1825 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 3 Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community
  • Jan 19 Ezra Daggett & nephew Thomas Kensett patent food storage in tin cans
  • Jan 25 1st US engineering college opens, Rensselaer Polytechnic, Troy, NY
  • Jan 27 U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears."
  • Feb 3 Dutch North Sea coast floods
  • Feb 5 Hannah Lord Montague of NY creates 1st detachable shirt collar

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Feb 9 House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams 6th US president

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams
  • Feb 12 Creek Indian treaty signed. Tribal chiefs agree to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government & migrate west by Sept 1, 1826
  • Feb 19 Franz Grillparzer's "Konig Ottokars Gluck" premieres in Vienna
  • Feb 22 Russia & Britain establish Alaska-Canada boundary
  • Mar 4 John Quincy Adams inaugurated as 6th president of the USA
  • Apr 10 1st hotel in Hawaii opens
  • Apr 10 Nicaraguan constituent assembly meets at Leon
  • Apr 19 33 patriotic exiles return to Uruguay
  • May 20 Charles X becomes King of France
  • May 25 American Unitarian Association founded
  • Jun 4 Unseasonable hurricane hits NYC
  • Jun 11 The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City.
  • Jun 19 Gioacchino Rossini's "Il viaggio a Reims" premieres
  • Jun 20 Coronation of Charles X, the last Bourbon king of France
  • Jun 22 British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America.
  • Jul 21 Java princess Dipo Negoro/Mangkubumi declare war on all non-islamics
  • Jul 30 Malden Island is discovered.
  • Aug 6 Bolivia gains independence from Peru (National Day)
  • Aug 14 Dutch King Willem I throws foreign students out
  • Aug 25 Uruguay declares independence from Brazil (National Day)
  • Aug 29 Portugal recognizes the Independence of Brazil
  • Sep 27 Rail transport is born with the opening of the Stockton-Darlington line
  • Oct 7 Miramichi Fire - forest fire disaster in New Brunswick
  • Oct 17 1st French Liszts operette Don Sanche premieres in Paris
  • Oct 26 Erie Canal between Hudson River & Lake Erie opens
  • Nov 26 1st college fraternity founded (Kappa Alpha (Union College, NY))

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 6 US President John Adams suggests establishment of a national observatory

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • Dec 26 Decembrist uprising in Russia against Tsar Nicholas I begins [O.S. 14 December]
  • Dec 27 1st public railway using steam locomotive completed in England between Stockton and Darlington

