1825 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 3 Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community
  • Jan 19 Ezra Daggett and nephew Thomas Kensett patent food storage in tin cans
  • Jan 25 1st US engineering college opens, Rensselaer Polytechnic, Troy, NY
  • Jan 27 U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears"
  • Feb 3 Dutch North Sea coast floods
  • Feb 5 Hannah Lord Montague of NY creates 1st detachable shirt collar

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Feb 9 House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams 6th US president

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams
  • Feb 12 Creek Indian treaty signed. Tribal chiefs agree to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government & migrate west by Sept 1, 1826
  • Feb 19 Franz Grillparzer's "Konig Ottokars Gluck" premieres in Vienna
  • Feb 22 Russia & Britain establish Alaska-Canada boundary
  • Mar 4 John Quincy Adams inaugurated as 6th president of the USA
  • Apr 10 1st hotel in Hawaii opens
  • Apr 10 Nicaraguan constituent assembly meets at Leon
  • Apr 19 33 patriotic exiles return to Uruguay
  • May 20 Charles X becomes King of France
  • May 25 American Unitarian Association founded
  • Jun 4 Unseasonable hurricane hits NYC
  • Jun 11 The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City.
  • Jun 19 Gioacchino Rossini's "Il viaggio a Reims" premieres
  • Jun 20 Coronation of Charles X, the last Bourbon king of France
  • Jun 22 British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America.
  • Jul 21 Java princess Dipo Negoro/Mangkubumi declare war on all non-islamics
  • Jul 30 Malden Island is discovered.
  • Aug 6 Bolivia gains independence from Peru (National Day)
  • Aug 14 Dutch King Willem I throws foreign students out
  • Aug 25 Uruguay declares independence from Brazil (National Day)
  • Aug 29 Portugal recognizes the Independence of Brazil

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 27 George Stephenson's "Locomotion No. 1" becomes the 1st steam locomotive to carry passengers on a public rail line, the Stockton and Darlington Railway in England

Engineer Known as the Father of Railways George Stephenson
Engineer Known as the Father of Railways
George Stephenson
  • Oct 7 Miramichi Fire - forest fire disaster in New Brunswick
  • Oct 17 1st French Liszts operette Don Sanche premieres in Paris
  • Oct 26 Erie Canal between Hudson River & Lake Erie opens
  • Nov 26 1st college fraternity founded (Kappa Alpha (Union College, NY))

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 6 US President John Adams suggests establishment of a national observatory

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • Dec 26 Decembrist uprising in Russia against Tsar Nicholas I begins [O.S. 14 December]

