1843 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 4 Royal Academy (Technical Hague court) Delft opens
  • Feb 2 US & British settlers in Oregon Country choose government committee
  • Feb 6 The first minstrel show in the United States The Virginia Minstrels opens (Bowery Amphitheatre in New York City).
  • Mar 3 Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
  • Mar 7 1st Catholic governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
  • Mar 14 Boston conducts its 1st town meeting (Faneuil Hall)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 6 William Wordsworth is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Victoria

Poet William Wordsworth
William Wordsworth
Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • May 4 Great Britain annexes Natal
  • May 18 United Free Church of Scotland forms
  • May 22 1st wagon train with 700 - 1000 migrants, departs Independence, Missouri for Oregon
  • Jun 1 It snows in Buffalo & Rochester NY & Cleveland Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1 Sojourner Truth leaves NY to begin her career as antislavery activist

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • Jun 24 Vincenzo Soliva decrees no Jew can live outside ghetto in Italy
  • Jun 26 Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony

CommunicationThe Day an Alligator Fell from the Sky

Jul 2 An alligator falls from sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina

  • Jul 5 Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 12 Mormon leader Joseph Smith says God allows polygamy

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith Jr
  • Jul 19 Brunel's steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becomes first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and the largest vessel afloat in the world
  • Aug 8 Natal (in South Africa) is made a British colony
  • Aug 15 National black convention meets (Buffalo NY)
  • Aug 15 Tivoli Gardens amusement park opens in Copenhagen, world's 2nd oldest
  • Aug 26 Charles Thurber patents a typewriter
  • Aug 30 1st time African-Americans participate in a national political convention (Liberty Party)
  • Aug 31 Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate
  • Oct 1 News of the World begins publication in London
  • Oct 13 B'nai B'rith founded (NY)
  • Oct 14 British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy
  • Oct 16 Sir William Rowan Hamilton comes up with the idea of quaternions, a non-commutative extension of complex numbers.
  • Oct 20 1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
  • Nov 13 Mt Rainier in Washington State erupts
  • Nov 28 Ka Lahui: Hawaiian Independence Day - The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.
  • Dec 1 1st chartered mutual life insurance company opens
  • Dec 4 Manila paper (made from sails, canvas & rope) patented, Mass
  • Dec 4 Robert Schumann's "Das Paradies und die Peri" premieres in Leipzig
  • Dec 6 Amsterdam-Utrecht railway opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 19 "A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens is published, 6,000 copies sold

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • Dec 25 1st theatre matinee (Olympic Theatre, NYC)

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 8 Frederick Abberline, British police investigator (d. 1929)
  • Jan 8 John H. Moffitt, American politician (d. 1926)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 10 Frank James, American outlaw (member of the James-Younger gang), born in Clay County, Missouri (d. 1915)

Outlaw Frank James
Frank James
  • Jan 11 Charles Yelverton O'Connor, Irish-Australian engineer (d. 1902)
  • Jan 20 Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid, Constantinople, London)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 29 William McKinley, Niles Ohio, 25th US President (1897-1901), (d. 1901)

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
  • Feb 22 Affonso de Escragnolle Taunay, France/Brazil writer (Inocencia)
  • Mar 2 Princess Maria Clotilde of Savoy (d. 1911)
  • Mar 18 Jules HPFX Vandenpeereboom, premier of Belgium (1899)
  • Apr 1 Ludwig Enneccerus, German jurist
  • Apr 15 Henry James, American/British author (Turn of the Screw, Bostonians), (d. 1916)
  • Apr 25 Alice of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse (d. 1878)
  • May 6 Grove Karl Gilbert, geologist, investigated Lake Bonneville, Utah
  • May 10 Kaufmann Kohler, reform rabbi/theologian
  • May 10 Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (d. 1920)
  • May 13 Count Paul J Smet de Naeyer, Belgian politician
  • May 21 Charles-Albert Gobat, Tramelan, Switzerland, Swiss politician, recipient of the 1902 Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1914)
  • May 21 Louis Renault, French lawyer
  • Jun 1 Henry Faulds, Scottish fingerprinting pioneer (d. 1930)
  • Jun 3 Frederik VIII, King of Denmark (1906-12)
  • Jun 7 Susan Elizabeth Blow, US, pioneered kindergarten education
  • Jun 9 Bertha von Suttner, Austria, novelist/pacifist (Nobel 1905)
  • Jun 30 Ernest Mason Satow, British diplomat (d. 1929)
  • Jul 5 Mandell Creighton, English bishop/historian

