1874 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 New York City annexes the Bronx
  • Jan 13 Battle between jobless & police in NYC, 100s injuried
  • Jan 13 US troops land in Honolulu to protect the king
  • Jan 14 I. D. Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Mississippi legislature
  • Jan 17 Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction
  • Jan 21 Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa" premieres in Vienna
  • Jan 24 Gen J van Swieten conquerors Kraton Atjeh, after thousands die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31 Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Feb 12 King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Is Hawaii, is 1st king to visit US
  • Feb 21 Benjamin Disraeli succeeds William Gladstone as British Prime Minister
  • Feb 21 Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication
  • Mar 10 Purdue University (Indiana) admits its 1st student
  • Mar 18 Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.
  • Mar 22 Young Men's Hebrew Association organizes in NYC
  • Apr 5 Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, designed by Joseph Paxton, opens in Birkenhead, England
  • Apr 15 NY legislature passes compulsory education law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 16 Dr David Livingstone's body arrives in Southampton

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • Apr 18 David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey
  • Apr 19 Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire
  • Apr 27 White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms
  • May 5 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes child labor law
  • May 9 Victoria Embankment, in London opens
  • May 9 The first horse-drawn bus makes its début in the city of Mumbai, plying two routes.
  • May 12 US Assay Office in Helena, Montana, authorized
  • May 13 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On Greek-Ruthenian rite"
  • May 14 1st admission charge at a football game, Harvard beats Uni of McGill (Montreal) 3-0
  • May 16 1st recorded dam disaster in US (Williamsburg, Mass)
  • May 29 Present constitution of Switzerland takes effect
  • Jun 20 1st US Lifesaving Medal awarded (Lucian Clemons)
  • Jun 22 Dr Andrew T Still, discovers the science of osteopathy
  • Jun 28 Freedmen's Bank closes
  • Jun 29 Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled "Who's to Blame?" in which he lays out his complaints against King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year.
  • Jul 1 1st Chamber accept law against child labor
  • Jul 1 1st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
  • Jul 1 1st US zoo opens (Philadelphia)
  • Jul 4 Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
  • Jul 7 27th Postmaster General: James W Marshall of NJ takes office
  • Jul 8 The Mounties (North West Mounted Police) begin their March West from Fort Dufferin
  • Jul 12 Ontario Agricultural College founded
  • Jul 12 Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Gloria Scott" (BG)
  • Jul 23 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa.
  • Jul 31 Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as President of Georgetown U
  • Aug 5 Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in England.
  • Aug 11 Harry S Parmelee patents sprinkler head
  • Aug 26 16 blacks lynched in Tennessee
  • Sep 1 28th US Postmaster General: Marshall Jewell of Connecticut takes office
  • Sep 1 Sydney General Post Office opens in Australia
  • Sep 3 The congress of the state of México elevates Naucalpan to the category of Villa, with the title of "Villa de Juárez".
  • Sep 12 1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
  • Sep 26 1st Grand International Rifle match held
  • Oct 1 Rotterdam opens drinking water pipes
  • Oct 9 World Postal Union forms in Bern Switzerland
  • Oct 10 Fiji becomes a British possession
  • Oct 15 Child labor law takes 12 year olds out of work force
  • Nov 3 James Theodore Holly, elected bishop of Haiti
  • Nov 4 Samuel J Tilden elected governor of NY
  • Nov 17 Emigrant ship Cospatrick catches fire & sinks off Auckland, NZ
  • Nov 18 National Woman's Christian Temperance Union organizes in Cleveland
  • Nov 24 Joseph F Glidden patents barbed wire
  • Nov 25 The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.
  • Dec 8 Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie Kansas
  • Dec 15 1st reigning king to visit US (of Hawaii) received by Pres Grant
  • Dec 24 Pope Pius IX proclaims a jubilee for 1875

