1845 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 10 Poets Elizabeth Barrett & Robert Browning begin corresponding

  • Jan 23 Uniform US election day for president & VP authorized
  • Jan 29 Edgar Allen Poe's "Raven" 1st published (NYC)
  • Feb 15 William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72 inch (183 cm) reflector

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 1 US President John Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler
  • Mar 3 1st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
  • Mar 3 Florida becomes 27th state of the Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 James K. Polk inaugurated as 11th US President

11th US President James Knox Polk
11th US President
James Knox Polk

AgreementTreaty of Waitangi

Mar 11 The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Māoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.

  • Mar 14 -5.3°F (-20.7°C) in Groningen
  • Mar 17 Bristol man, Henry Jones, patents self-raising flour
  • Mar 17 Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
  • Mar 26 Joseph Francis, NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
  • Mar 26 Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precusor of bandaid
  • Mar 28 Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US
  • Apr 2 H L Fizeau & Leon Foucault take 1st photo of the Sun
  • Apr 10 More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh, Pa
  • Apr 29 Macon B Allen & Robert Morris Jr, 1st African Americans to open a law practice in the US
  • May 2 Argentinian Domingo Sarmiento publishes his anti-tyranny work "Facundo Civilización y Barbarie"
  • May 3 1st African American lawyer (Macon B Allen) admitted to the bar (Mass)
  • May 3 Fire kills 1,600 in popular theater in Canton, China
  • May 14 Utrecht-Arnhem Railway opens
  • May 20 1st legislative assembly convenes in Hawaii
  • May 20 HMS Erebus and HMS Terror with 134 men under John Franklin sail from the River Thames in England, beginning a disastrous expedition to find the Northwest Passage. All hands are lost.
  • May 28 Fire in Quebec, Canada, 1,500 houses destroyed
  • Jun 1 Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
  • Jun 12 George Abernethy becomes 1st governor of Oregon Country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4 Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau
  • Jul 4 Texas Congress votes for annexation to US
  • Jul 14 1st postmasters' provisional stamps issued, NYC
  • Jul 19 Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes & kills many
  • Aug 6 The Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg.
  • Aug 28 Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue.
  • Sep 10 King Willem II opens Amsterdam Stock exchange
  • Sep 23 Hunger strike in Hague
  • Oct 9 The eminent and controversial Anglican, John Henry Newman, is received into the Roman Catholic Church.
  • Oct 10 Naval School (now called US Naval Academy) opens at Annapolis
  • Oct 13 Texas ratifies a state constitution
  • Nov 4 First nationally observed uniform election day in US
  • Nov 29 The Sonderbund is defeated by the joint forces of other Swiss cantons under General Guillaume-Henri Dufour.
  • Dec 2 Manifest Destiny: US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.
  • Dec 6 Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity is founded at Yale College.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 17 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt arrives in Port Essington after a nearly 4,800 km (3,000 mi) overland journey to explore Australia's Northern Territory

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Dec 27 Ether 1st used in childbirth in US in Jefferson, Georgia
  • Dec 29 Texas admitted as 28th state of the Union

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 7 Louis III, last king of Bavaria (1913-18)
  • Jan 7 Paul Deusen, German philosopher (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft)
  • Jan 13 Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer (d. 1896)
  • Jan 14 Henry C K Petty-Fitzmaurice 5th marquess of Landsdowne/gov-gen Canada
  • Jan 15 Ella Flagg Young, 1st woman pres (National Educational Association)
  • Jan 17 Lucas Lindeboom, Dutch vicar/evangelist (Vredebond)
  • Jan 22 Jacob Verdam, Dutch philologist
  • Jan 22 Paul Vidal de la Blanche, France, geographer
  • Feb 3 Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Sedan)
  • Feb 14 Cecil De Vere, 1st official British chess champion (1866)
  • Feb 15 Elihu Root, (R)/US Secretary of State (1905-09)/Nobel Peace Prize (1912)
  • Feb 26 Alexander III, St Petersburg, Russian tsar (1881-94) (3/10 NS)
  • Mar 3 Georg Cantor, German mathematician (discover transfinite numbers)
  • Mar 10 Alexander III A Romanov, Russian tsar (1881-94)
  • Mar 19 Willem H de Beaufort, Dutch historian/politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 27 Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist who discovered X-rays (Nobel 1901), born in Lennep, Rhine Province

