1850 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 5 California Exchange opens
  • Jan 18 British blockade Piraeus, Greece, to enforce mercantile claims
  • Jan 20 Investigator, first ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
  • Jan 22 Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in Calif
  • Jan 26 1st German language daily newspaper in US published, NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to US Senate

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay
  • Feb 5 Adding machine employing depressible keys patented, New Paltz, NY
  • Feb 12 Original Washington's Farewell Address manuscript sells for $2,300
  • Feb 18 California Legislature creates nine Bay Area counties
  • Feb 28 The University of Utah opens in Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • Mar 5 The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850

American Statesman Daniel Webster
American Statesman
Daniel Webster
  • Mar 11 Woman's Medical College of Penn (1st female medical school)
  • Mar 12 1st US $20 gold piece issued

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 16 Nathaniel Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter" published by Ticknor, Reed and Fields in Boston

  • Mar 18 Henry Wells & William Fargo forms American Express in Buffalo
  • Mar 29 SS Royal Adelaide sinks in storm; 200 die
  • Mar 31 US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))
  • Apr 1 SF County government established
  • Apr 4 City of Los Angeles incorporated
  • Apr 15 City of San Francisco incorporated
  • Apr 25 Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices
  • May 1 John Geary becomes 1st mayor of San Francisco
  • May 11 Work starts on 1st brick building in San Francisco
  • May 27 Mormon Temple in Nauvoo, Illinois, destroyed by tornado
  • Jun 4 Empire Engine Company No 1 organized
  • Jun 4 Self-deodorizing fertilizer patented in England
  • Jun 14 Fire destroys part of San Francisco, starts in bakery chimney
  • Jun 17 Paddle-wheeler "G P Griffith" burns off Mentor Ohio (206 die)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 29 British ex-Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel falls off his horse; he died three days later

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • Jun 29 Autocephaly Officially Granted by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople to The Church of Greece.
  • Jul 1 At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
  • Jul 2 Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • Jul 7 Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 Millard Fillmore sworn in as president of US (replacing Taylor)

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore
  • Jul 12 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • Jul 14 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
  • Jul 15 John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North v South at Lord's
  • Jul 17 Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star (Vega)
  • Jul 19 Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
  • Jul 23 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K Hall of NY takes office
  • Jul 25 Gold discovered in Oregon (Rogue River)
  • Aug 23 1st US National Women's Rights Convention convenes in Worcester, Massachusetts
  • Aug 30 Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes a city
  • Aug 31 California pioneers organized at Montgomery & Clay Streets
  • Sep 9 Territories of New Mexico & Utah created
  • Sep 9 California is admitted as the thirty-first state of the Union
  • Sep 11 "Swedish Nightingale" Jenny Lind gives 1st US concert
  • Sep 17 Great fire in San Francisco
  • Sep 18 Congress passes Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850
  • Sep 20 Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue
  • Sep 24 Papal Bull issued, establishes Roman Catholic hierarchy in England
  • Sep 28 US Navy abolishes flogging as punishment
  • Oct 12 First women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
  • Oct 17 Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
  • Nov 6 1st Hawaiian fire engine
  • Nov 6 Yerba Buena & Angel Islands (SF Bay) reserved for military use

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 19 Alfred Tennyson becomes British Poet Laureate, succeeding William Wordsworth

  • Nov 29 The treaty, Punctation of Olmütz, signed in Olomouc means diplomatic capitulation of Prussia to Austrian Empire, which took over the leadership of German Confederation.
  • Dec 16 Ships the Charlotte-Jane and the Randolph bring the first of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton, New Zealand
  • Dec 20 Hawaiian post office established
  • Dec 27 Hawaiian Fire Dept established
  • Dec 28 Rangoon, Burma, destroyed by fire

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 5 Theodoor Verstraete, Flemish painter/etcher
  • Jan 6 Eduard "Ede" Bernstein, German marxist (New Era)
  • Jan 10 John Wellborn Root, American architect (d. 1891)
  • Jan 11 J C Arthur, Lowville NY, botanist (studied rusts)
  • Jan 11 Philipp la Renotiere von Ferrary, famous philatelist
  • Jan 14 Pierre Loti, French writer (d. 1923)
  • Jan 15 Mihail Eminesco, [Eminovici], Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis)
  • Jan 15 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician. (d. 1891)
  • Jan 18 Seth Low, American politician (d. 1916)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 27 Samuel Gompers, American labor union leader (American Federation of Labor), born in London, England

