1839 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2 1st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre)

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • Jan 6 2 day storm off Irish & English coast immortalized as "Big Wind"
  • Jan 9 Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science
  • Jan 9 Thomas Henderson measures 1st stellar parallax (Alpha Centauri)
  • Jan 10 Tea from India 1st arrives in UK
  • Jan 11 Earthquake at Martinique destroys half of Port Royal - 700 die
  • Jan 12 Anthracite coal 1st used to smelt iron, Mauch Chunk, Penn
  • Jan 19 Aden conquered by British East India Company
  • Jan 20 In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jan 24 Charles Darwin elected Fellow of the Royal Society

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 7 Henry Clay declares in Senate "I had rather be right than president"

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay
  • Feb 12 Aroostoock (or "Pork & Beans) War: Boundary dispute between Maine & New Brunswick
  • Feb 18 Detroit Boat Club forms (& still exists)
  • Feb 20 Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia
  • Feb 24 Steam shovel patented by William Otis, Philadelphia
  • Feb 25 Seminoles & black allies shipped from Tampa Bay Florida, to West
  • Mar 9 Prussian government limits work week for children to 51 hours
  • Mar 23 1st recorded use of "OK" [oll korrect] (Boston's Morning Post)
  • Mar 26 1st Henley Royal Regatta
  • Apr 17 Guatemala forms republic
  • Apr 19 Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom & Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
  • May 4 The Cunard Steamship Company Ltd forms San Bonifacio
  • Jun 7 Hawaiian Declaration of Rights is signed
  • Jun 14 First Henley Regatta held (it became the Henley Royal Regatta in 1851)
  • Jun 17 King of Hawaii Kamehameha III issues Edict of toleration which gives Roman Catholics freedom to worship in the Hawaiian Islands. The Hawaii Catholic Church and the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace is later established
  • Jul 1 Abdul-Medjid succeeds Mahmud II as Sultan of Turkey
  • Jul 2 Slaves aboard a Spanish schooner La Amistad revolt to secure their freedom while being transported from one Cuban port to another
  • Jul 3 1st state normal school in US opens, Lexington, Mass, with 3 students
  • Jul 27 Chartist riots break out in Birmingham, England
  • Aug 8 Beta Theta Pi is founded in Oxford, Ohio.
  • Aug 19 Details of Louis Daguerre's 1st practical photographic process are released in Paris
  • Aug 23 British capture Hong Kong from China
  • Sep 2 Salon of Varietes opens in Amsterdam
  • Sep 5 The First Opium War begins in China
  • Sep 6 Cherokee Nation unites and ratifies constitution at Tahlequah, Oklahoma
  • Sep 6 Great fire in New York
  • Sep 9 English scientist and astronomer John Herschel takes 1st glass plate photograph
  • Sep 11 1st Canadian track & field meet held (Caer Howell Grounds)
  • Sep 20 1st railroad in Netherland opens (Amsterdam-Haarlem)
  • Oct 10 British troops under General Charles Napier occupy Beirut
  • Nov 3 1st opium war - 2 British frigates engage several Chinese junks
  • Nov 3 Palace of Gulhane Turkey, freedom of religion proclaimed
  • Nov 4 The Newport Rising is the last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain.
  • Nov 11 The Virginia Military Institute is founded in Lexington, Virginia.
  • Nov 13 1st US anti-slavery party, Liberty Party, convenes in NY
  • Nov 25 Cyclone slams south eastern India with high winds and a 40 foot storm surge, destroying city of Coringa. Storm waves sweep inland, destroying 20,000 ships and killing an estimated 300,000 people
  • Nov 27 American Statistical Association organizes in Boston
  • Dec 18 1st celestial photograph (of Moon) made in US, John Draper, NYC

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 Carl Humann, German engineer (d. 1896)
  • Jan 11 Eugenio Maria de Hostos, Puerto Rico, patriot/scholar

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 19 Paul Cézanne, French artist and Post-Impressionist painter (The Basket of Apples), born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1906)

