1882 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 2 Because of anti-monopoly laws, Standard Oil is organized as a trust
  • Jan 15 1st US ski club forms (Berlin NH)
  • Jan 17 1st Dutch female physician Aletta Jacobs opens office
  • Jan 25 Bilu, a Russian Zionist organization, forms
  • Jan 26 France government of Gambetta falls
  • Feb 3 Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo
  • Feb 6 The society of the Knights of Columbus forms in New Haven, Connecticut
  • Feb 7 Last bare knuckle champion John L Sullivan KOs Paddy Ryan in Miss
  • Feb 12 Social-Democratic Union forms in Amsterdam
  • Feb 15 SS Dunedin leaves New Zealand for Britain with the first cargo of frozen meat.
  • Feb 21 NYC's 24 hour race begins, winner with most mileage in 24 hours
  • Feb 22 With 120 miles James Saunders wins NYC's 24 hour race & $100 prize
  • Feb 22 The Serbian kingdom is refounded.
  • Feb 28 1st US college cooperative store opens, at Harvard U

MurderAssassination Attempt

Mar 2 Queen Victoria narrowly escapes assassination when Roderick Maclean shoots at her while boarding a train in Windsor.

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Mar 3 NY Steam Corp begins distributing steam to Manhattan buildings
  • Mar 4 Britain's first electric trams run in East London.
  • Mar 6 Monarch Milan Obrenovic of Serbia crowns himself king
  • Mar 11 Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association organized in Princeton NJ
  • Mar 16 US Senate ratifies treaty establishing the Red Cross
  • Mar 18 Morgan Earp is assassinated by outlaws while playing billiards in Tombstone
  • Mar 19 1st stone laid for the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona
  • Mar 22 Edmunds Act adopted by the US to suppress polygamy, 1300 men later imprisoned under the act

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 24 German scientist Robert Koch discovers and describes the tubercle bacillus which causes tuberculosis ( Mycobacterium tuberculosis)

Microbiologist Robert Koch
Robert Koch
  • Mar 25 1st demonstration of pancake making (Dept store in NYC)
  • Mar 29 Knights of Columbus chartered for Catholic men
  • Apr 3 Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 American outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford at home in St Joseph

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Apr 10 Captain William Matson founds his shipping company (San Francisco & Hawaii)
  • Apr 13 Anti-Semitic League forms in Prussia
  • Apr 29 The "Elektromote" - forerunner of the trolleybus - is tested by Ernst Werner von Siemens in Berlin.
  • May 6 Chinese Exclusion Act: US Congress ceases Chinese immigration
  • May 6 Epping Forest, England, dedicated by Queen Victoria
  • May 6 Thomas Henry Burke and Lord Frederick Cavendish are stabbed and killed during the Phoenix Park Murders in Dublin.
  • May 8 David Belasco's "La Belle Russe" premieres in NYC
  • May 9 Telegraph Hill RR Co (Cable Cars) in San Francisco organized
  • May 13 Toba indians killed 20 members of French expedition
  • May 15 May Laws-Tsar Alexander III bans Jews from living in rural Romania
  • May 20 Germany/Austria-Hungary/France sign Triple Alliance
  • May 20 Henrik Ibsen's "Ghosts" (Gengangere) premieres in Chicago
  • May 20 St Gotthard rail tunnel between Switzerland & Italy opens
  • May 23 6" of snow falls in eastern Iowa
  • Jun 2 Pierre de Brazza festival welcomed in Paris
  • Jun 5 Storm & floods hits Bombay; about 100,000 die
  • Jun 6 Cyclone in Arabian Sea (Bombay, India) drowns 100,000
  • Jun 6 Electric iron patented by Henry W Seely, NYC
  • Jun 6 The Shewan forces of Menelik defeat the Gojjame army in the Battle of Embabo. The Shewans capture Negus Tekle Haymanot of Gojjam, and heir victory leads to a Shewan hegemony over the territories south of the Abay River.
  • Jun 10 Anti-colonization mass society of Alexandria Egypt kills 50 Europeans
  • Jun 16 17" hailstones weighing 1.75 lbs fall in Dubuque Iowa
  • Jun 17 Tornado kills 130 in Iowa
  • Jun 24 NL expels umpire Richard Higham for dishonesty
  • Jul 4 Telegraph Hill Observatory opens in San Francisco
  • Jul 6 14 Russian Jews from Bilu arrive in Jaffa, Palestine
  • Jul 11 British fleet bombs Alexandria
  • Jul 12 1st ocean pier in US completed, Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 13 200 die as train derails near Tcherny, Russia
  • Jul 18 Louisville Tony Mullane is 1st to pitch righty then lefty
  • Aug 3 Congress passes 1st law restricting immigration
  • Aug 5 Martial law is imposed in Japan.
  • Aug 5 Standard Oil of New Jersey is established.
  • Aug 7 Hatfields of south WV & McCoys of east Ky feud, 100 wounded or die
  • Aug 8 Snow falls on Lake Michigan
  • Aug 14 Queen Victoria recieves Zulu chief Cetewayo
  • Aug 16 British under General Wolseley land in Alexandria
  • Sep 3 French/Vietnamese/Chinese battle at Hanoi, 100s die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 4 1st large-scale test of Thomas Edison's light bulb - lighting of NY's Pearl Street Station

