1877 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 England's Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom

BattleBattle of Interest

Jan 8 Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain (Montana Territory).

Native American War Leader Crazy Horse
Native American War Leader
Crazy Horse
  • Jan 15 US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens
  • Jan 16 Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
  • Jan 22 Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices.
  • Jan 25 Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden
  • Jan 30 Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
  • Feb 7 1st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (NYC)
  • Feb 12 1st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston & Salem, Mass
  • Feb 12 US railroad builders strike against wage reduction
  • Feb 20 1st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
  • Feb 27 US Electoral College declares R Hayes winner presidential election

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2 Rutherford B. Hayes (R) declared president despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Mar 3 Rutherford Birchard Hayes is sworn in as the 19th US president
  • Mar 4 Tchaikovski's incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer" premieres in Moscow
  • Mar 5 Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated as 19th US president
  • Mar 12 Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Wash DC

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • Mar 19 Australia beat England by 45 runs in very first Test match
  • Mar 24 University boat race between Oxford & Cambridge ends in a dead heat
  • Mar 31 British high director/governor sir Bartle Frere arrives in Capetown
  • Mar 31 The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Ōita Nakatsu rebels.
  • Apr 2 1st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn
  • Apr 10 1st human cannonball act performed in London
  • Apr 10 Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, SC
  • Apr 12 British annex Transvaal, in South Africa
  • Apr 15 1st telephone installed: Boston-Somerville in Massachusetts
  • Apr 24 Last federal occupying troops withdraw from the South (New Orleans)
  • Apr 24 Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878: Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • Apr 27 President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles.

Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull
Lakota Sioux Chief
Sitting Bull
  • May 7 Cincinnati Enquirer first uses term "Bullpen" to indicate foul territory
  • May 8 1st Westminster Dog Show held
  • May 9 Mihail Kogălniceanu reads, in the Chamber of Deputies, the Declaration of Independence of Romania. This day became the Independence Day of Romania.
  • May 12 Ottawa Rough Riders 1st outside competition vs Britannia
  • May 13 Caesar Franck's "Lesson Eolides" premieres
  • May 16 May 16, 1877 political crisis in France.
  • May 17 Edwin T Holmes installs 1st telephone switchboard burglar alarm
  • Jun 1 Society of American Artists forms
  • Jun 1 US troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 15 Henry Ossian Flipper becomes 1st African American to graduate from West Point Military Academy

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • Jun 17 Indian Wars: Battle of White Bird Canyon - the Nez Perce defeat the US Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory.
  • Jun 21 The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania prisons.
  • Jul 1 1st edition of "Amsterdammer" published
  • Jul 10 The then villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain.
  • Jul 11 Kate Edger becomes New Zealand’s first woman graduate and the first woman in the British Empire to earn a Bachelor of Arts
  • Jul 14 General strike brings US railroad to a stand still
  • Jul 20 Military shoots on stopped railroad workers in Balt, kills 9
  • Jul 21 -27] US army breaks railroad strike
  • Jul 23 1st US municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations
  • Jul 23 1st telephone & telegraph line in Hawaii completed
  • Jul 24 1st time federal troops are used to combat strikers
  • Jul 31 Second Russian assault on Plevna, Turkey fails, during Russo-Turkish War, 7,300 Russian casualties
  • Aug 2 SF Public Library opens with 5,000 volumes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 9 Henry Morton Stanley's party reaches Boma, Congo, after 999 days, losing half of the 228 members.

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • Aug 10 Big Hole River: Col John Gibbon murders Nez-Perce indians
  • Aug 11 Asaph Hall discovers Mars's moon Deimos

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 12 Thomas Edison invents the Edisonphone, a sound recording device

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Aug 17 Asaph Hall discovers Mars' moon Phobos
  • Aug 22 Nez Perce (Niimíipu) indians flee into Yellowstone National Park
  • Sep 5 Southern blacks led by Pap Singleton settle in Kansas
  • Sep 11 Rijkslandbouwhoge school opens in Wageningen
  • Sep 20 Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 22 Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he spoke against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools

