1880 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Building of Panama Canal, begins
  • Jan 6 Record snow cover in Seattle - 120 cm
  • Jan 9 6' (1.83 metres) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days
  • Jan 9 The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow.
  • Jan 21 1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis, Tennessee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 27 Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Feb 1 The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
  • Feb 2 SS Strathleven arrives in London with first shipment of frozen Australian mutton
  • Feb 4 Steele MacKay's "Hazel Kirke" premieres in NYC

MurderMurder of Interest

Feb 4 The Black donnelly massacre. James (63), Johannah (56), John (32), Thomas (25) and Bridget (21) Donnelly are murdered in their home by members of the Vigilance Committee

Squatter James Donnelly
James Donnelly
  • Feb 10 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Arcanum about Christian marriage
  • Feb 12 US National Croquet League organizes (Philadelphia)
  • Feb 13 Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels's primary river and creating the modern central boulevards.
  • Feb 16 American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)
  • Feb 17 Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt
  • Feb 29 Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland & Italy completed
  • Mar 4 NY Daily Graphic publishes 1st half-tone engraving, by S H Horgan
  • Mar 10 Salvation Army of England sets up US welfare & religious activity
  • Mar 23 Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisc)
  • Mar 24 Tobacco Growers' Mutual Insurance Company incorporates in CT
  • Mar 31 1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN)
  • Apr 18 An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
  • Jun 1 1st pay telephone installed
  • Jun 1 US census at 50,155,783
  • Jun 7 War of the Pacific: The Battle of Arica, assault and capture of Morro de Arica (Arica Cape), that ended the Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign).
  • Jun 10 Charlie Jones becomes 1st to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning
  • Jun 16 Salvation Army forms in London
  • Jun 17 John Ward, Providence, pitches perfect game vs Buffalo
  • Jun 24 First performance of "O Canada," the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 28 Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.

Leader of the Kelly gang Ned Kelly
Leader of the Kelly gang
Ned Kelly
  • Jun 29 France annexes Otaheite (Tahiti)
  • Jul 16 Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.
  • Jul 19 SF Public Library starts lending books
  • Jul 21 Compressed air accident kills 20 workers on Hudson River tunnel, NY
  • Jul 23 1st commercial hydroelectric power planet begins, Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • Jul 27 A P Abourne patents a process for refining coconut oil
  • Jul 27 Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson is wounded, breaks out
  • Aug 2 British Parliament officially adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
  • Aug 14 Construction of Cologne Cathedral completed after it was began in 1248 - largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 16 The French state commissions sculptor Auguste Rodin for a large sculpted doorway 'The Gates of Hell' for the proposed Musée des Arts Décoratifs

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Auguste Rodin
  • Sep 9 President Hayes visits SF
  • Sep 10 Pierre de Brazza signs treaty with King Makoko of Congo
  • Sep 23 Jules Ferry forms French government
  • Sep 30 Henry Draper takes that 1st photograph of Orion Nebula
  • Oct 4 University of California founded in Los Angeles
  • Oct 15 Koln cathedral completed, 633 years after it begun
  • Oct 15 Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
  • Oct 20 Amsterdam Free University opens

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 2 James A. Garfield (R) elected 20th US President

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • Nov 11 Australian Bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol
  • Nov 21 Henry Stanley & Pierre de Brazza quarrel about possession of Congo
  • Nov 24 Southern University forms
  • Dec 8 5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal, South Africa
  • Dec 16 Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa
  • Dec 16 Beginning of the First Boer War between British Empire and Boer South African Republic
  • Dec 20 Battle at Bronker's Spruit, Transvaal: Farmers beat Britten
  • Dec 20 NY's Broadway lit by electricity, becomes known as "Great White Way"

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 107

  • Jan 1 Shalom Asch, Poland, yiddish writer (Motke Ganev)
  • Jan 2 Louis Breguet, French aviation pioneer
  • Jan 10 Eduard M Meijers, Dutch lawyer (Short Cause)
  • Jan 10 Frans van Cauwelaert, Flemish minister/mayor of Antwerp
  • Jan 10 Grock, [Adrien Wettach], Swiss clown/circus director

