1876 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 The Reichsbank opens in Berlin.
  • Jan 15 "Die Afrikaanse Patriot", the first newspaper in Afrikaans, is published in Paarl
  • Jan 31 The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.
  • Feb 7 Pres Grant's private-secretary Orville acquitted in Whiskey Ring
  • Feb 14 A G Bell & Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor
  • Feb 15 Historic Elm at Boston blown down
  • Feb 17 Sardines first canned by Julius Wolff in Eastport, Maine
  • Feb 18 Direct telegraph link established between Britain & New Zealand
  • Feb 22 Johns Hopkins University opens
  • Feb 24 Henrik Ibsen's "Peer Gynt" premieres in Oslo
  • Mar 1 Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn)
  • Mar 4 US Congress decides to impeach Minister of War Belknap

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone

  • Mar 7 Battle at Gura: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • Mar 10 1st telephone call made (Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson)
  • Mar 17 Gen Crook destroy Cheyennes & Oglala-Sioux indian camps
  • Apr 2 Philadelphia A's and Boston Red Caps play 1st NL game, in Philadelphia
  • Apr 11 Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks organizes
  • Apr 11 Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan
  • Apr 18 Daniel O'Leary completes a 500 mile walk in 139 hrs 32 min
  • Apr 22 Tsjaikovsky completes his "Swan Lake" ballet
  • May 2 The April Uprising breaks out in Bulgaria.
  • May 10 Centennial Fair opens in Philadelphia
  • May 13 Amersfoort-Zutphen railway opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 7th US Cavalry under General George Armstrong Custer leaves Ft Lincoln

  • May 23 1st NL no-hitter (Joe Borden, Boston)
  • May 25 1st tie in NL history (Athletics & Louisville, 2-2 in 14)
  • May 26 HMS Challenger returns from 128,000-km oceanographic exploration
  • May 30 Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V.
  • Jun 2 Hristo Botev, a Bulgarian poet and national revolutionary, is killed in Stara Planina
  • Jun 3 Lacrosse introduced in Britain & Canada
  • Jun 4 An express train called the Transcontinental Express arrives in San Francisco, California, via the First Transcontinental Railroad only 83 hours and 39 minutes after having left New York City.
  • Jun 5 Bananas become popular in US, at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 11 Republicans pick Rutherford B. Hayes as US presidental candidate

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Jun 14 1st player to hit for cycle (George Hall, Philadelphia Athletics)
  • Jun 14 California Street Cable Car Railroad Co gets its franchise
  • Jun 15 Sara Spencer (R) is 1st woman to address a US presidential convention
  • Jun 15 Tsunamis after earthquake floods NE coast of Japan, kills 28,000
  • Jun 17 1st to hit 2 HRs; & score 5 runs in 9 inn NL game (George Hall, A's)
  • Jun 17 Battle of Rosebud/Battle Where Girl Saved Her Brother
  • Jun 25 Battle of the Little Bighorn: 7th Cavalry under Lieutenant Colonel (sometime Brevet Major General) George Armstrong Custer wiped out by Sioux and Cheyenne, Custer killed
  • Jun 27 1st NLer to get 6 hits in 9 inn game (Dave Force, Philadelphia Athletics)
  • Jun 27 Democratic Party elects Samuel Tilden as US presidential candidate
  • Jun 30 Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • Jul 3 Montenegro declares war on Turkey
  • Jul 4 1st public exhibition of electric light in SF
  • Jul 4 Batholdi visits Bedloe Island, future home of his Statue of Liberty
  • Jul 8 White terrorists attack Black Republicans in Hamburg SC, killing 5
  • Jul 9 Black landowner murdered in Hamburg SC
  • Jul 13 29th US Postmaster General: James N Tyner of Ind takes office
  • Jul 20 1st US intercollegiate track meet held, Saratoga, NY; Princeton wins
  • Jul 31 US Coast Guard officers' training school established (New Bedford MA)
  • Aug 1 Colorado becomes 38th state of the Union
  • Aug 8 Dan O'Leacy completes 500 mile walk in 139h32m