Anthropologist/Pathologist Rudolf Virchow
Rudolf Virchow
  • Sep 23 Hurricane strikes Curacao & Bonaire kills 200
  • Sep 24 Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion
  • Sep 27 John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti
  • Sep 30 1st US amateur swim meet (NY Athletic Club)
  • Oct 5 Chief Joseph surrenders, ending Nez Perce War
  • Oct 9 American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
  • Oct 15 45th Congress (1877-79) convenes
  • Oct 17 Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa
  • Oct 22 The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.
  • Nov 1 Dutch government of Heemskerk-Van Lynden resigns
  • Nov 9 American Chemical Society chartered in NY
  • Nov 17 Gilbert and Sullivan's operette "Sorcerer" premieres in London
  • Nov 17 Russia launches a surprise night attack that overruns Turkish forces at Kars, Armenia
  • Nov 21 Tom Edison announces his "talking machine" invention (phonograph) - first machine to play and record sound
  • Nov 29 US inventor Thomas Edison demonstrates his hand-cranked phonograph for the first time
  • Dec 6 First recording made of the human voice - Thomas Edison reciting "Mary had a little lamb"
  • Dec 6 Washington Post publishes 1st edition
  • Dec 7 Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph (gramophone) to the editors of "Scientific American"
  • Dec 15 Thomas Edison patents the phonograph
  • Dec 26 Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st national convention
  • Dec 28 John Stevens, applies for a patent for his flour rolling mill

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Slava Raskaj, Croatian painter (d. 1906)
  • Jan 7 Johannes F Buziau, Dutch cabaret performer (1 great dog)
  • Jan 10 Frederick Gardner Cottrell, inventor (elecrostatic precipitator)
  • Jan 12 Frank J. Corr, American politician (d. 1934)
  • Jan 15 Lewis M Terman, Ind, psychologist (developed Stanford-Binet IQ test)
  • Jan 17 May Gibbs, Australian children's author (d. 1969)
  • Jan 18 Samuel Zemurray, U.S. businessman (d. 1961)
  • Jan 22 Hjalmar Schacht, president of German Reichsbank/minister of Economics
  • Jan 26 Kees van Dongen, Netherland, French painter
  • Jan 29 Georges Catroux, French general (d. 1969)
  • Jan 31 Max Ettlinger, German philosopher
  • Feb 7 Godfrey H Hardy, England, number theorist
  • Feb 7 Julius Curtius, German minister of Foreign affairs (1929-..)
  • Feb 15 Louis Renault, French automobile executive (d. 1944)
  • Feb 17 Henri Vandeputte, Belgian author/poet (L'homme Jeune)
  • Feb 17 Isabelle Eberhardt, Swiss explorer and writer (d. 1904)
  • Feb 17 André Maginot, French politician (d. 1932)
  • Feb 19 Else Berg, German/Dutch painter
  • Feb 19 Gabriele Münter, German painter (d. 1962)
  • Feb 21 Jacob D du Toit [Totius], South African poet/theologist
  • Feb 22 Yme C Schuitmaker, Dutch potato salesman/dramatist
  • Feb 24 Ettie Rout, New Zealand activist (d. 1936)
  • Feb 26 Carel S Adama van Scheltema, Dutch poet/writer (socialism)
  • Mar 3 Garrett Morgan, African-American inventor
  • Mar 4 Daniel G van Beuningen, Dutch art collector
  • Mar 4 Fritz Graebner, German ethnologist (d. 1934)
  • Mar 9 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist/bio-chemist
  • Mar 10 David M Chumaceiro, Curacao, poet
  • Mar 12 Wilhelm Frick, German protector of Bohemia/Moravia
  • Mar 17 Albert P Hahn, Dutch political cartoonist (People/Nutcracker)
  • Mar 18 Edgar Cayce, American psychic (d. 1945)
  • Mar 25 Walter Little, Canadian politician (d. 1961)
  • Apr 10 Alfred Kubin, Austrian writer and illustrator, born in Leitmeritz, Bohemia (d. 1959)
  • Apr 14 Daniel Plooy, Dutch new testament scholar
  • Apr 17 Matsudaira Tsuneo, Japanese diplomat (d. 1949)
  • Apr 18 Vicente Sotto, Filipino patriot, author (d. 1950)
  • Apr 19 Ole Evinrude, inventor (outboard marine engine)
  • Apr 30 Alice B. Toklas, American companion of Gertrude Stein (d. 1967)
  • May 3 Karl Abraham, German psychoanalyst (d. 1925)
  • May 26 Jean Schlumberger, French writer (La Mort de Sparte)
  • May 26 Sadao Araki, Japanese general/minister of War (1931-34)
  • Jun 3 Raoul Dufy, France, Fauvist painter (Palm)
  • Jun 4 Heinrich Wieland, German chemist (bile acids-Nobel 1927)
  • Jun 5 Johan W Albarda, 1st Dutch socialist minister (1939-45)
  • Jun 7 Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1944)
  • Jun 9 Rudolf Borchardt, writer
  • Jun 11 Renee Vivien, English-born poet (d. 1909)
  • Jun 12 Thomas C Hart, US admiral (Asiatic fleet)
  • Jun 18 James Montgomery Flagg, illustrator ("I want you" Uncle Sam)
  • Jun 24 Aleksei M Remizov, Russian writer (Iveren)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 2 Hermann Hesse, German-Swiss novelist and poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel 1946), born in Calw, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1962)