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 10 Manuel Azaña, Prime Minister of Spain (1931-33) and 2nd President of the Spanish Republic (1936-39), born in Alcalá de Henares, Spain (d. 1940)

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • Jan 17 Mack Sennett, movie creator (Keystone Kops)
  • Jan 18 Paul Ehrenfest, Austria/Neth physicist (adiabates hypothesis)
  • Jan 20 Walter W. Bacon, American politician (d. 1962)
  • Jan 24 Elisabeth Achelis, creator (World Calendar)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 26 Douglas MacArthur, Little Rock Ark, US General (WW II), (d. 1964)

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Feb 3 Arnoldus JH Aerts, bishop of Neth-Guinea (1920-42)
  • Feb 8 Franz Marc, German painter (Blaue Reiter)
  • Feb 9 Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1959)
  • Feb 10 Jesse G Vincent, Arkansas, engineer designed 1st V-12 engine
  • Feb 12 John Llewellyn Lewis, union leader (United Mine Workers, 1920-60)
  • Feb 17 Alvaro Obregon, general/president Mexico (1920-24)
  • Feb 20 Jacques d'Adelswärd-Fersen, French aristocrat and novelist (d. 1923)
  • Feb 21 Waldemar Bonsels, German writer (d. 1952)
  • Feb 22 Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1956)
  • Mar 1 Lytton Strachey, English biographer and critic (Benson Medal 1923), born in London, England
  • Mar 3 Anne C Veth, Dutch cartoonist/art critic
  • Mar 4 Channing Pollock, American playwright and critic (d. 1946)
  • Mar 11 Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenecist (d. 1943)
  • Mar 12 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
  • Mar 17 Sir Patrick Hastings, British barrister (d. 1952)
  • Mar 17 Lawrence Oates, English army officer and Antarctic explorer (d. 1912)
  • Mar 21 Hans Hofmann, German/US painter (Search for the Real)
  • Mar 21 Wilhelm Pessler, German sociologist
  • Mar 23 Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (d. 1922)
  • Mar 26 Duncan Hines, US, restaurant guide writer (Out of Kentucky Kitchens)
  • Mar 30 Sean O'Casey, Ireland, playwright (Playboy of the Western World)
  • Apr 1 Agha Petros, Assyrian general (d. 1932)
  • Apr 10 Frances Perkins, American politician and 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor), (d. 1965)
  • Apr 10 Montague Summers, English writer (d. 1948)
  • Apr 10 Mohammed Nadir Shah, Afghan king (d. 1933)
  • May 1 Conrad Weiss, German writer/poet (Tantum dic verbo)
  • May 6 Baron W Edmund, Archangel & Ironside, British fieldmarshal
  • May 12 Lincoln Ellsworth, led 1st transarctic, transantarctic flights
  • May 14 Wilhelm List, German field marshal (d. 1971)
  • May 15 Otto Dibelius, German theologist/bishop (Confessional Church)
  • May 19 Allard R Hulshoff, architect of Amsterdam (1924)
  • May 21 Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (d. 1967)
  • May 25 Jean Alexandre Barré, French neurologist (d. 1967)
  • May 29 Oswald Spengler, Germany, philosopher (Decline of West)
  • Jun 6 William T Cosgrave, president Irish Free state
  • Jun 10 Margit Kaffka, Hungarian writer (Colors and Years), born in Nagykároly (d. 1918)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 11 Jeannette Rankin, 1st woman elected to US Congress (R-Montana), born in Missoula, Montana (d. 1973)

