October 1883 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 4 Orient Express' 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail
  • Oct 4 First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • Oct 15 Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
  • Oct 20 Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre" 1st performed
  • Oct 20 Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile
  • Oct 22 1st NY Horse Show held (Madison Sq Garden)
  • Oct 30 Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 8 Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1970)
  • Oct 14 Adrianus PHA de Kleyn, throat/nose/otologist (ear doctor)
  • Oct 17 A S Neill, British headmaster (Summerhill)
  • Oct 22 Adolf A Joffe, Russian revolutionary/writer (Brest-Litovsk)
  • Oct 26 Napoleon Hill, American Writer and Philosopher (Think and Grow Rich)(d. 1970)
  • Oct 31 Marie Laurencin, French painter (d. 1956)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 22 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (b. 1818)
  • Oct 31 Swami Dayananda Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj