1872 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Moerdijk railway bridge over Hollands Diep, South Holland opens - then longest bridge in Europe
  • Jan 3 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office
  • Jan 12 Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years.
  • Jan 20 California Stock Exchange Board organized
  • Jan 29 Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina
  • Feb 7 Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College opens
  • Feb 14 1st state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt CA)
  • Feb 20 Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
  • Feb 20 Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
  • Feb 20 New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art opens
  • Feb 20 Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
  • Feb 22 1st national convention of Prohibition Party (Columbus Ohio)
  • Feb 27 Charlotte Ray, 1st Black woman lawyer in USA, graduated from Howard University
  • Mar 1 Yellowstone becomes world's 1st national park

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2 Louis Riel goes into voluntary exile in St. Paul, Minnesota

Politician Louis Riel
Louis Riel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • Mar 7 -8°F (-22°C ) in Boston, MA
  • Mar 11 Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain.
  • Mar 11 The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture.
  • Mar 22 Illinois becomes 1st state to require sexual equality in employment
  • Mar 26 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • Mar 26 Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher
  • Apr 1 1st edition of The Standard
  • Apr 2 George B Brayton patents gasoline powered engine
  • Apr 9 Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • Apr 10 1st National black convention meets in New Orleans
  • Apr 10 1st Arbor Day celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500)

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Apr 14 Dominion Lands Act passed: Canada's Homestead Act
  • Apr 14 San Francisco organizes Bar Association
  • Apr 20 SF Bar Association organized
  • Apr 24 Volcano Mt Vesuvius erupts
  • May 10 Victoria Woodhull becomes 1st woman nominated for US presidency by Equal Rights Party at Apollo Hall, NYC
  • May 16 Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time
  • May 17 Bohemian Club incorporated in San Francisco
  • May 22 Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)
  • Jun 5 Republican National Convention meets (Philadelphia)
  • Jun 8 Congress endorses penny post card
  • Jun 14 Trade unions are legalised in Canada.
  • Jun 18 Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall
  • Jul 9 Doughnut cutter patents by John Blondel, Thomaston, Me
  • Jul 18 The Ballot Act introduces the secret ballot in elections in Britain; previously votes were made openly.
  • Jul 30 Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy
  • Aug 18 1st mail-order catalog issued by A M Ward
  • Aug 23 1st Japanese commercial ship visits SF, carrying tea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 10 Karl Marx speaks in Amsterdam

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Sep 14 Britain pays US$15½m for damages during Civil War
  • Sep 17 Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
  • Sep 18 King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
  • Sep 21 John Henry Conyers of SC becomes first black student at Annapolis
  • Sep 24 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Bruderzwist in Habsburg" premieres in Vienna
  • Sep 26 The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City.
  • Sep 29 "3 Fingers" Mackenzie destroys Kwahadi-Commanche village
  • Sep 29 Kiowa-chief Lone Wolf captures Satanta & Big Tree
  • Oct 2 Morgan State University founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 Phileas Fogg sets out on his journey as depicted in Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days"

Novelist Jules Verne
Jules Verne
  • Oct 3 Bloomingdale's department store in NY opens
  • Oct 9 Aaron Montgomery started his mail-order business
  • Oct 12 Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
  • Oct 19 World's largest gold nugget (215 kg) found in New South Wales
  • Oct 29 J S Risdon patents metal windmill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 American women's right to vote advocate Susan B. Anthony votes for Ulysses S. Grant

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 5 Ulysses S. Grant re-elected US President

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Nov 7 Cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from Staten Island for Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned 4 weeks later
  • Nov 9 The Great Boston Fire of 1872. Close to 1,000 buildings destroyed
  • Nov 18 Suffragette Susan B. Anthony is arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegally voting
  • Nov 19 E.D. Barbour of Boston is awarded the first U.S. patent for the first 'calculator', an adding machine capable of printing totals and subtotals
  • Nov 22 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Judin von Toledo" premieres in Prague
  • Nov 29 Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River.
  • Dec 4 Ship the Mary Celeste is discovered mysteriously abandoned by her crew in the Atlantic Ocean
  • Dec 7 HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½ year world oceanographic cruise
  • Dec 11 1st black US govenor took office, Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback (La)
  • Dec 21 Phileas Fogg completes his round the world trip in 80 days, in Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days"
  • Dec 26 4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18")