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 113

  • Jan 1 Gustave Whitehead, German inventor (d. 1927)
  • Jan 1 Frank Knox, American Secretary of the Navy (d. 1944)
  • Jan 4 Svend Fleuron, Danish writer, born on Good Katrinedal (d. 1966)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 5 Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist (shock therapy-Nobel 1944), born in San Francisco, California

Physiologist Joseph Erlanger
Joseph Erlanger
  • Jan 13 Jozef E van Roey, Flemish cardinal/archbishop of Mechlin
  • Jan 14 Thornton Waldo Burgess, author (Peter Rabbit)
  • Jan 16 Robert Service, England, Canadian poet (Cremation of Sam McGee)
  • Jan 22 Wincenty Witoz, Galicia, PM of Poland (1920-21, 1923, 1926)
  • Jan 22 Edward Harkness, American philanthropist (d. 1940)
  • Jan 24 Arthur Schomburg (Arturo Alfonso), Puerto Rico, archivist of African American history and culture
  • Jan 25 Hewlett Johnson, [Red Dean of Canterbury], English bishop
  • Jan 25 [William] Somerset Maugham, British novelist/poet (Of Human Bondage), born in Paris, France

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 29 John D. Rockefeller Jr, American financier and philanthropist, born in Cleveland, Ohio

Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr
Financier and Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller Jr
  • Feb 1 Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austria, poet/dramatist/essayist
  • Feb 3 Gertrude Stein, Penn, author (Autobiography of Alice B Toklas)
  • Feb 6 Milton Bennett Medary, US, architect (Washington Chapel)
  • Feb 9 Amy Lowell, US poet/critic (Patterns, Sword Blades & Poppy Seed)
  • Feb 11 Elsa Beskow, [Maartman], Swedish children's book/fairy tales author
  • Feb 13 Hendrik Spiekman, Dutch politician (social-democratic)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 15 Ernest Shackleton, British-Irish polar explorer (Endurance, Antarctica), born in Kilkea, Ireland (d. 1922)

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • Feb 17 Thomas J Watson, US, representative/founder (IBM)
  • Feb 23 Konstantin Päts, Estonian PM (1921-23, 1932-33), dictator (1933-40)
  • Mar 1 Jean de Merode, [Marie-Louise B Courtenay], Princess of Neth
  • Mar 5 Arthur van Schendel, Dutch writer (The World a Dancing Party)
  • Mar 14 Anton F Philips, president-director of Philips
  • Mar 15 Harold L Ickes, social activist, New Deal politician
  • Mar 15 Eugène Fiset, Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 1951)
  • Mar 17 Stephen Samuel Wise, US, President of Zionist Org of America
  • Mar 18 Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian philosopher (d. 1948)
  • Mar 20 Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (d. 1945)
  • Mar 22 Ellen Glasgow, novelist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 24 Harry Houdini [Erich Weiss], Famous magician and escape artist, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1926)

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • Mar 24 Luigi Einaudi, economist/1st president of Italy (1948-55)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 26 Robert Frost, American poet (Mending Wall, Road Not Taken), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1963)

  • Apr 8 Stanisław Taczak, Polish general (d. 1960)
  • Apr 14 Count Alexander, of Athlone, gov-gen (South-Africa/Canada)
  • Apr 15 Johannes Stark, Germany, physicist (Stark effect) (Nobel 1919)
  • Apr 15 George Harrison Shull, American plant geneticist (d. 1954)
  • Apr 18 Oskar Ernst Bernhardt, German author (d. 1941)
  • Apr 19 Firmin Baes, Flemish painter
  • Apr 19 Ernst Rüdin, Swiss psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist (d. 1952)
  • Apr 24 John Russell Pope, American architect (Jefferson Memorial, National Archives and Records Administration), born in NYC, New York (d. 1937)
  • Apr 24 Willem E Roelofs, Dutch painter/cartoonist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 25 Guglielmo Marconi, Italian radio inventor (Nobel 1909), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1937)

