1834 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 German Tolunie goes into effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 The government of Mexico imprisons Stephen F. Austin in Mexico City.

Founder of Texas Stephen F. Austin
Founder of Texas
Stephen F. Austin
  • Jan 5 Kiowa Indians record this as the night the stars fell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin arrives in Port San Julian, Patagonia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • Jan 29 President Jackson orders first use of US troops to suppress a labor dispute
  • Feb 3 Wake Forest University is established in North Carolina
  • Feb 18 1st US labor newspaper, "The Man", published, NYC
  • Feb 26 1st US interstate crime compact (NY-NJ) ratified
  • Mar 6 Toronto incorporated with William Lyon Mackenzie as its 1st mayor
  • Mar 9 French Foreign Legion is founded.
  • Mar 16 HMS Beagle anchors at Berkeley Sound, Falkland Islands
  • Mar 18 1st railroad tunnel in US completed, in Penn (275 m long)
  • Mar 18 Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union.
  • Mar 28 Senate censure President Jackson for taking fed deposits from Bank of US
  • Apr 3 The generals in the Greek War of Independence stand trial for treason.
  • Apr 13 HMS Beagle anchors at river mouth of Rio Santa Cruz, Patagonia
  • Apr 18 Charles Darwin sails to Rio Santa Cruz up Patagonia
  • Apr 29 Charles Darwin's expedition sees top of Andes from Patagonia
  • May 1 Belgian parliament accepts railway laws
  • May 4 Charles Darwin's expedition reaches 200 km from Atlantic Ocean
  • May 5 Charles Darwin's expedition begins at Rio Santa Cruz
  • May 8 Charles Darwin's expedition returns to the Beagle
  • May 8 Prussia, Austria and Russia sign classified accord about Belgium
  • May 26 Portuguese Civil war ends, Dom Miguel capitulates
  • Jun 1 HMS Beagle for anchor in Port Famine, Magallanes Street
  • Jun 2 5th national black convention meets (NYC)
  • Jun 8 HMS Beagle sails from Port Famine to Cape Turn
  • Jun 10 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin sails Pacific Ocean
  • Jun 14 Hardhat diving suit patented by Leonard Norcross, Dixfield, Maine
  • Jun 14 Sandpaper patented by Isaac Fischer Jr, Springfield, Vermont
  • Jun 15 Rioters in Safed Palestine kills many Jews

1stHistoric Invention

Jun 21 American inventor and businessman Cyrus McCormick patents the reaping machine

Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper Cyrus McCormick
Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper
Cyrus McCormick
  • Jun 25 Pope Gregory XVI's encyclical "Singulari nos" published
  • Jun 30 Congress creates Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)
  • Jul 5 Provisional government forms in Oregon Country
  • Jul 23 HMS Beagle anchors in Bay of Valparaiso
  • Aug 1 Slavery abolished throughout the British Empire - Slavery Abolition Act 1833 comes into effect
  • Aug 16 Charles Darwin climbs Mt Campana in Chile
  • Aug 17 Charles Darwin reaches top of Campana Chile during his Voyage on the Beagle
  • Sep 14 Charles Darwin's company passes Tagua-tagua-more Chile
  • Sep 27 Charles Darwin returns to Valparaiso
  • Oct 4 Franz Grillparzer's "Der Traum ein Leben" premieres in Vienna
  • Oct 14 First African-American granted a US patent, Henry Blair, for a corn planter
  • Oct 14 In Philadelphia, Whigs and Democrats stage a gun, stone and brick battle for control of a Moyamensing Township election, resulting in one death, several injuries, and the burning down of a block of buildings.
  • Oct 16 Much of the ancient structures of the Palace of Westminster (parliament) in London is burnt down.
  • Oct 28 The Battle of Pinjarra occurs in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists.
  • Nov 1 First published reference to poker (as Mississippi riverboat game)
  • Nov 10 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin sails from Valparaiso

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14 William Thomson enters Glasgow University at 10 yrs 4 months

