April 1861 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 5 Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Texas
  • Apr 8 US mint at Dahlonega, Georgia, seized by confederacy (US Civil War)
  • Apr 12 Fort Sumter, SC is shelled by Confederacy, starting Civil War
  • Apr 13 After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates (US Civil War)
  • Apr 14 Formal Union surrender of Ft Sumter (US Civil War)
  • Apr 15 Federal army (75,000 volunteers) mobilized by US President Lincoln (US Civil War)
  • Apr 16 US president Lincoln outlaws business with confederate states (US Civil War)
  • Apr 17 Indianola TX - "Star of West" taken by Confederacy
  • Apr 17 Virginia secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • Apr 18 Battle of Harpers Ferry, Virginia, part of the Maryland Campaign (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 18 Colonel Robert E. Lee turns down offer to command Union armies (US Civil War)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Apr 19 Baltimore riots-4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed
  • Apr 19 Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)
  • Apr 23 Robert E. Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces (US Civil War)
  • Apr 23 Arkansas troops seize Ft Smith
  • Apr 25 Battle of Lavaca, Texas (US Civil War)
  • Apr 25 The Union Army arrives to reinforce Washington, D.C. (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 27 US President Abraham Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus (US Civil War)

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Apr 27 West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from Union (US Civil War)
  • Apr 29 Maryland's House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union (US Civil War)
  • Apr 30 President Lincoln ordered Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory (US Civil War)

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 9 Charles Holroyd, painter/etcher
  • Apr 14 Bion Joseph Arnold, electrical engineer/inventor
  • Apr 15 Bliss Carman, Canadian poet (d. 1929)
  • Apr 19 Warden Oncle, [Edward Vermeulen], Flemish farmer/writer
  • Apr 23 Edmund Henry Hynman, 1st viscount Allenby of Megiddo/Fieldmarshal
  • Apr 27 Johan M Skjoldborg, Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte)

Deaths in History

  • Apr 4 John McLean, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1785)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 8 Elisha Otis, American founder of the Otis Elevator Company and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails, dies of diphtheria at 50

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • Apr 11 Francisco Gonz├ílez Bocanegra, Mexican poet (b. 1824)