1837 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 22 Earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands
  • Jan 26 Michigan admitted as 26th US state
  • Feb 8 1st VP chosen by Senate, Richard Johnson (Van Buren admin)
  • Feb 10 Russian poet Alexander Pushkin is fatally injured in a duel with French officer Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anthès (1/29 OS)
  • Feb 11 American Physiological Society organizes in Boston
  • Feb 13 Riot in New York due to a combination of poverty and increase in the cost of flour

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 Charles Lyell makes his presidential address to the Geographical Society, London and announces that Richard Owen has concluded from Darwin's fossils that extinct species were related to current species in the same locality

Geologist Charles Lyell
Charles Lyell
  • Feb 25 1st US electric printing press patented by Thomas Davenport
  • Mar 3 Congress increases US Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 US President Andrew Jackson & Congress recognizes Republic of Texas

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Martin Van Buren inaugrated as 8th president

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • Mar 4 Weekly Advocate changes its name to the Colored American
  • Mar 4 Chicago becomes incorporated as a city.
  • Mar 24 Canada gives its black citizens the right to vote
  • Apr 19 Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth
  • May 3 The University of Athens is founded.
  • May 9 "Sherrod" burns in Mississippi River below Natchez Miss; 175 dies
  • May 10 Panic of 1837: New York City banks fail, and unemployment reaches record levels.
  • May 25 The Patriots of Lower Canada (Quebec) rebel against the British for freedom.
  • May 31 Astor Hotel opens in NYC, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria
  • Jun 11 The Broad Street Riot occurres in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans.
  • Jun 13 1st Mormon missionaries to British Isles leave Kirtland, Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 17 Charles Goodyear obtains his 1st rubber patent

  • Jun 18 Spain gets new Constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 20 Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV. She ruled for 63 years ending in 1901

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Jul 4 Grand Junction Railway, the world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool.
  • Jul 13 Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace

CommunicationOpening of Euston Station

Jul 20 Euston railway station opens in London as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR), the city's 1st intercity railway station

  • Jul 25 The first commercial use of an electric telegraph was successfully demonstrated by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone on 25 July 1837 between Euston and Camden Town in London.
  • Jul 27 US Mint opens in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Aug 5 1st ascent of Mt Marcy (5,344') highest in Adirondack, NY
  • Aug 28 Pharmacists John Lea & William Perrins manufacture Worcestershire Sauce
  • Sep 6 Oberlin Collegiate Institute of Ohio goes co-ed (4 women, 30 men)
  • Sep 21 Charles Tiffany founded his jewelry & china stores
  • Oct 1 "Racer's" Hurricane (Gulf of Mexico)
  • Oct 1 Treaty with Winnebago Indians
  • Oct 9 Steamboat "Home" sinks off Okracoke NC killing 100
  • Oct 9 Meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute.
  • Oct 31 Collision of river boat Monmouth & Trement on Miss; 300 die
  • Nov 7 In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy shot dead (age 34) by pro-slavery mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.
  • Nov 8 Mount Holyoke Seminary in Mass-1st US college founded for women
  • Nov 15 Isaac Pitman introduces his shorthand system
  • Nov 19 Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens
  • Nov 21 Thomas Morris of Australia skips rope 22,806 times
  • Dec 5 Hector Berlioz' "Requiem" premieres
  • Dec 5 Uprising under William Lyon Mackenzie in Canada
  • Dec 25 Battle of Okeechobee-US forces defeat Seminole Indians
  • Dec 29 Canadian militia destroy Caroline, a US steamboat docked at Buffalo
  • Dec 29 Steam-powered threshing machine patented, Winthrop, Maine

