1867 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 8 African American men granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C. despite President Andrew Johnson's veto

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • Jan 11 Benito Juárez becomes the Mexican president again.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 Leo Tolstoy's "Smert Ioonna Groznogo" premieres in St Petersburg

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
  • Jan 31 Maronite nationalist leader Youssef Karam leaves Lebanon on board of a French ship for Algeria
  • Feb 1 Bricklayers start working 8-hour days
  • Feb 3 Prince Mutsuhito, 14, becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan (1867-1912)
  • Feb 6 Peabody Fund forms to promote Black education in southern USA
  • Feb 8 The Ausgleich results in the establishment of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
  • Feb 13 Johann Strauss' "Blue Danube" waltz premieres in Vienna
  • Feb 14 Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection & Insurance Co issues 1st policy
  • Feb 14 Morehouse College organizes (Augusta Georgia)
  • Feb 17 Gyula Andressy becomes premier of Hungary
  • Mar 1 Howard University, Washington, D.C., chartered
  • Mar 1 Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later)
  • Mar 2 1st Reconstruction act passed by US Congress
  • Mar 2 US Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico
  • Mar 2 US Congress creates the Department of Education

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2 Jesse James gang robs bank in Savannah Missouri, 1 dead

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Mar 8 British North America Act is passed in the House of Commons, serves as Canada's constitution for more than 100 years
  • Mar 12 Last French troops leave Mexico
  • Mar 15 Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university
  • Mar 16 First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, in The Lancet.
  • Mar 23 Congress passes 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto
  • Mar 29 British North America Act (Canadian constitution) is given Royal Assent
  • Mar 29 Congress first approves building of Lincoln Memorial
  • Mar 30 US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 (2 cents an acre - Seward's Folly)
  • Apr 1 Blacks vote in municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama
  • Apr 1 International Exhibition opens in Paris
  • Apr 1 Singapore, Penang & Malacca become British crown colonies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 23 Queen Victoria & Napoleon III turn down plans for a channel tunnel

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Apr 24 Black demonstrators stage ride-ins on Richmond Va streetcars
  • Apr 25 Tokyo opens for foreign trade
  • May 1 Howard University chartered
  • May 1 Reconstruction of South begins, black voter registration
  • May 3 The Hudson's Bay Company gives up all claims to Vancouver Island.
  • May 7 Blacks stage ride-in to protest segregation in New Orleans
  • May 11 Treaty of London drawn, concerning Luxembourg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 20 British parliament rejects John Stuart Mills' proposals on women's suffrage

Philosopher and Political Economist John Stuart Mill
Philosopher and Political Economist
John Stuart Mill
  • May 20 Royal Albert Hall of Arts & Sciences foundation laid by Queen Victoria
  • May 23 Jesse James gang robs bank in Richmond, Missouri (2 die, $4,000 taken)
  • Jun 12 Austro-Hungarian Empire forms
  • Jun 15 Atlantic Cable Quartz Lode gold mine located in Montana.
  • Jun 20 US President Andrew Johnson announces purchase of Alaska
  • Jun 22 Leopold Marquard, South African clergyman, missionary and educationist, 80
  • Jun 25 1st barbed wire patented by Lucien B Smith of Ohio
  • Jun 27 Bank of California opens doors
  • Jun 29 Pope Pius IX declares Gorcumse holy martyrs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 The Dominion of Canada is formed, comprising the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec, with John A. Macdonald serving as the first Prime Minister

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • Jul 2 1st US elevated railroad begins service, NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 An unsuccessful expedition led by E.D Young sets out to search for Dr David Livingstone (Scottish missionary and explorer).

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • Jul 15 San Francisco Merchants' Exchange opens
  • Jul 16 Amstel Hotel, "the dignified old lady" opens in Amsterdam
  • Jul 16 D R Averill patents ready-mixed paint
  • Jul 16 Joseph Monier patents reinforced concrete
  • Jul 17 1st US dental school, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, established
  • Jul 19 US Congress passed 3rd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto
  • Jul 19 Dutch Red Cross forms
  • Jul 21 City Gardens on Folsom in San Francisco opens
  • Aug 1 Blacks vote for 1st time in a US state election in the South (Tenn)
  • Aug 12 US President Andrew Johnson defies Congress suspending Secretary of War Edwin Stanton
  • Aug 15 The Representation of the People Act (1867) extends suffrage in the UK
  • Aug 28 United States occupy Midway Islands in the Pacific
  • Sep 1 Robert T Freeman is 1st black to graduate from Harvard Dental School
  • Sep 2 1st Girl School opens in Haarlem Neth
  • Sep 9 Luxembourg gains independence
  • Sep 12 2nd synagogue in Curacao, Emanu-El of Willemstad, inaugurated
  • Sep 13 Gen E R S Canby orders SC courts to impanel blacks jurors
  • Sep 16 Ottawa Rough Riders & Senators play Canadian Football game
  • Sep 25 Congress creates 1st all-black university, Howard U in Washington, D.C.
  • Sep 28 Toronto becomes capital of Ontario
  • Sep 28 The United States takes control of Midway Island.
  • Sep 30 Midway Islands formally declared a US possession

