1862 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 272

  • Jan 1 1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000)
  • Jan 1 Battle of Port Royal Ferry, South Carolina (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • Jan 4 Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson occupies Bath
  • Jan 7 Battle of Manassas Junction, VA
  • Jan 7 Romney Campaign; Stonewall Jackson march towards Romney, WV
  • Jan 9 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe arrives at Victoria Docks, London, England aboard the Elizabeth Watts
  • Jan 10 Battle of Big Sandy River, KY (Middle Creek)
  • Jan 10 Romney expedition, West Virginia starts (US Civil War)
  • Jan 16 Hartley Colliery disaster results in 204 deaths
  • Jan 17 -Jan 22nd) BBT Ft Henry, TN by USS Lexington
  • Jan 18 Confederate Territory of Arizona forms
  • Jan 19 Battle of Mill Springs, KY (Fishing Creek, Logan's Crossroads)
  • Jan 22 Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20
  • Jan 23 Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, California imports 10,000 grape vine cuttings
  • Jan 24 Romanian principality arises under King Alexander Cuza. Bucharest proclaimed its capital.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive, General George McClellan ignores order

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • Jan 30 USS Monitor, the US Navy's 1st ironclad warship launched
  • Jan 31 Astronomer Alvan Graham Clark makes first observation of Sirius B (first known white dwarf star) in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts while testing his new telescope
  • Feb 1 Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 6 General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Henry in Tennessee

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Feb 6 American Civil War: Naval engagement on Tennessee River, USS Conestago vs CSS Appleton Belle
  • Feb 6 Ulysses S. Grant begins military campaign in Mississippi
  • Feb 7 Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island NC
  • Feb 8 Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound
  • Feb 10 Dutch 2nd government of Thorbecke forms
  • Feb 13 -Feb 16th) Siege of Ft Donelson TN
  • Feb 14 Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Connecticut
  • Feb 15 Grant's major assault on Ft Donelson, Tennessee
  • Feb 16 Fort Donelson is captured by General Ulysses S. Grant following the surrender of around 12,000 Confederate soldiers
  • Feb 21 Confederate Constitution & presidency are declared permanent
  • Feb 21 Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Val Verde, NM
  • Feb 25 Congress forms US Bureau of Engraving & Printing

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 25 Paper currency (greenbacks) introduced in US by President Abraham Lincoln

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Feb 26 Battle of Woodburn, KY
  • Mar 3 Union forces under General Pope lay siege to New Madrid, Missouri (US Civil War)
  • Mar 5 Union troops under brig-gen Wright occupy Fernandina Florida
  • Mar 6 Battle of Pea Ridge, AR (Elkhorn Tavern)
  • Mar 7 Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, Day 2, Generals Ben McCulloch & James McIntosh killed
  • Mar 8 Battle of Elkhorn Tavern ends with Confederate withdrawal
  • Mar 8 Confederate ironclad "Merrimack" launched
  • Mar 8 Naval Engagement at Hampton Roads, VA CSS Virginia, Jamestown & Yorktown vs USS Cumberland, Congress & Monitor
  • Mar 9 USS Monitor and CSS Merrimack battle in Hampton Roads
  • Mar 10 Great Britain & France recognise independence of Zanzibar
  • Mar 10 US issues 1st paper money ($5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 & $1000)
  • Mar 11 Lincoln removes George McClellen as general-in-chief
  • Mar 11 12] Gen Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia Army of the Potomac. Gen Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief
  • Mar 14 Battle of New Bern NC: General Burnside conquers New Bern
  • Mar 15 Gen John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, TN
  • Mar 16 Battle at Pound Gap Kentucky: Confederates separate battles
  • Mar 22 San Marino & Italy conclude treaty of friendship & cooperation
  • Mar 23 Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
  • Mar 26 Battle of La Glorieta Pass, NM Terr (Apache Canyon, Pigeon's Ranch)
  • Mar 28 Skirmish at Bealeton Station, Virginia
  • Mar 31 Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River
  • Apr 1 Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, VA
  • Apr 4 Battle of Yorktown (US Civil War) begins
  • Apr 4 US begins Peninsular Campaign aimed at capturing Richmond during US Civil War
  • Apr 5 Siege of Yorktown Virginia, begins by Army of the Potomac (US Civil War)
  • Apr 6 Battle of Shiloh, Union defeats Confederacy in SW Tennessee
  • Apr 7 Grant defeats Confederates at Battle of Shiloh, Tenn, Island #10 falls
  • Apr 8 John D Lynde patents aerosol dispenser
  • Apr 11 Confederates surrender Ft Pulaski, Georgia
  • Apr 12 James Andrews steals Confederate train (General) at Kennesaw, GA
  • Apr 12 Union troops occupy Fort Pulaski, Georgia
  • Apr 14 Battle of Ft Pillow TN
  • Apr 16 Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
  • Apr 16 American Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)
  • Apr 18 Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St Philip & New Orlean's, LA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20 First pasteurization test completed by Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur
  • Apr 21 Congress establishes US Mint in Denver, Colorodo
  • Apr 21 Ellen Price Wood's "East Lynne" premieres in Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 25 Capture of New Orleans LA by the Union under Flag Officer Farragut