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8 Thomas Edison patents the mimeograph

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Aug 10 1st phone call between Brantford & Paris, Canada
  • Aug 14 Prairie View State University forms
  • Aug 15 US law removes Indians from Black Hills after gold find
  • Aug 24 Riot abolishes fairs in Amsterdam, 2 killed
  • Aug 31 Ottoman sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II.
  • Sep 6 Race riot in Charleston SC
  • Sep 6 Southern Pacific line from LA to SF completed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 7 Frank James and his gang are involved in a disastrous raid in Northfield, Minnesota, results in the death or capture of multiple gang members (Cole/Bob/Jim Younger arrested)

Outlaw Frank James
Frank James
  • Sep 12 King Leopold II opens Congo-conference

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 14 Henry Morton Stanley's expedition leaves Rwanda

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • Sep 14 Leopold II closes Congo-conference
  • Sep 17 Race riots in South Carolina
  • Sep 19 1st carpet sweeper patented (Melville Bissell of Grand Rapids, Mich)
  • Sep 19 Talks begin to set up a football club in Ottawa
  • Sep 20 Ottawa Football Club forms
  • Sep 23 Ottawa Rough Riders play their 1st game
  • Sep 26 1st Belgian parachute jump (Glorieux)
  • Oct 6 American Library Association organized in Philadelphia
  • Oct 9 1st 2-way telephone conversation, 1st over outdoor wires
  • Oct 16 Race riot at Cainhoy SC (5 whites & 1 black killed)
  • Oct 17 Henry Morton Stanley's reaches Lualaba River
  • Oct 23 New Orleans Mint reopens as an assay office
  • Oct 26 US President sends federal troops to Southern Carolina
  • Oct 31 Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876 ravages British India (Modern-day Bangladesh), over 200,000 killed
  • Nov 1 King Willem III opens North Sea Canal (Amsterdam-IJmuiden)
  • Nov 1 New Zealand's provincial government system is dissolved.
  • Nov 5 Henry Morton Stanley's expedition leaves Nyangwe
  • Nov 7 Edward Bouchet, is 1st black to receive a PhD from a US college (Yale)
  • Nov 7 Meharry Medical College forms at Central Tennesse College
  • Nov 7 President Rutherford B. Hayes & Samuel J Tilden claim presidential victory Tilden (D) wins election but Electoral college selects Hayes (R)
  • Nov 21 Skirmish between HM Stanley's expedition & natives
  • Nov 23 Columbia, Harvard & Princeton form Intercollegiate Football Association
  • Nov 25 Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack Chief Dull Knife's sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River.
  • Dec 5 Daniel Stillson (Mass) patents 1st practical pipe wrench
  • Dec 5 Fire at Brooklyn Theater kills 295, trampled or burned to death
  • Dec 6 1st crematorium in US begins operation, Washington, Penn
  • Dec 6 City of Anaheim incorporated for 2nd time
  • Dec 6 US Electorial College picks Rep Hayes as pres (although Tilden won)
  • Dec 7 NY Mutuals & Philadelphia A's expelled from NL for not completing sked
  • Dec 8 Suriname begins compulsory education for 7-12 years
  • Dec 23 Turkey's 1st constitution proclaimed
  • Dec 29 11 passenger cars crash in a ravine near Ashtabula Ohio, 92 die

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 105

  • Jan 1 Johan C Altorf, sculptor (October 3rd monument)
  • Jan 1 Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (d. 1933)
  • Jan 3 Wilhelm Pieck, co-founder German Communist Party/pres (1949-60)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 5 Konrad Adenauer, chancellor of Germany (BRD, 1949), born in Cologne, Germany

