1858 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Canada begins using decimal currency system
  • Jan 9 Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide.
  • Jan 14 French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Jan 25 Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" first played, at wedding of Queen Victoria's daughter Princess Victoria, to crown prince of Prussia

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Jan 30 William Wells Brown published 1st Black drama, "Leap to Freedom"
  • Feb 11 First vision of the Virgin Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes, France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13 Sir Richard Burton & John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa

Geographer, Explorer & Translator Richard Francis Burton
Geographer, Explorer & Translator
Richard Francis Burton
  • Feb 21 Edwin T Holmes installs 1st electric burglar alarm (Boston, Mass)
  • Feb 22 Dion Boucicault's "Jessie Brown" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 2 Frederick Cook, New Orleans, patents a cotton-bale metallic tie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 Abolitionists establish "Crispus Attucks Day" in Boston

Former Slave and Seaman Crispus Attucks
Former Slave and Seaman
Crispus Attucks
  • Mar 9 Albert Potts of Philadelphia patents the street mailbox
  • Mar 18 Dutch Van der Brugghen government resigns
  • Mar 23 Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Philadelphia)
  • Mar 30 Pencil with attached eraser patented (Hyman L Lipman of Philadelphia)
  • Apr 10 "Big Ben", a 13.76 tonne bell, is recast in the Tower of Westminster
  • Apr 12 1st US billiards championship (Michael J Phelan wins in Detroit)
  • Apr 15 Battle of Azimghur, Mexicans defeat Spanish loyalists
  • Apr 16 The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is wound up.
  • May 4 War of Reform (Mexico); Liberals establish capital at Vera Cruz

Conference meetingConference of Interest

May 8 John Brown holds antislavery convention

Abolitionist John Brown
John Brown
  • May 11 Minnesota admitted as 32nd US state
  • May 22 Confederación Granadina (now Colombia) forms
  • May 28 Dion Boucicault's "Foul Play" premieres in London
  • May 30 Hudson's Bay Company's rights to Vancouver Island revoked
  • Jun 2 Donati Comet 1st seen named after its discoverer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 Abraham Lincoln says "A house divided against itself cannot stand" accepting Illinois Republican Party's nomination for the Senate

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Jun 21 Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe
  • Jun 29 Great fire in London docks
  • Jun 29 Treaty of Algun, China cedes north bank of Amur River to Russia
  • Jul 1 1st Canadian coins minted (1, 5, 10 and 20 cent)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society.

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • Jul 2 Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
  • Jul 6 Lyman Blake patents shoe manufacturing machine
  • Jul 20 Gathering of Plombieres - Napoleon III meets Cavour
  • Jul 23 Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament
  • Jul 26 Baron Lionel de Rothschild becomes the 1st Jewish person elected to the British Parliament
  • Jul 28 First use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by Sir William James Herschel of the Indian Civil Service
  • Jul 28 Nadar takes 1st airborne photo (in a balloon)
  • Jul 29 Treaty of Amity and Commerce/Harris Treaty signed between US & Japan opening Japanese ports to trade
  • Aug 2 1st mailboxes installed in Boston & NYC streets
  • Aug 2 Government of India transferred from East India Company to the British Crown
  • Aug 5 Cyrus W Field completes 1st transatlantic telegraph cable
  • Aug 11 First ascent of the Eiger in the Bernese Alps in Switzerland
  • Aug 15 Regular mail to Pacific coast begins
  • Aug 16 Britain's Queen Victoria telegraphs US President James Buchanan
  • Aug 17 1st bank in Hawaii opens
  • Aug 18 Netherlands & Japan sign trade agreement
  • Aug 21 1st Lincoln-Douglas debate (Illinois)
  • Aug 24 Richmond "Daily Dispatch" reports 90 blacks arrested for learning
  • Aug 26 First news dispatch by telegraph.
  • Sep 1 1st transatlantic cable fails after less than 1 month
  • Sep 8 Abraham Lincoln supposedly says in a speech "You may fool all the people some of the time; you can even fool some of the people all the time; but you can’t fool all of the people all the time"
  • Sep 10 John Holden hits 1st recorded HR (Bkln vs NY)
  • Sep 10 George Mary Searle discovers the asteroid 55 Pandora.
  • Sep 13 Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire & sinks, 471 die
  • Sep 16 1st overland mail for California
  • Sep 28 Donati's comet becomes 1st to be photographed
  • Oct 21 In Paris, the Can-Can is 1st performed
  • Oct 26 Hamilton Smith patents rotary washing machine
  • Oct 28 R. H. Macy & Co opens 1st store, (6th Ave-NYC) Gross receipts $11.06
  • Nov 17 Origin of Modified Julian Period
  • Dec 12 1st Canadian coins circulated (1 cent, 5 cent, 10 cent & 20 cent)
  • Dec 16 Dutch government decides to vacate Schokland Island
  • Dec 18 Passy, at Paris: 1st "Samedi soir" i/d villa of lovers Rossini

