1871 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Belgium disbands salt tax
  • Jan 2 King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
  • Jan 3 Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, NY
  • Jan 16 Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
  • Jan 17 1st cable car patented, by Andrew Smith Hallidie in the US (begins service in 1873)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 18 2nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I & Bismarck

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • Jan 19 1st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey
  • Jan 26 US income tax repealed
  • Jan 28 Paris surrenders to Prussians
  • Jan 31 Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkening the sky
  • Feb 1 Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Reps (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
  • Feb 9 Federal fish protection office authorized by US Congress
  • Feb 27 Meeting of Alabama claims commission
  • Feb 28 2nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections
  • Mar 1 J Milton Turner named US minister to Liberia
  • Mar 3 US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
  • Mar 3 US Congress establishes the civil service system
  • Mar 16 1st fertilizer law enacted
  • Mar 17 National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
  • Mar 18 Communards revolt in Paris

CommunicationHenry Morton Stanley's Expedition to Africa

Mar 21 Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa

  • Mar 21 Otto Von Bismarck elevated to rank of Fürst (Prince)
  • Mar 22 William Holden of NC becomes 1st governor removed by impeachment
  • Mar 26 Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government
  • Mar 28 SF Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 29 Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Apr 10 William Hammond Hall's maps & surveys of Golden Gate Park accepted
  • Apr 14 Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills
  • Apr 16 German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
  • Apr 20 3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)
  • Apr 23 Blossom Rock in SF Bay blown up
  • Apr 30 The Camp Grant Massacre of Apaches in Arizona Territory, perpetrated by white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die
  • May 8 British-US treaty ends Alabama dispute
  • May 10 Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war
  • May 12 Segregated street cars integrated in Louisville, Ky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 Indian fighter General William T. Sherman escapes from Comanches in an ambulance

  • May 21 -July 28] French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die
  • May 28 Paris communards revolt put down

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 3 Jesse James & his gang robs Obocock Bank (Corydon Iowa), of $15,000

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Jun 10 Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
  • Jun 13 Hurricane kills 300 in Labrador
  • Jun 15 Phoebe Couzins is 1st woman graduate of a US collegiate law school
  • Jun 16 Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of Mystic Shrine founded, NYC
  • Jun 16 The University Tests Act allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology.
  • Jun 20 Ku Klux Klan trials began in federal court in Oxford, Miss
  • Jun 30 Guatemala revolts for agrarian reforms
  • Jul 1 The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada
  • Jul 3 Jesse James robs bank in Corydon, Iowa ($45,000)
  • Jul 5 Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) & Big Tree, begins
  • Jul 20 British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.
  • Jul 25 Carousel patents by Wilhelm Schneider, Davenport, Iowa
  • Aug 29 Emperor Meiji orders the Abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration. (Traditional Japanese date: July 14, 1871).
  • Sep 7 Bay of Biscay: British warship HMS Captain capsizes, 500 killed
  • Sep 17 Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens
  • Sep 20 Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.
  • Oct 1 General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrested for bigamy

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Oct 7 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
  • Oct 8 Forest fire destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin
  • Oct 8 Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of Chicago buildings, & original Emancipation Proclamation
  • Oct 11 Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
  • Oct 12 US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
  • Oct 13 The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
  • Oct 17 Great Britain annexes Griqualand, South Africa
  • Oct 21 1st US amateur outdoor athletic games (NY)
  • Oct 24 Mob in Los Angeles, California hangs 18 Chinese

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 27 Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after NY Times exposed his corruption

Politician Boss Tweed
Boss Tweed
  • Oct 31 Founding of Netherland Protestant Union in Dokkum
  • Nov 6 Cameroon reaches coast of Angola after trip through Africa

Agreement"Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"

Nov 10 Henry Morton Stanley encounters David Livingstone at Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika in Central Africa, with the immortal words 'Dr Livingstone, I presume?'

  • Nov 21 Moses F Gale patents a cigar lighter (NYC)
  • Nov 21 The first human cannonball, Emilio Onra, is shot
  • Nov 23 Railway bridge over Dutch Deep opens
  • Nov 24 National Rifle Association organized (NYC)
  • Nov 28 Ku Klux Klan trials began in Federal District Court in South Carolina
  • Dec 12 Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum
  • Dec 19 Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper
  • Dec 24 Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" premieres in Cairo, at the opening of the Suez canal
  • Dec 27 World's first cat show (Crystal Palace, London)

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 7 Émile Borel, French mathematician and politician (d. 1956)
  • Jan 8 James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish politician (d. 1940)
  • Jan 10 Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti, Austrian author (Jesse & Maria)
  • Jan 12 Paul Guthnick, German astronomer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 17 David Beatty, Nantwich, Cheshire, 1st Earl Beatty and British Admiral of the Fleet

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • Jan 26 Warner Fabian, [Samuel H Adams], US journalist/writer (Average Jones)
  • Feb 4 Friedrich Ebert, German politician, 1st Reichspräsident of the Weimar Republic (d. 1925)
  • Feb 5 Jovan Ducic, Serb poet (Blue Legends)
  • Feb 9 Franc S Finzgar, Slovenian clergyman/writer (Our Blood)
  • Feb 9 Howard T Ricketts, US pathologist (studied typhus fever)
  • Feb 18 Harry Brearley, English inventor (d. 1948)
  • Mar 4 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • Mar 5 Maria do Carmo Geronimo, Brazilian lives to be at least 126
  • Mar 5 Rosa Luxemburg, Socialist revolutionary (d. 1919)
  • Mar 26 Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole of the Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1922)
  • Mar 27 Heinrich Mann, Germany, novelist/essayist (Blue Angel); bros of Thomas
  • Mar 27 Petrus J M Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25)
  • Mar 31 Arthur Griffith, President of Ireland (d. 1922)
  • Apr 3 Jose Juan Tablada, Mexican poet (El Florilegio)
  • Apr 5 Jeanne Bougeois, [La Mistinguette], artist (French revue)
  • Apr 5 Mirko Seljan, Croatian explorer (d. 1913?)
  • Apr 6 Alexander, grandson of England's Queen Victoria
  • Apr 8 Clarence Hudson White American photographer (d. 1925)
  • Apr 12 Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general/dictator (1936-41)
  • Apr 16 John Millington Synge, Ireland, dramatist/poet (Riders to the Sea)
  • Apr 20 William Henry Davies, Wales, poet (Autobiography of a Super Tramp)
  • Apr 29 Louis William Stern, German/US philosopher (Intelligence of Children)
  • May 4 Mynona, Polish writer (The Creator), born in Gołańcz, Poland (d. 1946)
  • May 6 Ch Morgenstern, writer
  • May 6 Victor Grignard, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1935)
  • May 11 Frank Schlesinger, American astronomer (d. 1943)
  • May 17 Henricus P Bremmer, art historian (Modern Kunstwerken)
  • May 18 Franiska zu Reventlow, writer
  • May 19 Reginald Aldworth Daly, Napanee Ontario, Canadian-American Geologist who independently developed the theory of magmatic stopping
  • May 26 Camille Huysmans, Belgian premier (1946-47)
  • May 27 Georges-Henri Rouault, Fr expressionist painter (Miserere et Guerre)
  • Jun 14 Jacob Ellehammer, Danish inventor (d. 1946)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 17 James Weldon Johnson, American civil rights activist, leader of the NAACP and Harlem Renaissance poet, born in Jacksonville, Florida (d. 1938)