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Sep 5 10,000 workers march in 1st Labor Day parade in NYC
  • Sep 10 1st international conference to promote anti-semitism meets Dresden Germany (Congress for Safeguarding of Non-Jewish Interests)
  • Sep 12 Belgian King Leopold II receives Pierre de Brazza
  • Sep 13 Battle at Count el-Kebir: British troops invade Egypt
  • Sep 14 British General Wolseley reaches Cairo
  • Sep 15 British General Wolseley occupies Cairo
  • Sep 18 Pacific Stock Exchange opens (as Local Security Board)
  • Oct 14 University of the Punjab is founded in present day Pakistan.
  • Oct 16 The Nickel Plate Railroad opens for business.

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Oct 19 Pierre de Brazza meets Henry Morton Stanley

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • Oct 28 Athletics reveal $22,000 profit in their 1st season in the American Association
  • Nov 5 Bedrich Smetana's "Ma Vlast" premieres
  • Nov 15 British HMS Flirt destroys village of Asaba, Niger
  • Nov 16 British gunboat HMS Flirt fires at & destroys Abari village in Niger
  • Dec 2 Amsterdam Artis Zoo opens aquarium
  • Dec 6 Atmosphere of Venus detected during transit
  • Dec 10 John Brahms' "Gesang der Parzen" (Song of the Fates) premieres
  • Dec 11 Boston's Bijou Theatre, 1st American playhouse lit exclusively by electricity, 1st performance, Gilbert & Sullivan's "Iolanthe"
  • Dec 11 Victorien Sardous "Fedora" with Sarah Bernhardt, premieres in Paris
  • Dec 14 Henry Morton Stanley returns to Brussels from the Congo
  • Dec 22 1st string of Christmas tree lights created by Thomas Edison

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 133

  • Jan 1 W C Wendelaar, mayor of Alkmaar (1919-34)/Dutch MP (VVD)
  • Jan 4 Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist (d. 1943)
  • Jan 5 Herbert Bayard Swope, U.S. journalist who coined the term "Cold War" (d. 1958)
  • Jan 6 Samuel Rayburn, Tenn, (Rep-D-Tx), speaker of the House (1940-57)
  • Jan 6 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter (d. 1949)
  • Jan 6 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop (d. 1965)
  • Jan 12 Jakob Jud, Swiss linguist/etymologist
  • Jan 14 Hendrik W van Loon, Netherland, commentator/writer (Story of America)
  • Jan 15 Florian Znaniecki, Polish/US sociologist (Polish Peasant in Europe)
  • Jan 15 Princess Margaret of Sweden (d. 1920)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 18 A. A. Milne, English author of the Winnie-the-Pooh books, born in Hampstead Middlesex (d. 1956)

Author A. A. Milne
A. A. Milne
  • Jan 18 Jacob Clay, Dutch philospher/phyicist (Mesones)
  • Jan 21 Pavel Florensky, Russian mathematician (d. 1937)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 25 Virginia Woolf [Adeline], author (Jacob's Room, To Lighthouse), born in London, England (d. 1941)

  • Jan 27 Giuseppe Prezzolini, Italy, writer (La Voce, La Cultura Italiano)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 30 Franklin Roosevelt, New Hyde Park NY, 32nd US President (1933-1945), (d. 1945)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jan 31 Josephus RH van Schaik, Dutch lawyer/vice-premier

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 1 Louis St. Laurent, Compton Quebec, (L) 12th Canadian PM (1948-57)

12th Prime Minister of Canada Louis St. Laurent
12th Prime Minister of Canada
Louis St. Laurent

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 2 James Joyce, Ireland, novelist/poet (Dubliners, Ulysses, Finnigan's Wake)