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 10 Alexander Travis Hawthorn, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • Jan 11 Bayard Taylor, U.S. poet and writer (d. 1878
  • Jan 12 Joseph Robert Davis, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • Jan 18 Edward Frankland, Lancaster, U.K, British structural chemist who co-discovered helium and developed the theory of valence
  • Jan 21 Imre Madách, Hungarian writer (d. 1864)
  • Jan 28 George Edward Pickett, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1875)
  • Feb 15 Carter Harrison, Sr., American politician (d. 1893)
  • Feb 22 Jean Baptiste Salpointe, second Archbishop of Santa Fe (d. 1898)
  • Feb 28 Quincy Adams Gillmore, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1888)
  • Mar 5 John Dunovant, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Mar 5 Joseph Albert, German photographer (albertotype)
  • Mar 9 Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer (d. 1890)
  • Mar 17 Rodolphe Bresdin, French cartoonist/lithographer (Le Bon Samaritain)
  • Mar 20 William Nelson Rector Beall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Mar 23 Edward Lloyd Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1898)
  • Mar 30 Samuel Bell Maxey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)
  • Apr 5 David Rumph "Neighbor" Jones, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • Apr 11 Ferdinand Lassalle, French politician/founder (Allgemeiner)
  • Apr 13 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 1868)
  • Apr 25 Charles Ferdinand Dowd, US, standardized time zones
  • Apr 28 James Winning McMillan, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • May 1 George Inness, US landscape painter (Delaware Water Gap)
  • May 4 Thomas Henry Huxley, scientist/humanist/Darwinist
  • May 4 Augustus Le Plongeon, French antiquitarian (d. 1908)
  • May 6 Joseph Bailey, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1867)
  • May 8 George Bruce Malleson, Indian officer (d. 1898)
  • May 20 Antoinette Brown Blackwell, clergy (1st ordained US female minister)
  • May 21 George Lafayette Beal, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • May 29 David Bell Birney, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • Jun 1 John Hunt Morgan, Brigadier General (Confederate cavalry commander)
  • Jun 5 Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry, Georgia, educator (Rep-Ala, 1857-61)
  • Jun 7 Richard D Blackmore, England, author (Norie, Lorna Doone)
  • Jun 10 Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (d. 1897)
  • Jun 10 Princess Hildegard of Bavaria d. 1864
  • Jun 12 John Cook, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1910)
  • Jun 13 Benjamin Jefferson Hill, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1880)
  • Jun 21 William Stubbs, English historian and Anglican bishop of Oxford (d. 1901)
  • Jun 24 Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1844)
  • Jun 28 Richard ACE Erlenmeyer, German chemist (Erlenemyer kolf)
  • Jul 9 Jules Oppert, German Assyriologist (decodes characters)
  • Jul 11 Edward Henry Hobson, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1901)
  • Jul 28 William Duncan Smith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • Jul 30 Chaim Aronson, inventor and academic (d. 1893)
  • Jul 31 Thomas Hart Taylor, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • Jul 31 William S. Clark, American senator and scholar (d. 1886)
  • Aug 9 Elisha Ferry, (Gov-R-Wash, 1872-80, 1889-93)
  • Aug 25 Henry Warner Birge, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Aug 26 Jacobus J Backer, German sea historian
  • Sep 3 Armistead Lindsay Long, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1891)
  • Sep 3 William Wallace Burns, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • Sep 4 Dadabhai Naoroji, 1st Indian in British parliament, born in Mumbai, India (d. 1917)
  • Sep 17 Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, MC (Confederacy), (d. 1893)
  • Sep 24 Frances E W Harper, famous African
  • Oct 10 Paulus Kruger, President of South African Republic (1883), Boer leader
  • Oct 11 Conrad Ferdinand Meyer, Swiss writer, born in Zürich (d. 1898)
  • Oct 11 Elkanah Brackin Greer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1877)
  • Oct 15 Queen Marie of Prussia (d. 1889)
  • Oct 16 Thomas Turpin Crittenden, Brig Genl (Union volunteers), (d. 1905)
  • Oct 31 Raleigh Edward Colston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • Oct 31 Charles Lavigerie, French cardinal (d. 1892)
  • Nov 1 Joseph Benjamin Palmer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1890)
  • Nov 5 Julius H [Szamvald] Stahel, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Nov 9 Ambrose Powell Hill, Lt Gen (Confederate 3rd Army Corp), (d. 1865)
  • Nov 25 Edward Augustus Wild, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1891)
  • Nov 29 Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist (d. 1893)
  • Dec 2 Pedro II van Alcantara, Emperor of Brazil (1831-89)
  • Dec 16 Henry Heth, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • Dec 18 Charles Griffin, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1867)
  • Dec 20 Romeyn Beck Ayres, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1888)
  • Dec 31 Francis Trowbridge Sherman, Brig Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1905)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

May 15 Author Wilhelm Grimm (39) weds Henriette Dorothea

  • May 21 Prince Willem FK marries Louise AWA of Prussia

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Ferdinand I, King of Sicily/Naples (Ferdinand IV), dies at 73

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 8 Eli Whitney, American inventor (Cotton Gin), dies of prostate cancer at 59

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • Feb 10 Paul van Hemert, Dutch theologist/philosopher (Kant), dies at 68
  • Feb 24 Thomas Bowdler, self-appointed Shakespearean censor, dies
  • Mar 25 Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck, Dutch patriot/earl, dies at 63
  • Apr 6 Vladimir Borovikovsky, Russian painter (b. 1757)
  • Apr 10 Paul-Louis Courier, (Mere), French writer/interpreter, dies at 53
  • Apr 16 John Henry Fuseli, painter/art writer (Tracks in the Snow), dies at 84
  • Apr 21 Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathemattician (b. 1765)
  • May 19 Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon, French political philosopher (b. 1760)
  • May 20 Papaflessas, Greek priest and government official (b. 1788)
  • May 23 Ras Gugsa of Yejju, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia
  • Jun 4 Ferdinand I, King of Sicily/Naples (Ferdinand IV), dies
  • Jun 5 Odysseas Androutsos, hero in the Greek War of Independence
  • Jun 9 M Pauline Bonaparte, Corsican duchess of Parma/Guastalla, dies at 44
  • Jun 11 Daniel D Tompkins, 6th US Vice President (1817-25), dies at 54
  • Jun 13 Johan Peter Melchior, German sculptor, dies at 82

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 14 Pierre Charles L'Enfant, French-born American architect who laid out Washington, D.C., dies at 70

Washington D.C. Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Washington D.C. Architect
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
  • Jul 11 Thomas P. Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War soldier (b. 1744)
  • Aug 20 William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, Governor of Newfoundland (b. 1753)
  • Sep 25 Joachim Heer, Swiss politician (b. 1879)
  • Oct 13 Maximilian I of Bavaria (b. 1756)
  • Nov 14 Jean Paul, writer, dies at 62
  • Nov 22 Ann Bailey, pioneer, dies
  • Dec 1 Tsar Alexander I of Russia (b. 1777). Reigned from 1801
  • Dec 29 Jacques-Louis David, French painter (Death of Marat), dies at 77