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 10 Alexander Travis Hawthorn, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Conecuh County, Alabama (d. 1899)
  • Jan 11 Bayard Taylor, U.S. poet and writer (d. 1878
  • Jan 12 Joseph Robert Davis, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • Jan 18 Edward Frankland, Lancaster, U.K, British structural chemist who co-discovered helium and developed the theory of valence
  • Jan 21 Imre Madách, Hungarian writer (d. 1864)
  • Jan 28 George Edward Pickett, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1875)
  • Feb 15 Carter Harrison, Sr., American politician (d. 1893)
  • Feb 22 Jean Baptiste Salpointe, second Archbishop of Santa Fe (d. 1898)
  • Feb 28 Quincy Adams Gillmore, American civil engineer, author, and Major General (Union Army), born in Lorain County, Ohio (d. 1888)
  • Mar 5 John Dunovant, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Mar 5 Joseph Albert, German photographer (albertotype)
  • Mar 9 Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer (d. 1890)
  • Mar 17 Rodolphe Bresdin, French cartoonist/lithographer (Le Bon Samaritain)
  • Mar 20 William Nelson Rector Beall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Mar 23 Edward Lloyd Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1898)
  • Mar 30 Samuel Bell Maxey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)
  • Apr 5 David Rumph "Neighbor" Jones, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • Apr 11 Ferdinand Lassalle, French politician/founder (Allgemeiner)
  • Apr 13 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 1868)
  • Apr 25 Charles Dowd, American principal who was the 1st to propose standardized time zones (for America's railways), born in Madison, Connecticut (d. 1904)
  • Apr 28 James Winning McMillan, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Clark County, Kentucky (d. 1903)
  • May 1 George Inness, US landscape painter (Delaware Water Gap)
  • May 4 Thomas Henry Huxley, scientist/humanist/Darwinist
  • May 4 Augustus Le Plongeon, French antiquitarian (d. 1908)
  • May 6 Joseph Bailey, American civil engineer and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Morgan County, Ohio (d. 1867)
  • May 8 George Bruce Malleson, Indian officer (d. 1898)
  • May 20 Antoinette Brown Blackwell, clergy (1st ordained US female minister)
  • May 21 George Lafayette Beal, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Norway, Maine (d. 1896)
  • May 29 David Bell Birney, American businessman, lawyer, and Major General (Union Army), born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 1864)
  • Jun 1 John Hunt Morgan, Brigadier General (Confederate cavalry commander)
  • Jun 5 Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry, Georgia, educator (Rep-Ala, 1857-61)
  • Jun 7 Richard D Blackmore, England, author (Norie, Lorna Doone)
  • Jun 10 Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (d. 1897)
  • Jun 10 Princess Hildegard of Bavaria d. 1864
  • Jun 12 John Cook, American bugler (Union Army), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1910)
  • Jun 13 Benjamin Jefferson Hill, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1880)
  • Jun 21 William Stubbs, English historian and Anglican bishop of Oxford (d. 1901)
  • Jun 24 Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1844)
  • Jun 28 Richard ACE Erlenmeyer, German chemist (Erlenemyer kolf)
  • Jul 9 Jules Oppert, German Assyriologist (decodes characters)
  • Jul 11 Edward Henry Hobson, American merchant, banker, politician, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Greensburg, Kentucky (d. 1901)
  • Jul 28 William Duncan Smith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • Jul 30 Chaim Aronson, inventor and academic (d. 1893)
  • Jul 31 Thomas Hart Taylor, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • Jul 31 William S. Clark, American senator and scholar (d. 1886)
  • Aug 9 Elisha Ferry, (Gov-R-Wash, 1872-80, 1889-93)
  • Aug 25 Henry Warner Birge, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1888)
  • Aug 26 Jacobus J Backer, German sea historian
  • Sep 3 Armistead Lindsay Long, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1891)
  • Sep 3 William Wallace Burns, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Coshocton, Ohio (d. 1892)
  • Sep 4 Dadabhai Naoroji, 1st Indian in British parliament, born in Mumbai, India (d. 1917)
  • Sep 17 Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, MC (Confederacy), (d. 1893)
  • Sep 24 Frances E W Harper, famous African
  • Oct 10 Paulus Kruger, President of South African Republic (1883), Boer leader
  • Oct 11 Conrad Ferdinand Meyer, Swiss writer, born in Zürich (d. 1898)
  • Oct 11 Elkanah Brackin Greer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Paris, Tennessee (d. 1877)
  • Oct 15 Queen Marie of Prussia (d. 1889)
  • Oct 16 Thomas Turpin Crittenden, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 1905)
  • Oct 31 Raleigh Edward Colston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • Oct 31 Charles Lavigerie, French cardinal (d. 1892)
  • Nov 1 Joseph Benjamin Palmer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1890)
  • Nov 5 Julius H [Szamvald] Stahel, Hungarian-American diplomat, mining engineer, and Major General (Union Army), born in Szeged, Hungary (d. 1912)
  • Nov 9 Ambrose Powell Hill, Lt Gen (Confederate 3rd Army Corp), (d. 1865)
  • Nov 25 Edward Augustus Wild, American homeopathic doctor and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brookline, Massachusetts (d. 1891)
  • Nov 29 Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist (d. 1893)
  • Dec 2 Pedro II van Alcantara, Emperor of Brazil (1831-89)
  • Dec 16 Henry Heth, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • Dec 18 Charles Griffin, American Major General (Union Army), born in Granville, Ohio (d. 1867)
  • Dec 20 Romeyn Beck Ayres, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Manheim, New York (d. 1888)
  • Dec 31 Francis Trowbridge Sherman, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Newtown, Connecticut (d. 1905)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

May 15 Author Wilhelm Grimm (39) weds Henriette Dorothea

  • May 21 Prince Willem FK marries Louise AWA of Prussia

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Ferdinand I, King of Sicily/Naples (Ferdinand IV), dies at 73

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 8 Eli Whitney, American inventor (Cotton Gin), dies of prostate cancer at 59

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • Feb 10 Paul van Hemert, Dutch theologist/philosopher (Kant), dies at 68
  • Feb 24 Thomas Bowdler, self-appointed Shakespearean censor, dies
  • Mar 25 Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck, Dutch patriot/earl, dies at 63
  • Apr 6 Vladimir Borovikovsky [Vоlоdymyr Borovyk], Russian painter, died at 67
  • Apr 10 Paul-Louis Courier, (Mere), French writer/interpreter, dies at 53
  • Apr 16 John Henry Fuseli, painter/art writer (Tracks in the Snow), dies at 84
  • Apr 21 Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathemattician (b. 1765)
  • May 19 Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon, French political philosopher (b. 1760)
  • May 20 Papaflessas, Greek priest and government official (b. 1788)
  • May 23 Ras Gugsa of Yejju, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia
  • Jun 4 Ferdinand I, King of Sicily/Naples (Ferdinand IV), dies
  • Jun 5 Odysseas Androutsos, hero in the Greek War of Independence
  • Jun 9 M Pauline Bonaparte, Corsican duchess of Parma/Guastalla, dies at 44
  • Jun 11 Daniel D Tompkins, 6th US Vice President (1817-25), dies at 54
  • Jun 13 Johann Peter Melchior, German sculptor, dies at 82

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 14 Pierre Charles L'Enfant, French-born American architect who laid out Washington, D.C., dies at 70

Washington D.C. Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Washington D.C. Architect
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
  • Jul 11 Thomas P. Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War soldier (b. 1744)
  • Aug 20 William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, Governor of Newfoundland (b. 1753)
  • Sep 25 Joachim Heer, Swiss politician (b. 1879)
  • Sep 29 Daniel Shays, American officer in the American Revolution and leader of Shay's Rebellion, dies
  • Oct 13 Maximilian I of Bavaria (b. 1756)
  • Nov 14 Jean Paul, writer, dies at 62
  • Nov 22 Ann Bailey, pioneer, dies
  • Dec 1 Tsar Alexander I of Russia (b. 1777). Reigned from 1801
  • Dec 29 Jacques-Louis David, French Neoclassical painter (Death of Marat), dies at 77