1835 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 7 HMS Beagle anchors off Chonos Archipelago
  • Jan 8 The United States national debt is 0 for the first and only time.

MurderAssassination Attempt

Jan 30 Richard Lawrence misfires at President Andrew Jackson in Washington, D.C. in 1st attempted assassination of a US President

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • Feb 20 Concepcion, Chile, destroyed by earthquake; 5,000 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 22 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leave Valdivia Chile

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • Feb 24 Siwinowe Kesibwi (Shawnee Sun) is 1st Indian language monthly magazine
  • Feb 28 Dr Elias L"nnrot publishes Finnish poem "Kalevala"
  • Mar 3 Congress authorizes a US mint at New Orleans Louisiana
  • Mar 4 HMS Beagle moves into Bay of Concepcion
  • Mar 7 HMS Beagle returns from Concepcion to Valparaiso
  • Mar 11 HMS Beagle anchors off Valparaiso, Chile
  • Mar 13 Charles Darwin departs Valparaiso for Andes crossing
  • Mar 18 Charles Darwin departs Santiago Chile on his way to Portillo Pass
  • Mar 21 Charles Darwin & Mariano Gonzales meet at Portillo Pass
  • Mar 23 Charles Darwin reaches Los Arenales, in the Andes
  • Apr 10 Charles Darwin returns to Santiago, Chile
  • Apr 18 William Lamb (Lord Melbourne) forms British government
  • May 5 King Leopold opens Brussels-Mechelen railway

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6 James Gordon Bennett, Sr. publishes the first issue of the New York Herald (price 1 cent).

Founder of the New York Herald James Gordon Bennett
Founder of the New York Herald
James Gordon Bennett
  • May 12 Charles Darwin visits copper mines in North Chile
  • May 13 1st foreign embassy in Hawaii forms
  • May 14 Charles Darwin reaches Coquimbo in Northern Chile
  • May 20 Otto is named the first modern king of Greece.
  • Jun 1 6th national black convention (Philadelphia)
  • Jun 2 P T Barnum & his circus begin 1st tour of US
  • Jun 19 New Orleans gives US government Jackson Square to be used as a mint
  • Jun 25 1st building constructed at Yerba Buena (now SF)
  • Jul 8 Liberty Bell cracks (again)
  • Jul 9 St Etienne-Lyons railway opens in France
  • Jul 25 Ibrahim Pasha's army attacks Jewish settlers of Hebron Palestine
  • Jul 26 1st sugar cane plantation started in Hawaii
  • Jul 29 1st sugar plantation in Hawaii begins
  • Aug 10 Mob of whites & oxen pulled black school to a swamp out of Canaan NH
  • Aug 11 George B Airy begins 46-year reign as England's Astronomer Royal
  • Aug 17 Solymon Merrick patents wrench
  • Aug 18 Last Pottawatomie Indians leave Chicago
  • Aug 25 New York Sun publishes Moon hoax story about John Herschel
  • Aug 30 Melbourne, Australia is founded.
  • Sep 15 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin on board reaches the Galapagos Islands
  • Sep 17 Charles Darwins lands on Chatham in Galapagos archipelago
  • Sep 20 Farroupilha's Revolution begins in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
  • Sep 23 HMS Beagle sails to Charles Island in Galapagos archipelago
  • Oct 2 Battle of Gonzales fought between Texan settlers and Mexican forces. First engagement of the Texas revolution
  • Oct 3 Staedtler Company was founded by J.S. Staedtler in Nuremburg, Germany.
  • Oct 8 Charles Darwin reaches James Island, Galapagos archipelago, on HMS Beagle
  • Oct 9 The Royal College, Colombo, established with the name Hillstreet Academy in Sri Lanka
  • Oct 20 HMS Beagle leaves Galapagos Archipelago to sail to Tahiti
  • Nov 2 2nd Seminole War begins in Osceola
  • Nov 15 Charles Darwin reaches Tahiti on board HMS Beagle
  • Nov 16 Charles Darwin's voyage published in Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • Nov 18 -20] Charles Darwin travels to Tahiti
  • Nov 19 A ship carrying 500 armed Maori from Ngati Tama and Ngati Mutunga arrives on the Chatham Islands; those Moriori (indigenous people of the Chatham Islands) that are not killed are enslaved
  • Nov 23 Henry Burden patents Horseshoe manufacturing machine (Troy NY)
  • Nov 24 Texas Rangers, mounted police force authorized by Texas Provisional Government
  • Nov 26 HMS Beagle leaves Tahiti for NZ

