1836 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 5 Davy Crockett arrives in Texas, just in time for the Alamo

Frontiersman/Soldier Davy Crockett
Davy Crockett
  • Jan 12 Battle of Wetumka, Fla

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reach Sydney Australia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • Feb 3 Whig Party holds its 1st national convention (Albany NY)
  • Feb 6 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reach Diemen's Land (Tasmania)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 7 "Sketches by Boz" (essays) published by Charles Dickens

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • Feb 17 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leaves Tasmania
  • Feb 22 Dutch garrison evacuates fort Du Bus New Guinea
  • Feb 23 Alamo besieged for 13 days until 6th March by Mexican army under General Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 25 Samuel Colt patents 1st revolving barrel multishot firearm

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt
  • Feb 25 US Showman Phineas Taylor Barnum exhibits African American slave Joice Heth.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2 Republic of Texas declares independence from Mexico in Columbia

Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence George Childress
Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence
George Childress
  • Mar 5 Samuel Colt manufactures 1st pistol, 34-caliber "Texas" model
  • Mar 6 Battle of the Alamo: after 13 days of fighting 1,500-3,000 Mexicans overwhelm the Texans at the Alamo, killing 182-257 Texans including William Travis, Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett
  • Mar 6 HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach King George's Sound, Australia
  • Mar 14 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leaves Australia
  • Mar 16 Constitution of the Republic of Texas approved, legalises slavery
  • Mar 23 Coin Press invented by Franklin Beale
  • Mar 27 1st Mormon temple dedicated (Kirtland, Ohio)
  • Apr 1 Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Cocos Islands
  • Apr 14 US Congress forms Territory of Wisconsin
  • Apr 19 Nikolai Gogol's "Revisor" premieres in St Petersburg
  • Apr 20 Territory of Wisconsin created
  • Apr 21 Battle of San Jacinto, Texas wins independence from Mexico
  • May 7 The settlement of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, is elevated to the royal status of villa by the government of Spain.
  • May 9 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin departs Port Louis, Mauritius
  • May 15 Francis Baily observes "Baily's Beads" during annular solar eclipse
  • May 22 Felix Mendelssohn's oratorio "St Paul" premieres in Dusseldorf
  • May 31 HMS Beagle anchors in Simons Bay, Cape of Good Hope
  • Jun 1 Charles Darwin returns to Capetown
  • Jun 15 Arkansas becomes 25th state of the Union
  • Jun 16 London Working Men's Association forms
  • Jun 18 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leave South-Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 US President Andrew Jackson announces to Congress bequest by James Smithson of 100,000 gold sovereigns to found institution in Washington.

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • Jul 4 Wisconsin Territory forms
  • Jul 8 Charles Darwin reaches Saint Helena in HMS Beagle
  • Jul 13 US patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels
  • Jul 19 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reaches Ascension
  • Jul 20 Charles Darwin climbs Green Hill on Ascension
  • Jul 21 1st Canadian RR opens, between Laprairie & St John, Quebec
  • Jul 27 Adelaide, South Australia, founded
  • Jul 29 Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
  • Jul 30 First English language newspaper published in Hawaii
  • Aug 1 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin returns to Bahia Brazil
  • Aug 17 British parliament accepts registration of births, marriages and deaths
  • Aug 17 Charles Darwin leaves South America for last time on HMS Beagle
  • Aug 19 HMS Beagle anchors at Angra Azores
  • Aug 30 The city of Houston is founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen
  • Aug 31 HMS Beagle anchors in Postage Praia, Cape Verde Islands
  • Sep 1 Reconstruction begins on Synagogue of Rabbi Judah Hasid in Jerusalem
  • Sep 1 Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Sep 5 Sam Houston elected President of the Republic of Texas

Texan Revolutionary Sam Houston
Texan Revolutionary
Sam Houston
  • Sep 25 HMS Beagle anchors at St Michael
  • Oct 2 Darwin returns to England aboard HMS Beagle (after 5 years)
  • Oct 12 18" of snow falls in Bridgewater, NY
  • Oct 22 Sam Houston inaugurated as 1st elected President of the Republic of Texas
  • Oct 24 Earliest American patent for a phosphorus friction match by Alonzo Dwight Phillips of Springfield, Massachusetts
  • Nov 10 Louis Napoleon banished to America
  • Nov 11 Chile declares war on Bolivia & Peru
  • Dec 4 Whig party holds its first national convention, Harrisburg, Pa

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 7 Martin Van Buren elected 8th president

