1875 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 5 President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Miss
  • Jan 12 Kwang-su becomes emperor of China.
  • Jan 24 Camille Saint-Saëns' "Danse Macabre" premieres
  • Jan 25 Anti-slavery society forms (NY)
  • Jan 26 Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
  • Feb 24 The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries.
  • Feb 25 Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft Sill
  • Mar 1 US Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
  • Mar 3 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years
  • Mar 14 Smetana's "Vysehrad" premieres
  • Mar 15 1st US cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
  • Apr 17 Modern Snooker invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain, a bored British officer in Jabalpur, India
  • Apr 25 Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3")
  • May 1 238 members of "Whiskey Ring" accused of anti-US activities
  • May 1 Alexandra Palace, London, reopens after being burnt down in 1873
  • May 7 German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed
  • May 11 George "Charmer" Zettlein pitches the 1st 9 inning shutout
  • May 16 Eathquake in Venezuela & Colombia kills 16,000
  • May 20 International Bureau of Weights & Measures forms by treaty
  • May 31 Reciprocity Treaty between US & Hawaii ratified
  • Jun 2 James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission

  • Jun 4 Pacific Stock Exchange opens
  • Jun 5 Pacific Stock Exchange formally opens in San Francisco
  • Jun 6 Netherlands joins the gold standard
  • Jun 7 California Rifle and Pistol Association founded
  • Jun 19 Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio
  • Jun 19 The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins.
  • Jun 22 Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun & Toulouse, kills about 1,000
  • Jul 1 Universal Postal Union established
  • Jul 4 White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7 Jesse James robs train in Otterville Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • Jul 19 Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick kids, makes trial trip, NYC
  • Aug 2 1st roller skating rink opens (London)
  • Aug 14 Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl
  • Aug 22 The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.
  • Aug 25 Matthew Webb becomes 1st to swim English Channel (21h 45m)
  • Sep 1 A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband.
  • Sep 9 Lotta's Fountain (Kearny & Market) dedicated
  • Sep 29 US-Spanish relations decline in wake of Cuban rebellion
  • Oct 5 Palace Hotel on Market Street opens in San Francisco
  • Oct 16 1st Quebec vs Ontario football game, Ontario wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah.

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Oct 22 Sons of American Revolution organizes
  • Oct 22 First telegraphic connection in Argentina.
  • Nov 2 Verney Cameroon reaches Benguela in Angola, from Africa's east coast, 1st European to cross equatorial Africa
  • Nov 4 Passenger Steamship "Pacific" collides with sailing vessel "Orpheus" off Cape Flattery, Washington, 236 die
  • Nov 4 Tonga adopts constitution
  • Nov 4 Massachusetts Rifle Association is founded in Boston
  • Nov 7 Verney Cameron is 1st European to cross equitorial Africa
  • Nov 13 National Bowling Association organized in NYC
  • Nov 16 Battle of Gundet: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • Nov 16 William Bonwill, patents dental mallet to impact gold into cavities
  • Nov 17 Amer Theosophical Society founded by Mme Blavatsky & Col Olcott
  • Nov 28 British explorer Verney Cameron reaches East Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 4 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed" (Tammany Hall, NYC) escapes from jail

Politician Boss Tweed
Politician
Boss Tweed
  • Dec 6 44th Congress (1875-77) convenes
  • Dec 7 Natives Sons of the West organized
  • Dec 8 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty" premieres in St Petersburg
  • Dec 17 Violent bread riots in Montreal
  • Dec 25 Lambs Club in NY forms
  • Dec 30 Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Charles Rist, French economist
  • Jan 9 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American socialite (d. 1942)
  • Jan 12 Marika Stiernstedt, Swedish author (Ulla Bella)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 15 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd (d. 1953)

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • Jan 16 Leonor Michaelis, German enzyme kinetic theorist (d. 1947)
  • Jan 17 Florencio Sánchez, Uruguayan dramatist (d. 1910)
  • Jan 21 John Lindworsky, German jesuit/psychologist (Der Wille)
  • Jan 21 Paul E Kahle, Germany, professor of oriental studies
  • Jan 22 Bonifacius C de Jonge, governor (Dutch East Indies)
  • Feb 2 Annette Kolb, German author (Small Fanfare) and pacifist, born in Munich (d. 1967)
  • Feb 4 Ludwig Prandtl, Germany, physicist (father of aerodynamics)
  • Feb 6 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general (d. 1915)
  • Feb 18 Walter Andrae, German archaeologist (Babylon, Assur)
  • Feb 21 Jeanne Louise Calment, France, world's oldest woman (d. 1997 at 122)
  • Feb 23 Jozef E Stokvis, journalist/Dutch MP (SDAP)
  • Mar 2 Hans Lietzman, German theologist/church historian
  • Mar 4 Alberto Vaccari, Italian jesuit/old testament scholar/interpreter
  • Mar 4 Enrique Larreta, [E R Maza], Argentine diplomat and writer (Gloria de Don Ramiro), born in Buenos Aires (d. 1961)
  • Mar 4 Suze Groeneweg, 1st Dutch female parliament member (SDAP, 1918-37)
  • Mar 13 Maria E G "Lizzy" Ansingh, Dutch painter (Caught Sultane)
  • Mar 14 Isadore Gilbert Mudge, US, librarian/author (Thackeray Dictionary)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 26 Syngman Rhee, First President of South Korea (1948-60), born in Haeju, North Korea (d. 1965)