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 Edmund Rumpler, Austria, auto/airplane builder
  • Jan 11 George Washington Pierce, American physicist (d. 1956)
  • Jan 15 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer (d. 1944)
  • Jan 18 Paul Leautaud, [Maurice Boissard], France, writer (Petit ami)
  • Jan 21 Jonkhr Frans Beelaerts van Blokland, Dutch foreign minister
  • Jan 23 Paul Langevin, French physicist (d. 1946)
  • Jan 23 Joze Plečnik, Slovenian architect (d. 1957)
  • Jan 24 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (d. 1943)
  • Jan 24 Ethel Turner, Australian author (d. 1958)
  • Jan 27 Learned Hand, Chief judge (US Court of Appeals), born in Albany, New York
  • Jan 31 Zane Grey, American West novelist (Riders of the Purple Sage)
  • Feb 1 Paul Fort, French poet/founder of Vers et Prose
  • Feb 1 Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (d. 1949)
  • Feb 1 Andrew Kehoe, American mass murderer (d. 1927)
  • Feb 4 Gotse Delchev, a great Macedonian revolutionary, (d. 1903)
  • Feb 6 Theodor Lessing, writer [or Feb 8]
  • Feb 7 Nikolaos "Sokrates" Politis, Greek lawyer/diplomat/foreign minister
  • Feb 10 Anne Anema, Dutch lawyer/journalist/politician (ARP)
  • Feb 11 Edward Johnston, British craftsman and calligrapher - "the father of modern calligraphy" (d 1944)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 7 Piet Mondrian, Dutch abstract painter (Broadway Boogie Woogie), born in Amersfoort, Netherlands (d. 1944)

Abstract Painter Piet Mondrian
Abstract Painter
Piet Mondrian
  • Mar 11 Abraham van Stolk Jzn, lumber merchant/art collector
  • Mar 13 Oswald Garrison Villard, American journalist
  • Mar 19 Sergei Diaghilev, Gruzino Novgorod Russia, ballet director
  • Mar 20 Karin Michaelis, writer
  • Mar 25 Vito Pardo, Italian sculptor (Columbus monument in Argentina)
  • Mar 28 Jose Sanjurjo y Sacanell, Spanish general (Morocco)
  • Apr 5 Samuel Cate Prescott, American food scientist and microbiologist (d. 1962)
  • Apr 7 William Monroe Trotter, Hyde Park, Massachusetts, newspaper editor and African-American rights activist
  • Apr 9 Leon Blum, French premier (People's front government)
  • Apr 13 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, born in Drnowitz, Moravia (d. 1945)
  • Apr 14 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Indian-born Islamic scholar and translator (d. 1953)
  • Apr 18 Bernard Ogilvie Dodge, Mauston, Wisconsin, USA, American botanist and pioneer researcher on heredity in fungi
  • Apr 21 GW Bitzer, [Johann Gottlob Wilhelm Bitzer], Roxbury MA
  • Apr 22 Princess Margaret of Prussia, queen of Finland (d. 1954)
  • Apr 29 Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1930)
  • May 1 Sidónio Pais, Portuguese military and politician (d. 1918)
  • May 2 G G van der Hoeven, Dutch editor-in-chief (NRC)
  • May 6 Willem de Sitter, Dutch scientist (d. 1934)
  • May 10 Marcel Mauss, French sociologist (d. 1950)
  • May 14 Elia Dalla Costa, Italian cardinals (d. 1961)
  • May 18 Bertrand Russell, England, mathematician/philosopher (Nobel 1950)
  • May 21 Henry Warren, inventor (Telechon electric clock), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • May 28 Marian Smoluchowski, Polish physicist (d. 1917)
  • May 31 Charles G Abbot, US, astronomer (Constant Sun)
  • May 31 William Heath Robinson, England, illustrator/cartoonist (Don Quixote)
  • Jun 6 Alexandra Fjodorovna Romanova, last Russian tsarina (1894-1918)
  • Jun 20 George Carpenter, the 5th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1948)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 27 Paul Laurence Dunbar, American poet and novelist (Oak & Ivory), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1906)