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 Karl Marx' "Das Kapital" published

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Oct 5 Last day of Julian calendar in Alaska
  • Oct 14 15th and last Tokugawa Shogun, Tokugawa Yoshinobu resigns in Japan
  • Oct 16 Alaska adopts Gregorian calendar, crosses intl date line
  • Oct 18 US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia having paid $7.2 million
  • Oct 22 Foundation of the National University of Colombia.
  • Oct 23 72 Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 27 Giuseppe Garibaldi marches on Rome for the second time

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • Oct 28 Maimonides College in Pennsylvania is first Jewish college in the US
  • Oct 29 Mail packets "Rhone" & "Wye" capsize off St Thomas, Virgin Islands
  • Nov 1 "Harper's Bazaar" publishes
  • Nov 3 Battle at Mentana: French & Papal troops beat Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • Nov 4 90 kegs of powder used to get rock from Telegraph Hill, San Francisco, for seawall
  • Nov 23 The Manchester Martyrs are hung at Salford Gaol, Manchester England for shotting a police officer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 25 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel patents dynamite

Chemist, Engineer & Innovator Alfred Nobel
Chemist, Engineer & Innovator
Alfred Nobel
  • Nov 25 US Congress commission looks into "impeachment" of President Andrew Johnson
  • Nov 26 Refrigerated railroad car patented by JB Sutherland of Detroit

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 2 In a New York City theater, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States.

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • Dec 4 Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as the Grange).
  • Dec 18 Around 49 victims of "Angola Horror" train wreck burn to death (Angola, NY)
  • Dec 27 Ontario & Quebec legislatures hold 1st meeting
  • Dec 28 United States claims Midway Island, the first territory annexed outside Continental limits.
  • Dec 29 1st telegraph ticker used by a brokerage house, Groesbeck & Co, NY

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Charles Edward Montague, English author/critic (Fiery Particles)
  • Jan 8 Emily Green Balch, US, sociologist/feminist/pacifist (Nobel 1946)
  • Jan 11 Edward B. Titchener, British psychologist. (d. 1927)
  • Jan 18 Rubén Darío, Nicaraguan Journalist, Diplomat, Poet (d. 1916)
  • Jan 21 Maxime Weygard, French general/gov-gen (Algeria)
  • Jan 21 Willem C Royaards, Dutch theater director (Summer Games)
  • Jan 21 Ludwig Thoma, German writer (d. 1921)
  • Jan 29 Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Spain, writer (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse)
  • Feb 5 Casper A Lingbeek, vicar/Dutch MP (HSP, 1925..37)
  • Feb 7 Laura Ingalls Wilder, author (Little House on Prairie), born in Pepin, Wisconsin (d. 1957)
  • Feb 11 August W Messer, German philosopher/educator/psychologist
  • Feb 12 Hedwig Courths-Mahler, German author (Warbride) [or Febr 18]
  • Feb 17 William Cadbury, England, chocolate manufacturer (Cadbury)
  • Feb 20 Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife (d. 1931)
  • Feb 26 Siegfried Passarge, German geographer (Cameroon/So Afr/America)
  • Feb 27 Irving Fisher, US economist (compensating dollar)
  • Mar 5 Louis-Alexandre Taschereau, Premier of Quebec (d. 1952)
  • Mar 10 Lillian D Wald, US, sociologist/organizer (Visiting Nurses)
  • Mar 15 Lionel Pigot Johnson, England, poet/critic (Ireland & Other Poems)
  • Mar 18 Michael G de Boer, historian (Harbor of Amsterdam)
  • Mar 22 Meijer Linnewiel, [Prof Kokadorus], Amsterdam's pitchman
  • Mar 25 John Gutzon Borglum, sculptor (Mt Rushmore)
  • Apr 2 Eugen Sandow, German bodybuilder and circus performer (d. 1925)
  • Apr 9 Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1941)
  • Apr 10 George William Russell, Irish nationalist (d. 1935)
  • Apr 11 John P Lotsy, Dutch botanist/geneticist (Genetics)
  • Apr 11 Mark Keppel, Superintendent of Schools of Los Angeles County (d. 1928)
  • Apr 16 Jose de Diego, Puerto Rico, patriot/PR Secretary of Justice

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 16 Wilbur Wright, American aviator (Wright Brothers), born in Millville, Indiana (d. 1912)