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce
  • Feb 2 James Stephens, Irish poet (Crock of Gold)
  • Feb 3 Trijntje Jansma-Boskma; oldest person in the Netherlands
  • Feb 8 Thomas Selfridge, First person to die in an airplane crash (d. 1908).
  • Feb 12 Walter Vaes, Flemish painter/etcher
  • Feb 14 George Jean Nathan, US, editor/author/critic (American Mercury)
  • Feb 22 Eric Gill, England, sculptor/engraver/typographer (Perpetua)
  • Feb 25 Jozef Goossenaerts, Flemish philologist (Language boundary)
  • Feb 26 Walter Lucht, German artillery general (WW I/WW II)
  • Feb 26 Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (d. 1968)
  • Feb 28 Jose Vasconcelos, politician/essayist/philosopher, born in Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1959)
  • Mar 3 Floris H L Prims, Flemish priest/historian/archivist of Antwerp
  • Mar 4 Nicolae Titulescu, Romanian diplomat, government minister, and former President of the League of Nations (d. 1941)
  • Mar 6 F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect (d. 1980)
  • Mar 14 Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (d. 1969)
  • Mar 19 Gaston Lachaise, US sculptor (Standing Woman)
  • Mar 20 René Coty, Le Harve France, president of France (1953-58)
  • Mar 21 Gilbert M Anderson, [Max Aronson], Little Rock AR
  • Mar 23 C Montague Shaw, Adelaide Australia
  • Mar 23 Emmy Noether, German mathematician (d. 1935)
  • Mar 26 Hermann Obrecht, Swiss jurist (d. 1940)
  • Mar 30 Melanie Klein, Austrian/British psycho analysis
  • Apr 3 Simon Elzinga, Dutch educator
  • Apr 7 Kurt von Schleiger, German chancellor (12/2/32-1/28/33)
  • Apr 9 Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, (d. 1946)
  • Apr 10 Simon F H J Berkelbach Van der Sprenkel, theologist (Fear & Religion)
  • Apr 14 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, (d. 1936)
  • Apr 15 Giovanni Amendola, Italian antifascist/editor-in-chief (Il Mondo)
  • Apr 20 Holland Smith, U.S. General (d. 1967)
  • Apr 21 Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)
  • Apr 23 Max [G M J] Winders Maximilien, Belgium, architect (WW II)
  • Apr 24 Hugh Dowding, commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain (d. 1970)
  • Apr 28 Alberto Pirelli, Italian industrialist
  • Apr 29 Hendrik N Werkman, painter/printer/resistance fighter (Hot printing)
  • Apr 30 Trijntje "Nine" van de Schaaf, author (To the Invisible)
  • May 4 Wilhelm Lehmann, writer
  • May 5 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist
  • May 6 Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany (d. 1951)
  • May 7 Willem Elsschot, [Alfons J de Ridder], Flemish writer (Mend)
  • May 8 Philips C Visser, Dutch explorer/diplomat

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 9 Henry J. Kaiser, American ship builder and industrialist (Liberty Ships, Jeeps, Boulder Dam), born in Sprout Brook, New York (d. 1967)

Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser
Henry J. Kaiser
  • May 9 George Barker, American painter (d. 1965)
  • May 13 Georges Braque, French cubist painter and sculptor (My bicycle) who helped develop Cubism with Pablo Picasso, born in Argenteuil, Val-d'Oise (d. 1963)
  • May 19 Mohammed Mosaddeq, Prime Minister of Iran (d. 1967)
  • May 20 Sigrid Undset, Norway, novelist (Kristin Lavransdatter, Nobel 1928)
  • May 25 Harry Fox, entertainer
  • May 29 Doris Ulmann, American photographer
  • May 31 Sándor Graf Festetics, Hungarian politician (d. 1956)
  • Jun 1 John Drinkwater, English poet/playwright (Abraham Lincoln)
  • Jun 4 Karl Valentin, German comic/writer
  • Jun 10 Neville Henderson, British diplomat
  • Jun 14 Ion Antonescu, fascist premier/dictator of Roemenia
  • Jun 15 Ion Antonescu, Prime Minister of Romania (d. 1946)
  • Jun 17 Adolf Friedrich VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1918)
  • Jun 18 Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgaria premier (1946-49) [or 6/28]
  • Jun 21 Rockwell Kent, artist/painter/illustrator (Canterbury Tales)
  • Jun 21 Lluís Companys i Jover, Spanish politician (d. 1940)
  • Jun 24 Athanase David, Canadian politician and businessman (d. 1953)
  • Jun 27 Eduard Spranger, German psychologist/educator
  • Jul 5 Inayat Khan, Indian sufi (d. 1927).
  • Jul 8 Waverley John Anderson, Scottish viscount/governor of Bengal
  • Jul 18 Manuel Galvez, Argentina writer/poet/historian (Paraguay)
  • Jul 21 David Burliuk, Ukrainian artist (d. 1967)
  • Jul 22 Edward Hopper, US painter (House by the Railroad)
  • Jul 25 George S. Rentz, Navy Chaplain, Navy Cross (d. 1942)
  • Jul 27 Geoffrey de Havilland, British aircraft designer (d. 1965)
  • Jul 30 Leo van Puyfielde, Flemish art historian
  • Jul 31 Grete Gulbransson, writer
  • Aug 2 Johannes Tralow, writer
  • Aug 2 Rik Wouters, Belgian painter/sculptor (Virgin Doll)
  • Aug 5 Joe English, Irish/Flemish signaler (WW I)
  • Aug 6 Gerrit H Kersten, Dutch vicar/founder (Calvinist party)
  • Aug 8 Ladislas Starevich, Polish animator (d. 1965)
  • Aug 11 Rodolfo Graziani, Italian Marshal, fascist and Viceroy of Italian East Africa, born in Filettino, Italy (d. 1955)
  • Aug 14 Gisela Richter, English art historian (d. 1972)
  • Aug 16 Pierre H Ritter Jr, Dutch literary/head (Utrecht Newspaper)
  • Aug 18 Eugeen Calleen, Flemish sculptor
  • Aug 25 Seán T. O'Kelly, Irish politician (d. 1966)
  • Aug 26 James Franck, German naturalist (Nobel 1925)
  • Aug 26 Johannes Lindeboom, vicar/church historian (Neth Archives)
  • Aug 28 Carl W de Vries, Dutch jurist (Unknown Thorbecke)
  • Aug 30 Meijer de Hond, Dutch rabbi/writer