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse
  • Jul 6 Niceto A Zamora y Torres, premier/president of Spain (1931-36)
  • Jul 16 Béla Schick, Hungarian/US children artist (Serum Krankheit)
  • Jul 24 Calogero Vizzini, Sicilian mafioso (d. 1954)
  • Jul 26 Hubert Ahaus, missionary (Harvest Fields)
  • Aug 1 Charlotte Hughes, 1990 (oldest person in Great Britain)
  • Aug 1 Jan van den Tempel, Dutch MP (SDAP)
  • Aug 4 Dame Laura Knight, Long Eaton UK, Impressionist artist
  • Aug 5 Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (d. 1917)
  • Aug 6 Wallace H. White, Jr., American politician (d. 1952)
  • Aug 10 Rudolf Hilferding, German economist/SPD-minister of Finance
  • Aug 10 Frank Marshall, American chess player (d. 1944)
  • Aug 11 Adolph M. Christianson, justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court (d. 1954)
  • Aug 25 Joshua L Cowen, inventor (electric train)
  • Aug 27 Charles Stewart Rolls, British auto manufacturer (Rolls-Royce Ltd)
  • Aug 27 Lloyd Cassel Douglas, novelist
  • Aug 27 Ernst Wetter, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1963)
  • Aug 29 Alfred DPR Pound, British admiral/1st Sealord (Jutland, WW II)
  • Sep 1 Francis William Aston, Nobel laureate (d. 1945)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 2 Frederick Soddy, English chemist, Nobel laureate, (d. 1956), born in Eastbourne, Sussex (d. 1956)

Nobel Laureate Chemist Frederick Soddy
Nobel Laureate Chemist
Frederick Soddy
  • Sep 5 O W Albert Roelofs, Dutch painter/etcher
  • Sep 10 Georgia B D Camp Johnson, US, poet/playwright (Autumn Love Cycle)
  • Sep 11 Felix Dzerzhinsky [Iron Felix, Bloody Felix], Ivyanets, Lithuania, Soviet statesman, established and developed Soviet secret police (Cheka, forerunner to the KGB)
  • Sep 11 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), born in Southport, Lancashire (d. 1946)
  • Sep 13 Wilhelm Filchner, German explorer (d. 1957)
  • Sep 13 Stanley Lord, captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster (d. 1962)
  • Sep 15 Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and zionist (d. 1938)
  • Sep 16 Willem H Rassers, Dutch cultural anthropologist (Panji)
  • Sep 25 Plutarco Elias Calles, Mexican revolutionary, president (1924-28)
  • Sep 26 Ugo Cerletti, Italian neurologist (d. 1963)
  • Oct 8 Hans Heysen, German-born landscape artist (d. 1968)
  • Oct 18 Florence Dahl Walrath, humanitarian, founded Cradle society
  • Oct 25 Henry Norris Russell, astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 2 Aga Khan III, Shia Imam who was one of the founders of the All-India Muslim League and later President of the League of Nations (1937-38), born in Karachi, British India (d. 1957)