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
  • Jan 27 Edward J. Smith, English captain of the Titanic (d. 1912)
  • Jan 29 Ebenezer Howard, pioneer of garden cities, born in London, England
  • Jan 29 Lawrence Hargrave, inventor (box kite)
  • Feb 2 Carel V Gerritsen, Dutch free thinker
  • Feb 12 Amaat Vyncke, Flemish missionary (Flemish Flag)
  • Feb 16 Octave Mirbeau, France, writer (Journal of a Lady's Maid)
  • Feb 20 Nérée Beauchemin, Canadian physician and poet (d. 1931)
  • Feb 22 Isaac L Rice, Germany, (namesake of Columbia Univ's Rice stadium)
  • Feb 23 César Ritz, Swiss hotelier (d. 1918)
  • Feb 27 Henry Edwards Huntington, US, railroad exec
  • Feb 28 Hermann Schell, German theologist/philosopher (Gott und Geist)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 7 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), born in Hodonín, Austrian Empire (d. 1937)

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • Mar 7 Champ Clark, American politician (d. 1921)
  • Mar 10 Mary Mills Patrick, US, 1st President of Istanbul Woman's College
  • Mar 24 Silas Hocking, British novelist and preacher (d. 1935)
  • Mar 26 Edward Bellamy, author (Looking Backward)
  • Apr 8 William H. Welch, American pathologist who founded John Hopkins Hospital, born in Norfolk, Connecticut (d. 1934)
  • Apr 13 Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British astronomer (d. 1917)
  • Apr 15 John Munroe Longyear, US, capitalist/bank president
  • Apr 16 Herbert Baxter Adams, US, historian (American Historical Association)
  • Apr 19 Edward John Gregory, painter/engraver
  • Apr 20 Daniel Chester, French/American sculptor (Minute Man)
  • Apr 27 Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German general (d. 1921)
  • May 1 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor General of Canada (d. 1942)
  • May 12 Henry Cabot Lodge, U.S. statesman (d. 1924)
  • May 18 Oliver Heaviside, physicist (predicted ionosphere), born in London, England
  • May 21 Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (d. 1914)
  • May 24 Ernest Albert Waterlow, water-color painter
  • May 27 Thomas Neill Cream, serial killer (Lambeth poisoner), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1892)
  • Jun 5 Pat Garrett, American Western lawman (d. 1908)
  • Jun 6 Karl F Braun, Germany, co-developed wireless telegraphy (Nobel 1909)
  • Jun 19 David Jayne Hill, American diplomat (d. 1932)
  • Jun 24 Horatio Herbert Kitchener, County Kerry, Ireland, commander of the British forces during Anglo-Boer War
  • Jun 27 Ivan Vazov, Bulgaria, poet/novelist/playwright (Under the Yoke)
  • Jun 27 Lafcadio Hearn, US, journalist/author (Chita)
  • Jun 27 Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (d. 1919)
  • Jul 11 Annie Armstrong, American missionary leader (d. 1938)
  • Jul 12 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (d. 1912)
  • Jul 15 Francesca Xavier Cabrini, [Mother Cabrini], 1st US saint
  • Jul 18 Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (d. 1939)
  • Aug 3 Paul A Daum, Dutch writer/founder/editor (Batavian Newspaper)
  • Aug 3 Reginald Heber Roe, 2nd Headmaster of Brisbane Grammar School (d. 1926)
  • Aug 5 Guy de Maupassant, France, author (Boule de Suif)
  • Aug 26 Charles Richet, French physiologist (anaphylaxis-Nobel 1913)
  • Sep 2 Eugene Field, author/journalist (Little Boy Blue)
  • Sep 2 Woldemar Voigt, German physicist (d. 1919)
  • Sep 4 Luigi Cadorna, Italian fieldmarshal/earl (WW I-Caporetto)
  • Sep 6 Louis F H "Louis" Apol, painter/etcher/literary
  • Sep 9 Harishchandra, India, poet/dramatist/father of modern Hindi
  • Oct 4 John W McGraw, (Gov-R-Wash) (1893-97)
  • Oct 5 Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer and politician, and President of the First Imperial Duma (d. 1910)
  • Oct 8 Henri Louis le Chatelier, French chemist (d. 1936)
  • Oct 19 Annie S Peck, mountain climber/explorer/diplomat
  • Nov 5 Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American author and poet (d. 1919)
  • Nov 9 Lewis Lewin, Germany, toxicologist/father of psychopharmacologist
  • Nov 12 Mikhail Chigorin, Russian chess player (d. 1908)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 13 Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish author (Treasure Island), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1894)