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • Apr 29 100,000 federal troops prepare to march into Corinth, Miss
  • Apr 29 New Orleans falls to Union forces during US Civil War
  • Apr 30 Swift Run Gap, WV skirmishes
  • May 1 Major General Benjamin Butler's Union forces occupy New Orleans in US Civil War
  • May 4 -5] Battle at Williamsburg, Virginia
  • May 4 Yorktown, VA - Mcclellan halted his troop before town as it is full of armed torpedoes left by CS Brigadier General Gabrial Rains
  • May 5 French army intervenes in Puebla, Mexico: Cinco de Mayo
  • May 5 Peninsular Campaign-Battle of Williamsburg, VA
  • May 7 Battle of West Point, VA (Eltham's Landing, Barnhamsville)
  • May 7 Much of Enschede, Netherlands, destroyed by fire
  • May 8 Valley Campaign: Federals repulsed at Battle of McDowell Va
  • May 9 Battle of Farmington, MS
  • May 9 Battle of Ft Pickens, FL (Pensacola), evacuated by CS
  • May 9 US Naval Academy relocated from Annapolis MD to Newport, RI
  • May 10 Battle of Plum Run Bend, TN (Plum Point Bend)
  • May 11 Confederates scuttle CSS Virginia off Norfolk, VA
  • May 12 Federal troops occupies Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • May 14 Adolphe Nicole of Switzerland patents chronograph
  • May 15 -May 17] Battle of Princeton WV
  • May 15 Battle of Drewry's Bluff (Ft Darling), Virginia
  • May 15 Confederate ship Alabama launched as the Enrica at Birkenhead, England, where she had been built in secret
  • May 15 US Department of Agriculture created
  • May 15 Major Gen Benjamin F Butler issues order (New Orleans) that confederate women abusing union soldiers be treated as whores
  • May 16 Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir builds 1st automobile
  • May 17 Battle of Princeton WV, ends, about 128 casualities
  • May 20 US Homestead Act becomes law which provides cheap land for the settlement of the American West
  • May 23 Valley Campaign: Stonewall Jackson takes Fort Royal, Virginia

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 3 Sir Matthew Nathan, British Governor of Queensland and other places (d. 1939)
  • Jan 8 Frank Nelson Doubleday, publisher/founder (Doubleday & Co)
  • Jan 17 John E Akkeringa, Dutch painter/etcher
  • Jan 23 David Hilbert, Königsberg East Prussia, mathematician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 24 Edith Wharton [-Jones], Pulitzer prize-winning novelist (Ethan Frome, House of Mirth), born in New York City (d. 1937)

Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton
Pulitzer prize winning novelist
Edith Wharton
  • Feb 7 Bernard Maybeck, US architect (Palace of Fine Arts, SF)
  • Feb 17 Mori Ōgai, Japanese novelist and poet (d. 1922)
  • Feb 22 Karen Hulda Garborg[-Bergersen], Norwegian playwright (Mot Solen/Eli)
  • Mar 2 John Jay Chapman, US advocate/poet/writer (Learning & Other Essays)
  • Mar 2 Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (d. 1916)
  • Mar 4 Robert Emden, Swiss geo/astro physics (Emden-polytroop)
  • Mar 5 Siegbert Tarrasch, German chess player (d. 1934)
  • Mar 8 Joseph Lee, helped develop playgrounds
  • Mar 12 Jane Delano, US, nurse/teacher/founder (Red Cross)
  • Mar 14 Vilhelm FK Bjerknes, Norwegian/US physicist/meteorology
  • Mar 17 Silvio Gesell, Belgian economist (d. 1930)
  • Mar 23 Nathaniel Reed, American outlaw turned evangelist (d. 1950)
  • Mar 28 Aristide Briand, 11x Prime Minister of France (1909-22) (Nobel Peace Prize 1926), born in Nantes (d. 1932)
  • Apr 2 Nicholas Murray Butler, US, Columbia University pres/pacifist (Nobel 1931)
  • Apr 11 Charles Evans Hughs, 11th Chief Justice of Supreme Court (1930-41)
  • Apr 11 William W Campbell, US astronomer/director Lick Observatory
  • Apr 14 Pyotr A Stolypin, premier Russia (1906-11)
  • Apr 25 Edward Grey, English viscount of Fallodon/minister of Foreign affairs
  • May 5 Max Elskamp, Belgian author/poet (Lesson Joies Blondes, Maya)
  • May 15 Arthur Schnitzler, Austria, playwright/novelist (La Ronde)
  • May 18 Freiherr Albert von Schrenk-Notzing, German para-psychologist
  • May 19 Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (d. 1942)
  • May 22 August Cuppens, Flemish author/pastor
  • Jun 1 Antonio JdC Feijo, Portuguese diplomat/poet (Bailatas)
  • Jun 5 Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish physician (Nobel 1911)
  • Jun 6 Henry John Newbolt, English sea historian/poet
  • Jun 7 Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1947)
  • Jun 21 Johannes Schlaf, writer
  • Jun 21 Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince and historian (d. 1943)
  • Jul 2 William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1942)
  • Jul 14 Florence Bascom, US, 1st American woman PhD
  • Jul 14 Gustav Klimt, Austria, Art Nouveau painter
  • Jul 16 Ida Bell Wells-Barnett [Iola], US civil rights activist (d. 1931)
  • Jul 18 Victor, Prince Napoleon (Napoleon V), French pretender to throne
  • Jul 18 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general (d. 1933)
  • Jul 24 Johan A de Sleeve, [Adwaita], philosopher/classical/poet (Brahman)
  • Aug 1 Montague Rhodes James, scholar/author/editor
  • Aug 5 Joseph Merrick, "The Elephant Man", Leicester, England (d. 1890)
  • Aug 7 Victoria of Baden, Queen of Sweden (d. 1931)
  • Aug 16 Amos Alonzo Stagg, football pioneer, inventor (tackling dummy)
  • Aug 26 Herbert Booth, American son of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1926)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 29 Maurice Maeterlinck, Belgian poet (Blue Bird, Nobel 1911), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1949)

Author and Nobel Laureate Maurice Maeterlinck
Author and Nobel Laureate
Maurice Maeterlinck
  • Aug 29 Andrew Fisher, 5th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1928)
  • Sep 1 Adolphe Appia, Swiss set designer/theorist
  • Sep 11 O Henry, [William Sydney Porter], American short story writer (d. 1910)
  • Sep 11 Julian Byng, British army officer (d. 1935)
  • Sep 13 Dirk Bos, Dutch liberal 2nd Member of parliament
  • Sep 21 James E. Talmage, LDS apostle and author (d. 1933)
  • Sep 25 Billy Hughes, seventh Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1952)
  • Sep 27 Louis Botha, Greytown South Africa, 1st PM of South Africa (1910-19)
  • Oct 4 Edward Stratemeyer, American author (d. 1930)
  • Oct 6 Albert Jeremiah Beveridge, US, politician/author (Progressive)
  • Oct 13 Mary Kingsley, English writer and explorer (d. 1900)
  • Oct 19 Auguste Lumière, made 1st movie (Workers Leaving Lumière Factory)
  • Nov 4 Eden Phillpotts, English novelist/poet/playwright (Red Madymaynes)
  • Nov 15 Adolf Bartels, German folk art writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 15 Gerhart Hauptmann, German author (Before Dawn - Nobel 1912), born in Obersalzbrunn, Silesia, Prussia (d. 1946)