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1 Hans Christian Andersen publishes his 1st book of fairy tales

  • Dec 3 First US mutual fire insurance company issues first policy (Rhode Island)
  • Dec 5 - 10th: Assault on Mexican-held San Antonio by Texan rebels
  • Dec 7 Bavarian Ludwig railway opens - first German steam railway
  • Dec 16 Fire consumes over 600 buildings in NYC
  • Dec 19 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin approaches NZ
  • Dec 21 HMS Beagle sails into Bay of Islands (New Zealand)
  • Dec 25 Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in Pahia, New Zealand
  • Dec 29 The Treaty of New Echota is signed, ceding all the lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States.
  • Dec 30 After gold discovery in Ga, Cherokees forced to move across Miss R
  • Dec 30 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin sails from NZ to Sydney

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Charles Russell Lowell Jr, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • Jan 3 Larkin Goldsmith Mead, sculptor
  • Jan 5 Hendrik E van Rijgersma, Dutch gouvernement doctor on Saint Maarten
  • Jan 13 Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns, Belgian jurist/minister of the Interior
  • Jan 17 Antanas Baranauskas, Lithuanian bishop/poet/dialectologist
  • Jan 18 Jan van Droogenbroeck, Flemish poet
  • Jan 30 Oliver Edwards, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1904)
  • Jan 31 William Charles Lunalilo, Monarch of Hawaii (d. 1874)
  • Feb 2 Luigi Manzotti, Milano, ballet choreographer
  • Feb 13 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 1908)
  • Feb 14 Francois Haverschmidt, Dutch writer (Snikken en grimlachjes)
  • Feb 15 Alexander Stuart Webb, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1911)
  • Feb 15 Demetrius Vikelas, Greek author (d. 1908)
  • Feb 20 Allessandro d'Ancona, Italian philologist
  • Feb 26 Richard Andree, German geography/etnologist (Andree's Handatlas)
  • Feb 27 Charles Cartuyvels, Belgian pulprit orator
  • Feb 27 Richard Garnett, English author (Ananda the Miracle Worker)
  • Mar 1 Matthias J Scheeben, German theologist (Natur und Gnade)
  • Mar 4 Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italy, astronomer (discovered canals of Mars)
  • Mar 4 John Hughlings Jackson, English neurologist (d. 1911)
  • Mar 6 Charles Ewing, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1883)
  • Mar 12 Simon Newcomb, US, scientist/mathematician/astronomer
  • Mar 14 Giovanni V Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (Mars) [or March 4]
  • Mar 15 John Henrie Kagi, American abolitionist (d. 1859)
  • Mar 24 Josef Stefan, Austria, physicist (Stefan-Boltzmann law)
  • Mar 31 John La Farge, US painter
  • Apr 9 Leopold II, King of Belgians (1865-1909)
  • Apr 27 John Murray Corse, Pitts, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers) [or 9/27]
  • May 1 Alfred Napoleon Alexander "Natti" Duffie, Brig Gen (Union volunteers)
  • May 5 Leopold II, Belgian crown prince, baptized
  • May 21 Newton Martin Curtis, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • May 21 František Chvostek, Moravian physician (d. 1884)
  • May 26 Edward Porter Alexander, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • May 30 Alfred Austin, Leeds England, poet laureate of England (Garden)
  • May 31 Hijikata Toshizō, Japanese military leader (d. 1869)
  • Jun 2 Pius X, [Giuseppe Sarto], 257th Roman Catholic pope (1903-14)
  • Jun 10 Constant A Serrure, Flemish historian
  • Jun 10 Ferdinand IV SMJJBFLGRRJ, ruler of Toscane
  • Jun 10 Rebecca Latimer Felton, U.S. Senator (d. 1930)
  • Jul 27 Giosuè Carducci, Italian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1907)
  • Jul 31 Henri Brisson, French statesman (d. 1912)
  • Jul 31 Paul du Chaillu, French explorer (d. 1903)
  • Aug 2 Elisha Grey, inventor (Telephone)
  • Aug 8 James William Forsyth, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1906)
  • Aug 26 Theodore Washington Brevard, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Aug 27 Albijn van de Abeele, Flemish author/mayor/painter
  • Sep 3 William Gaston Lewis, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • Sep 11 William Wirt Allen, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1894)
  • Sep 14 Joseph Hayes, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1912)
  • Sep 14 Y de Smit-Rog, oldest citizen of Netherlands (d. 1940 at 104)
  • Sep 27 John Murray Corse, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1893 [or 4/27])
  • Oct 1 Robert Houston Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1888)
  • Oct 1 William Hicks "Red" Jackson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Oct 1 Ádám Politzer, Austrian physician (d. 1920)
  • Oct 2 Louis A Ranvier, French anatomist/historian
  • Oct 11 Hunter Holmes McGuire, Med Director (Confederate Army), (d. 1900)
  • Oct 23 Adlai Stevenson, (D) 23rd VP (1893-97)
  • Oct 31 Adelbert Ames, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1933)
  • Oct 31 J F W Adolf Ritter von Baeyer, German chemist (Nobel 1905)
  • Oct 31 Krišjānis Barons, Latvian writer (d. 1923)
  • Nov 1 Godfrey Weitzel, (Union volunteers Major general, (d. 1884))
  • Nov 4 Lunsford Lindsay Lomax, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1913)
  • Nov 5 Moritz Szeps, Austrian journalist (d. 1902)
  • Nov 9 Emile Gaboriau, author (father of French detective novels)
  • Nov 16 Elliott Warren Rice, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), (d. 1887)
  • Nov 16 Eugenio Beltrami, Cremona Lombardy, Italian Mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry)
  • Nov 17 Andrew L. Harris, governor of Ohio (d. 1915)
  • Nov 18 Americus Vespucius Rice, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1904)
  • Nov 18 Cesare Lombroso, Italian psychiatrist/criminologist
  • Nov 19 Fitzhugh Lee, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1905)
  • Nov 19 Rani Lakshmi Bai, Indian Queen (d. 1858)
  • Nov 22 Frank Crawford Armstrong, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 25 Andrew Carnegie, Dunfermline, Scottish/American industrialist/philanthropist