Aviator Wilbur Wright
Wilbur Wright
  • Apr 21 Benjamin A Jesurun, Antillian literary
  • Apr 23 Simon Abramsz, Dutch teacher/writer (For the Young Ones)
  • Apr 24 Fannie Thomas, became oldest known American (113 y 273 d at death)
  • Apr 25 Jean Demoor, Belgian physician/physiologist
  • May 13 Frank Brangwyn, Wales, painter/muralist/cartoonist (Willam Morris)
  • May 14 Kurt Eisner, German premier of revolutionary Bavaria (1918-19)
  • May 17 Gerrit Mannoury, Dutch mathematician/philosopher
  • May 26 Mary of Teck, wife of George V of the United Kingdom (d. 1953)
  • May 27 Arnold Bennett, Hanley Staffordshire, English novelist/playwright/critic (Great Babylon)
  • May 30 Arthur Vining Davis, Sharon Mass, CEO (Alcoa-1910-57)
  • Jun 4 Carl Gustaf baron Mannerheim, general/president of Finland (1944-46)
  • Jun 6 David Abercrombie, Abercrombie & Fitch founder (d. 1931)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 8 Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect (Guggenheim) recognized as "the greatest American architect of all time", born in Richland Center, Wisconsin (d. 1959)

  • Jun 11 Charles Fabry, discoverer (ozone layer in upper atmosphere)
  • Jun 15 Konstantin Balmont, Russian writer, born in Gumnishchi, Shuya (d. 1945)
  • Jun 17 John Robert Gregg, Ireland, inventor (shorthand)
  • Jun 17 Henry Lawson, Australian poet (d. 1922)
  • Jun 19 Eduard Jacobs, Dutch cabaret artist
  • Jun 28 Luigi Pirandello, Italy, writer (6 Characters-Nobel 1934)
  • Jul 4 Stephen Mather, organized US National Park Service

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 5 A. E. Douglass, American astronomer and inventor of dendrochronology (tree-ring dating), born in Windsor, Vermont (d. 1962)

Archaeologist and astronomer A. E. Douglass
Archaeologist and astronomer
A. E. Douglass
  • Jul 8 Kathe Kollwitz, Germany, print maker/sculptor (Bauernkrieg)
  • Jul 10 Max Prinz von Baden, German chancellor (Oct-Nov 1918)
  • Jul 15 Maggie Mitchell Walker, 1st woman bank director/philanthropist
  • Jul 24 Frederic Benson, novelist
  • Jul 24 Vicente Acosta, Salvadoran poet (d. the same day 1908)
  • Jul 25 Max Dauthendy, German painter/author (Ewige Hochzeit)
  • Jul 25 Alexander Rummler, American painter (d. 1959)
  • Jul 28 Charles Dillon Perrine, American-born astronomer (d. 1951)
  • Jul 31 Sebastian S. Kresge, American merchant and philanthropist (d. 1966)
  • Aug 2 Ernest C Dowson, British poet
  • Aug 2 Frank Alvord Perret, American volcanologist renowned for his research at Vesuvius, Etna, Stromboli and Kilauea, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 3 Stanley Baldwin, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1923-24, 1924-29, 1935-37), born in Bewdley, England (d. 1947)

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • Aug 7 Emil Nolde, [Hansen], German painter/graphic artist
  • Aug 12 Edith Hamilton, US, writer (Mythology)
  • Aug 13 William A Craigie, Scottish lexicographer (Skotlands Rimur)
  • Aug 14 John Galsworthy, England, author (Forsyte Saga-Nobel 1932)
  • Aug 16 Antonio Nobre, Portuguese poet (Lonely)
  • Aug 22 Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician and nutritionist (d. 1939)
  • Aug 22 Charles Francis Jenkins, American Inventor (altimeter, automobile self-starter, and early television pioneer), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • Aug 23 Marcel Schwob, Frans writer/journalist (Le Croisade des Enfants)
  • Aug 25 James W. Gerard, American jurist and diplomat (d. 1951)
  • Sep 7 Camilod d'Almeida Pessanha, Portuguese poet (China)
  • Sep 14 Charles Dana Gibson, illustrator, drew "Gibson Girl"
  • Sep 19 Arthur Rackham, England, artist/illustrator (Grimm's Fairy Tales)
  • Sep 21 Henry Lewis Stimson, US minister of War (1911-13)
  • Sep 25 Evgenii Miller, Russian counter-revolutionary (d. 1938)
  • Sep 26 Maggie L Walker, African American business & civic leader
  • Sep 27 Rosa Lewis, society caterer/owner (Cavandish Hotel-England)
  • Sep 28 Hiranuma Kiichirō, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1952)
  • Sep 29 Philip Kleintjes, people's rights leader
  • Oct 3 Pierre Bonnard, French painter/illustrator
  • Oct 14 Masaoka Shiki, Japan, haiku & tanka poet/diarist (Salt Water Ballads)
  • Oct 25 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general (d. 1937)
  • Nov 4 Tomasz Arciszewski, Polish Prime Minister 1944-47
  • Nov 6 Marie Bregendahl, Danish author (Holger Hauge og hans Hustru)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 7 Marie Skłodowska-Curie, discovered radium (Nobel 1903, 1911), born in Warsaw, Poland

