March 1881 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 4 California becomes 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation
  • Mar 4 Holmes & Watson begin "A Study in Scarlet", 1st case together

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 James A. Garfield inaugurated as the 20th President of the United States of America

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • Mar 4 South African president Kruger accepts ceasefire
  • Mar 7 Southern University opens in New Orleans
  • Mar 16 Barnum & Bailey Circus debuts
  • Mar 18 Barnum & Bailey's "Greatest Show on Earth" opens (Madison Square Garden)
  • Mar 23 Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
  • Mar 26 Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again
  • Mar 27 Rioting takes place in Basingstoke, Hampshire, in protest against the daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance by the Salvation Army.
  • Mar 28 "Greatest Show On Earth" was formed by PT Barnum & James A Bailey

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 4 Todor Aleksandrov, 19th century Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1924)
  • Mar 4 Thomas Sigismund Stribling, American writer (d. 1965)
  • Mar 4 Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (d. 1948)
  • Mar 9 Enver Pasja, Turkish general/politician
  • Mar 9 Ernest Bevin, British minister of Labour/Foreign affairs
  • Mar 10 Thomas Quinlan (impresario) (d. 1951)
  • Mar 12 Daniel Webster Hoan, Wisc (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee)
  • Mar 12 Gunnar Nordström, Finnish physicist (d. 1923)
  • Mar 13 Balthazar H Verhagen, Neth/South African dramatist/writer
  • Mar 17 Kristian Elster, Norwegian author (Less bror Harris)
  • Mar 17 Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  • Mar 23 Hermann Staudinger, Germany, chemist/plastics researcher (Nobel '53)
  • Mar 23 Roger Martin du Guard, France, novelist (Les Thibault-Nobel 1937)
  • Mar 25 Louis Dosfel, Flemish lawyer/writer (Assault!)
  • Mar 25 Mary Gladys Webb, English writer (d. 1927)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 6 Horatia Nelson, the illegitimate daughter of Emma Hamilton and Horatio Nelson (b. 1801)
  • Mar 13 Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, assassinated at 62
  • Mar 15 Emory Upton, US Union gen-maj (Selma), commits suicide at 42
  • Mar 21 Samuel Courtauld, American-born textile magnate (b. 1793)
  • Mar 24 Friedrich Hecker, German revolutionary republic politician, dies at 69
  • Mar 24 Joseph Delesse, French geologist (b. 1817)
  • Mar 26 Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat (b. 1800)