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie
  • Nov 29 Empress Dowager Cixi, Chinese ruler (d. 1908)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 30 Mark Twain [Samuel Clemens], American author (Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn)

Author Mark Twain
Mark Twain
  • Dec 1 Micah Jenkins, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Dec 4 Samuel Butler, England, author (Erewhom, Way of All Flesh)
  • Dec 6 Wilhelm Rudolf Fittig, Hamburg, German Chemist (synthesizing organic compounds)
  • Dec 11 Adolf Stoecker, German anti semite/PM
  • Dec 17 Alexander E Agassiz, US, businessman/biologist/geology
  • Dec 18 George Dashiell Bayard, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • Dec 18 Lyman Abbott, American author (d. 1922)
  • Dec 28 Archibald Geikie, British geologist

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 17 Soldier and politician Jefferson Davis (27) weds Sarah Knox Taylor (21) in Louisville, Kentucky

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 8 Mathematician Ada Lovelace [Ada Byron] (19) weds Earl of Lovelace, William King (30)

Mathematician, Computer Programmer Ada Lovelace
Mathematician, Computer Programmer
Ada Lovelace

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 14 American leading transcendentalist Ralph Waldo Emerson (33) marries 2nd wife Lydia (Lidian) Jackson in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Lecturer and Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
Lecturer and Poet
Ralph Waldo Emerson

Deaths in History

  • Feb 15 Henry Hunt, British politician, dies
  • Mar 2 Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1768)
  • Mar 18 Christian Gunther von Bernstorff, Danish-Prussian statesman and diplomat (b. 1769)
  • Mar 20 Louis-Leopold Robert, French painter (b. 1794)
  • Mar 25 Friederike Blum, writer, dies
  • Apr 17 William Henry Ireland, forger (Shakespearean manuscripts), dies
  • May 13 John Nash, British town planner/architect (Regent's Park), dies
  • May 16 Felicia Dorothea Hemans, poet/hymn writer, dies
  • Jun 8 Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian physicist (b. 1761)
  • Jun 18 William Cobbett, English journalist and author (b. 1763)
  • Jun 24 Andreas Vokos Miaoulis, Greek admiral and politician, commander of Greek naval forces in Greek War of Independence (b. 1769)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 6 John Marshall, 4th Chief Justice of the United States (1801-35), dies at 79

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall
  • Jul 28 Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (b. 1768)
  • Aug 25 Ann Rutledge, said to be Abraham Lincoln's true love, dies at 22
  • Sep 15 Sarah Knox Taylor, wife of Jefferson Davis (b. 1814)
  • Oct 19 Henry Doeff, translator (Dutch-Japanese dictionary), dies at 57
  • Nov 16 Louis Angely, German comedic poet (Paris in Pommern), dies at 48
  • Dec 5 August v Platen, writer, dies at 39
  • Dec 13 John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1760)