July 1863 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 -2] Battle at Baltimore: Crump's Crossroads Virginia
  • Jul 1 Battle of Gettysburg, Pa; Lee's northward advance halted
  • Jul 1 Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 US cities; postage 3 cents per oz
  • Jul 1 Slavery abolished in Suriname & Dutch Antilles
  • Jul 2 Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)
  • Jul 2 R Morgan's: Burksville, KY to Salineville, OH [->JUL 26]
  • Jul 3 Battle of Donaldsonville, LA
  • Jul 3 Battle of Gettysburg: Largest battle ever fought on the American continent, ends in a major victory for the Union during the US Civil War
  • Jul 4 Boise, Idaho founded (now capital of Idaho)
  • Jul 4 Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas (640 casualties)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4 General Lee's army withdraws from Gettysburg

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Jul 4 Skirmish at Smithburg, TN
  • Jul 4 Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Union forces
  • Jul 5 Battle of Jackson, MS & Battle of Birdsong Ferry, MS
  • Jul 6 Battle of Williamsport, MD [-Jul 07]
  • Jul 6 Northern Territory passes from New South Wales to South Australia
  • Jul 7 1st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7 Orders barring Jews from serving under US General Ulysses S. Grant are revoked

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Jul 9 R Morgan's: Indiana [->JUL 13]
  • Jul 9 Union troops enter Port Hudson
  • Jul 10 Battle of Charleston, SC (Morris Island) [->SEP 06]
  • Jul 10 Battle of Jackson, MS - captured by federals [->JUL 16] US1000 CS1339
  • Jul 11 Battle at Green River, Ky (Morgan's Ohio Raid)
  • Jul 11 Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, kills 4
  • Jul 12 In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British
  • Jul 13 Anti-draft mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die
  • Jul 13 Battle of Bayou La Fourche, LA
  • Jul 13 Battle of Tupelo, MS (Harrisburg) [->JUL 15] US648 CS700
  • Jul 13 Rebellion at Morgan's, Ohio [->JUL 26]
  • Jul 14 Battle of Falling Waters, MD (Beaver Creek)
  • Jul 14 Jews of Holstein Germany granted equality
  • Jul 15 Pres Davis orders service duty for confederate army
  • Jul 16 Utrecht-Swells railway opens
  • Jul 17 Battle of Honey Springs - largest battle in Indian Territory
  • Jul 17 Māori forces are defeated by British troops at Koheroa, Waikato, in the New Zealand Wars between Maori tribes and British colonials
  • Jul 18 Battle of Fort Wagner, SC - Second assault US1500 CS174
  • Jul 19 Battle of Buffington's Island (St George Creek), Ohio
  • Jul 23 Alexandra Park opens in North London
  • Jul 24 Battle at Battle Mountain, Virginia
  • Jul 25 Skirmish at Barbee's Crossroads, Virginia
  • Jul 26 Battle of Salineville OH, John Hunt Morgan & 364 troops surrender
  • Jul 30 President Lincoln issues "eye-for-eye" order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot
  • Jul 30 Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah.

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 1 William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (d. 1892)
  • Jul 12 Albert Calmette, French physician (d. 1933)
  • Jul 12 Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (d. 1906)
  • Jul 13 Emma Mary Wooley, educator (Mary Anna Wells)
  • Jul 19 Hermann Bahr, Austria writer/director (New Men)
  • Jul 28 Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Russian general (d. 1919)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 30 Henry Ford, American industrialist and auto maker (Ford Model T), born in Dearborn Township, Michigan (d. 1947)

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford

Deaths in History

  • Jul 1 John Fulton Reynolds, Union general-major, dies in battle at 42
  • Jul 2 Stephen Hinsdale Weed, US Union brig-general, dies in battle at 28
  • Jul 3 Alonzo Hersford Cushing, US Union lt, dies in battle at about 22
  • Jul 3 Lewis Addison Armistead, Confederate brigadier general Gettysburg/dies in battle at 46
  • Jul 3 Little Crow, [Ta-oya-te-duta], Santee Sioux indian chief, dies
  • Jul 3 Richard Brooke Garnett, US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 45
  • Jul 3 Samuel Kosciuzko Zook, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 40
  • Jul 3 Richard B. Garnett, Confederate Brigadier General, killed during Pickett's Charge, Battle of Gettysburg at 45
  • Jul 3 George Hull Ward, American general (b. 1826)
  • Jul 4 Paul Joseph Revere, US grandson of Paul Revere/Union brig-gen, dies
  • Jul 6 Strong Vincent, US Union brig-general, dies
  • Jul 8 Francis P Kenrick, Irish/US archbishop of Baltimore, dies at 65
  • Jul 10 Clement Clarke Moore, American Professor and writer ('Twas the Night Before Xmas), dies at 83
  • Jul 10 Paul Jones Semmes, US businessman/Confederate brig-general, dies at 48
  • Jul 13 John S Bowen, US architect/Confederate gen-major, dies at 32
  • Jul 17 James Johnston Pettigrew, US attorney/Confederate, dies at 35
  • Jul 18 William Dorsey Pender, US Confederate Major General, dies of injuries at 29

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 26 Sam Houston, 1st President of Republic of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44) who helped bring Texas into the United States as a constituent state, dies at 70

Texan Revolutionary Sam Houston
Texan Revolutionary
Sam Houston
  • Jul 27 William Lowndes Yancey, American Confederate leader (b. 1813)
  • Jul 28 James Deshler, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 30
  • Jul 29 Edward Needle Kirk, US Union brig-general, dies in battle at about 35
  • Jul 30 George Crockett Strong, US Union gen-mjr, dies of injuries at 29