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • Dec 10 Emory College (now Emory University) is chartered in Oxford, Georgia.
  • Dec 14 The Toledo War unofficially ends.
  • Dec 15 Patent Office burns in Wash, DC
  • Dec 27 Worst English avalanche kills 8 of 15 buried (Lewes Sussex)
  • Dec 28 Spain recognizes independence of Mexico
  • Dec 28 Proclamation of South Australia as a British Province. Formal proclamation was read out in what is now the Adelaide suburb of Glenelg North by Captain (later Rear Admiral, Governor, Sir) John Hindmarsh
  • Dec 30 Lehman Theater in St Petersburg catches fire; 100s die

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Queen Emma of Hawaii, Consort of King Kamehameha IV (d. 1885)
  • Jan 2 Mendele Moykher Sforim, Jewish writer (d. 1917)
  • Jan 3 Sakamoto Ryoma, Japanese revolutionary (d. 1867)
  • Jan 8 Fannie M Jackson, pioneer & educator, 1st US African American woman college grad
  • Jan 8 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch/British painter/husband of Laura Epps
  • Jan 10 Charles Ingalls, father of Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1902)
  • Jan 14 [Hugh] Judson Kilpatrick, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1881)
  • Jan 14 Henri Fantin-Latour, French painter (d. 1904)
  • Jan 16 King Francis II of the Two Sicilies (d. 1894)
  • Jan 27 Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (masochism)
  • Jan 29 Benjamin Franklin Potts, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1887)
  • Jan 29 James Meech Warner, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1897)
  • Feb 17 Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Spanish poet (d. 1870)
  • Feb 18 Swami Ramakrishna [Gadadhar Chatterji], Hooghly Bengal, Indian mystic/hindu leader (preached unity of religions).
  • Feb 24 Winslow Homer, US, painter (Gulfstream)
  • Mar 2 Henry Billings Brown, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1913)
  • Mar 5 Charles Goodnight, American cattle rancher (d. 1929)
  • Mar 8 Matthew Calbraith Butler, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • Mar 16 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor (cable car), born in London (d. 1900)
  • Mar 20 Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American politician (d. 1886)
  • Mar 20 Sir Edward Poynter, British painter (d. 1919)
  • Mar 28 Frederick Pabst, American brewer (d. 1904)
  • Mar 30 Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg, German industrialist/politician
  • Apr 24 Jeltje de Bosch Kemper, Dutch feminist
  • Apr 26 Erminnie Adelle Platt, US, ethnologist (Iriquois-English Dictionary)
  • May 8 Bryan Morel Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1905)
  • May 14 James Patrick Major, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1877)
  • May 17 Joseph Norman Lockyer, discoverer (Helium)/founder (Nature magazine)
  • May 17 Wilhelm Steinitz, Austria, world chess champion (1866-94)
  • May 17 Virginie Loveling, Belgian writer and poet (d. 1923)
  • May 24 Joseph Rowntree, British social reformer (d. 1925)
  • May 27 Edwin Gray Lee, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1870)
  • May 27 Jay Gould, US railroad executive, financier
  • May 28 Alexander Mitscherlich, German chemist (d. 1918)
  • Jun 9 Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, 1st qualified woman physician in Britain, first woman mayor (Aldeburgh), born in London (d. 1917)
  • Jun 10 Yamaoka Tesshu, Japanese swordsman/master of kendo
  • Jun 14 Thomas Wilberforce Egan, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • Jul 2 Henry Eugene Davies, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1894)
  • Jul 8 Joseph Chamberlain, British minister of Commerce/Colonies
  • Jul 9 Camille de Renesse, Belgian count (d. 1904)
  • Jul 20 Thomas C Allbutt, English physiologist (Diseases of the Heart)
  • Aug 7 Evander McIvor Law, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1920)
  • Aug 11 Cato M Guldberg, Norwegian mathematician
  • Aug 11 Warren Brown, American politician (d. 1919)
  • Aug 14 Walter Besant, writer/philanthropist (Rebel Queen)
  • Aug 22 Archibald M Willard, US, artist (Spirit of '76)
  • Aug 23 Marie Henriette of Austria, Queen of the Belgians (d. 1902)
  • Aug 25 Bret Harte, US, author (Outcasts of Poker Flat)
  • Sep 5 Justiniano Borgoño, President of Peru (d. 1921)
  • Sep 7 Henry Campbell-Bannerman, British PM (L) (1905-08)
  • Sep 7 August Toepler, German physicist (d. 1912)
  • Sep 10 Joseph Wheeler II, Maj Gen (Confederacy/Cavalry/Army of Tennessee)
  • Sep 11 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (d. 1870)
  • Sep 13 John McCausland, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1927)
  • Sep 14 Abraham PC Van Karnebeek, Dutch Foreign Minister (Liberal, 1918-27)
  • Sep 28 Thomas Crapper, English plumber and inventor (ballcock), born in Thorne, Yorkshire (d. 1910)
  • Oct 4 Juliette Adam-Lamber, French author (Salon/Nouvelle Revue)
  • Oct 5 George Washington Gordon, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1911)
  • Oct 15 Thomas Lafayette Rosser, Mjr General (Confederate Army), (d. 1910)
  • Oct 15 James Tissot, French artist (d. 1902)
  • Nov 4 Henry J. Lutcher, American businessman and sawmill partner (d. 1912)
  • Nov 6 Francis Ellingwood Abbot, theologian (Scientific Theism), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Nov 8 Milton Bradley, American game manufacturer (d. 1911)
  • Nov 11 Thomas Bailey Aldrich, US, author/editor (Story of a Bad Boy)
  • Nov 15 Pierce Manning Butler Young, Mjr Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • Nov 16 David Kalakaua of Hawaii, Hawaiian king (d. 1891)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 18 William Schwenck Gilbert, English dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator (Gilbert & Sullivan), born in London, England

