June 1861 in History

Events in History

  • Jun 1 1st skirmish in Civil War, Fairfax Court House, Va
  • Jun 1 British territorial waters & ports off-limits during Civil War
  • Jun 1 Skirmish at Arlington Mills, VA
  • Jun 1 US & Confederacy simultaneously stop mail interchange
  • Jun 3 1st Civil War land battle-Union defeats Confederacy at Philippi, WV
  • Jun 5 Federal marshals seize arms & gunpower at Du Pont works DE
  • Jun 6 Lincoln's cabinet declares Union government will pay for expenses once states have mobilized volunteers
  • Jun 8 US Sanitary Commission is given executive approval
  • Jun 8 American Civil War: Tennessee votes to secede from the Union.
  • Jun 10 Battle of Big Bethel VA (Bethel Church, Great Bethal)-Union retreats
  • Jun 12 Missouri Governor Claiborne Jackson calls for 50,000 volunteers to stop Federates from taking over his state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 Harpers Ferry evacuated by rebels in face of General George McClellan's advance

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • Jun 15 Johnston evacuates Harpers Ferry
  • Jun 16 Battle of Vienna, VA & Secessionville, SC (James Island)
  • Jun 17 Battle of Boonville, MI-Brigadier General Lyon defeats Confederate forces
  • Jun 19 Anaheim Post Office established
  • Jun 19 Francis Pierpont is elected provisional governor of West Virginia
  • Jun 24 Battle of Mathias Point, VA-US attacks Confederate batteries
  • Jun 24 Tennessee becomes 11th (& last) state to secede from Union
  • Jun 25 Western Virginia campaign
  • Jun 28 Leipzig Observatory discovers short-period (6.2 yrs) Comet d'Arrest
  • Jun 30 CSS Sumter slips past USS Brooklyn blockade

Birthdays in History

  • Jun 9 Floris H Verster, [van Wulverhorst], painter/cartoonist/etcher
  • Jun 10 Josephus T J Cuypers, Dutch architect (St Bavo, Haarlem)
  • Jun 10 Pierre M M Duhem, French naturalist/philosopher/historian
  • Jun 16 Scato Gocko de Vries, Dutch paleographer/librarian
  • Jun 17 Omar Bundy, U.S. army general and soldier (d. 1940)
  • Jun 18 Jose FdT Coelho, Portuguese writer (Os Meus Amores)
  • Jun 19 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WW I)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 19 José Rizal, Filipino nationalist, author ('Noli Me Tángere', 'El Filibusterismo') and ophthalmologist, born in Calamba City, Laguna, Philippines (d. 1896)

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • Jun 22 Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (d. 1914)
  • Jun 29 William James Mayo, surgeon/co-founder Mayo clinic in Minnesota

Deaths in History

  • Jun 1 John Q Marr, US Confederate captain, dies in battle at Fairfax Courthouse, the first Confederate death of the war
  • Jun 3 Stephen A Douglas, "Little Giant", senator (Lincoln Debates), dies
  • Jun 5 John Garland, US Union colonel/brig-general, dies in battle
  • Jun 6 Giuseppe Concone, Italian singing teacher, dies at 59
  • Jun 6 Count Camillo Benso di Cavour, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1810)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 13 Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin, French magician and father of modern magic, dies of pneumonia at 65

  • Jun 25 Abd-ul-Mejid, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1823)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 29 Elizabeth Barrett Browning, British poet and writer ("How Do I Love thee"), dies at 55