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • Mar 29 Lou Henry Hoover, 1st lady (1929-33)
  • Apr 1 Edgar Wallace, English novelist/playwright/journalist (Terror)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 2 Walter Chrysler, American founder of car company Chrysler, born in Wamego, Kansas (d. 1940)

Founder of Chrysler Walter Chrysler
Founder of Chrysler
Walter Chrysler
  • Apr 5 Mistinguett, French vaudeville performer (d. 1956)
  • Apr 8 Albert I LCMM von Saksen-Coburg, king of Belgium (1909-34)
  • Apr 13 Ray Lyman Wilbur, U.S. university president and politician (d. 1949)
  • Apr 15 Klaziena "Ina" Boudier-Bakker, Dutch playwright/novelist (Poverty)
  • Apr 18 Ivana Brlic-Mazuranic, Croatian writer (d. 1938)
  • Apr 27 Andre Baillon, Belgian/French author (Un homme si simple)
  • Apr 29 Rafael Sabatini, Italian/British writer (d. 1950)
  • May 4 Ramiro de Maeztu y Whitney, Spanish writer (Don Quixote & Celestine)
  • May 6 William Daniel Leahy, Iowa, 5 star admiral/chief of staff (1949)
  • May 11 Harriet Quimby, American aviator (d. 1912)
  • May 23 Alfred P. Sloan, American long-time president and chairman of General Motors (d. 1966)
  • May 30 Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher (d. 1944)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 6 Thomas Mann, German novelist (Magic Mountain-Nobel 1929), born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1955)

Novelist Thomas Mann
Novelist
Thomas Mann
  • Jun 9 Henry Dale, physiologist (Nobel-1936), born in London, England
  • Jun 15 Herman Smith-Johannsen, cross-country skier (d. 1987)
  • Jun 17 Philipp A Kohnstamm, philosopher/theorist (Mensch & World)
  • Jun 20 Othenio Able, Austria, paleontologist
  • Jun 23 Carl Milles, Uppsala Sweden, fountain sculptor (Wedding of Rivers)
  • Jun 28 Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (d. 1941)
  • Jul 3 Ernst F Sauerbruch, German nazi/surgeon
  • Jul 4 Giovanni & Giacomo Tocci, Italian siamese twins, born in Locana (probable date),
  • Jul 10 Mary McLeod Bethune, SC, educator (Bethune-Cookman College)
  • Jul 15 Jean van den Eeckhoudt, Belgian painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 26 Carl Jung, Swiss Psychiatrist (founded analytic psychology), born in Kesswil, Switzerland (d. 1961)

Psychiatrist Carl Jung
Psychiatrist
Carl Jung
  • Jul 26 Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (d. 1939)
  • Aug 2 Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian artist (d. 1957)
  • Aug 8 Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (d. 1955)
  • Aug 18 Johan E Elias, historian (Amsterdam)
  • Aug 19 Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer (d. 1936)
  • Aug 21 Maurice Lippens, Belgian earl/minister/governor of Congo
  • Aug 23 William Eccles, English radio pioneer (d. 1966)
  • Aug 23 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist (d. 1946)
  • Aug 26 John Buchan, Scotland, Gov-Gen of Canada/writer (Battle of Somme)
  • Aug 27 Katharine McCormick, American women's rights activist (d. 1967)
  • Sep 1 Edgar Rice Burroughs, US, sci-fi author (Tarzan of Apes, Mars Saga)
  • Sep 3 Ferdinand Porsche, German automotive engineer (Volkswagen Beetle, Mercedes-Benz SS) and founder of the Porsche car company, born in Maffersdorf, Bohemia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1951)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 16 James Cash Penney, American department store founder (J C Penney), born in Hamilton, Missouri (d. 1971)

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • Sep 18 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (d. 1945)
  • Oct 11 Stefan O Iosif, Romania, poet (Beautiful Irine)
  • Oct 12 Aleister [Edward S] Crowley, (75 pseudonames), British occultist
  • Oct 17 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer (Yes & No!)
  • Oct 18 James E K Aggrey, Ghana, US theologian/educationalist
  • Oct 23 Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (d. 1946)
  • Oct 24 Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter (d. 1958)
  • Oct 28 Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor, American geographer and editor (d. 1966)
  • Oct 29 Marie, queen consort of Ferdinand I of Romania (1914-27)
  • Oct 31 Seerp Anema, poet/writer (Dutch Coasts)
  • Oct 31 Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian freedom fighter and statesman (d. 1950)
  • Nov 6 Pompeo Aloisi, Italian baron/diplomat/senator
  • Nov 7 Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet politician (d. 1946)
  • Nov 11 Vesto Slipher, Mulberry Indiana, American Astronomer who provided the first evidence to support the expanding-universe theory
  • Nov 14 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer: Conrad Pilater
  • Nov 14 Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general (d. 1899)
  • Nov 19 Michael I Kalinin, Russian metal worker/head of state