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Nov 19 Billy Sunday, American evangelist (d. 1935)
  • Nov 20 Willem H Vliegen, Dutch typographer/co-founder/chairman (SDAP)
  • Nov 23 Theo van Rysselberghe, Belgian painter (pointillism)
  • Nov 26 Mark A Stein, archaeologist
  • Dec 3 Jules Renkin, Belgian jurist/minister/premier (1931-32)
  • Dec 7 Paul Adam, French writer (La Bataille d'Uhde)
  • Dec 8 Georges Feydeau, French playwright (La Dame de Chez Maxim's)
  • Dec 14 Alexander V Amfiteatrov, Russian/French/Italian writer [OS]
  • Dec 14 John M Acket, Dutch literary (Grammatic Conceptions)
  • Dec 16 Eugene Demolder, Belgian writer (Sous la robe)
  • Dec 23 Henri Pirenne, Belgian historian (History of Belgium)
  • Dec 26 Alexander V Amfiteatrov, Russian/French/Italian writer [NS]

Weddings in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 27 Chemist Dmitri Mendeleev (28) weds Feozva Nikitichna Leshcheva at Nikolaev Engineering Institute's church in Saint Petersburg, Russia

Chemist and Inventor Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist and Inventor
Dmitri Mendeleev
  • Sep 16 Liliuokalani, Queen of Hawaii (1891-93) marries John Owen Dominis

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 23 Russian novelist and author of "War and Peace" Leo Tolstoy (34) marries Sophia Andreevna Behrs (18) daughter of a physician

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Mikhail Vasilievich Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist (b. 1801)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 10 Samuel Colt, American inventor and industrialist (Colt 6 shot revolver), dies of gout at 47

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 18 John Tyler, 10th US President (1841-45), dies in Richmond Va at 71

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler
  • Jan 20 Felix Zollicoffer, Gen killed after mistakenly riding into Union lines
  • Jan 24 James McIntosh, US confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at about 33
  • Feb 3 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist/astronomer, dies at 87
  • Feb 11 Elizabeth Siddal, British poet and artist (b. 1829)
  • Feb 21 Justinus A C Kerner, German family doctor/poet/writer, dies at 75
  • Feb 24 Bernard S Ingemann, Danish author (Holger Danske), dies at 72
  • Feb 27 Gabriele dell' Addolorata, patron of Italian Catholic youth, dies at 23
  • Mar 1 Peter Barlow, English mathematician (b. 1776)
  • Mar 2 Frederick West Lander, US Union brigadier general/poet, dies at 40
  • Mar 7 Ben McCulloch, US Confederate brigadier general (KIA), dies at 50
  • Mar 7 John Baillie McIntosh, US general-major (Union Army), dies at 32
  • Mar 7 William Slack, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Mar 8 Nat Gordon, last pirate, hanged in New York City for stealing 1,000 slaves
  • Mar 19 F Wilhelm von Schadow, German painter (Modern Vasari), dies at 73
  • Mar 23 Karl Robert von Nesselrode, German chancellor, dies at 81
  • Apr 3 James Clark Ross, Arctic explorer, dies
  • Apr 4 Harmen S Sytstra, Dutch poet/editor (Iduna), dies at 45
  • Apr 6 Adley Hogan Gladden, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 51
  • Apr 6 Albert Sidney Johnston, US Confederate general, dies in battle at 59
  • Apr 9 George W Johnson, US planter/Confederate (gov-Ky), dies at about 50
  • Apr 10 William Harvey Lamb Wallace, US lawyer/brigadier general, dies at 40
  • Apr 19 Louis Powell Harvey, US governor of Wisconsin, drowns
  • Apr 19 Simon Fraser, Canadian explorer, dies
  • Apr 25 Charles Ferguson Smith, US Union Gen-Maj, dies of infection at 55

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 6 Henry David Thoreau, US writer/pacifist (Walden Pond), dies at 44