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • Jun 17 Nicolae Iorga, writer/poet/literature historian/President of Romania
  • Jun 22 William McDougall, British psychologist and polymath (d. 1938)
  • Jul 8 Kornelis ter Laan, 1st Dutch socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • Jul 10 Marcel Proust, France, novelist (Remembrance of Things Past)
  • Jul 11 Stjepan Radic, founder/leader (Croatian Farmers' Party)
  • Jul 15 Kunikida Doppo, Japanese writer (d. 1908)
  • Jul 17 Lyonel C A Feininger, US cartoonist/painter
  • Jul 18 Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (Dog at a Rope)
  • Aug 2 John French Sloan, American artist (d. 1951)
  • Aug 3 Vernon Louis Parrington, author (Romantic Revolution, Pulitzer 1928)
  • Aug 6 Emanuel Querido, [Joost Mendes], author/publisher
  • Aug 13 Karl Liebknecht, German revolutionary marxist (Sparta Party)
  • Aug 18 Johan J Arch, graphic artist (wood cutter)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 19 Orville Wright, aviator (Wright Brothers), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1912)

  • Aug 21 Leonid N Andrejev, Russian journalist/writer (Red Laugh)
  • Aug 27 Theodore Dreiser, US, novelist (Sister Carie, American Tragedy)
  • Aug 29 Albert Lebrun, French politician (d. 1950)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 30 Ernest Rutherford [1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson], New Zealand physicist and father of nuclear physics (Nobel 1908), born in Brightwater, New Zealand (d. 1937)

  • Aug 31 James E. Ferguson, Texan governor (d. 1944)
  • Sep 1 J. Reuben Clark, Jr., American Undersecretary of State (d. 1961)
  • Sep 10 Charles Collett, British mechanical engineer (d. 1952)
  • Sep 12 Friedrich, Prince of Liechtenstein, Romania
  • Sep 19 Fritz Schaudinn, German animal expert (examined syphilis)
  • Sep 21 Ernst Heldring, Dutch merchant/ship owner/financier
  • Sep 23 Frantisek Kupka, Czech writer
  • Sep 26 Winsor McCay, American cartoonist (d. 1934)
  • Sep 27 Grazia Deledda, Italian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
  • Sep 28 Pietro Badoglio, Grazzano Monferrato, Italy, General/Libyan Governor (1928-33) and Prime Minister of Italy (1943-44)
  • Sep 30 John Fabricius, Neth/English stageauthor (Ring of Prophet)
  • Oct 2 Cordell Hull, US Secretary of State (1933-44), lowered tariffs (Nobel 1945)
  • Oct 2 Martha Brookes Hutcheson, American landscape architect (d. 1959)
  • Oct 3 Stijn Streuvels, [Frank Lateur], Flemish writer (De Valschaard)
  • Oct 9 Gerrit Bolkestein, minister of Education (1939-4-)
  • Oct 9 George Gauthier, Bishop of Montreal and rector of the Université de Montréal (d. 1940)
  • Oct 9 Didak Buntić, Croatian monk and scholar.
  • Oct 11 Johan Oscar Smith, Norwegian Christian leader who founded the evangelical Brunstad Christian Church, born in Fredrikstad, Norway (d. 1943)
  • Oct 19 Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Wisdom of the Body)
  • Oct 26 Guillermo Kahlo, father of Frida Kahlo (d. 1941)
  • Oct 29 Narziss Ach, German psychologist (Analyse des Willens)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 1 Stephen Crane, novelist/poet (Red Badge of Courage), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1900)

Novelist Stephen Crane
Stephen Crane
  • Nov 9 Florence Sabin, American Scientist who was the first woman to graduate from Johns Hopkins and the first lifetime woman member of the National Academy of Sciences
  • Nov 10 Winston Churchill, US, author (Crisis, Crossing)
  • Nov 15 Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg, Austrian Botanist who was one of three scientists (also Hugo de Vries and Carl Correns) who independently rediscovered Gregor Mendel's work on the laws of genetics, born in Vienna, Austria
  • Nov 20 William H Kilpatrick, US mathematician/philosopher/educator
  • Nov 27 Giovanni Giorgi, Italian physicist (d. 1950)
  • Dec 5 Bill Pickett, American rodeo performer (d. 1932)
  • Dec 13 Herman T Colenbrander, Dutch historian
  • Dec 13 Russell W Porter, Vermont, explorer (Alaska)
  • Dec 13 Emily Carr, Canadian artist (d. 1945)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 25 US President William McKinley (27) weds Ida Saxton (23) at the First Presbyterian Church in Canton