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 5 Gustaf af Geijerstam, Swedish author (Boken om Lillebror)
  • Jan 7 Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, key figure in the revival of Hebrew as a spoken language (d. 1922)
  • Jan 10 Heinrich Zille, German illustrator and photographer (d. 1929)
  • Jan 11 Harry Gordon Selfridge, American retailer (d. 1947)
  • Jan 13 Oskar Minkowski, Biologist (d. 1931)
  • Jan 15 Giovanni Segantini, Italy, painter
  • Jan 17 Tomas Carrasquilla, Colombian author (Frutos de mi Tierra)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 18 Daniel Williams, Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania, surgeon (1st open heart operation), (d. 1931)

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • Jan 19 Eugene Brieux, French playwright (Blanchette, Lesson Avaries)
  • Jan 22 Beatrice Potter Webb, England, economist
  • Jan 22 Frederick Lugard, British captain/baron (Congo)
  • Jan 25 Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese pearl farm pioneer (d. 1954)
  • Feb 14 Joseph Thomson, Scotland, geologist (Thomson's gazelle)
  • Feb 15 William Pickering, astronomer (9th & 10th moons of Saturn), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1938)
  • Feb 16 Laurence "Lon" Myers, US, track star (top US miler)
  • Feb 18 Louise M A, princess of Belgium
  • Feb 26 Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist (d. 1917)
  • Feb 28 Jacob P Vis, Dutch industrialist (founder NV Royal Salt Industries)
  • Mar 1 Georg Simmel, German philosopher/sociologist
  • Mar 13 Maximilien Luce, French painter
  • Mar 15 Liberty Hyde Bailey, US botanist (Plantbreeding)
  • Mar 18 Rudolph C K Diesel, German engineer (Diesel motor)
  • Mar 23 Ludwig Quidde, German historian/politician (Nobel prize 1927)
  • Apr 1 Arnold Aletrino, Dutch physician-criminologist/author (From Life)
  • Apr 1 Gaetano Mosca, Italian sociologist (Circulation of Elite)
  • Apr 3 Matthew Ricketts, 1st African American man elected to Neb State Legislature
  • Apr 4 Remy de Gourmont, French poet (d. 1915)
  • Apr 7 Adrien H Gerhard, Dutch socialist politician (SDAP)
  • Apr 15 Anton G O Ridder Van Rappard, Dutch painter/lithographer/etcher
  • Apr 15 Emile Durkheim, French sociologist (Division du travail social)
  • Apr 23 Max Planck, German physicist (Planck Constant, Nobel 1918) father of Quantum Physics
  • Apr 30 Mary Scott Lord Dimmick Harrison, 1st lady (1889-1893)
  • May 8 John Meade Falkner, novelist (Moonfleet)
  • May 11 Carl Hauptmann, writer
  • May 19 Roland Napoleon Bonaparte, French officer/traveller (Surinam)
  • May 21 Jose Battle Ordonez, Uruguay, politician
  • May 24 Johan C Braakensiek, political cartoonist (Green Amsterdammer)
  • May 28 Carl Rickard Nyberg, Swedish inventor (d. 1939)
  • Jun 1 William W Campbell, Canadian poet (Beyond the Hills of Dream)
  • Jun 16 Gustav V, king of Sweden (1907-50)
  • Jun 17 Eben Sumner Draper, (Gov-MA)
  • Jun 18 Hans Schardt, Swiss geologist
  • Jun 19 Dirk Fock, governor-general of Neth Indies (1921-26)
  • Jun 20 Medardo Rosso, Italian sculptor (portraits)
