December 1859 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 5 Dion Boucicault's "Octaroon" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 15 GR Kirchoff describes chemical composition of Sun
  • Dec 18 South Carolina declared an "independent commonwealth"
  • Dec 19 Grading started for Market Street RR
  • Dec 31 Dutch colony in Dutch Indies counts 4,800 slaves

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 2 Georges Seurat, post-impressionist painter (Grande Jatte), born in Paris, France (d. 1891)

Post-Impressionist Painter Georges Seurat
Post-Impressionist Painter
Georges Seurat

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 5 John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, British Admiral of the Fleet, born in Southampton (d. 1935)

British Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth Jellicoe
British Admiral of the Fleet
John Rushworth Jellicoe
  • Dec 12 Maurice Donnay, French playwright (Lovers)
  • Dec 15 Ludwik L Zamenhof, Russian Poland, physician/linguist (Esperanto)
  • Dec 17 Paul C├ęsar Helleu, French artist (d. 1927)
  • Dec 20 Antonius J Derkinderen, Dutch painter/etcher
  • Dec 21 Gustave Kahn, France, poet (claimed to have invented vers libre)
  • Dec 26 Johan F van Bemmelen, Dutch zoologist
  • Dec 26 William Stephens, U.S. political figure (d. 1944)
  • Dec 28 John W Fortescue, military historian
  • Dec 29 Venustiano Carranza, President of Mexico (1915-20)

Deaths in History


BattleExecution

Dec 2 John Brown, US abolitionist (Harpers Ferry), hanged at 59

Abolitionist John Brown
Abolitionist
John Brown
  • Dec 5 Louis Poinsot, French mathematician/instrument maker, dies at 82
  • Dec 8 Thomas de Quincey, English author (b. 1785)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 16 Wilhelm Grimm, writer, dies at 73

  • Dec 21 Nicolaas C Kist, Dutch church historian/archivist, dies at 66
  • Dec 28 Thomas Babington Macaulay, English essayist/historian, dies