1857 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 6 Patent for reducing zinc ore granted to Samuel Wetherill, Penn
  • Jan 8 Dion Boucicauly's "Poor of NY" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 9 7.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon, California
  • Jan 15 1st first-class game in Sydney, NSW v Vic at The Domain
  • Jan 24 The University of Calcutta is founded as the first full-fledged university in South Asia
  • Feb 16 Gallaudet College (National Deaf Mute college) forms in Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18 Chinese residents in the fledging state of Sarawak rebel against the "White Rajah" James Brooke

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • Feb 21 Congress outlaws foreign currency as legal tender in US
  • Feb 21 US issues flying eagle cents
  • Feb 24 1st perforated US postage stamps delivered to government
  • Feb 24 LA Vineyard Society organized
  • Mar 3 Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 Dred Scott Decision: US Supreme Court rules Africans cannot be US citizens

US Slave Dred Scott
US Slave
Dred Scott

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 Elisha Otis installs his 1st elevator at 488 Broadway in New York City

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • Mar 25 Frederick Laggenheim takes 1st photo of a solar eclipse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 1 Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man.

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville
  • Apr 12 Gustave Flaubert's "Madame Bovary" published
  • Apr 21 Alexander Douglas patents the bustle
  • Apr 27 Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
  • Apr 29 US Army, Pacific Div HQ permanently forms at Presidio (SF)
  • Apr 30 San Jose State University forms
  • May 1 William Walker, conqueror of Nicaragua, surrenders to US Navy
  • May 10 Indian Mutiny begins with revolt of Sepoys in Meerut
  • May 19 William Francis Channing & Moses G Farmer patents electric fire alarm
  • May 26 US slave Dred Scott and family freed by owner Henry Taylor Blow 3 months after US courts ruled against them.
  • Jun 1 Charles Baudelaire's Fleurs du mal is published.
  • Jun 2 James Gibbs of Virgina, patents the chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine
  • Jun 5 Walter Woodbury & James Page open photo studio in Batavia (Jakarta)
  • Jun 10 Britain passes an act putting Canada on the decimal currency system
  • Jun 15 San Francisco Water Works organized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26 The first 62 recipients are awarded the Victoria Cross for valour in the Crimean war by Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Jun 27 Bibighar massacre of 120 British women and children following the seige of Cawnpore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 27 James Donnelly becomes engaged in a drunken brawl with Patrick Farrell, who suffers a fatal blow to the head. Farrell dies two days later, which makes James Donnelly a wanted man and draws the Donnelly family into the notorious feud

Squatter James Donnelly
James Donnelly
  • Jun 29 Battle at Chinhat (Indies rebel under Barkat Ahmed beat British)
  • Jul 16 Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore
  • Jul 18 Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French.
  • Aug 24 The Panic of 1857 begins, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in U.S. history.
  • Sep 11 Mountain Meadows Massacre, Mormons dressed as Indians murder 120 colonists in Utah
  • Sep 12 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
  • Sep 15 Timothy Alder of NY patents a typesetting machine
  • Sep 16 Mexican constitution of force (fiercely attacked by Pope Pius IX)
  • Sep 23 Russian warship Leffort disappears in a storm in the Gulf of Finland; 826 die
  • Sep 25 Relief of Lucknow by Havelock & Outram begins
  • Sep 30 US occupies Sand, Baker, Howland & Jarvis Is south of Hawaii
  • Oct 5 The City of Anaheim is founded
  • Oct 6 American Chess Association organized; 1st major US chess tournament (NYC)
  • Oct 10 American Chess Association formed (NYC)
  • Nov 9 Atlantic Monthly magazine 1st published
  • Dec 8 1st production of Dion Boucicault's "Poor of New York"
  • Dec 16 Earthquake in Naples, Italy
  • Dec 31 Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa as new capital of Canada