Physicist Marie Curie
Marie Curie
  • Nov 21 Vladimir N Ipatiev, Russian chemist
  • Dec 5 Józef Piłsudski, Polish revolutionary and statesman (d. 1935)
  • Dec 5 Antti Aarne, Finnish folklorist (d. February 2, 1925)
  • Dec 13 Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian explorer and scientist (d. 1917)
  • Dec 16 Amy Carmichael, missionary in Dohnavur, India (d. 1951)
  • Dec 18 Antoon van Welie, Dutch painter
  • Dec 22 Frantisek X Salda, Czech writer/critic
  • Dec 22 Joseph [Maria] Olbrich, Silesia, German architect (Wiener Sezession)
  • Dec 22 [Karl Eduard] Wilhelm Groener, Germany. Soldier and politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 23 Madam C. J. Walker [Sarah Breedlove], African American entrepreneur and 1st US female self-made millionaire (Madame C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company), born in Delta, Louisiana (d. 1919)

Cosmetics Mogul Madam C. J. Walker
Cosmetics Mogul
Madam C. J. Walker
  • Dec 24 Manuel de Oliveira Lima, Brazilian historian/diplomat
  • Dec 24 Kantaro Suzuki, 42nd Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1948)
  • Dec 25 Alfred Kerr [Kempner], German-British writer, born in Breslau, Silesia (d. 1948)
  • Dec 30 Simon Guggenheim, American businessman and philanthropist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 28 Labor union leader Samuel Gompers (17) weds co-worker Sophia Julian (16) in Brooklyn, New York

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers

HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 15 Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoyevsky (45) weds Anna Snitkina at Trinity Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, Russia

HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 16 Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald (52) weds Agnes Bernard (30) at St George's Church in Hanover Square, London

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 11 Businesswoman Hetty Green (32) weds Edward Henry Green

The Witch of Wall Street Hetty Green
The Witch of Wall Street
Hetty Green

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 8 Engineer George Westinghouse (20) weds Marguerite Erskine Walker in Brooklyn, New York

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 24 US Admiral George Dewey (29) weds daughter of New Hampshire's war governor Susan Goodwin

Admiral George Dewey
George Dewey

Deaths in History

  • Jan 11 Sir Stuart Donaldson, first Premier of the Colony of New South Wales (b. 1812)
  • Jan 12 Victor Cousin, French philosopher/minister of Education, dies at 74
  • Jan 14 Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, French painter (b. 1780)
  • Jan 30 Emperor Kōmei of Japan (b. 1831)
  • Feb 5 Salomon Munk, published Arabic edition of Maimounides, dies
  • Mar 2 French A Durlet, Belgian sculptor/architect, dies at 50
  • Apr 18 Robert Smirke, architect, dies
  • Apr 19 Robert Smirke, British architect, dies
  • May 12 Friedrich William Eduard Gerhard, German archaeologist (b. 1795)
  • May 23 Archibald Alison, Scottish historian, dies at 74


Jun 19 Maximilian I of the Mexican Empire is executed by firing squad in Querétaro, Querétaro at 34

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I
  • Jul 26 King Otto of Greece (b. 1815)
  • Aug 3 Philipp August Böckh, German scholar and antiquarian (b. 1785)
  • Aug 23 Auguste-Marseille Barthélemy, French poet (b. 1796)
  • Aug 25 Michael Faraday, English scientist (b. 1791)
  • Aug 31 [Pierre-]Charles Baudelaire, Fren poet (Journaux Intimes), dies at 46
  • Sep 5 Santiago Derqui, Argentinian politician (b. 1809)
  • Sep 25 Oliver Loving, American pioneer rancher (b. 1812)
  • Oct 3 Elias Howe, American sewing machine pioneer (b. 1819)
  • Oct 4 Francis Xavier Seelos German-American Roman Catholic priest (b. 1819)
  • Oct 16 Salomon J Rappoport, Czech rabbi (Ereg miliem), dies
  • Nov 3 Pieter J Jong, Dutch Zouave, dies in battle
  • Nov 13 Adolphe Napoleon Didron, French archaeologist (b. 1806)
  • Dec 6 Jean Pierre Flourens, French physician (b. 1794)
  • Dec 22 Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician (kinematics), dies at 79