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 2 Education pioneer Booker T. Washington (26) weds Fanny Smith

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 William H Ainsworth, English writer (Guy Fawkes), dies at 76
  • Jan 4 John William Draper, English scientist, photographer (b. 1811)
  • Jan 6 Richard Henry Dana, U.S. novelist (Two Years Before the Mast) (b. 1815)
  • Jan 11 Theodor Schwann, German physiologist (b. 1810)
  • Jan 13 Wilhelm Mauser, German weapon designer and manufacturer (b. 1834)
  • Jan 20 John Linnell, British painter/minaturist/engraver, dies
  • Jan 24 Levi Boone, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1808)
  • Feb 13 Henry Highland Garnet, diplomat, dies in Monrovia Liberia at 66
  • Mar 24 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, US poet (Song of Hiawatha), dies at 75

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 3 Jesse James, outlaw, shot dead at 34, in St Joseph Mo by Robert Ford

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Apr 9 Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English Pre-Raphaelite poet and painter, dies at 53
  • Apr 13 Bruno Bauer, German theologian (b. 1809)
  • Apr 17 George Jennings Sanitary engineer (b. 1810)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 19 Charles Darwin, English naturalist (Origin of the Species) who conceived the theory of evolution by natural selection, dies of heart failure at 73

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 27 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American poet (Representive Men), dies of pneumonia at 78

Lecturer and Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
Lecturer and Poet
Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • May 6 Frederick Cavendish, assassinated by Fenian Invincibles, in Dublin
  • May 6 Thomas Henry Burke, assassinated by Fenian Invincibles, in Dublin
  • May 13 Jules-Nicolas Crevaux, French explorer, murdered at 35
  • May 29 Vasily Perov, Russian painter (b. 1833)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 2 Guiseppi Garibaldi, Italian general and nationalist (Risorgimento) who helped unify Italy, dies at 74

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • Jun 3 Christian Wilberg, German painter (b. 1839)
  • Jun 11 Louis Maigret, Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1804)
  • Jun 25 François Jouffroy, French sculptor (b. 1806)


Jun 30 Charles J. Guiteau, assassin (President Garfield), hanged at 40

  • Jun 30 Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman (b. 1827)
  • Jul 9 Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero(b. 1848)
  • Jul 11 Eugene L Simonis, Belgian sculptor, dies on 72nd birthday
  • Jul 13 Johnny Ringo, American Gunfighter (b. 1850)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 16 Mary Todd Lincoln, First Lady of the United States (b. 1818)

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • Aug 1 Henry Clarence Kendall, Australian poet, dies of tuberculosis at 43
  • Sep 8 Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (surface of Liouville), dies
  • Sep 19 Andreas I Schaepman, archbishop of Utrecht (1868-82), dies at 67
  • Oct 13 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (b. 1816)
  • Oct 20 Olegario Victor Andrade, Argentina poet (El arpa perdida), dies at 41
  • Oct 22 Janos Arany, Hungarians poet (Toldi Szerelme), dies at 65
  • Nov 21 Sergei G Netsjajev, Russian nihilist, dies at 35
  • Nov 26 Otto T Freiherr von Manteuffel, premier of Prussia, dies
  • Dec 3 Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1811)
  • Dec 6 A Trollope, writer, dies
  • Dec 6 Alfred Escher, Swiss politician and railroad entrepreneur (b. 1819)
  • Dec 12 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer and abolitionist, dies at 59
  • Dec 31 Leon Michel Gambetta, French attorney/premier (1881-82), dies at 44