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Frederick Opper, cartoonist (Maud, Alphonse & Gaston)
  • Jan 2 Martha Carey Thomas, educator/president (Bryn Mawr College)
  • Jan 6 Hugh Mahon, Irish-born Australian politician (d. 1931)
  • Jan 6 William E. Russell, 37th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • Jan 9 Henry B Fuller, American writer (Under the Skylights)
  • Jan 14 Alice Pike Barney, American painter
  • Jan 17 Eugene Augustin Lauste, developer (1st sound-on-film recording)
  • Jan 18 Otto von Below, German commandant (WW I)
  • Jan 23 Andrija Mohorovicic, Croatian geologist (Moho discontinuity)
  • Jan 26 the 12th Dalai Lama (d. 1875)
  • Jan 31 George Jackson Churchward, Great Western Railway Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1933)
  • Feb 2 Jan Six, Dutch art historian/art collector
  • Feb 3 Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen, Copenhagen, Danish Botanist and Geneticist who provided evidence for Hugo de Vries' mutation theory
  • Feb 9 Johannes T de Visser, theologist/Dutch 1st minister of Education
  • Feb 17 Samuel Sidney McClure, Irish-American newspaper editor/publisher
  • Feb 18 Max Klinger, German graphic artist/painter/sculptor
  • Feb 21 Jules de Trooz, baron/premier of Belgium (1907)
  • Feb 22 Heinrich Hertz, physicist, 1st to broadcast & receive radio waves
  • Feb 22 Robert Baden-Powell, founder (Boy Scouts, Girl Guides)
  • Feb 26 Emile Coué, French pharmacist (recovery by auto suggestion)
  • Mar 7 Julius Wagner von Jauregg, Austria, psychiatrist (Nobel 1927)
  • Mar 16 Charles Harding Firth, British historian (d. 1936)
  • Mar 22 Arnold Sauwen, Flemish poet (Along the Meuse)
  • Mar 22 Paul Doumer, gov-genl of Indo-China/13th President of France (1931-32)
  • Mar 23 Fannie Farmer, American culinary figure, born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Mar 27 Karl Pearson, mathematician, born in London, England
  • Mar 30 Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (d. 1926)
  • Apr 5 Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg, ruler of Bulgaria (1879-86)
  • Apr 10 Henry Ernest Dudeney, mathematician/puzzle maker
  • Apr 14 Victor Horsley, English physician and neuroscientist, born in London (d. 1916)
  • Apr 18 Clarence S Darrow, defense attorney at Scopes monkey trial
  • Apr 19 Lucien Levy-Bruhl, philosopher
  • Apr 20 Charles LP "Philip" Zilcken, painter/author (HW Knife Day)
  • Apr 20 Hermann Bang, Danish writer, born in Asserballe (d. 1912)
  • Apr 29 Edouard Rod, France/Swiss writer (Mishel' Tes'e)
  • Apr 30 Eugen Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist (d. 1940)
  • May 7 William A. MacCorkle, American politician (d. 1930)
  • May 10 Hendrik Zwaardemaker, Dutch physiologist (olfactometer)
  • May 13 Ronald Ross, England, pathologist (Nobel 1902)
  • May 15 Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (d. 1911)
  • May 19 John Jacob Abel, American Pharmacologist (endocrine glands), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • May 31 Pius XI, [Ambrogio DA Ratti], Italy, 259th Pope (1922-39)
  • Jun 2 Karl Adolph Gjellerup, poet (Poutnici Svetem, Nobel 1917), born in Roholte, Denmark (d. 1919)
  • Jun 6 Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (d. 1918)
  • Jun 18 Henry Clay Folger Jr, US, businessman/Shakespeare fan
  • Jul 5 Clara Zetkin, German women's rights advocate/communist
  • Jul 9 Frederik II W, grandduke of Baden (1907-18)
  • Jul 11 Alfred Binet, French child psychologist
  • Jul 14 Maytag, inventor (washing machine)
  • Jul 21 A S C Wallis, [Adele SC von Antal-Opzoomer], Dutch writer
  • Jul 23 French [M J Francois] Erens, lawyer/literary (Pursue Years)
  • Jul 24 Henrik Pontoppidan, Denmark, writer (Promised Country, Nobel 1917)
  • Jul 25 Frank Sprague, Milford Connecticut, American Inventor who installed the first U.S. electric trolley system in Richmond, Virgina
  • Jul 27 Ernest Alfred Thompson Wallis Budge, orientalist/museum curator
  • Jul 27 Jose Celso Barbosa, Puerto Rico, found Federalist Party in 1900
  • Jul 28 Ballington Booth, Brighouse, England, Officer in The Salvation Army and co-founder of Volunteers of America
  • Jul 30 Thorstein Veblen, US, economist (Theory of the Leisure Class-1899)
  • Aug 8 Henry Osborn, Conn, paleontologist/author (52 Years of Research)
  • Aug 15 Albert Ballin, German shipping tycoon (d. 1918)
  • Aug 18 Libert H. Boeynaems, Belgian Catholic prelate (d. 1926)
  • Sep 6 Zelia Nuttall, American archeologist and historian (d. 1933)
  • Sep 8 Georg Michaelis, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1936)
  • Sep 8 Ida Henrietta Hyde, Davenport Iowa, American physiologist who invented the micro-electrode. She was the first woman allowed to do research at Harvard Medical School and to be elected to the American Physiology Society.
  • Sep 10 James E Keeler, US, astronomer (rings of Saturn)
  • Sep 12 George H Breitner, Dutch impressionist painter/water colors painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 13 Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (The Hershey Chocolate Company) and philanthropist, born in Derry Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1945)

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey
  • Sep 13 Michał Drzymała, Polish peasant rebel (d. 1937)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 15 William Howard Taft, (R) 27th pres (1909-13), chief justice, born in Cincinnati, Ohio