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • Apr 5 Jules M Cambon, French gov-gen of Algeria/ambassador
  • Apr 17 Isabel Barrows, US, editor/penologist (Conference on Negro Question)
  • Apr 24 Carl Spitteler, Switz, poet (Prometheus & Epimetheus; Nobel 1919)
  • May 7 Jacob van Stolk Azn, timber merchant/art collector
  • May 15 Ilya Mechnikov, Russian zoologist and bacteriologist known as the "father of natural immunity" (Nobel 1908), born in Ivanovka, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire
  • May 30 Amadeus/Amadeo I, duke of Aosta and King of Spain (1870-73)
  • Jun 9 Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (d. 1914)
  • Jun 17 Hendrik P Staal, Dutch banker
  • Jun 18 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1922)
  • Jun 22 Tom Dula, American folk character (Tom Dooley) (d. 1868)
  • Jun 22 Richard John Seddon, Eccleston, England, the longest serving Prime Minister of New Zealand
  • Jul 4 Thomas John Barnardo, English social worker
  • Jul 18 Tristan Corbière, French poet (d. 1875)
  • Aug 6 Anthonie A Vorsterman van Oyen, Dutch genealogist
  • Aug 9 Xavier Mellery, Belgian painter/illustrator
  • Aug 9 André Bessette, Canadian religious figure (d. 1937)
  • Aug 15 Walter Crane, England, painter/illustrator (Beauty & Beast)
  • Aug 16 Gabriel Lippmann, French physicist
  • Aug 20 St. Albert Chmielowski, Polish Catholic Saint (d. 1916)
  • Aug 22 William Lewis Douglas, 42nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1924)
  • Aug 24 James C. Calhoun, American soldier, brother-in-law of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
  • Aug 25 Ludwig II, mad king of Bavaria (1864-86)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 26 Mary Ann Nichols, English victim of Jack the Ripper, born in London (d. 1888)

First Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann Nichols
First Victim of Jack the Ripper
Mary Ann Nichols
  • Sep 1 Paul S Methuen, English fieldmarshal/governor of Natal/Malta
  • Oct 17 Franz Ehrle, German prefect of Vatican library
  • Oct 28 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (d. 1888)
  • Nov 3 Edward Douglass White, 9th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1921)
  • Nov 4 Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, The First Indian Revolutionary (d. 1883)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 10 John Thompson, 4th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1892-94), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1894)

4th Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson
4th Prime Minister of Canada
John Thompson
  • Nov 18 John F Mellaerts, Flemish social worker (1st Belgian farm gilde)
  • Nov 25 José Maria de Eça de Queirós, Portuguese novelist, born in Póvoa de Varzim (d. 1900)
  • Dec 12 Bruce Price, American architect (d. 1903)
  • Dec 23 Emmanuel-Persillier Lachapelle, dr (found Notre Dame Hosp Montreal)
  • Dec 23 Gustave Ador, union president of Austria (1919)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 2 Explorer and medical missionary David Livingstone (31) weds Mary Moffat

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 25 Confederate army Nathan Bedford Forrest (24) weds Presbyterian minister's daughter Mary Ann Montgomery (18) in Hernando, Mississippi

Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest

Deaths in History

  • Feb 13 Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher (b. 1773)
  • Feb 14 Joseph Lakanal, French Politician and Educator, dies at 82
  • Mar 18 John Chapman, [Johnny Appleseed], American pioneer agronomist dies in Allen County Indiana
  • Apr 2 Philip Charles Durham, Royal Navy Admiral (b. 1763)
  • Apr 12 Henry M baron the Kock, officer/politician, dies at 65
  • Apr 18 Nicholas T the Saussure, Swiss chemist/botany, dies at 77
  • Apr 25 Thomas Duncan, painter, dies
  • May 2 August Pauly, German writer (Real Encyclopedia), dies at 48
  • May 12 August Wilhelm Schlegel, German poet/interpreter/critic, dies at 77
  • May 12 János Bacsanyi, Hungarian poet (b. 1763)
  • May 15 Samuel I Wiselius, Dutch lawyer/businessman/writer, dies at 76
  • May 19 Maria EJ Versfelt, mistress of general Moreau/marshal Ney, dies at 68

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 8 Andrew Jackson, (D) 7th US President (1828-37), dies at 78

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • Jun 15 Francesco Capaccini, Italian cardinal/diplomat, dies at 60
  • Jul 4 Pierre P Royer-Collard, French philosopher/Council of 500, dies
  • Jul 9 Jacob earl of Rechteren/Appeltern, gov of Gelderland, dies at 57
  • Jul 12 Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian author (b. 1808)
  • Jul 17 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1764)
  • Sep 4 Pierre P Royer-Collard, French attorney/philosopher, dies at 82
  • Sep 16 John Kinker, translator/philosopher/poet, dies at 81

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 12 Elizabeth Fry, British social reformer and philanthropist (b. 1780)

English Social Reformer Elizabeth Fry
English Social Reformer
Elizabeth Fry
  • Oct 25 Carel H Verhuell, Dutch/French vice-admiral, dies at 81
  • Oct 27 Jean Charles Athanase Peltier, French Physicist (Peltier effect 1834), dies at 60
  • Nov 3 Johan G Verstolk van Soelen, Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 69
  • Dec 3 Gregor MacGregor, Scottish con-man (b. 1786)