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 Casimiro de Abreu, Brazil, poet (Camoes e o jau)
  • Jan 5 A Ch Swinburne, writer [or Apr 5]
  • Jan 16 James Phillip Simms, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1887)
  • Jan 19 William Williams Keen, surgeon (brain)
  • Jan 20 David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1910)
  • Feb 5 Dwight Lyman Moody, US, evangelist (Student Volunteer Movement)
  • Feb 7 James Augustus Henry Murray, Scotland, created Oxford Dictionary
  • Feb 17 Francis Jay Herron, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1902)
  • Feb 17 Sam[uel] van Houten, Dutch (lib) minister (child labor laws)
  • Feb 24 Rosalía de Castro, Santiago de Compostela Galician writer and poet ('Séculos Escuros') (d. 1885)
  • Feb 26 Charles Woeste, Belgian count/min of Justice
  • Mar 1 Ion Creanga, Romanian fairy tale author (Amintiti the Copilarie)
  • Mar 1 William Dean Howells, US, novelist/critic/editor (Atlantic)
  • Mar 7 Henry Draper, Virginia, astro-spectro-photographer (Moon, Jupiter)
  • Mar 14 Charles Ammi Cutter, US librarian (Expansive classification)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 18 Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th US President (1885-89, 1893-97), born in Caldwell, New Jersey (d. 1908)

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Mar 19 Robert Daniel Johnston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1919)
  • Mar 24 Philips, Count of Flanders Belgium
  • Mar 31 Robert Ross McBurney, 1st paid secretary of the YMCA
  • Mar 31 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Apr 3 John Burroughs, writer/nature enthusiast (Burroughs Medal namesake)
  • Apr 5 Algernon Charles Swinburne, England, poet (Atalanta in Calydon)
  • Apr 10 Forceythe Willson, American poet (d. 1867)
  • Apr 11 Ephraim Elmer Ellsworth, Col (Union Army), (d. 1861)
  • Apr 15 Horace Porter, Bvt Brigadier General (Union Army), (d. 1921)
  • Apr 17 J. P. Morgan, American banker/CEO (US Steel Corporation), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • Apr 21 Fredrik Bajer, Denmark, politician/feminist/pacifist (Nobel 1908)
  • Apr 24 Friedrich von Holstein, German diplomat (die graue Eminenz)
  • Apr 29 Georges Boulanger, French general and politician (d. 1891)
  • May 2 Henry Martyn Robert, parliamentarian (Robert's Rules of Order)
  • May 10 Pinckney B S Pinchback, Lt gov (Louisiana)
  • May 23 James Sanks Brisbin, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 27 "Wild Bill" Hickok [James Butler], American cowboy and scout, born in Troy Grove, Illinois (d. 1876)

Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok
Folk Hero of the American Old West
Wild Bill Hickok
  • May 27 Robert Frederick Hoke, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1912)
  • May 27 Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter (d. 1887)
  • May 28 George Ashlin, Irish architect (d. 1921)
  • May 28 Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer (d. 1908)
  • May 29 Alexander F de Savornin Lohmann, Dutch minister/party leader (CHU)
  • May 31 Ernest Daudet, French writer (White Terror)
  • May 31 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, Mjr General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • May 31 William Henry Fitzhugh "Rooney" Lee, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • Jun 7 Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler (d. 1903)
  • Jun 8 Moriz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf)
  • Jun 16 Eli Long, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1903)
  • Jun 17 Vincent Strong, civil war fighter, (d. 1863)
  • Jun 22 Paul Morphy, greatest chess player of all time (1857-61), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Jun 26 Martin Davis Hardin II, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1923)
  • Jun 26 Victor Jean Baptiste Girardey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Jun 30 Stephen D Ramseur, youngest West Pointer to be Maj Gen
  • Jul 15 Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, queen of Portugal (d. 1859)
  • Jul 18 Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1873)
  • Jul 30 Elon John Farnsworth, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1863)
  • Jul 31 William Clarke Quantrill, Col (Confederate Army), (d. 1865)
  • Aug 1 Mother Jones, American labor organizer (d. 1930)
  • Aug 11 Marie Francois Carnot, engineer/French pres (1887-94); assassinated
  • Aug 16 Emile A H Seipgens, Dutch priest/beer brewer
  • Aug 30 Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur, 1st lady (1881-85)
  • Sep 2 James Harrison Wilson, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1925)
  • Sep 14 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (d. 1903)
  • Sep 16 Pedro V van Alcantara, king of Portugal (1853-61)
  • Sep 18 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, (Portuguese) Archbishop of Goa (d. 1880)
  • Oct 14 Ellison Capers, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1908)
  • Oct 18 Friedrich W Mengelberg, German sculptor/painter
  • Oct 26 James Lawlor Kiernan, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1869)
  • Oct 28 Tokugawa Yoshinobu, Japan's last shogun (d. 1913)
  • Oct 29 Abraham Kuyper, clergyman/Dutch premier (AR, 1908-12)
  • Oct 29 Harriet Powers, US, slave/writer (Creation of Animals)
  • Nov 2 Émile Bayard, French artist, illustrator (d. (1891)
  • Nov 9 Gerrit Jan van Heek, textile factory/politician
  • Nov 13 James T. Rapier, American politician (d. 1883)
  • Nov 17 David Capriles, director of psychiatry of Monte Christo, Curacao