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 14 Impressionist painter Camille Pissarro (40) weds Julie Vellay in London

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 21 Suffragette Kate Sheppard (24) weds general merchant Walter Allen Sheppard in Christchurch, New Zealand

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Kate Sheppard

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 25 Inventor Thomas Edison (24) marries 1st wife Mary Stilwell (16)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 25 Writer Ambrose Bierce (29) weds Mary Ellen Day

Writer & Satirist Ambrose Bierce
Writer & Satirist
Ambrose Bierce

Deaths in History

  • Jan 10 Pierre A du Terrail, French writer, dies at 41
  • Jan 21 John J Rochussen, gov-general of Neth-Indies (1845-51), dies at 73
  • Jan 29 Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer and Seigneur (b. 1786)
  • Feb 7 Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg, piano manufacturer (Steinway & Sons) (b. 1797)
  • Feb 20 Paul Kane, Irish-born painter (b. 1810)
  • Feb 26 Charles Niellon, Belgian brigade general, dies at 76
  • Mar 18 Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)
  • Mar 19 Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (b. 1795)
  • Mar 30 W F A A Louisa/Lovisa, queen of Sweden/Norway, dies at 42
  • Apr 7 Alexander, grandson of English queen Victoria, dies at 1 day old
  • Apr 7 Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff, Aus adm (Helgoland/Lissa), dies at 43
  • Apr 7 Alexander Lloyd, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
  • Apr 18 Omar Pasha, [Michael Lats], Croatian governor, dies at 64
  • Apr 21 Elisabeth Grube, writer, dies
  • Apr 29 John Gelinde van Blom, Fries notary/author, dies at 75
  • May 7 Louis Papineau, political reformer, dies
  • May 11 John Herschel, cataloguer of southern hemisphere stars, dies at 79
  • May 12 John F W Herschel, British astronomer (Catalogue of Nebulae), dies
  • Jun 7 Thomas Jackson Rodman, American military inventor of the rodman gun and perforated-cake gunpowder, dies on duty at 54
  • Jun 8 Satank, Kiowa indian chief, shot to death

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 9 Anna Atkins, English botanist, photographer and the 1st person to publish a book illustrated with photographic images, dies of paralysis, rheumatism, and exhaustion at 72

Botanist and Photographer Anna Atkins
Botanist and Photographer
Anna Atkins
  • Jul 5 Cristina di Trivulzio di Belgioioso, Italian princess, dies
  • Jul 6 Antonio de Castro Alves, Brazilian poet (O navio negreiro), dies at 34
  • Jul 16 Tad Lincoln, son of U.S. president Abraham Lincoln
  • Aug 27 William Whiting Boardman, American politician (b. 1794)
  • Sep 7 Cowper Phipps Coles, English inventor (Steel warships), drowns
  • Sep 7 Mehmed E Ali Pasja, Turkish statesman, dies
  • Sep 23 Alexander N Afanasjev, Russian story teller, dies at 45
  • Sep 25 Arvir A Afzelius, Swedish story teller, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 20 Charles Babbage, English mathematician/inventor (calculator), dies of renal failure at 79

Inventor Charles Babbage
Charles Babbage
  • Oct 22 Roderick Murchison, Scottish Geologist (Silurian system), dies at 79
  • Nov 11 William Lonsdale, English Geologist and Paleontologist (fossil coral), dies at 77
  • Nov 22 Oscar J Dunn, (Lt Gov-La), dies suddenly, charges he was poisoned
  • Dec 16 Willibald Alexis, German writer (Schloss Avalon), dies at 73