  • Jul 1 Louis Bleriot, 1st man to fly an airplane across English Channel
  • Jul 3 Habib Ullah Chan, emir of Afghanistam (1901-19)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 4 Calvin Coolidge [Silent Cal], 30th US President (R) (1923-29), born in Plymouth Notch, Vermont (d. 1933)

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • Jul 5 Edouard Herriot, French politician (d. 1957)
  • Jul 13 Alfons van de Perre, Flemish physician/MP

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 16 Roald Amundsen, Norwegian polar explorer who led the 1st expedition to the South Pole, born in Borge, Østfold, Norway (d. 1928)

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • Jul 22 David D Salas, Antillian writer (Josefina)
  • Jul 26 George Louis Beer, historian (authority on British colonies)
  • Jul 28 Albert P Sarraut, Fren gov-gen of Indo-China (1911..19)/PM (1933/36)
  • Jul 29 Eric Alfred Knudsen, American folklorist (d. 1957)
  • Jul 30 Clementine, Princess of Belgium, wife of Prince Napoleon Bonaparte
  • Aug 2 George E. Stewart, American Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1946)
  • Aug 3 Haakon VII, Charlottenlund Denmark, King of Norway (1905-57)
  • Aug 5 Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician (d. 1917)
  • Aug 7 Andries C D de Graeff, governor-general of Neth Indies (1926-31)
  • Aug 9 Archduke Joseph August of Austria, Austrian field marshal (d. 1962)
  • Aug 11 Shidehara Kijuro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1951)
  • Aug 12 Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1956)
  • Aug 13 Richard Willstätter, German chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1942)
  • Aug 21 Aubrey Beardsley, England, artist (Salome)
  • Aug 24 Max Beerbohm, England, caricaturist/writer/wit (Saturday Review)
  • Sep 9 Delilah L Beasley, US author/columnist (Negro trail-blazers)
  • Sep 20 Maurice Gamelin, French generalissimo
  • Sep 25 Charles Blake Cochran, impresario
  • Sep 26 Ottokar T Czernin von und zu Chudenitz, Austrian Foreign min (1916-18)
  • Sep 28 Tom Terriss, director (His Buddy's Wife, Sumuru), born in London, England
  • Oct 1 Israel Querido, Dutch writer (Menschenwee)
  • Oct 6 Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer (d. 1936)
  • Oct 8 John Cowper Powys, British writer (Wood & Stone)
  • Oct 11 Harlan Fiske Stone, NH, Supreme Court (1925-41) Chief Justice (41-46)
  • Oct 15 Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian president (d. 1956)
  • Oct 18 Josephine CMA, princess of Belgium/nun
  • Oct 27 Emily Post, authority on social behavior/writer (Etiquette)
  • Nov 3 Wilfred Trotter, Coleford Gloucestershire, English surgeon who was a pioneer in neurosurgery, popularized the concept of herd instinct, and was an authority in cancers of the head and neck
  • Nov 9 Bohdan Lepky, Ukrainian writer and poet (d. 1941)
  • Nov 11 David I. Walsh, 46th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • Nov 15 Robert marquess of Flers, French author (Habit Vert)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 30 John McCrae, Canadian physician, soldier and poet (In Flanders Fields), born in Guelph, Ontario (d. 1918)

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae
  • Dec 5 Harry N Pillsbury, US chess player
  • Dec 7 Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens)
  • Dec 8 John Cowper Powys, English writer (Wolf Solent) and critic, Born in Shirley, Derbyshire (d. 1963)
  • Dec 10 Ludwig Klages, German philosopher (study of graves)
  • Dec 16 Anton Ivanovich Denikin, Russian general (d. 1947)
  • Dec 21 Albert P Terhune, US, novelist (Lad, a Dog)
  • Dec 22 Camille Guérin, French veterinarian and bacteriologist (d. 1961)
  • Dec 26 Norman Angell, British politician/cowboy/journalist, Nobel laureate (1933), (d. 1967)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 28 Pío Baroja y Nessi, Spanish Basque writer, author of over 100 novels (The Struggle for Life, Zalacain the Adventurer), born in San Sebastián, Basque Country (d. 1956)