German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
German Chancellor
Konrad Adenauer
  • Jan 9 Hans Bethge, German poet, born in Dessau (d. 1946)
  • Jan 10 Johannes W "Jan" Eisenloeffel, Dutch goldsmith
  • Jan 12 Jack London, American writer/socialist (Call of the Wild), born in San Francisco (d. 1916)
  • Jan 17 Olga Fastrová, Czech writer and editor (National Policy), born in Prague (d. 1965)
  • Jan 17 Frank Hague, American politician (d. 1956)
  • Feb 6 Wilhelm Schmidtbonn[-Schmidt], German playwright (Der Sprechende Eros)
  • Feb 8 Paula Modersohn-Becker, German "entartet" painter
  • Feb 12 Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama (d. 1933)
  • Feb 16 George Macauley, English historian (Giuseppi Garibaldi), born in Trevelyan, England
  • Feb 21 Constantin Brancusi, Romanian/French sculptor (Princesse X)
  • Feb 21 Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (d. 1956)
  • Feb 23 Agnes M Royden, writer
  • Feb 25 Charles Freer, art collector; endowed Freer Gallery [or 1856]
  • Feb 26 Agustín Pedro Justo, President of Argentina (1932-38) during the Infamous Decade, born in Concepción del Uruguay, Entre Ríos (d. 1943)
  • Feb 26 Pauline Musters, smallest man (1'11.2" (58.9 cm))
  • Mar 1 Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian IOC president (d. 1942)
  • Mar 2 Pius XII, [Euhenio MGG Pacelli], 260th Pope (1939-58)
  • Mar 4 Léon-Paul Fargue, French poet (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 Theodore Hardeen, Magician and stunt performer, founder of the Magician's Guild (d. 1945)
  • Mar 11 David Wijnkoop, Dutch revolutionary socialist
  • Mar 20 Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1927)
  • Mar 23 Muirhead Bone, etcher/engraver of architecture, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Mar 26 Prince William of Wied (d. 1945)
  • Mar 29 Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian/antifascist
  • Mar 30 Clifford Whittingham Beers, US, mental hygiene pioneer
  • Mar 31 Borisav "Bora" Stanković, Serbian writer (d. 1927)
  • Apr 4 Maurice de Vlaminck, Fauvist painter (Village in the Snow), born in Paris, France
  • Apr 11 Paul Henry, Northern Irish artist (d. 1958)
  • Apr 17 Ian Hay, Scotland, novelist/playwright (PIp, Carrying On)
  • Apr 19 Hendrik W A E, duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin/king of Netherlands
  • Apr 23 Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (d. 1925)
  • Apr 24 Ioannis Georgiadis, Greek fencer (d. 1960)
  • Apr 24 Erich Raeder, German naval commander (d. 1960)
  • Apr 28 Frank Cavanagh, one of football's coaching greats
  • Apr 29 Zauditu of Ethiopia (d. 1930)
  • Apr 30 Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist (d. 1937)
  • May 10 Ivan Cankar, Slavs author (Hlapec Jernej-Njegova Pravica)
  • May 12 Harold, grandson of English queen Victoria
  • May 19 William King Gregory, Greenwich Village New York, American palaeontologist (mammalian teeth, evolutionary theory)
  • May 27 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (d. 1945)
  • Jun 11 Alfred L Kroeber, Hoboken NJ, author (Anthropologist looks at History)
  • Jun 13 William Sealey Gosset, English chemist, statistician (d. 1937)
  • Jun 21 Willem H Keesom, physicist (helium vast)
  • Jun 22 Gwen (Gwendolen) John, Haverfordwest, Wales, Welsh painter
  • Jun 29 Nellie Taylor Ross, 1st woman to serve as a gov (Wyoming, 1925-27)
  • Jul 2 Wilhelm Cuno, German ship owner/republic chancellor (1922-23)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 6 Harry Ford Sinclair, founder of Sinclair Oil (Teapot Dome Scandal), born in Benwood, West Virginia