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne
  • Jan 25 Seldon Connor, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1917)
  • Feb 1 James A Herne, [J Aherne], US playwright (Hearts of Oak)
  • Feb 7 Nicolaas G Pierson, Dutch banker/Suriname premier (1897-1901)
  • Feb 9 Silas Adams, American lawyer and politician (d. 1896)
  • Feb 11 Josiah Willard Gibbs, theoretical physicist/chemist
  • Feb 20 Benjamin Waugh, American minister; founder of the NSPCC (d. 1908)
  • Feb 22 Francis Pharcellus Church, American editor and publisher (d. 1906)
  • Mar 3 Jamsetji Tata, Indian industrialist (d. 1904)
  • Mar 8 James Mason Crafts, US chemist (Friedel-Crafts-synthesis)
  • Mar 9 Felix Huston Robertson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1928)
  • Mar 9 Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer (d. 1908)
  • Mar 16 René F Armand Sully-Prudhomme, France, poet, 1st Nobel winner (1901)
  • Mar 18 Francis Fessenden, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1906)
  • Mar 25 William Bell Wait, US, educated the blind
  • Mar 27 John Ballance, Glenavy, Ulster, Ireland, 14th Premier of New Zealand and the founder of the Liberal Party
  • Mar 31 Nikolay Przhevalsky, naturalist, explorer of east central Asia (OS)
  • Apr 5 Robert Smalls, Beaufort SC, African American congressman 1875-87 (Rep-SC)
  • Apr 18 Henry Clarence Kendall, New South Wales Australia, poet (Bell Birds)
  • Apr 20 Carol I, King of Romania (1881-1914)
  • Apr 22 August W Eichler, German botanist
  • Apr 26 Cyrus Hamblin, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1867)
  • May 1 Chardonnet, inventor (rayon)
  • May 8 Francis W Warre-Cornish, English vice-provost of Eton/writer
  • May 25 John Eliot, English meteorologist
  • May 27 Luigi Capuana, Sicilian author/critic (Roccaverdina)
  • Jun 3 Paul Lindau, German playwright/critic (Der Herr im Hause)
  • Jun 10 Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Council President of Denmark (d. 1912)
  • Jun 17 Fr. Arthur Tooth SSC, Anglican Clergyman prosecuted for ritualist activities (d. 1931)
  • Jun 18 William Henry Seward Jr, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1920)
  • Jun 21 Joaquim M Machado de Assic, Brazil, writer (Epitaph of a small winner)
  • Jun 21 Johannes P R Tak, Dutch liberal politician
  • Jun 21 John Decatur Barry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1867)
  • Jun 21 Machado de Assis, writer
  • Jun 24 Gustavus Franklin Swift, founded Swift & Co

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 8 John D. Rockefeller, American industrialist and founder of Standard Oil, born in Richford, New York (d. 1937)

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • Jul 10 Adolphus Busch, German-born brewer (d. 1913)
  • Jul 16 Philipus J Hoedemaker, Dutch theologist
  • Jul 17 Ephraim Shay, American inventor (d. 1916)
  • Jul 25 Francis Garnier, French explorer (d. 1873)
  • Aug 4 Walter Pater, writer (Plato & Platoism), born in London, England
  • Aug 8 Nelson Appleton Miles, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1925)
  • Aug 10 Aleksandr Grigorievich Stoletov, Russian physicist (d. 1896)
  • Aug 17 Thijs [Matthijs] Maris, Dutch painter/etcher
  • Aug 19 Oskar Brefeld, German botanist
  • Aug 27 Emory Upton, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1881)
  • Aug 30 Gulstan Ropert, French Catholic prelate (d. 1903)
  • Sep 2 Henry George, land reformer/writer (Progress & Poverty)
  • Sep 10 Isaac Kauffman Funk, US, publisher (Funk & Wagnalls)
  • Sep 10 Charles Peirce, American philosopher (d. 1914)
  • Sep 25 Karl A von Zittel, German geologist/paleontologist (Libya)
  • Sep 25 [Wilhel]Mina JPR Kruseman, writer/feminist
  • Sep 28 Frances E C Willard, NY, founder (Woman's Christian Temperance Union)
  • Oct 2 Hans Thoma, German painter, born in Bernau, Black Forest (d. 1924)
  • Oct 21 Georg von Siemens, founder (Deutsche Bank)
  • Oct 30 Alfred Sisley, French impressionist painter
  • Nov 16 Louis-Honoré Fréchette, French Canadian poet (d. 1908)
  • Nov 18 August A Kundt, German physicist (sound vibration, test of Kundt)
  • Nov 20 Christian Wilberg, German painter (d. 1882)
  • Nov 29 Ludwig Anzengruber, Austrian playwright (Der Schandfleck)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 5 George Armstrong Custer, United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars, born in New Rumley, Ohio (d. 1876)

