March 1865 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 2 British newspaper "Morning Chronicle" begins publishing
  • Mar 2 Freedman's Bureau founded for Black Education, 1865
  • Mar 2 Conferate General Early's army is defeated at the battle of Waynesboro VA during American Civil War
  • Mar 2 Second Taranaki War: The Volkner Incident in New Zealand.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 US Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands established by Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Mar 3 Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.
  • Mar 4 Confederate congress approves final design of "official flag"
  • Mar 4 Abraham Lincoln inaugurated for his 2nd term as US president
  • Mar 6 Battle of Natural Bridge, Florida
  • Mar 6 President Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Ball
  • Mar 7 -10] Battles round Kinston NC
  • Mar 8 Battle of Kingston, NC (Wilcox's ridge, Wise's Forks)
  • Mar 10 Battle of Monroe's Crossroads, NC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 11 General William T. Sherman's Union forces occupies Fayetteville, NC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 13 US Civil war: Confederate President Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Mar 13 US Confederate Congress calls on black slaves for field service
  • Mar 16 Battle of Averasboro NC (1,500 casualities)
  • Mar 18 Battle of Wilson's raid to Selma, AL
  • Mar 18 Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time
  • Mar 19 Battle of Bentonville-Confederates retreat from Greenville NC
  • Mar 20 2nd day of Battle of Bentonville NC
  • Mar 20 Michigan authorizes workers' cooperatives
  • Mar 21 Battle of Bentonville ends, last Confederate effort to stop Sherman
  • Mar 22 Raid at Wilson's: Chickaswas AL to Macon GA
  • Mar 23 General Sherman/Cox' troops reach Goldsboro NC
  • Mar 25 Battle of Bluff Spring, FL
  • Mar 25 Battle of Fort Stedman, VA - in front of Petersburg
  • Mar 25 Battle of Mobile, AL (Spanish Fort, Fort Morgan, Fort Blakely)
  • Mar 25 SS General Lyon at Cape Hatteras catches fire & sinks, killing 400
  • Mar 27 Siege of Spanish Fort, AL-captured by Federals
  • Mar 29 -Apr 9th], Appomattox campaign, VA, 7582 killed
  • Mar 29 Battle of Quaker Road, VA
  • Mar 30 -4] Battle at 5 Forks Virginia
  • Mar 31 Battle of Boydton, VA (White Oaks Roads, Dinwiddie C H)
  • Mar 31 Gen Pickette moves to 5 Forks, abandoning the defense of Peterburg

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 Gerard Vissering, Dutch banker/president (Bank of Java)
  • Mar 1 Abe Iso, Japanese politician (d. 1949)
  • Mar 8 Frederick William Goudy, US, printer/type designer
  • Mar 9 Margaret Murray Washington, wife of Booker T/head (NACW 1896..1918)
  • Mar 19 William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist, myrmecologist, pioneer in ethology (d. 1937)
  • Mar 25 Pierre Weiss, Mulhouse, France, French physicist (theory of ferromagnetism)
  • Mar 30 Heinrich Rubens, German physicist

Deaths in History

  • Mar 1 Anna Paulowna Romanova, great monarch of Russia, dies at 70
  • Mar 2 Carl Sylvius V√∂lkner, German missionary to New Zealand (b. 1819)
  • Mar 10 William Henry "Little Billy" Chase Whiting, Confed gen-maj, dies at 48
  • Mar 20 Keisuke Yamanami, Japanese samurai (b. 1833)
  • Mar 26 Thomas Hancock, pioneer of rubber industry (Stoke Newington), dies
  • Mar 27 Petrus Hoffman Peerlkamp, Dutch scholar (b. 1786)
  • Mar 28 Albert G Bilders, Dutch landscape painter, dies at 26