Mathematical Physicist and Engineer William Thomson
Mathematical Physicist and Engineer
William Thomson
  • Nov 21 HMS Beagle anchors at Bay of San Carlos, Chile
  • Nov 23 Hector Berlioz's "Harold in Italy" premieres
  • Nov 25 Delmonico's, one of NY's finest restaurants, provides a meal of soup, steak, coffee & half a pie for 12 cents
  • Dec 3 First US dental society organized (NY)
  • Dec 23 Joseph Hansom of London receives patent for Hansom cabs
  • Dec 25 Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas on the Beagle at Tres Montes, Chile

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Ludovic Halévy, French playwright (d. 1908)
  • Jan 5 William John Wills, English explorer of Australia, member of the Burke and Wills expedition (d. 1861)
  • Jan 7 Johann Philipp Reis, German physicist and inventor (d. 1874)
  • Jan 10 John Acton, English historian/MP
  • Jan 16 Albert Lindley Lee, American lawyer, Kansas State Supreme Court Judge, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Fulton, New York (d. 1907)
  • Jan 17 August Weismann, German biologist (d. 1914)
  • Jan 20 George D. Robinson, 34th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • Jan 27 Robert Sanford Foster, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Vernon, Indiana (d. 1903)
  • Jan 30 Lord Avebury, [John Lubbock], British banker/politician
  • Feb 6 William Dorsey Pender, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • Feb 6 Edwin Klebs, German physician and bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1913)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 8 Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist and inventor who devised the periodic table of the elements, born in Tobolsk, Russia (d. 1907)

Chemist and Inventor Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist and Inventor
Dmitri Mendeleev
  • Feb 9 Felix Dahn, German Historian, jurist and poet, born in Hamburg (d. 1912)
  • Feb 15 William Preece, English electrical engineer/wireless pioneer
  • Feb 16 Ernst Heinrich Haeckel, Potsdam Germ, biologist (Causes of Evolution)
  • Feb 23 Gustav Hermann Nachtigal, German physician/colonizer/consul in Tunis
  • Mar 6 George du Maurier, Franco-British illustrator and writer (Trilby), born in Paris, France (d. 1896)
  • Mar 16 James Hector, Scottish geologist (d. 1907)
  • Mar 17 Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer/inventor/designed 1st motorcycle
  • Mar 20 Charles William Elliot, President of Harvard (1869-1909), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Mar 22 Francis Asbury Shoup, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • Mar 24 John Wesley Powell, American geologist/explorer/ethnologist
  • Mar 24 William Morris, England, designer/craftsman/poet/socialist
  • Apr 1 Big Jim Fisk, American entrepreneur (d. 1872)
  • Apr 21 William Rufus Terrill, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Covington City, Virginia (d. 1862)
  • May 5 Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter (d. 1873)
  • May 23 Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (d. 1890)
  • Jun 10 Hendrik Pierson, Dutch theologist (HP Foundation)
  • Jun 16 Wesley Merritt, American Major General (Union Army), 1st American Military Governor of the Philippines, born in NYC, New York (d. 1910)
  • Jun 19 Charles Spurgeon, English preacher (d. 1892)
  • Jul 1 Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet (d. 1908)
  • Jul 2 Hendry P G Quack, lawyer/economist/secr Dutch Bank
  • Jul 10 James A McNeill Whistler, US/British painter (Whistler's Mother)
  • Jul 14 James Abbott McNeill Whistler, artist (Whistler's Mother)
  • Jul 16 Peter Leyten, bishop of Breda (1885-1914)
  • Jul 19 Edgar Degas, French impressionist painter, sculptor and artist
  • Jul 22 Daniel McCook Jr, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Carrollton, Ohio (d. 1864)
  • Jul 23 James "Cardinal" Gibbons, archbishop of Baltimore
  • Jul 31 Peter H Hugenholtz, Dutch reformer/founder (Free Parish)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 2 Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor (designed the Statue of Liberty), born in Colmar, France (d. 1904)