  • Dec 7 Redvers H Buller, English general/large landowner: Natal

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 29 English Naturalist and author of Origin of the Species author Charles Darwin marries Emma Wedgwood

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • Jun 18 Dutch prince Willem Alexander (later William III) weds cousin Princess Sophia

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 25 British PM William Gladstone (29) weds Catherine Glynne (27) in England

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone

Deaths in History

  • Jan 12 Joseph A Koch, Aust painter/cartoonist/etcher/illustrator, dies at 70
  • Feb 1 Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect/archaeologist, dies at 76
  • Feb 7 Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet (b. 1799)
  • Feb 15 Chevalier de Lorimier, Quebec notary (b. 1803)
  • Mar 29 Bernardus JC Dibbets, Dutch baron/gen-major (Maastricht), dies at 56
  • Apr 1 Benjamin Pierce, American politician (b. 1757)
  • Apr 11 John Galt, Scottish writer (Last of the Lairds), dies at 59
  • Apr 22 Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet (b. 1784)
  • Apr 23 Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French explorer (b. 1768)
  • May 13 Israel Ashkenazi of Shklov, found Ashkenazic community (1815), dies
  • May 13 Joseph Fesch, French cardinal/war commission/earl/senator, dies
  • May 17 Archibald Alison, Scottish author (b. 1757)
  • May 18 Carolina [Maria A] Bonaparte (countess Lipona), dies at 57
  • Jun 2 Wijnand YY Nuijen, painter/lithographer (Wrecked), dies at 26
  • Jun 9 Gerrit J Pijman, Dutch minister of War (1798-1800), dies at 89
  • Jun 10 Nathaniel Pryor, sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies
  • Jun 27 Ranjit Singh, gov of Lahore, dies
  • Jun 30 Johan O Wallin, Swedish poet/archbishop (Dead Angel), dies
  • Jul 1 Mahmud II, sultan of Turkey (1808-39), dies at 53
  • Jul 15 Winthrop Mackworth Praed, politician/poet, dies
  • Jul 29 Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (b. 1755)
  • Aug 3 Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (b. 1763)
  • Aug 10 John St Aubyn, British fossil collector (b. 1758)
  • Aug 28 William Smith, English geologist (b. 1769)
  • Sep 10 Pieter Fontijn, Dutch painter, dies at 66
  • Sep 17 Ethel Mary Dell, [Mrs G T Savage], romantic novelist, dies
  • Sep 20 Jose Gaspar de Francia, dictator of Paraguay (1816-39), dies at 74
  • Oct 11 Leonor de Almeida marquesa de Alorna, Portuguese poet, dies at 88
  • Oct 18 French Jozef Kinsoen, Flemish portrait painter, dies at 68
  • Nov 6 Hayim Rapoport, Rabbi of Ostrowiec/author (Maxim Chayyim), dies
  • Dec 3 Frederik VI, king of Denmark (1808-39)/Norway (1803-14), dies at 71
  • Dec 15 Matthijs I van Bree, Flemish court-painter, dies at 66