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • Apr 28 Karl Kraus, satirical writer, born in Jičín, Austrian-Hungarian Empire (d. 1936)
  • Apr 30 Cyriel Verschaeve, Belgian priest/writer
  • May 1 Romaine Brooks (born Beatrice Romaine Goddard), American painter , born in Rome, Italy
  • May 3 Francois Coty, Corsica, Corsican senator/perfume maker
  • May 3 V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer (d. 1954)
  • May 10 Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (d. 1941)
  • May 12 Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet, Austrian physician (Reaction of Pirquet)
  • May 20 Folkert E Posthuma, Dutch minister of Agriculture/Industry
  • May 22 Daniel François Malan, Prime Minister of South Africa (1948-54) who began the implementation of apartheid, born in Riebeek-Wes, Cape Colony (d. 1959)
  • May 26 Henry Farman, French aviation pioneer (double decker)
  • May 27 Richard von Schaukal, Austria poet/writer (Eros Thanatos)
  • May 29 G. K. Chesterton [Gilbert Keith], English writer (Man Who Made Gold), born in London, England
  • Jun 13 Leopoldo Lugones, Argentina, writer
  • Jun 14 Edward Bowes, radio host (Major Bowes Amateur Hour)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 16 Arthur Meighen, 9th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1920-21, 1926), born in Anderson, Ontario (d. 1960)

9th Prime Minister of Canada Arthur Meighen
9th Prime Minister of Canada
Arthur Meighen
  • Jun 19 Peder Oluf Pedersen, Danish engineer (d. 1941)
  • Jul 1 Michel H Campen, author/critic (Bikoerim)
  • Jul 3 Apirana Turupa Ngata, Kawaka NZ, Maori political/cultural leader
  • Jul 3 Āpirana Ngata, Te Araroa on the East Coast of New Zealand, a prominent Maori New Zealand politician and lawyer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 5 Eugen Fischer, Nazi physician (Kaiser Wilhelm Institute), born in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany (d. 1967)

Nazi Physician Eugen Fischer
Nazi Physician
Eugen Fischer
  • Jul 7 Erwin Bumke, German jurist (d. 1945)
  • Jul 10 Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor (d. 1971)
  • Jul 14 'Abbas Hilmi II, last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914)
  • Jul 14 Andre Debierne, French chemist/physicist (Actinium)
  • Jul 24 Oswald Chambers, Scottish minister and writer (d. 1917)
  • Jul 25 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Lublin Poland, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber
  • Jul 28 Ernst Cassirer, Germany, philosopher/educator (Essay on Man)
  • Jul 29 August Stramm, German poet and playwright, born in Cathedrals (d. 1915)
  • Jul 29 James Shaver Woodsworth, Canadian politician (d. 1942)
  • Aug 3 Eugene Baie, Belgian author (Sub rosa et sub umbra)
  • Aug 6 Charles Fort, American writer and researcher (d. 1932)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 10 Herbert Hoover, 31st US President (R: 1929-1933), born in West Branch, Iowa (d. 1964)

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Aug 14 Mustafa Kamil Pasha, Cairo Egypt, Egyptian lawyer, journalist, and nationalist activist
  • Aug 15 Joseph Klausner, Polish/Israeli new testament expert
  • Aug 21 Herman A van Karnebeek, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs (1918-27)
  • Aug 22 Max Scheler, German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte)
  • Aug 26 Zona Gale, American novelist (d. 1938)
  • Aug 27 Karl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, Nobel 1931)
  • Aug 31 Edward Thorndike, Williamsburg, Massachusetts, USA, American psychologist (father of modern educational psychology)
  • Sep 1 Ismar Elbogen, German/US rabbi (Encyclopedia Judaica)
  • Sep 13 Henry Fountain Ashurst, American politician (d. 1962)
  • Sep 17 Ben[jamin] Turpin, US, comic (Uncle Tom Without the Cabin)
  • Sep 18 Johannes Anker Larsen, Danish writer (Vises Sten)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 26 Charles Vyner Brooke, 3rd and last White Rajah of Sarawak (1917-46), born in London, England (d. 1963)