Spanish Writer Pío Baroja
Spanish Writer
Pío Baroja

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 19 Physicist Wilhelm Röntgen (26) weds Anna Bertha Ludwig in Apeldoorn, Netherlands

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 17 Jurist Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr (31) weds childhood friend Fanny Bowditch Dixwell

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 20 Inventor Karl Benz (27) weds Bertha Ringer

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 8 Religious leader Brigham Young (71) weds his fifty-fifth wife Hannah Tapfield in Salt Lake City, Utah

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 James Fisk, American entrepreneur (b. 1834)
  • Jan 21 Franz Grillparzer, Austrian playwright (Sappho/Libussa), dies at 81
  • Feb 21 Pavel P Gagarin, Russian monarch/politician, dies at 82
  • Mar 4 Johannes Carsten Hauch, Danish poet (b. 1790)
  • Mar 10 Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian revolutionary (Giovane Italy), dies at 66
  • Mar 12 Zeng Guofan, Chinese politician and general (b. 1811)
  • Apr 1 Frederick Maurice, English theologian (b. 1805)
  • Apr 1 William Frederick Horry, English convicted murderer (b. 1843)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 2 Samuel Morse developer of electric telegraph, dies at 80

Inventor Samuel Morse
Samuel Morse
  • Apr 9 Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (b. 1794)
  • Apr 20 Ljudwit Gaj, Croatian writer/poet (Pjesma iz Zagorja), dies at 62
  • Apr 27 Ion Heliade-Radulescu, Romanian politician/author, dies at 70
  • May 1 Amalia, princess of Weimar/wife of prince Hendrik the Navigator, dies
  • May 19 Johan van Dale, schoolmaster (New Dutch Language Wordbook), dies at 44
  • May 24 Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld, painter, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 1 James Gordon Bennett, Sr., American newspaper publisher (New York Herald), dies at 76

Founder of the New York Herald James Gordon Bennett
Founder of the New York Herald
James Gordon Bennett
  • Jun 4 Johan R Thorbecke, literature/liberal premier, dies
  • Jun 16 Norman MacLeod, Scottish clergyman (b. 1812)
  • Jul 18 Benito Juarez, Cuban justice/general (battle of Acapulco), dies at 66
  • Jul 28 Friedrich Kaiser, astronomer (Kaiser-Compass), dies
  • Aug 2 Judocus Smits, Dutch RC newspaper publisher (De Tijd), dies at 59
  • Sep 2 Nicolai Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher (b. 1783)
  • Sep 13 Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man what he eats), dies at 68
  • Sep 18 Charles XV Louis E, king of Sweden/Norway (1859-72), dies
  • Sep 22 Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer (b. 1801)
  • Oct 2 Eberhard F Walcker, organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt A/M), dies
  • Oct 10 William H. Seward, United States Secretary of State (b. 1801)
  • Oct 14 Albrecht FH, prince of Prussia, dies at 63
  • Oct 21 Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer, dies at 78
  • Oct 23 Theophile Gautier, French poet/writer/historian/critic, dies at 61
  • Nov 7 Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (b. 1833)
  • Nov 23 Ten Bears (Parra-Wa-Samen), US poet/Comanche chief, dies
  • Nov 28 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British scientific writer (b. 1780)
  • Nov 29 Cornelius Kreighoff, Canadian, dies
  • Nov 29 Horace Greeley, US founder/publisher (NY Tribune), dies at 61
  • Dec 11 Kamehameha V, Hawaiian king (b. 1830)
  • Dec 12 Willem A Schimmelpenninck van der Oye, Dutch politician, dies at 72
  • Dec 13 Helena Beeloo, a maid, murdered by Henry Jut at the Hague, Netherlands
  • Dec 13 W T van der Kouwen-ten Cate, murdered by Henry Jut at the Hague, Netherlands
  • Dec 24 William John Macquorn Rankine, British physician and engenier (b. 1820)
  • Dec 28 James Van Ness, Mayor of San Francisco (1855-1856) (b. 1808)
  • Dec 31 Aleksis Kivi, [Stenvall], Finnish writer/poet (Kanervala), dies at 38