Founder of Sinclair Oil Harry Ford Sinclair
Founder of Sinclair Oil
Harry Ford Sinclair
  • Jul 12 Max Jacob, French poet (d. 1944)
  • Jul 17 Maxim M Litvinov, [Meyer H Wallach], Russian diplomat
  • Jul 17 Rosa Jackson Lumpkin, lived to be 115 years old, born in Flint, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • Jul 19 Joseph Fielding Smith, 10th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1972)
  • Jul 20 Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician (d. 1944)
  • Aug 5 Mary R Beard, historian (Woman as a Force in History), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Aug 12 Mary Roberts Rinehart, mystery writer (Miss Pinkerton)
  • Aug 14 Alexander I Obrenovic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1922-34)
  • Aug 14 Sibilla Aleramo, [Rina Faccio], Italian feminist/poet (Una Donna)
  • Aug 15 Aleksandar Belic, Serb linguist
  • Aug 16 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator (d. 1942)
  • Aug 17 Eric Drummond, 1st Secretary-General of League of Nations (1919-33)
  • Aug 17 Henri G Winkelman, Dutch general/supreme commander/navy 1940
  • Aug 29 Charles F Kettering, Ohio, inventor (auto self-starter)
  • Aug 29 Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (d. 1949)
  • Sep 1 Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (d. 1961)
  • Sep 5 Abdelaziz Thâalbi, Tunisian politician. (d. 1944)
  • Sep 5 Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal (d. 1956)
  • Sep 6 John J R Macleod, Scottish/Canadian physiologist (Nobel 1923)
  • Sep 6 Willem A Bonger, Dutch sociologist/criminologist (Race & Crime)
  • Sep 7 C.J. Dennis, Australian poet and writer (d. 1938)
  • Sep 13 Sherwood Anderson, Winesburg, Ohio, author/publisher (Winesburg)
  • Sep 15 Frank E Gannett, newspaper publisher (Gannett), born in Rochester, New York
  • Sep 15 Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian novelist (d. 1938)
  • Sep 18 Milan Rakic, Serbian poet (Pesme)
  • Sep 18 James Scullin, 9th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1953)
  • Sep 22 André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)
  • Sep 26 Edith Abbott, dean (University of Chicago Social Sciences)
  • Oct 4 Hugh McCrae, Australian writer (d. 1958)
  • Oct 6 Ernest Lapointe, French-Canadian politician (d. 1941)
  • Oct 11 Gertrud von Le Fort, German writer (The Eternal Woman), born in Minden, Westphalia (d. 1971)
  • Oct 22 Karl B Adam, German theologist (Christ our Brother)
  • Oct 23 Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician (d. 1970)
  • Oct 28 Albert E Michotte van den Berck, Belgian psychologist
  • Oct 31 Eduard van Oort, zoologist (Ornithology of Netherlands)
  • Nov 3 Stephen Peter Alencastre, Roman Catholic prelate (d. 1940)
  • Nov 4 James Fraser, designed buffalo nickel
  • Nov 5 Raymond Duchamp-Villon, cubist sculptor (Head of Baudeaire)
  • Nov 7 Culbert Olson, Fillmore Utah, (Gov-D-Cal)
  • Nov 8 Frank L Gillespie, Ark, founded Supreme Life Insurance Company
  • Nov 17 Baron Joseph van de Meulebroeck, mayor (Brussels, Belgium)
  • Nov 19 Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva, Russian/Dutch mathematician (d. 1964)
  • Nov 24 Walter Griffin, US architect, city planner; designed Canberra, Aust
  • Nov 25 Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Grand Duchess of Hesse (d. 1936)
  • Nov 26 Bart A van der Leck, Dutch painter (Style)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 26 Willis Carrier, American engineer who developed modern air conditioning, born in Angola, New York (d. 1950)

Engineer Willis Carrier
Willis Carrier
  • Dec 4 Dimitur Poljanov, [Popov], Bulgaria, poet (Iron Poems)
  • Dec 6 Fred Duesenberg, German-born automobile pioneer (d. 1932)
  • Dec 15 Ferdinand Hardekopf, writer

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 23 Sharp Shooter Annie Oakley weds traveling show marksman Frank E. Butler

Sharp Shooter Annie Oakley
Sharp Shooter
Annie Oakley

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 27 Poet Frederic Mistral (46) weds Marie Louise Aimee Rivière

Provencal Poet Frederic Mistral
Provencal Poet
Frederic Mistral
  • Dec 29 Frederic A Bartholdi (Statue of Liberty sculptor) weds Jeanne-Emilie