3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Vyner Brooke
3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Vyner Brooke
  • Oct 6 Frank G. Allen, 51st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1950)
  • Oct 9 Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter (d. 1947)
  • Oct 14 Margarete Susman, writer
  • Oct 15 Prince Alfred of Edinburgh (d. 1899)
  • Oct 21 Albert Aftalion, Bulgaria/French economist
  • Oct 26 Martin Lowry, British chemist (d. 1936)
  • Nov 4 Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (d. 1920)
  • Nov 9 Albert Francis Blakeslee, Geneseo New York, American Botanist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 15 August Krogh [Schack], Danish zoophysiologist (arterioles and capillaries, Nobel 1920), born in Grenaa, Jutland, Denmark (d. 1949)

Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate August Krogh
Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate
August Krogh
  • Nov 18 Carrie White, oldest US woman (dies Nov 1990 at 116)
  • Nov 18 Clarence Shepard Day, author (Life with Father), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 20 James Michael Curley, 53rd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 21 Ulysses S. Grant's daughter Nellie marries in the White House

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 24 Outlaw Jesse James marries cousin Zerelda 'Zee' Mimms

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Thomas Gregson, Premier of Tasmania (b. 1798)
  • Jan 8 Charles Etienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian (b. 1814)
  • Jan 11 Gail Borden, American Manufacturer and Inventor of condensed milk, dies at 72
  • Jan 14 Johann Philipp Reis, German Physicist and Inventor, dies of lung disease at 40
  • Jan 17 Chang & Eng Bunker, Chinese/Thai Siamese twins, dies at 62
  • Jan 19 H v Fallersleben, writer, dies at 75
  • Feb 3 Lunalilo, Hawaiian monarch (b. 1835)
  • Feb 8 David F Strauss, German theologist, dies at 66
  • Feb 9 Jules Michelet, French historian (History of France), dies at 75
  • Feb 17 [Lambert] Adolphe J Quetelet, Belgium astronomer/sociologist, dies at 77

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 8 Millard Fillmore, 13th president (1850-53), dies at 74

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore
  • Mar 11 Charles Sumner, a white civil rights leader, dies at 63
  • Mar 28 Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish astronomer (b. 1795)
  • Apr 4 Charles Ernest Beulé, French archaeologist and politician (b. 1826)
  • Apr 14 Hermanus J Abbring, Dutch author/engineer on Curacao, dies at 86
  • Apr 19 Owen Jones, architect, dies
  • Apr 20 Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (b. 1817)
  • Jun 8 Cochise, Apache leader
  • Jun 21 Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (b. 1814)
  • Jun 22 Howard Staunton, English world chess champion, designer of chess pieces, dies at 84
  • Jul 11 Xavier FMG earl Merode, Belgium pontifical defense minister, dies at 54
  • Jul 12 Fritz Reuter, writer, dies at 63
  • Aug 14 Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (b. 1821)
  • Aug 22 Sydney Thompson Dobell, poet, dies
  • Aug 27 Johan George Schwartze, painter, dies
  • Aug 27 John Henry Foley, Irish sculptor (Prince Albert Memorial), dies at 56
  • Sep 12 François Guizot, French historian and statesman (b. 1787)
  • Sep 21 JBAL Leonce Elie the Beaumont, French geologist, dies at 75
  • Nov 2 Thomas Anderson, Scottish Chemist (discovered pyridine), dies at 55
  • Nov 9 Israel Bak, created 1st Hebrew printing press, dies
  • Dec 7 Constantin von Tischendorf, German biblical scholar (b. 1815)
  • Dec 16 Abraham Capadose, physician/missionary, dies at 79