1842 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 1 1st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, NYC
  • Jan 2 1st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Penn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Charles Dickens and his wife Catherine leave Liverpool, England for America on board the RMS Britannia

Novelist Charles Dickens
Novelist
Charles Dickens
  • Jan 6 4,500 British & Indian troops leave Kabul, massacred before reaching India
  • Jan 8 Dutch King Willem II charters Technical College Delft
  • Jan 12 Franciscan nuns begin missionary work on Netherland Antilles
  • Jan 13 Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
  • Jan 22 Charles Dickens arrives in Boston, Massachusetts with his wife, Catherine
  • Feb 7 Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien
  • Feb 15 1st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), NYC
  • Feb 21 1st known sewing machine patented in US, John Greenough, Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 3 1st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
  • Mar 5 Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande.
  • Mar 17 Indians land in Ohio, a 12 square mile area in Upper Sandusky
  • Mar 30 Ether used as an anaesthetic for 1st time by Dr Crawford Long (Ga)
  • Apr 13 Lord Rosse successfully casts 72" (183-cm) mirror for a telescope
  • May 5 City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours (Hamburg, Germany)
  • May 8 Versailles to Paris train catches fire; 50 die
  • May 14 Illustrated London News; the world's first illustrated weekly newspaper, begins publication
  • May 22 Farmers Lester Howe and Henry Wetsel discover Howe Caverns in New York state when they stumble upon a large gaping hole in the ground.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 25 Christian Doppler presents his idea, now known as the Doppler Effect, to the Royal Bohemian Society, Prague

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 30 John Francis attempts to assassinate Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26 Ellen G. White is baptized by John Hobart in Portland, Maine

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White
  • Jul 9 Notary Stamp Law passes
  • Aug 1 Rotherhithe Tunnel under the Thames opens
  • Aug 1 Lombard Street Riot erupts
  • Aug 9 US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty
  • Aug 14 Second Seminole War declared over by Colonel Worth; Indians go on to be removed from Florida to Oklahoma
  • Aug 21 The city of Hobart, Tasmania, is founded.
  • Aug 29 Great Britain & China sign Treaty of Nanking, ends Opium war
  • Aug 31 Micah Rugg patents a nuts & bolts machine
  • Aug 31 US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress
  • Sep 4 Work on Cologne cathedral recommences after 284-year hiatus
  • Sep 18 1st edition of Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 15 Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Nov 8 Belgium King Leopold I proclaims child labor laws (for 1889)
  • Nov 9 The first U.S. design patent for typefaces and borders was issued to George Bruce of New York City
  • Nov 17 Fugitive slave George Latimer captured in Boston
  • Nov 22 Mount St Helens in Washington erupts
  • Nov 26 The University of Notre Dame is founded
  • Dec 7 New York Philharmonic's 1st concert
  • Dec 19 US recognizes independence of Hawaii

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Amy G C A Bonet-Maury, French reformed theologist
  • Jan 4 Frederic T. Greenhalge, 38th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • Jan 6 Clarence King, mining engineer (geologist)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 11 William James, American psychologist/philosopher (Pragmatism), born in NYC, New York