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Sep 17 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, pioneer in rocket & space research
  • Sep 29 Conrad T van Deventer, lawyer/2nd-Member of parliament
  • Sep 30 Hermann Sudermann, German writer (Honor, That Ehre, Frau Sorge)
  • Oct 2 Marthinus T Steyn, President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902)
  • Oct 14 Elwood Haynes, auto pioneer, built one of 1st US autos
  • Oct 29 Conrad Haebler, German historian (Early printers of Spain/Portugal)
  • Oct 30 John H Aberson, 1st chancellor (Dutch Agricultural University)
  • Nov 2 Joseph F F Babinski, Polish/French neurologist (Babinski reflex)
  • Nov 3 Michail V Alekseyev, Imperial Russian general and WW I Chief of Staff (d. 1918)
  • Nov 5 Ida Tarbell, muckraker (Standard Oil was very unhappy)
  • Nov 22 George Gissing, English author (Thyrza, Crown of Life)
  • Nov 26 Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (d. 1913)
  • Nov 27 Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1952)
  • Nov 28 Alfonso XII, king of Spain (1874-85)
  • Nov 29 Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (d. 1911)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 3 Joseph Conrad, Polish novelist (Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness), born in Berdychiv, Poland (d. 1924)

Novelist Joseph Conrad
Joseph Conrad
  • Dec 16 Edward Emerson Barnard, Tenn, astronomer (Jupiter's 5th satellite)
  • Dec 22 George [Robert] Gissing, English novelist

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 10 Novelist Jules Verne (28) weds Honorine de Viane Morel

Novelist Jules Verne
Jules Verne
  • Jun 6 Sophia of Nassau marries the future King Oscar II of Sweden-Norway.

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 16 Confederate general Thomas Jackson (33) weds Mary Anna Morrison in Lincoln County

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 27 Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I (25) weds princess Charlotte of Belgium (17) in Brussels

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 30 Confederate army cavalry battalion commander John S. Mosby (24) weds Pauline Clarke in Nashville

The Gray Ghost John Singleton Mosby
The Gray Ghost
John Singleton Mosby

Deaths in History

  • Jan 27 Dorothea von Benckendorff, Baltic monarch of Lieven, dies at 72
  • Feb 7 Félix PBOG, Earl of Merode, Belgian minister of War, dies at 65
  • Feb 9 Dionysios Solomos, Greek poet of the Greek national anthem (b. 1798)
  • Feb 10 David Thompson, Canadian explorer (b. 1770)
  • Feb 16 Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers, French engraver, dies at 77
  • Feb 16 Elisha Kent Kane, Arctic explorer (Kane Basin), dies at 37
  • Feb 28 André Dumont, Belgian geologist (b. 1809)
  • Mar 11 Manuel Jose Quintana, Spanish author/poet (A la paz), dies at 84
  • Mar 21 Abraham J van der Aa, lexicographer (Biograph dictionary), dies at 64
  • Apr 8 Mangal Pandey, Indian soldier (b. 1827)
  • May 2 LC Alfred the Musset, French poet (Lesson caprices Marianne), dies
  • May 11 E Francois Vidocq, French criminalogist/police officer, dies at 81
  • May 23 Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician (b. 1789)
  • Jun 8 Douglas William Jerrold, British playwright and satirist (b. 1803)
  • Jun 19 Alexander Twilight, American politician and minister, first African American to graduate and hold political office, dies at 61
  • Jun 30 Alcide d'Orbigny, French naturalist (b. 1802)
  • Jul 2 Carlo Pisacane, Italian patriot (b. 1818)
  • Jul 4 William L. Marcy, American statesman (b. 1786)
  • Jul 16 Pierre-Jean de Baranger, poet, dies
  • Jul 19 Stefano Franscini, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1796)
  • Jul 29 Charles LJL Bonaparte, Corsican/French prince of Canino, dies at 54
  • Jul 29 Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (b. 1774)
  • Aug 1 Charles Turner, engraver, dies
  • Aug 3 Eugène Sue, French novelist (b. 1804)
  • Aug 10 John Wilson Croker, politician
  • Aug 12 William Daniel Conybeare, geologist, dies
  • Aug 27 Rufus Wilmot Griswold, American literary critic and editor (b. 1812)
  • Sep 3 M Heinrich C Lichtenstein, German zoologist/explorer, dies at 77
  • Sep 3 John McLoughlin, Canadian trapper (b. 1784)
  • Sep 5 Auguste Comte, French sociologist (b. 1798)
  • Oct 28 Louis Eugène Cavaignac, French soldier and politician (b. 1802)
  • Nov 26 Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German poet (That Freier), dies at 69
  • Dec 3 Christian D Rauch, German sculptor, dies at 80