1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin
1st Woman Elected to Congress
Jeannette Rankin
  • Jun 17 Carl Van Fight, US author/critic (Red, Nigger Heaven)
  • Jun 17 Carl Van Vechten, American writer and photographer (d. 1964)
  • Jun 19 Johann Sigurjonsson, Icelandic writer (Dr Rung)
  • Jun 21 Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician (d. 1961)
  • Jun 21 Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker (d. 1941)
  • Jun 26 Natalia, Princess Brassova (d. 1952)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 27 Helen Keller, American blind-deaf author and lecturer, born in Tuscumbia, Alabama (d. 1968)

Author Helen Keller
Helen Keller
  • Jun 29 Ludwig Beck, chef Germany general staff ("July 20th plot")
  • Jul 20 Hermann earl Keyserling, German philosopher/writer
  • Jul 21 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (d. 1919)
  • Jul 26 Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Ukrainian statesman (d. 1951)
  • Jul 30 Robert Rutherford McCormick, US, editor/publisher (Chicago Tribune)
  • Jul 31 Munshi Premchand, Indian Author (d. 1936)
  • Aug 7 Ernst Laqueur, chemist/pharmacology/psychology (sexual hormones)
  • Aug 8 Earle Page, Australian politician (d. 1961)
  • Aug 10 Robert L. Thornton, American businessman, philanthropist, and Mayor of Dallas, Texas (d. 1964)
  • Aug 12 Marguerite "John" Radclyffe-Hall, author
  • Aug 21 Johan H Westerveld, Dutch WW II resistance fighter/leader (OD)
  • Aug 22 George Herriman, American cartoonist (d. 1944)
  • Aug 22 Gorch Fock, German author and poet (d. 1916)
  • Aug 23 Alexander Grin, Russian writer (d. 1932)
  • Aug 24 Miles W L Killearn of Killearn, Scottish baron/diplomat
  • Aug 29 Marie-Louise Meilleur, Canada, lived past 117
  • Aug 31 Wilhelmina HPM, queen of the Netherlands (1898-1948)
  • Sep 4 Leo Bittermieux, Flemish missionary (Congo)
  • Sep 6 Jean-Louis Pisuisse, Dutch night club performer (French governess)
  • Sep 8 Roelof Kranenburg, Dutch social democratic chairman (1st Chamber)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 12 Henry Louis Mencken, American newspaperman/critic (Prejudices), born in Baltimore, Maryland

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken
  • Sep 14 Paul Fechter, German writer (Der Zauberer Gottes)
  • Sep 14 Metropolitan Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Orthodox missionary and writer (d. 1961)
  • Sep 16 Alfred Noyes, British poet/essayist (Loom of Years, Highwayman)
  • Sep 20 Louise Peete, American murderess (d. 1947)
  • Sep 22 Asser B Kleerekoper, journalist/2nd-Member of parliament (SDAP)
  • Sep 22 Dame Christabel Pankhurst, English suffragist (d. 1958)
  • Sep 23 John Boyd Orr, nutritionist, UN's FAO (Nobel 1949)
  • Sep 28 Ralph Edward Flanders, Barnet VT, (Sen-VT)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 4 Damon Runyon, journalist and writer (Guys & Dolls-based on his work), born in Manhattan, Kansas (d. 1946)

Journalist and Author Damon Runyon
Journalist and Author
Damon Runyon
  • Oct 8 Ernest F E Douwes Dekker, Dutch founder (National-India Party)
  • Oct 12 Louis Hémon, French novelist (d. 1913)
  • Oct 13 Sasha Cherny, Russian poet (d. 1932)
  • Oct 14 Otto V Ekelund, Swedish poet/writer (Sak och sken)
  • Oct 26 Andrei Bely, Russian writer (d. 1934)
  • Oct 30 Abram F Joffe, Russian physicist (crystal)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 1 Alfred Wegener, German polar researcher, geophysicist and meteorologist (continental shift), born in Berlin (d. 1930)

Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist Alfred Wegener
Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist
Alfred Wegener
  • Nov 1 Sholem Asch, Poland, Yiddish novelist/playwright (Three Cities)
  • Nov 6 Robert Musil, Austrian novelist (d. 1942)
  • Nov 6 Chris van Abkoude, Dutch-American writer and novelist (d. 1959)
  • Nov 10 Aart A van Schelven, Dutch church historian (Willem of Orange)
  • Nov 10 Jacob Epstein, sculptor (Adam, Jacob & the Angel)
  • Nov 16 Alexander A Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat) [NS=11/28]
  • Nov 21 Franz Hessel, German writer, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1941)
  • Nov 25 Leonard S Woolf, English author/husband of Virginia Woolf

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 14 Philosopher John Muir (41) weds Louisa Strentzel

Environmental Philosopher John Muir
Environmental Philosopher
John Muir
  • May 16 British writer Mary Anne Evans, (pen name George Eliot), aged 60 marries John Cross, 20 years her junior

HeartWedding of Interest

May 19 Novelist Robert Louis Stevenson (29) weds Fanny Van de Grift Osbourne (40) in San Francisco

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 27 Theodore Roosevelt, later 26th US President marries Alice Hathaway Lee, on his 22nd birthday

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Anselm Feuerbach, German painter, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 8 Joshua Abraham Norton, [Emperor Norton] Self-proclaimed US Emperor/Protector of Mexico, dies at 60

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton
  • Jan 27 Edward Middleton Barry, English architect (b. 1830)

MurderMurder of Interest

Feb 4 James Donnelly, patriarch of the "Black Donnellys", murdered in the Black Donnelly massacre at 63

Squatter James Donnelly
James Donnelly
  • Feb 29 Sir James Wilson, Premier of Tasmania (b. 1812, also on 29 February)
  • Mar 2 Sir John MacNeill, Irish civil engineer (b. 1790)
  • Mar 15 Jan K J de Jonge, Dutch historian, dies at 51
  • Mar 25 Ludmilla Assing, writer, dies
  • Apr 13 Robert Fortune, Scottish botanist (b. 1813)
  • Apr 23 Guess Saleh, [Sarief Bastaman], Javanese painter, dies
  • May 3 Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, dies at 60
  • May 4 Edward Clark, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
  • May 8 Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (b. 1821)
  • May 20 Eugene LFC prince the Ligne, Belgian prince of Ambise, dies at 76
  • May 22 Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern, German liberal politician, dies at 80
  • May 31 Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés, French chemist and inventor of margarine, dies at 62
  • Jun 4 Eugen Adam, painter, dies
  • Jun 5 Jacobus J Cremer, painter/author (Betuwsche Novellen), dies at 52
  • Jun 18 John Sutter, US colonist (gold discovered on his land), dies at 77
  • Jun 29 George W Vreede, lawyer/politician, dies
  • Jul 9 Paul Broca, French physician and anatomist (b. 1824)
  • Jul 21 Hiram Walden, American politician (b. 1800)
  • Aug 5 Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra, Austrian physician (b. 1816)
  • Sep 1 Antoon Jurgens, margarine maker, dies at 75
  • Oct 4 William Lassell, English astronomer (1st moon of Neptune), dies
  • Oct 6 Benjamin Pierce, US mathematician/astronomer, dies
  • Oct 14 Victorio, Apache chief/murderer, killed by Mexican army
  • Nov 11 Lucretia Mott, US quaker (1st Woman's Rights Convention), dies


Nov 11 Ned Kelly, Australian outlaw and bushranger, executed at 25

Leader of the Kelly gang Ned Kelly
Leader of the Kelly gang
Ned Kelly
  • Nov 19 Bernard de Hair, vicar/poet/church historian, dies at 74
  • Nov 28 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, (Portuguese) Archbishop of Goa (b. 1837)
  • Dec 11 Oliver Fisher Winchester, American businessman and politician (b. 1810)
  • Dec 12 Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), dies at 83
  • Dec 15 Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello, Italian minister of Justice, dies at 76
  • Dec 22 George Eliot [Mary Anne Evans], English novelist (Adam Bede, Middlemarch), dies on her 61st birthday
  • Dec 25 Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss Federal Councillor (b. 1828)