  • Nov 26 Henricus Van de Wetering, archbishop of Utrecht (1895-1929)
  • Dec 30 John Milne, British Geologist, Seismologist, and Anthropologist who developed the first modern seismograph, born in Liverpool, England

Weddings in History

  • Mar 14 French writer and playwright Honoré de Balzac marries Ewelina Hańska in Berdyczów, Ukraine

HeartWedding of Interest

May 1 Soldier William Tecumseh Sherman (30) weds Eleanor Boyle Ewing in Washington, D.C.

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 13 Poet Alfred Tennyson (40) weds Emily Sellwood (36)

  • Jun 19 Swedish/Norwegian crown prince Charles weds Dutch princess Wilhelmina

Deaths in History

  • Jan 14 Anthony van Hoboken, Rotterdam merchant/ship owner, dies at 93
  • Jan 20 Adam Oehlenschläger, Danish poet (b. 1779)
  • Jan 22 Vincenzo Pallotti, Italian saint, dies at 54
  • Jan 26 Francis Jeffrey, Baron Jeffrey, judge/literary critic, dies
  • Jan 27 J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/writer, dies at 85
  • Feb 1 Edward Baker Lincoln, son of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, dies at 3
  • Feb 25 Daoguang, Emperor of China (b. 1782)
  • Mar 3 Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (b. 1806)
  • Mar 21 Miguel Pedrorena, American settler
  • Mar 27 Wilhelm Bear, German banker/astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53
  • Mar 28 Gerard C. Brandon, American politician (b. 1788)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 31 John C. Calhoun, American politician, dies of tuberculosis at 68

Politician John C. Calhoun
John C. Calhoun
  • Apr 7 William Lisle Bowles, English poet (14 Sonnets), dies at 87
  • Apr 9 William Prout, physician/chemist, dies
  • Apr 12 Adoniram Judson, American Baptist missionary (b. 1788)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 16 Marie Tussaud, French founder of Madame Tussaud's wax museum, dies at 88

Wax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud
Wax Museum Creator
Madame Tussaud

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 23 William Wordsworth, English Romantic poet (The Prelude), dies at 80

  • May 9 Louis-Joseph Gay-Lussac, chemist/physicist, dies
  • May 24 Jane Porter, novelist (Scottish Chiefs), dies at 74
  • Jun 4 Willem F Mauritius HK, prince of Orange, dies at 74
  • Jun 12 Jean V Constant de Rebecque, Swiss/Dutch army leader, dies at 77
  • Jun 16 William Lawson explorer of New South Wales, Australia (b. 1774)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 2 Robert "Bobbie" Peel, British PM/founder London Police, dies at 62

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • Jul 4 William Kirby, English entomologist (b. 1759)
  • Jul 8 Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774)
  • Jul 9 Sajjid Ali Mohammed Bab, Persian founder of Babism

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 9 Zachary Taylor, 12th US president (1849-50), dies in White House at 65

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • Jul 14 August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
  • Jul 19 Giovanni Ossoli, Italian marquis/revolutionary, drowned
  • Jul 19 [Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli, US feminist/revolutionary, dies
  • Aug 6 Edward Walsh, Irish poet (b. 1805)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 17 Jose de San Martin, South American revolutionary hero and general, dies at 72

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • Aug 18 H de Balzac, writer, dies at 51
  • Aug 22 Nikolaus Lenau, writer, dies at 48
  • Aug 26 Louis-Philippe of France (b. 1773)
  • Sep 23 José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguayan hero (b. 1764)
  • Oct 2 Sarah Biffin/Beffin, limbless miniature painter, dies
  • Oct 11 Louisa Maria, queen of Belgium (1832-50)/wife of Leopold I, dies at 38
  • Nov 4 Gustav Schwab, German writer, dies at 58
  • Nov 5 Ferdinand KJ, archduke of Austria, dies at 69
  • Nov 19 Richard Mentor Johnson, American politician (b. 1780)
  • Dec 10 François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist (b. 1787)