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau
  • May 16 Lev A Ms, Russian nobleman/poet, dies at 40
  • May 18 William H Keim, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle at 48
  • May 28 Lev A Ms, Russian nobleman/poet, dies at 40 [5/16]
  • May 31 Robert Hatton, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at about 34
  • Jun 6 Turner Ashby, General, killed near Harrisonburg VA, dies at 33
  • Jun 7 William B. Mumford, 1st US citizen hanged for treason, at 42
  • Jun 17 Charles J Canning, English 1st viceroy of British-Indies, dies at 49
  • Jun 27 Chatham Roberdeau Wheat, Confederate major, dies in battle at about 35
  • Jun 30 Richard Griffith, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 48
  • Jul 3 William Barksdale, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 40
  • Jul 5 Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist (b. 1800)
  • Jul 15 David Emanuel Twiggs, US Confederate gen-mjr (Monterrey), dies at 72

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 24 Martin Van Buren, 8th US president (1837-41), dies of heart failure at 79

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • Aug 5 Thomas Williams, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle at 47
  • Aug 6 Francisco Acuna de Figueroa, Uruguay national anthem, dies at 71
  • Aug 9 Joseph Bennett Plummer, US Union-brig-gen, dies at 42 or 46
  • Aug 9 Charles S Winder, Confederate General killed at the Battle of Cedar Mountain VA, at 32
  • Aug 10 Shusaku Honinbo, Japanese Go player (b. 1829)
  • Aug 22 Henry Bohlen, German/US brigadier general (Union), dies in battle at 51
  • Aug 30 Charles Bernard Desormes, French Physicist and Chemist (carbon monoxide and carbon disulphide compositions), dies at 91
  • Aug 31 George William Taylor, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Sep 1 Isaac Ingalls Stevens, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 44
  • Sep 1 Oliver Tilden, of the Bronx, killed in Civil War in Virginia
  • Sep 1 Philip "Phil" Kearny, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 48
  • Sep 2 Thornton F Brodhead, US lawyer/politician/brigadier general, dies at 40
  • Sep 10 Carlos A Lopez, president of Paraguay (1844-62), dies at 71
  • Sep 14 Jesse Lee Reno, Union general-major (Reno Nevada), dies at 39
  • Sep 14 Samuel Garland Jr, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle
  • Sep 17 Lawrence O'Bryan Branch, (Rep-D)/Confederate brigadier general, dies at 41
  • Sep 17 William Edwin Starke, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at about 48
  • Sep 19 [Lewis] Henry Little, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at 45
  • Sep 29 William "Bull" Nelson, Union general-major, murdered at 38
  • Sep 30 Isaac Peace Rodman, banker/Union brig-gen, dies of injury at about 40
  • Oct 3 Pleasant Adam Hackleman, Union brigadier general, dies in battle at 47
  • Oct 4 William Duncan Smith, US Confederate brigadier general, dies at 36
  • Oct 8 James Streshley Jackson, attorney/Union-brig-gen, dies in battle at 39
  • Oct 8 William Rufus Terrill, Union brigadier general, dies in battle at 28
  • Oct 16 George Burgwyn Anderson, US Confederate brigadier general, dies at 31
  • Oct 30 Ormsby Mcknight Mitchel, US astronomer, Union Major General, dies at 53
  • Nov 6 Charles Davis Jameson, US Union brig-gen (Fair Oaks), dies at 35
  • Nov 9 John Bordenave Villepigue, US Confederate brig-gen, dies at 32
  • Nov 11 James Madison Porter, American politician (b. 1793)
  • Nov 13 Ludwig Uhland, writer, dies at 75
  • Dec 7 Sylvester Churchill, US Union brigadier general, dies
  • Dec 13 Conrad Feger Jackson, US Union brigadier general, dies in Battle of Fredericksburg at 49
  • Dec 13 Maxcy Gregg, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in Battle of Fredericksburg at 48
  • Dec 13 Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, Confederate brigadier general, dies in Battle of Fredericksburg at 39
  • Dec 14 George Dashiell Bayard, Union Brigadier General, dies at 27
  • Dec 18 Johnson Kelly Duncan, architect/Confederate brig-generaal, dies at 35 of malarial fever
  • Dec 20 Robert Knox Scottish surgeon, anatomist and zoologist
  • Dec 31 James Edward Rains, lawyer/Confederate brig-gen, dies in Battle of Stone's River at 29
  • Dec 31 Joshua Woodrow Sill, US Union brigadier general, dies in Battle of Stone's River at 31