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • Nov 2 Joseph De Piro, Maltese founder of the Missionary Society of St. Paul (d. 1933)
  • Nov 3 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Chilean president. (d. 1960)
  • Nov 9 Allama Iqbal, Pakistani poet/philosopher
  • Nov 9 Sergei US Aleksi, patriarch of Russian-orthodox church
  • Nov 9 Enrico De Nicola, Italian politician (d. 1959)
  • Nov 14 René de Clerq, Flemish poet/author (Emergency Horn)
  • Nov 18 Arthur C Pigou, English economist (Wealth & welfare)
  • Nov 22 Joan Gamper, Swiss-born businessman and founder of FC Barcelona (d. 1930)
  • Nov 24 Alben W Barkley, Graves County Ky, (35th Vice Pres-D-1949-53)
  • Nov 24 Kavasji Jamshedji Petigara, Indian CID Commissioner of Police (d. 1941)
  • Nov 25 Harley Granville-Barker, dramatist/producer/critic, born in London, England
  • Dec 22 Endre Ady, Hungary, lyric poet
  • Dec 31 Lawrence Beesley, English journalist and author (d. 1967)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 11 Scientist and inventor Alexander Graham Bell (30) weds Mabel Hubbard (19) at the Hubbard estate in Cambridge, Massachusetts

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Cornelius Vanderbilt, US robber baron, dies at 82
  • Jan 9 Alexander Brullov, Russia painter (b. 1799)
  • Jan 24 Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist (b. 1796)
  • Mar 4 Hendrik E van Rijgersma, Dutch governor (St Maarten), dies at 42
  • Mar 9 Mark Prager Lindo, English/Dutch author (Neth Spectator), dies at 58
  • Mar 24 Walter Bagehot, English economist/critic/banker, dies at 51
  • Mar 31 Antoine A Cournot, French mathematician (rule of C), dies at 75
  • Apr 22 James P. Kirkwood, American civil engineer (b. 1807)
  • May 6 Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Finnish poet (b. 1804)
  • May 29 John Lothrop Motley, (History of United Netherlands), dies at 63
  • Jun 3 Frank Pocock, British explorer, drowned in the Congo
  • Jun 6 Prairie Flower, daughter of Ponca & chief Standing Bear, dies
  • Jun 7 Winand C H Staring, geologist (Bottom of Netherlands), dies at 68
  • Jul 13 Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler, German bishop of Mainz, dies at 65
  • Aug 5 Gustavus, Crown Prince of Sweden (b. 1799)
  • Aug 12 James Drummond, historical painter, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 29 Brigham Young, 2nd president of Mormon Church, dies of peritonitis at 76

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Sep 2 Constantine Kanaris, Greek admiral, freedom fighter and politician (b. 1793)
  • Sep 3 Adolphe Thiers, 1st president of 3rd French Rep (1871-77), dies at 80

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 5 Crazy Horse [Tashunka Witko], last great Sioux war chief, dies at 37

Native American War Leader Crazy Horse
Native American War Leader
Crazy Horse

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 17 William Henry Fox Talbot, photographic pioneer, dies at 77

Photography Pioneer William Henry Fox Talbot
Photography Pioneer
William Henry Fox Talbot
  • Sep 23 Urbain JJ Leverrier, codiscoverer of Neptune, dies
  • Sep 25 Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine, dies at 62
  • Sep 26 Hermann Grassmann, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1809)
  • Sep 30 Toohoolhoolzote, prophet of Nez Perce indians, dies in battle
  • Oct 3 James Roosevelt Bayley, first Bishop of Newark, New Jersey, and the eighth Archbishop of Baltimore (b. 1814)
  • Oct 16 John Zwijsen, archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 83
  • Oct 16 Theodore Barrière, French dramatist (b. 1823)
  • Oct 28 Robert Swinhoe, British naturalist (b. 1835)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 29 Nathan Bedford Forrest, American Confederate general, dies at 56

Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Nov 2 Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal (b. 1784)
  • Dec 10 Jared Kirtland, US physician/naturalist, dies
  • Dec 12 Jose M de Alencar, Brazilian writer/minister of Justice, dies at 48
  • Dec 27 Nikolai A Nekrasov, Russian poet (Metshty into Zvuki), dies at 56
  • Dec 29 Willem Sassen, Dutch attorney general on Curacao (Affair-S), dies
  • Dec 31 JD Gustave Courbet, French painter (Baigneuses), dies at 58