Father of American psychology William James
Father of American psychology
William James
  • Jan 12 Francois Coppee, French poet
  • Jan 15 Blessed Mary McKillop, Australian candidate for sainthood (d. 1909)
  • Jan 15 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (d. 1925)
  • Jan 17 Anton G van Hamel, founder (Roman Philology in Netherlands)
  • Jan 18 Albert Alonzo Ames, Mayor of Minneapolis (d. 1911)
  • Feb 2 Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (d. 1927)
  • Feb 4 Georg Brandes, [Morris Cohen], Danish literary historian and critic
  • Feb 4 Vasili O Klyutshevski, Russian historian
  • Feb 7 Alexandre Ribot, French statesman (d. 1923)
  • Feb 22 Leon Vanderkindere, Belgian historian/mayor (Ukkel)
  • Feb 23 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
  • Feb 25 Karl May, German writer (Old Shatterhand/Winnetou)
  • Feb 26 Camille Flammarion, Mars researcher & popularizer of astronomy
  • Mar 1 Nicholaos Gysis, Greek painter (d. 1901)
  • Mar 2 Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer (d. 1914)
  • Mar 7 Anne CAI van Diest, Belgian physician/feminist
  • Mar 10 Ina Donna Coolbrith, American poet laureate of Calif
  • Mar 18 Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898)
  • Mar 28 William Harvey Carney, American Civil War officier (d. 1908)
  • Mar 30 John Fiske, [Edmund Fisk Green], US historian/philosopher
  • Apr 3 Ulric Dahlgren, American Colonel (Union Army), born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania (d. 1864)
  • Apr 4 Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (d. 1891)
  • Apr 8 Elizabeth Bacon Custer, wife of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1933)
  • Apr 17 Maurice Rouvier, French statesman (d. 1911)
  • Apr 18 Antero Tarquinio de Quental, Portuguese poet (Beatrice)
  • Apr 25 Antonio Fogazzarro, Italian writer/poet (Il santo/Leila)
  • Apr 28 Louis PMFG of Orleans, earl of Brazil (1870-89)
  • May 8 Emil C Hansen, Danish physiologist
  • Jun 2 Constantly AM Cap, Flemish poet/etcher
  • Jun 8 John Q. A. Brackett, 36th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1918)
  • Jun 11 Alfred, Liechtenstein noble/politician
  • Jun 11 Carl von Linde, German engineer and industrialist (d. 1934)
  • Jul 4 Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austrian sociologist/judge/fieldmarshal
  • Jul 26 Alfred Marshall, economist, born in London, England
  • Aug 14 Henry Duff Traill, British author and journalist (The Marquis of Salisbury), born in Blackheath, London (d. 1900)
  • Aug 16 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (algebraic geometry and invariant theory), born in Brody, Ukraine (d. 1922)
  • Aug 20 Juliaan de Vriendt, Flemish painter
  • Aug 24 Edouard J. A. Agneessens, Flemish painter (Slave Market), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1885)
  • Aug 26 Heinrich I Quincke, German internist (Lumbaalpunctie)
  • Aug 28 Willem Linnig The Younger, Flemish painter and graphic artist, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1890)
  • Aug 30 Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia, Eldest child of Alexander II of Russia, born in Catherine Palace, Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1849)
  • Sep 7 Johannes H Zukertort, German chess player
  • Sep 13 John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator (d. 1920)
  • Sep 20 James Dewar, Scottish chemist/physicist (Dewarfles/cordiet)
  • Sep 21 Abd-ul-Hamid II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)
  • Sep 27 Alphonse Francois Renard, Belgian geologist (d. 1903)
  • Sep 29 Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1902)
  • Oct 1 Charles Cros, French mathematician/chemist/poet (Le Hareng Saur)
  • Oct 27 Giovanni Giolitti, 5x premier of Italy (1892..1921)
  • Oct 28 Anna Elizabeth Dickinson, orator (Joan of Arc of the Civil War)
  • Oct 28 Charles Boissevain, editor Dutch Algemeen Handelsblad (1885-1908)
  • Nov 4 William Barker Cushing, Lt Cmdr (Union Navy), (d. 1874)
  • Nov 14 Walter Williams, claimed to be last survivor of Civil War (d 1959)
  • Dec 3 Ellen Henrietta Richards, American chemist (Amer Home Economics Association-1st Pres)
  • Dec 3 Phoebe Hearst, American socialite (d. 1919)
  • Dec 3 Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist (d. 1899)
  • Dec 7 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist (schedelmetingen)
  • Dec 9 Pjotr A Kopotkin, Russian ruler/anarchist
  • Dec 17 Marius Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician (continous groups)
  • Dec 22 Jose Maria de Heredia, Cuba, French sonnet poet

Weddings in History

  • Jan 31 10th US President John Tyler's daughter Elizabeth marries in the White House

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 26 Italian general Giuseppe Garibaldi (34) weds Ana Maria de Jesus Ribeiro (20) in Montevideo

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 12 Sardinia king Victor Emmanuel II (22) weds queen Adelaide of Austria (20) at Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 9 American writer "The Scarlett Letter" Nathaniel Hawthorne (38) marries painter and illustrator Sophia Peabody (33) in the Peabody's home, Boston

  • Oct 8 Princess Sophia weds her cousin duke Charles Saksen-Weimar-Eisenach

HeartWedding of Interest

Nov 4 U.S. first lady Mary Todd Lincoln (23) weds US president Abraham Lincoln (33) in Springfield, Illinois

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln

Deaths in History

  • Jan 8 Viscount Pierre Cambronne, French General during the wars of the Revolution and the Napoleonic Era, dies at 71
  • Jan 16 Thomas Freanby, Norwegian landscape painter, dies
  • Feb 18 Thomas Hazlehurst, English soap and alkali manufacturer (b. 1779)
  • Mar 6 Constanze Mozart, wife of W.A. Mozart (b. 1763)
  • Mar 13 Henry Shrapnel, British soldier and inventor (b. 1761)
  • Mar 13 Henry Shrapnel, English Army officer and inventor (created the shrapnel shell), dies at 80
  • Mar 23 Stendhal, [Marie-Henri Beyle], French author (Le Rouge et de Noir, a Chartreuse de Parme), dies at 59
  • Mar 30 Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun, French painter (b. 1755)
  • Apr 7 Henrik A Bjerregaard, Norw writer/poet (Fjeldeventyret), dies at 50
  • Apr 11 John England, bishop of Charleston Carolina, dies
  • May 8 Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer (b. 1790)
  • May 15 Emanuel A D M J count de las Cases, French historian (Napoleon), dies at 76
  • May 23 Jose de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary/poet, dies at 34
  • Jul 24 John Sell Cotman, landscape painter, dies
  • Jul 25 Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (b. 1766)
  • Jul 28 C Brentano, writer, dies at 63
  • Aug 10 Captain William Hobson, first British Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi, dies of a stroke at 49
  • Aug 18 Louis de Freycinet, French explorer (b. 1779)
  • Sep 10 Letitia Tyler, US President Tyler's (1841-45) wife, dies at 51
  • Sep 15 José Francisco Morazán Quezada, President of The Federal Republic of Central America (b. 1792)
  • Oct 2 William Ellery Channing, cleric/writer, dies
  • Oct 19 Aleksey Koltsov, Russian poet (b. 1808)
  • Oct 20 Grace Darling, English heroine (b. 1815)
  • Oct 24 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule, dies at 64
  • Oct 30 Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet and author (b. 1784)
  • Nov 14 Henry de Cock, reform vicar, dies at 41
  • Dec 1 Philip Spencer, 1st US naval officer condemned for mutiny, hanged
  • Dec 7 Thomas Hamilton, Scottish writer (b. 1789)