  • Jun 20 Charles W. Chesnutt, American writer (d. 1932)
  • Jun 23 William Ernst Johnson, mathematician, born in Cambridge, England
  • Jun 25 Georges Courteline, [Moineaux], French playwright
  • Jun 29 George Washington Goethals, engineer (built Panama Canal)
  • Jun 30 Andre Antoine, French stage manager (Theatre Libre) [or 7/31]
  • Jul 9 Franz Boas, anthropologist/linguist (Mind of Primitive Man)
  • Jul 13 Stewart Culin, American ethnographer (d. 1929)
  • Jul 15 Emmeline Pankhurst, England, found (Women's Social & Political Union)
  • Jul 20 Ivan Vucetic, Croatian anthropologist (d. 1925)
  • Jul 21 Lovis Corinth, German painter (d. 1925)
  • Jul 21 Maria Christina of Austria, queen of Spain (d. 1929)
  • Jul 21 Alfred Henry O'Keeffe, New Zealand artist (d. 1941)
  • Jul 24 Wolfgang Kapp, German politician (Kapp Putsch 1920)
  • Jul 31 Richard Dixon Oldham, British geologist (d. 1936)
  • Aug 1 Paul Barth, German philosopher/sociologist
  • Aug 1 Gaston Doumergue, French President (d. 1937)
  • Aug 2 Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Queen consort of William and Regent of the Netherlands
  • Aug 2 William Watson, British poet (Prince's Quest, Father of Forest)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 11 Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1929), born in Nijkerk, Netherlands (d. 1930)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Christiaan Eijkman
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Christiaan Eijkman
  • Aug 16 Arthur Achleitner, German writer (d. 1927)
  • Aug 19 Edith Nesbit, England, children books author (Railway Children)
  • Aug 27 Giuseppe Peanoin Cuneo, Piemonte Italy, mathematician
  • Sep 9 Benjamin Kidel, English Sudan (Control of the Tropics)
  • Sep 12 Fernand Khnopff, Belgian painter/sculptor
  • Sep 15 Charles E Vicomte de Foucauld, French explorer/hermit
  • Sep 16 Andrew Bonar Law, British PM (C, 1922-23)
  • Sep 24 Eugene Foss, 45th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1939)
  • Sep 27 Giuseppe Peano, Italian mathematician, founder of symbolic logic
  • Sep 27 Porsteinn Erlingsson, Iceland, poet (Pyrnar)
  • Oct 4 Michael I. Pupin, Serbian-born telephone pioneer (d. 1935)
  • Oct 5 Heinrich M von Battenberg, German son-in-law of queen Victoria
  • Oct 9 Gerard L F Philips, Dutch engineer/manufacturer (Philips)
  • Oct 19 George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (d. 1937)
  • Oct 20 John Burns, English politician (d. 1943)
  • Oct 21 Ramabai Dongre' Medhavi, India, social reformer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 27 Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US President (R: 1901-09; Nobel 1906), born in NYC, New York (d. 1919)

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Nov 7 Bipin Chandra Pal, Indian freedom fighter, (d. 1932)
  • Nov 11 Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian painter (d. 1884)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 20 Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish author and Nobel laureate (The Wonderful Adventures of Nils), born in Mårbacka, Värmland (d. 1940)