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 7 Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and medical researcher (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1906), born in Corteno, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • Jul 29 Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (d. 1901)
  • Jul 31 Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet (d. 1918)
  • Aug 1 Robert Todd Lincoln, Capt (Union volunteers), (d. 1926)
  • Aug 23 William Southam, Canadian newspaper publisher (d. 1932)
  • Aug 29 David B. Hill, Governor of New York (d. 1910)
  • Aug 31 Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1919)
  • Sep 4 Charles Wentworth Dilke, English under minister of Foreign affairs
  • Sep 15 Willem F Mauritius HK, prince of Orange/son of king Willem III
  • Sep 25 Thomas Chrowder Cham Mattoon Illinois, American Geologist and educator, born in Berlin, Germany
  • Sep 25 Melville Reuben Bissell, Hartwick New York, American inventor (carpet sweeper)
  • Sep 27 Gaston Tarry, French mathematician (d. 1913)
  • Sep 29 Mikhail Skobelev, Russian general (d. 1882)
  • Oct 20 Victor de Stuers, Dutch art connoisseur
  • Oct 21 Mark M Antokolski, Russian/French sculptor (Peter the Great)
  • Oct 22 Stephen Babcock, Oneida County New York, American Agricultural Chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying)
  • Oct 25 Gleb Uspensky, Russia, author (Power of the Soil)
  • Oct 26 Vasili V Vereshchagin, Russian painter (War & Peace)
  • Oct 30 A G Henri Regnault, French water colors painter
  • Nov 19 Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (d. 1896)
  • Nov 25 Henry Ware Eliot American industrialist, philanthropist and the father of T. S. Eliot (d. 1919)
  • Nov 27 Cornelius Vanderbilt II, American businessman (d. 1899)
  • Nov 27 Elizabeth Stride, victim of Jack the Ripper (d. 1888)
  • Nov 30 Jozsef Kiss, Hungarian literary (Zsido Dalok)
  • Dec 6 Albert de Vriendt, Flemish historical painter/etcher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 11 Robert Koch, German pioneering bacteriologist (TB, cholera, Nobel Prize 1905), born in Clausthal, Hanover (d. 1910)

Microbiologist Robert Koch
Robert Koch
  • Dec 21 Thomas Bracken, Irish-born New Zealand poet (d. 1898)
  • Dec 23 Richard Conner, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (d. 1924)
  • Dec 24 Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet (d. 1886)
  • Dec 29 Elisabeth of Wied (pen name was Carmen Sylva), queen of Romania and writer (d. 1916)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 6 Frontiersman Kit Carson (33) weds Josefa Jaramillo (14) at Our Lady of Guadalupe Church

Frontiersman Kit Carson
Kit Carson

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 19 Philosopher Karl Marx (25) weds Jenny von Westphalen in Germany

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 1 Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald (28) weds his cousin Isabella Clark

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 10 Author and religious leader Mary Baker Eddy (22) weds building contractor George Washington Glover (32) in Tilton, New Hampshire

Christian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science Founder
Mary Baker Eddy

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 26 US Navy flag officer David Farragut (42) weds Virginia Loyall

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Petronella Moens, Frisian author/poetess, dies at 80
  • Jan 9 Caroline Herschel, "1st lady of astronomy", dies at 98 in Germany
  • Jan 9 William Hedley, British industrial engineer (b. 1773)
  • Feb 15 Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek military figure (b. 1770)
  • Mar 16 Anton R Falck, Dutch minister of Education/Colonies, dies at 65
  • Mar 21 Guadalupe Victoria, first President of Mexico (b. 1786)
  • Mar 21 Robert Southey, English writer (The Story of the Three Bears), Poet Laureate (1813-43) and biographer (Nelson), dies at 68
  • Mar 27 Karl Salomo Zachariae von Lingenthal, German jurist (b. 1769)
  • Apr 17 Samuel Morey, American inventor (b. 1762)
  • Apr 28 William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (rights of Wallace), dies
  • May 24 Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician (b. 1765)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 28 Noah Webster, American lexicographer (Webster's Dictionary), dies at 84

Lexicographer Noah Webster
Noah Webster
  • Jun 6 Friedrich Hölderlin, German poet and dramatist (b. 1770)
  • Jul 2 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, dies at 88
  • Jul 9 Washington Allston, US painter/author, dies at 63
  • Jul 16 Hubert MAJ van Asch van Wijck, politician, dies at 68
  • Jul 25 Charles Macintosh, Scottish chemist and inventor (b. 1766)
  • Aug 10 Jakob F Fries, German philosopher, dies
  • Sep 3 Cornelis PJ Elout, military/President of West Sumatra, dies at 47
  • Sep 11 Joseph Nicollet, mathematician and explorer (b. 1786)
  • Sep 19 Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French scientist (b. 1792)
  • Dec 12 Willem I Frederik, King of Netherlands (1814-40), dies at 71
  • Dec 18 Thomas Graham, Lord Lynedoch, British Viceroy of India (b. 1748)