English Dramatist William Schwenck Gilbert
English Dramatist
William Schwenck Gilbert
  • Nov 20 John Thomas Croxton, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), (d. 1874)
  • Nov 30 Lord Frederick Cavendish, British politician (d. 1882)
  • Dec 11 Jan Boissevain, Dutch politician/ship owner
  • Dec 13 Franz von Lenbach, German painter (d. 1904)
  • Dec 15 Edmond Picard, French/Belgian lawyer/writer (La forge Roussel)
  • Dec 19 Maria L Sanford, pioneer educator (PTA)
  • Dec 27 Henricus Oort, Dutch theologist (Leidse translation)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 6 Author Harriet Beecher (24) weds educator Calvin Ellis Stowe (33) in Cincinnati, Ohio

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 2 English novelist and social critic Charles Dickens (24) marries Catherine Thomson Hogarth (20)

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens

HeartWedding of Interest

May 16 US writer Edgar Allan Poe (26) marries his 13-year-old cousin Virginia Clemm

  • Aug 20 English novelist (Vanity Fair) William Makepeace Thackeray (25) marries Isabella Gethin Shawe (20)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 11 John Molson, Canadian brewer (b. 1763)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 30 Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag (b. 1752)

Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy Ross
Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag
Betsy Ross

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 6 Davy Crockett, US pioneer (Alamo), killed in battle at 49

Frontiersman/Soldier Davy Crockett
Davy Crockett
  • Mar 6 James Butler Bonham, American lawyer from South Carolina and soldier (b. 1807)
  • Mar 6 Jim Bowie, American pioneer and soldier (b. 1796)
  • Mar 27 James Fannin, Texas revolutionary (b. 1804)
  • Apr 7 William Godwin, English political writer (b. 1756)
  • Apr 20 Johan I Jozef, monarch of Liechtenstein/fieldmarshal, dies at 75
  • Jun 6 Antons Klemens Theodor, king of Saksen (1827-36), dies at 80
  • Jun 10 André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (b. 1775)
  • Jun 23 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian, (b. 1773)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 28 James Madison, 4th US President (1809-17), dies in Montpelier Va at 85

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • Aug 16 Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (b. 1755)
  • Aug 21 Claude-Louis Navier, French physicist (b. 1785)
  • Sep 5 Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright (b. 1790)
  • Sep 12 Grabbe, writer, dies at 34

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 14 Aaron Burr, 3rd US Vice President (D-R: 1801-05) who killed Alexander Hamilton in a pistol due, dies at 80

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • Sep 17 Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (b. 1748)
  • Oct 17 Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (b. 1782)
  • Nov 5 Karel Hynek Mácha, Czech poet (b. 1810)
  • Nov 6 Charles X, King of France (1824-30), dies at 79
  • Nov 12 Juan Ramón Balcarce, Argentine military leader and politician (b. 1773)
  • Nov 16 Christian Hendrik Persoon, Dutch mycologist (b. 1761)
  • Nov 26 John MacAdam, British road builder (b. 1756)
  • Nov 27 Carle [Antoine CH] Vernet, French painter/lithographer, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 27 Stephen Fuller Austin, founder of the US State of Texas, dies at 43

Founder of Texas Stephen F. Austin
Founder of Texas
Stephen F. Austin