April 1863 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 1 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
  • Apr 2 Bread revolt in Richmond, Virginia
  • Apr 7 Battle of Charleston SC, failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
  • Apr 10 Rebel Gen Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tenn
  • Apr 11 Battle of Suffolk, VA (Norfleet House)
  • Apr 12 -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche Louisiana
  • Apr 13 Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland)
  • Apr 13 Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital
  • Apr 14 William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
  • Apr 17 R Grierson's: La Grange, TN to Baton Rouge, LA
  • Apr 19 Union troops/fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • Apr 21 Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters gardens of Rivden, near Baghdad. Makes the declaration of aha'u'llah during 12 days spent there
  • Apr 24 Skirmish at Okolona/Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid)
  • Apr 27 Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
  • Apr 29 Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (Fredericksburg, Wilderness Tavern)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Apr 30 -5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces

  • Apr 30 Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 2 Henry C Van de Velde, Flemish painter/architect (Art Nouveau)
  • Apr 12 Raul d'Avila Pompeia, Brazilian writer (Boarding School)
  • Apr 17 Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (d. 1940)
  • Apr 22 Cornelis A J van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher
  • Apr 26 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • Apr 26 Charles Haslewood Shannon, lithographer/painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 29 William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1951)

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst
  • Apr 29 Constantine P. Cavafy, Greek poet (d. 1933)
  • Apr 29 Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (d. 1922)

Deaths in History

  • Apr 4 Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver (b. 1790)
  • Apr 10 Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77
  • Apr 17 Daniel Smith Donelson, Confederate general/cousin of Andrew Jackson, dies at 61