrays Denmark Vesey conspiracy (37 blacks hanged)
  • Jun 9 Charles Graham patents false teeth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 Charles Babbage proposes a "difference engine" in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled "Note on the application of machinery to the computation of astronomical and mathematical tables"

Inventor Charles Babbage
Charles Babbage
  • Jun 16 Denmark Vessy leads slave rebellion in South Carolina
  • Jun 18 Part of US-Canadian boundary determined
  • Jun 18 Slave revolt leaders Denmark Vesey & Peter Poyas arrested in SC
  • Jul 8 Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom
  • Jul 14 Slave revolt in South Carolina under Denmark Vesey/Peter Poyas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 25 General Agustin de Iturbide crowned Agustin I, 1st Emperor of Mexico

1st Emperor of Mexico Agustín de Iturbide
1st Emperor of Mexico
Agustín de Iturbide

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 Secret meeting of Simón Bolívar & Jose de San Martin

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • Jul 30 James Varick becomes 1st bishop of Afr Meth Episcopal Zion Church
  • Aug 10 Antioch Syria, hit by Earthquake; about 20,000 die
  • Sep 7 Pedro I, son of King Joao VI declares Brazil's independence from Portugal (National Day)
  • Sep 27 French scholar Jean-François Champollion announces that he has deciphered the Rosetta stone
  • Oct 8 First eruption of Galunggung (Java) sends boiling sludge into valley
  • Oct 12 Second eruption of Galunggung (Java) destroys summit of mountain
  • Oct 19 In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí
  • Oct 20 1st edition of London Sunday Times
  • Oct 26 King Willem I requires inhabitants of Brussels to use Dutch language
  • Dec 1 Dom Pedro crowned emperor of Brazil
  • Dec 2 In San Salvador, a congress proposes incorporation into US
  • Dec 6 Veterinary school in Utrecht opens
  • Dec 12 Mexico officially recognized as an independent nation by US

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Rudolph J E Clausius, Germany, physicist (thermodynamics)
  • Jan 4 Joseph Jones Reynolds, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1899)
  • Jan 5 Joseph Brevard Kershaw, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1894)
  • Jan 6 Heinrich Schliemann, German polyglot/archaeologist (rediscovered Troy)
  • Jan 7 Lucius C M Bakker, Frisian physician/author (Goethe)
  • Jan 7 Theodor Aufrecht, German indologist (Rigveda's Hymns)
  • Jan 9 John Porter Hatch, volunteers Bvt Major General (Union), (d. 1901)
  • Jan 12 Étienne Lenoir, French engineer (d. 1900)
  • Jan 27 Thomas Leiper Kane, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1883)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 28 Alexander Mackenzie, 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1873-78), born in Logierait, Scotland (d. 1892)

2nd Prime Minister of Canada Alexander Mackenzie
2nd Prime Minister of Canada
Alexander Mackenzie
  • Jan 30 John Basil Turchin, [Ivan Turchinoff], Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • Jan 30 Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist (d. 1899)
  • Feb 8 Maxime Du Camp, France, writer/traveler (Les Buveurs de Cendres)
  • Feb 9 Charles T Stork, Dutch industrialist
  • Feb 13 Lev A Mej, Russian nobleman/poet
  • Feb 16 Francis Galton, anthropologist & geneticist, born in Birmingham, England
  • Feb 16 James Patton Anderson, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1872)
  • Feb 22 Adolf Kuszmaul, German physician (stomach pump, Kuszmaul disease)
  • Feb 28 Matthew Duncan Ector, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • Mar 1 Albin Francisco Schoepf, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
  • Mar 1 Charles Champion Gilbert, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • Mar 4 Jules Antoine Lissajous, French mathematician (d. 1880)
  • Mar 8 Ignacy Lukasiewicz, Polish inventor (d. 1882)
  • Mar 10 Willem Roelofs, Dutch painter/lithographer
  • Mar 11 Allison Nelson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • Mar 13 Moritz Grave von Strachwitz, German poet
  • Mar 14 Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Empress of Brazil (d. 1889)
  • Mar 16 John Pope, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • Mar 16 Rosa Bonheur, French landscape painter (Buffalo Bill)
  • Mar 22 Ahmed Djevdet Pasha, Turkish minister of Education/Justice
  • Mar 22 Isaac D Fransen van de Putte, Dutch premier (1866)
  • Mar 22 Seth Williams, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1866)
  • Mar 29 Joseph Quinaux, Belgian painter
  • Apr 3 Edward Everett Hale, US, clergyman/author (Man without a Country)
  • Apr 5 James Nagle, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1866)
  • Apr 7 Gershom Mott, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Apr 13 Leroy Augustus Stafford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Apr 13 William Stephen Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • Apr 15 Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Apr 24 Erastus Barnard Tyler, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 26 Frederick Law Olmsted, American writer and landscape architect (designed Central Park), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1903)

Landscape Architect and Writer Frederick Law Olmsted
Landscape Architect and Writer
Frederick Law Olmsted

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 27 Ulysses S. Grant, 18th US president (1869-77) and Union general, born in Point Pleasant, Ohio (d. 1885)