  • Aug 2 Isaac Capadose, lawyer/evangelist
  • Aug 4 John Venn, English mathematician (Venn Diagram), born in Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, England (d. 1923)
  • Aug 18 Marshall Field, American entrepreneur and the founder of Marshall Field and Company, born in Conway, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • Aug 22 Nathaniel Harrison Harris, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Natchez, Mississippi (d. 1900)
  • Aug 22 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and pioneer aviator, born in Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • Sep 9 Joseph H Shorthouse, English writer (John Inglesant)
  • Sep 9 William MacRae, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1882)
  • Sep 15 Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian/parliament member
  • Sep 17 Edouard Pailleron, French attorney, poet and stage writer, born in Paris, France (d. 1899)
  • Oct 1 Francis Marion Cockrell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1915)
  • Oct 10 Aleksis Kivi, [Stenvall], Finland, writer/poet (Nummisuutarit)
  • Oct 19 Francis Channing Barlow, US lawyer/gen-major/co-founder (ABA)
  • Oct 28 Dudley McIver DuBose, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1883)
  • Nov 10 Jose Hernandez, Argentina poet (MartinFierro)
  • Nov 10 Wager Swayne, American Colonel (Union Army), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1902)
  • Nov 13 Ignacio M Altamirano, Mexican author (El Zarco)
  • Nov 17 Stephen Hinsdale Weed, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Potsdam, New York (d. 1863)
  • Nov 19 Georg H Quincke, German physicist (test of Quincke)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 21 henrietta (Hetty) Green, American financier (Witch of Wall Street), born in New Bedford, Massachusetts (d. 1916)

The Witch of Wall Street Hetty Green
The Witch of Wall Street
Hetty Green
  • Nov 21 Joseph Jackson Bartlett, American attorney, diplomat and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Binghamton, New York (d. 1893)
  • Nov 29 Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom, American civil engineer, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Norwich, Vermont (d. 1864)
  • Dec 16 Leon Walras, French economist (border use theory)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 31 Religious leader Brigham Young (32) weds herbalist Mary Ann Angell (27)

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 4 Abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison (28) weds Helen Eliza Benson

HeartWedding of Interest

Nov 19 US President Franklin Pierce (30) weds Jane Pierce (28) in Amherst, New Hampshire

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 12 William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1806-07), dies at 74

British Prime Minister William Grenville
British Prime Minister
William Grenville
  • Jan 16 Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician (b. 1769)
  • Jan 17 Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (b. 1762)
  • Feb 6 Richard Lemon Lander, British explorer, dies from his injuries sustained by a musket ball at 29
  • Feb 12 Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 65
  • Feb 16 Lionel Lukin, British life boat pioneer, dies at 91
  • Mar 12 Karl W Feuerbach, mathematician (circle of Feuerbach), dies at 33
  • May 20 Marie-Joseph-Paul-Yves-Roch-Gilbert de Motier, nobleman, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 20 Marquis de Lafayette, American patriot and French revolutionary, dies at 76

French General and Aristocrat Marquis de Lafayette
French General and Aristocrat
Marquis de Lafayette
  • Jun 9 William Carey, one of the founders of the Baptist Missionary Society (b. 1761)
  • Jun 10 Antonius van Gils, RC theologist (against Relief), dies at 75
  • Jun 28 Joseph Bové, Russian architect (b. 1784)
  • Jul 14 Edmond Charles Genêt, French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution (b. 1763)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 25 Samuel Taylor Coleridge, British romantic poet (Rime of Ancient Mariner), dies at 61

Poet, Critic, and Philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Poet, Critic, and Philosopher
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • Aug 1 Robert Morrison, missionary in China/translated bible, dies
  • Aug 5 Gijsbert K van Hogendorp, Dutch min of Foreign affairs, dies at 71
  • Aug 7 Joseph Marie Jacquard, French weaver and inventor (b. 1752)
  • Aug 17 Husein Gradaščević, Bosniak general, dies at 31
  • Sep 2 Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (b. 1757)
  • Sep 16 Antoine-Vincent Arnault, French writer (Guillaume the Nassau), dies
  • Sep 24 Pedro I of Brazil, Emperor of Brazil (1822-31) and King of Portugal (1826), dies at 35
  • Oct 10 Thomas Say, American naturalist and father of descriptive entomology, dies from typhoid fever at 47
  • Oct 19 Cornelis Loots, accountant/poet (Volkswoede), dies at 69
  • Nov 5 Aernout Drost, Dutch literary/founder (The Guide), dies at 24
  • Dec 6 Jonas Daniel Meyer, Dutch lawyer, dies at 54
  • Dec 23 Thomas Malthus, British economist and demographer (Law of Malthus), dies of heart disease at 68
  • Dec 27 Charles Lamb, British critic/poet/essayist (Essays of Elia), dies at 59