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 23 Johannes van der Waals, Leiden, Netherlands, physicist (Nobel 1910, Liquid & Gas States), (d. 1923)

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der Waals
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Johannes van der Waals
  • Nov 28 John Wesley Hyatt, inventor (celluloid)
  • Dec 2 Charles Garrison Harker, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • Dec 14 William Wells, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • Dec 18 A Adolf Daens, Belgian priest/Dutch party founder (CVP)
  • Dec 19 John Carpenter Carter, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Dec 24 Sissi, Emperor of Austria
  • Dec 26 Adm George Dewey, American naval hero of Manila

Deaths in History

  • Jan 20 John Soane, English architect (Book of Designs), dies at 84
  • Feb 7 King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden (b. 1778)
  • Feb 10 Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet and writer (Eugene Onegin), killed in a duel at 37 (1/29 OS)
  • Feb 12 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, dies at 50
  • Feb 13 Mariano José de Larra, Spanish journalist and writer (b. 1809
  • Feb 19 Georg Büchner, German playwright (b. 1813)
  • Mar 13 Nikita P Panin, Russian diplomat/min of Foreign affairs, dies at 66
  • Mar 29 Maria Fitzherbert, morganatic wife of King George IV, dies
  • Mar 31 John Constable, English painter/water colors painter, dies at 60
  • Apr 17 Edouard viscount de Walckiers, very wealthy slave trader, dies
  • May 8 Alexander Balashov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1770)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 31 Joseph Grimaldi, English pantomimist and the "greatest clown in history", dies at 57

Greatest Clown in History Joseph Grimaldi
Greatest Clown in History
Joseph Grimaldi
  • Jun 14 Giacomo Leopardi, Italian writer (b. 1798)
  • Jun 19 Aleksander A Bestoezjev-Marlinsky, Russian writer, dies in battle
  • Jun 20 William IV of the United Kingdom (b. 1765)
  • Jul 24 Charles Hodges, English/Dutch portrait painter
  • Aug 1 Walter Geikie, painter, dies
  • Aug 9 Xavier Sigalon, French painter (b. 1787)
  • Sep 16 Pedro V van Alcantara, king of Portugal (1853-61), dies
  • Oct 1 Robert Clark, American politician (b. 1777)
  • Oct 5 Hortense de Beauharnais, French queen of Neth (1806-10), dies at 54
  • Oct 9 Charles Fourier, French utopian socialist (Harmony universal), dies
  • Oct 12 Frederica Louisa Wilhelmina, Queen of Netherlands, dies at 62
  • Oct 15 Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman and poet (b. 1760)
  • Nov 4 Jean-Louis M Alibert, French dermatologist, dies at 69
  • Dec 13 Herman of Alaska, Russian Orthodox hermit (b. 1756)
  • Dec 26 Martinus van Marum, chemist/physicist (giant salamander), dies at 87