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • May 4 Charles Boucher de Boucherville, Quebec politician (d. 1915)
  • May 10 August Ritter von Pettenkofen, painter
  • May 13 Francis of Assisi of Bourbon, King Consort of Spain (d. 1902)
  • May 20 Emile Erckmann, [E-Chatrian], French writer (Waterloo)
  • May 20 Frederic Passy, French economist/pacifist (Nobel 1901)
  • May 21 Dabney Herndon Maury, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1900)
  • May 21 Mosby Monroe Parsons, United States officer in the Mexican–American War and brigadier general of the Confederate States Army, born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1865)
  • May 26 Edmond de Goncourt, French writer, wrote with his brother Jules de Goncourt, born in Nancy (d. 1896)
  • Jun 11 Samuel Davis Sturgis, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1889)
  • Jun 13 Carl Schmidt, German chemist (d. 1884)
  • Jun 23 Young Marshall Moody, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • Jun 24 Birkett Davenport Fry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1891)
  • Jul 2 Douglas Strutt Galton, English engineer (rails/trains)
  • Jul 19 Augusta of Cambridge, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1916)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 20 Gregor Mendel, Austrian monk and geneticist (discoverer of laws of heredity), born in Heinzendorf, Austria (d. 1884)

Monk/Geneticist Gregor Mendel
Gregor Mendel
  • Jul 22 Hamilton Prioleau Bee, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1897)
  • Jul 22 John George Walker, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1893)
  • Jul 23 Darius Nash Couch, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1897)
  • Jul 25 Schuyler Hamilton, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1903)
  • Aug 22 George Stoneman, US Union general-major/(Gov-California, 1883-87)
  • Aug 22 Virginia Clemm Poe, American wife of writer Edgar Allan Poe, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1847)
  • Aug 31 Fitz John Porter, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1901)
  • Sep 9 Napoleon J K P Bonaparte, French prince/member National Convention
  • Sep 16 Charles S Crocker, President of Central & South Pacific Railroad
  • Sep 19 Joseph Rodman West, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Sep 22 Brig Gen Eppa Hunton, fought in most ANV campaigns
  • Sep 25 Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich von Steinwehr, Brig Gen (Union vol)
  • Oct 2 Joannes Kappeyne van de Coppello, Dutch Internal minister (1877-79)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 4 RutheRutherford B. Hayes, 19th US President (Republican: 1877-81), born in Delaware, Ohio (d. 1893)

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Oct 9 George Sykes, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1880)
  • Oct 12 Joseph Haydn Potter, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • Oct 15 Alfred Meissner, Austrian physician/writer
  • Oct 20 Mansfield Lovell, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1884)
  • Oct 21 Levinus Keuchenius, Dutch minister of Colonies (1888-90)
  • Oct 29 Joost G Kist, Dutch lawyer/president of High Council (1885-97)
  • Oct 29 Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (d. 1902)
  • Nov 2 James Byron Gordon, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Nov 6 Gordon Granger, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1876)
  • Nov 14 William Harrow, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1872)
  • Nov 16 Charles Smith Hamilton, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1891)
  • Dec 3 Charles Adam Heckman, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1896)
  • Dec 4 Frances Crabbe, England, feminist founded Anti-Vivisection Society
  • Dec 5 Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, American college president (d. 1907)
  • Dec 6 John Eberhard, built 1st large-scale pencil factory in US
  • Dec 8 Luther Prentice Bradley, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1910)
  • Dec 10 Thomas Casimer Devin, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1878)
  • Dec 23 Wilhelm Bauer, German engineer (d. 1875)
  • Dec 24 Charles Hermite, French mathematician (proof that e is transcendental), born in Dieuze, France (d. 1901)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 24 Matthew Arnold, English poet and critic (Dover Beach), born in Laleham, England (d. 1888)

Poet/Critic Matthew Arnold
Matthew Arnold

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 27 Louis Pasteur, French bacteriologist (invented pasteurization), born in Dole, France (d. 1895)

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur
  • Dec 28 William Booth Taliaferro, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1898)

Weddings in History

  • Jun 29 Nephew of Napoleon, biologist and ornithologist Prince Charles Bonaparte marries cousin Zenaide Bonaparte

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 12 "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" author Victor Hugo (20) weds Adele Fourcher

Author Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo

Deaths in History

  • Jan 14 Franz Innocenz Joseph Kobell, German landscape painter, dies at 72
  • Feb 5 Ali Pasha of Janina, (Napoleon, Lord Byron), dies at about 77
  • Feb 10 Albert-Kasimir, duke of Saxon-Teschen/governor of Hungary, dies at 83
  • Feb 24 Thomas Coutts, Anglo-Scottish banker (Coutts & Co.), dies at 86
  • Apr 3 Friedrich Bertuch, writer, dies
  • May 17 Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, French-Russian statesman (b. 1766)
  • Jul 2 Denmark Vesey, & 5 aides hanged at Blake's Landing, Charleston, SC
  • Jul 8 Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (Prometheus unbound), drowns at 29
  • Aug 12 Robert Stewart, 2nd marguess of Londonderry, commits suicide, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 19 Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer, dies at 72

Mathematician/Astronomer Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 22 William Herschel, German/British astronomer (discovered Uranus), dies at 83

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel
  • Oct 13 Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor, dies at 64
  • Oct 29 Dirk van Hogendorp, Dutch earl/general/minister of War, dies at 61
  • Nov 6 Hendrik van Stralen, Secretary of Interior, dies at 71
  • Nov 6 Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (b. 1748)
  • Nov 19 Johann Georg Tralles, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1763)