Author and Nobel Laureate Selma Lagerlöf
Author and Nobel Laureate
Selma Lagerlöf
  • Nov 25 Alfred Capus, French author (d. 1922)
  • Nov 26 Katharine Drexel, Roman Catholic Saint (d. 1955)
  • Nov 30 Jagdish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist (d. 1937)
  • Dec 11 Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Russian theatre director (d. 1943)
  • Dec 20 Jean/Johannes T "Jan" Toorop, Dutch painter/graphic artist (3 Brides)
  • Dec 23 Vladimir Nemirovitch-Dantshenko, playwright (Life in Russian Theater)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 26 Inventor Cyrus Hall McCormick (48) weds Nancy Fowler

Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper Cyrus Hall McCormick
Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper
Cyrus Hall McCormick

HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 10 US president Millard Fillmore (58) weds Caroline Carmichael (43) in Albany, New York

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore
  • Jun 18 Norwegian modernist playwright "The Doll's House" Henrik Ibsen (30) marries Suzannah Thoresen (21) in Oslo

HeartWedding of Interest

Nov 11 20th US President James Garfield (26) weds Lucretia Rudolph (26) in Hiram, Ohio

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield

Deaths in History

  • Jan 5 Johann JWAFK Radetzky von Radetz, Austr earl/field marshal, dies at 91
  • Jan 7 Willem Broes, vicar/theologist (Textenrol), dies at 91
  • Jan 9 Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas (suicide) (b. 1798)
  • Jan 27 Gerrit van der Linde Jz, Dutch "Principal", poet, dies at 49
  • Jan 30 Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (b. 1778)
  • Feb 16 Georg F Creuzer, German philological/historian, dies at 86
  • Mar 3 Jozsef Bajza, Hungarian author/poet/critic, dies at 54

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 4 Matthew C. Perry, Commodore of the United States Navy who opened Japan to Western influence and trade, dies of rheumatism at 63

Commodore of the US Navy Matthew C. Perry
Commodore of the US Navy
Matthew C. Perry
  • Mar 26 John Addison Thomas, American soldier (b. 1811)
  • Apr 28 Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (b. 1801)
  • May 4 Aimé Bonpland, French explorer and botanist (b. 1773)
  • Jun 11 Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, Austrian statesman (b. 1773)
  • Jun 12 Cornelis Smit, Dutch ship builder/ship owner, dies at 74
  • Jun 15 Ary Scheffer, painter/etcher/sculptor, dies at 63
  • Jun 16 John Snow, English epidemiologist (b. 1813)
  • Jun 17 Rani Lakshmibai, queen of Jhansi in North India, one of the leading figures of the Indian rebellion of 1857 (b. 1828)
  • Jul 3 Alexander Andreyevich Ivanov, Russian painter (b. 1806)
  • Aug 2 A Emma WT von Waldeck-Pyrmont, queen/regent, dies at 76
  • Aug 14 George Combe, phrenologist, dies
  • Sep 5 Moritz G, [Moses] Saphir, Hungarian journalist, dies at 63

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 17 Dred Scott, US ex-slave who sought to sue for his freedom, dies of tuberculosis at 62 or 63

US Slave Dred Scott
US Slave
Dred Scott
  • Oct 10 Karl A Varnhagen von Ense, German author/poet/diplomat, dies at 73
  • Oct 12 Ando Hiroshige, Japanese painter, dies at 61
  • Nov 8 George Peacock, English Mathematician, dies at 67
  • Nov 17 Robert Owen, British father of the cooperative movement (b. 1771)
  • Dec 9 Robert Baldwin, Canadian politician (b. 1804)
  • Dec 12 Jacques Viger, antiquarian and archeologist, first mayor of Montreal (b. 1787)
  • Dec 16 Richard Bright, British Dr (Bright's disease/nephritis), dies at 69