October 1854 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 4 Abraham Lincoln made his 1st political speech at Illinois State Fair

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Oct 6 The Great Fire of Newcastle and Gateshead started shortly after midnight, leading to 53 deaths and hundreds injured.
  • Oct 9 The siege of Sebastopol begins (Crimean War)
  • Oct 10 US Assay Office in NY City, NY opens
  • Oct 12 Lincoln University founded as Ashmun Institute

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 Florence Nightingale with a staff of 38 nurses is sent to the Crimean War

  • Oct 23 The Times gives precise British positions in Crimea
  • Oct 25 Charge of Light Brigade (Battle of Balaclava, Crimean War), 409 die
  • Oct 25 Prince Menshikov of Crimea occupies British base at Balaclava

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 3 William Crawford Gorgas, US, Surgeon-Gen, help cure yellow fever
  • Oct 7 Christiaan R de Wet, South African rebel leader, politician and general in the Boer War
  • Oct 16 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 16 Oscar Wilde, [Fingal O'Flahertie Wills], (The Picture of Dorian Gray), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1900)

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
  • Oct 18 Salomon August Andrée, Swedish engineer, balloonist and polar explorer, born in Gränna, Sweden (d. 1897)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 20 Arthur Rimbaud, French poet and adventurer (Illuminations), born in Charleville, France (d. 1891)

  • Oct 24 Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom, chemist (Heterogenen Gleichgewichte)
  • Oct 26 C. W. Post, American entrepreneur (d. 1914)
  • Oct 27 Sir William Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys' Brigade (d. 1914)
  • Oct 31 Georg A Erman, German Egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 22 Jeremias Gotthelf [Albert Bitzius], Swiss writer (The Black Spider), dies at 57