July 1868 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 4 Battle at Ueno, Japan: last Tokugawa armies defeated
  • Jul 4 In New Zealand, Maori leader Te Kooti and 300 of his followers captured the schooner Rifleman and sailed for New Zealand; the fugitives landed at Whareongaonga six days later
  • Jul 7 Ed Pooley takes 12 dismissals as keeper in match Surrey v Sussex
  • Jul 9 1st black cabinet member in SC (Francis L Cardozo-sect of state)
  • Jul 13 Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana
  • Jul 14 Alvin J Fellows patents tape measure
  • Jul 20 1st use of tax stamps on cigarettes
  • Jul 25 US Congress forms Wyoming Territory (Dakota, Utah & Idaho)
  • Jul 28 US Secretary of State William H. Seward announces 14th Amendment ratified by states, grants citizenship to ex-slaves

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 4 Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American astronomer (d. 1921)
  • Jul 6 Petrus A Euwens, Dutch vicar/editor (Amigoe di Curacao)
  • Jul 6 Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom (d. 1935)
  • Jul 12 Stefan George, Germany, lyric poet (Algabal)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 14 Gertrude Bell, British archaeologist (Desert & The Sown), born in Washington Hall, County Durham, England (d. 1926)

Archaeologist and Writer Gertrude Bell
Archaeologist and Writer
Gertrude Bell
  • Jul 20 Miron Cristea, 1st Patriarch of All Romania (d. 1939)
  • Jul 28 George Morren, Flemish painter/sculptor, born in Antwerp (d. 1941)
  • Jul 28 Thomas P Krag, Norwegian writer (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran)
  • Jul 30 Alfred Weber, German economist/sociologist

Deaths in History

  • Jul 6 Sanosuke Harada, Shinsengumi Captain (b. 1840)
  • Jul 15 William Thomas Morton, dentist (1st to use ether), dies
  • Jul 19 Soji Okita, Japanese samurai, 1st Captain of the Shinsengumi (b. 1842 or 1844)
  • Jul 24 George Cattermole, painter/illustrator, dies