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 19 Hiram Bingham, American archaeologist who re-discovered the Incan site of Machu Picchu, born in Honolulu, Hawaii (d. 1956)

Archaeologist and Explorer Hiram Bingham
Archaeologist and Explorer
Hiram Bingham
  • Nov 22 Georges Rency, Belgian poet
  • Nov 23 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, born in Poltava, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • Nov 27 Wladyslaw Orkan, [Szmaciarz-Smreczynsky], Pol author (Nowele Zebrane)
  • Dec 3 Bernhard Lichtenberg, German clergyman/antifascist
  • Dec 3 Max Meldrum, Scottish-born Australian painter (d. 1955)
  • Dec 4 Rainer Maria Rilke, Austria, poet (Duino Elegies)
  • Dec 5 Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian soldier (d. 1933)
  • Dec 6 Evelyn Underhill, British poet (d. 1941)
  • Dec 12 Desiderius A Stracke, Flemish jesuit/literature historian
  • Dec 12 Karl R G von Rundstedt, German gen-fieldmarshal (Normandy)
  • Dec 15 Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary (d. 1899)
  • Dec 19 Carter G Woodson, New Canton Va, American historian (African American studies)
  • Dec 20 T F Powys, Wales, writer (Captain Patch, Goat Green)
  • Dec 25 Theodor Innitzer, cardinal/archbishop Vienna

Weddings in History

  • Feb 4 Princess Louise of Belgium marries Prince Philip von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha in Belgium

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 15 Sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi (41) weds Jeanne-Emilie Baheux Puysieux in Newport, Rhode Island


Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 Pierre Larousse, French editor (b. 1817)
  • Jan 20 Jean-François Millet, French painter (b. 1814)
  • Jan 23 Charles Kingsley, English vicar and writer (Westward Ho!), dies at 55
  • Feb 3 Everhardus J Potgieter, writer (Liedekens van Bontekoe), dies at 66
  • Feb 17 Luis NF Varela, Brazilian romantic poet, dies at 33
  • Feb 19 Jean B Vuillaume, French violin maker (octobas), dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 22 Charles Lyell, British geologist (Elements of Geology), dies at 77

Geologist Charles Lyell
Geologist
Charles Lyell
  • Feb 22 Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, French painter (b. 1796)
  • Mar 1 Tristan Corbière, French poet (b. 1845)
  • Mar 20 John Mitchel, Irish nationalist (Jail Journal), dies at 59
  • Mar 27 Edgar Quinet, French historian (b. 1803)
  • Apr 7 Georg Herwegh, writer, dies at 57
  • Apr 11 Heinrich Schwabe, discoverer (11-year sunspot cycle), dies
  • Apr 30 Jean Frederic Waldeck, French explorer, lithographer, and cartographer (b. 1766)
  • May 5 Jan A C A van Nispen tot Sevenaer, Dutch MP (1848-75), dies at 71
  • May 17 John C. Breckinridge, Vice President of the United States (b. 1821)
  • May 20 Amalia, wife of King Otto of Greece, dies at 58
  • Jun 2 Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (b. 1806)
  • Jun 4 Eduard Mörike, German poet (b. 1804)
  • Jun 9 Gérard Paul Deshayes, French geologist (b. 1795)
  • Jun 25 Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor (b. 1796)
  • Jun 29 Ferdinand I KLJM de Goedige, Emperor of Austria, dies at 82
  • Jul 9 Francis Preston Blair Jr, famed St Louis lawyer, dies at 54
  • Jul 30 George Pickett, American Confederate general (b. 1825)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 31 Andrew Johnson, 17th US President (Unionist: 1865-69), dies of a stroke at 66

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 4 Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author of 150 fairy tales (The Ugly Duckling, The Snow Queen), dies at 70

  • Aug 10 Karl (Theodor) Andree, German journalist (Globus), dies at 66
  • Aug 17 Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (b. 1827)
  • Aug 27 William Chapman Ralston, American banker (b. 1826)
  • Aug 31 Oskar Peschel, German geographer (Physicist Erdkunde), dies at 49
  • Sep 28 Aleksei K Tolstoi, [Kozjma Prutkov], Russian poet, dies at 58 [OS]
  • Oct 10 Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian novelist, poet and dramatist (b. 1817)
  • Oct 12 Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (b. 1827)
  • Oct 24 Raffaello Carboni, Italian writer
  • Nov 2 James W. W. Birch, 1st British resident in Perak, Malaysia is speared to death while in the bath-house of his boat, SS Dragon at 49
  • Nov 6 John Baptist van Son, Dutch Catholic politician, dies at 71
  • Nov 17 Hilario Ascasubi, Argentina author (pampa, gauchos & indians), dies
  • Nov 21 Friedrich A Lange, philosopher/socialist (Neo-Kantianism), dies at 67
  • Nov 22 Henry Wilson, Vice President of the United States (b. 1812)
  • Dec 20 Michail P Pogodin, Russian historian/writer (Povesti), dies at 75