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 Juste Olivier, Swiss poet (b. 1807)
  • Jan 9 Samuel Gridley Howe, American abolitionist (b. 1801)
  • Jan 15 Eliza Johnson, U.S. First Lady (b. 1810)
  • Feb 3 Gino Capponi, Italian marquis/literary/premier of Toscane, dies at 83
  • Feb 24 Jan Pieter Heije, Dutch physician/writer/poet, dies at 67
  • Feb 24 Joseph Jenkins Roberts, first President of Liberia (b. 1809)
  • Mar 18 Ferdinand Freiligrath, German poet and translator, dies at 65
  • Apr 2 Paul van Vlissingen, Dutch ship owner, dies at 78
  • Apr 3 Henriette Davidis, writer, dies
  • Apr 9 Charles Goodyear, American politician (D-NY), dies at 71
  • May 7 William Buell Sprague, American clergyman and author (b. 1795)
  • May 8 Truganini, last originating Tasmanian, dies
  • May 12 Henri A Esquiros, French poet (Evangile du peuple), dies at 63
  • May 12 Georgi Benkovski, Bulgarian revolutionary, brutally killed by the Turks (b. 1843)
  • May 19 Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer, Dutch historian/politician, dies at 74
  • May 20 Harold, grandson of English queen Victoria, dies at 8 days old
  • May 20 Khristo Botev, Bulgarian poet, dies
  • May 24 Henry Kingsley, English/Australian writer, dies at 46
  • May 26 Frantisek Palacky, Czech historian/MP, dies at 77
  • May 27 Joseph Bosworth, lexicographer/scholar, dies
  • Jun 1 Christo Botew, writer, dies
  • Jun 7 George Sand, writer, dies at 71
  • Jun 8 George Sand, French author (Indiana, Consuelo), dies at 71
  • Jun 17 Harriet Scott, American ex-slave, who with husband Dred Scott unsuccessfully sued for their freedom
  • Jun 21 Antonio López de Santa Anna, President of Mexico who dominated Mexican history in the first half of the 19th century, dies at 79
  • Jun 25 Boston Custer, brother of George Custer, dies at Little Bighorn

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 25 George Armstrong Custer, US General, dies at the Battle of Little Bighorn aged 36

  • Jun 25 Lame White Man, Cheyenne, dies at Little Bighorn
  • Jun 25 Myles Keogh, US officer, dies at Little Bighorn
  • Jun 25 Thomas W Custer, brother of George Custer, dies at Little Bighorn
  • Jun 27 Christian G Ehrenberg, German zoologist (micro-organisms), dies at 81
  • Jul 11 Ottho G Heldring, vicar (H-gestichten), dies at 72
  • Jul 14 Thomas Hazlehurst, English Methodist chapel builder (b. 1816)
  • Jul 27 Walter Channing, American physician who was the first to use anesthesia during childbirth, dies at 90

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 2 Wild Bill Hickok, shot dead (from behind) by Jack McCall while playing poker. He held a pair of Aces & a pair of 8's

Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok
Folk Hero of the American Old West
Wild Bill Hickok
  • Aug 19 George Smith, English Archaeologist and assyriologist (cuneiform script), dies of fever at 36
  • Sep 5 Manuel Blanco Encalada, first president of Chile (b. 1790)
  • Sep 9 American Horse, Sioux chief, dies in battle
  • Sep 25 Adolf Glassbrenner, German satirical writer, dies at 66
  • Sep 27 Braxton Bragg, American Confederate general (b. 1817)
  • Oct 1 James Lick, California land baron (b. 1796)
  • Oct 10 Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (b. 1814)
  • Oct 18 Francis Preston Blair, newspaper editor (Washington Globe), dies at 85
  • Oct 20 Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper, Dutch sociologist/historian, dies at 68
  • Nov 6 Giacomo Antonelli, secretary of state of Pius IX, dies at 70
  • Nov 7 Albertus C van Raalte, Dutch/US vicar (Michigan), dies at 65
  • Nov 28 Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer, Estonian/German embryologist, dies at 84
  • Dec 20 Hannah Omish, at 12 is youngest ever hanged in US