January 1885 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 2 General Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum
  • Jan 3 The beginning of the Battle of Nui Bop in the Sino-French War
  • Jan 4 Dr W W Grant of Iowa, performs 1st appendectomy (on Mary Gartside, 22)
  • Jan 11 Henrik Ibsen's "Vildauden," premieres in Oslo
  • Jan 17 British beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan
  • Jan 19 Battle of Abu Klea, Sudan, between the British Desert Column and Mahdist forces: 76 British and 1,100 Mahdists killed
  • Jan 25 Vincent d'Indy's "Saugefleurie" premieres
  • Jan 26 Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 28 Commission for Auguste Rodin's sculpture 'The Burghers of Calais' signed by the Municipal Council of Calais.

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Sculptor
Auguste Rodin

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Johannes Ringers, Dutch water engineer (dikes)
  • Jan 5 Humbert Wolfe, Italian-British poet (d. 1940)
  • Jan 8 John Curtin, Victoria, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1941-45), born in Creswick, Colony of Victoria (d. 1945)
  • Jan 8 A. J. Muste, Dutch pacifist and activist (d. 1967)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 11 Alice Paul, American suffragist (National Woman's Party), born in Mount Laurel Township, New Jersey (d. 1977)

Suffragist Alice Paul
Suffragist
Alice Paul
  • Jan 13 Alfred Fuller, CEO (Fuller Brush Man)
  • Jan 15 Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician (d. 1973)
  • Jan 15 Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer (d. 1915)
  • Jan 16 Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz, president of Poland (1939-40)
  • Jan 16 Zhou Zuoren, Chinese writer (d. 1967)
  • Jan 17 E Ball-Hennings, writer
  • Jan 17 Joseph Arendt, Belgian worker's union leader
  • Jan 21 Umberto Nobile, Italian general
  • Jan 25 Kitahara Hakushū, Japanese poets and children's writers (d. 1942)
  • Jan 27 Maeda Seison, Japanese painter (d. 1977)
  • Jan 30 John Henry Towers, aviator/naval hero

Deaths in History

  • Jan 6 Peter C Asbjornsen, Norwegian fairy tale writer, dies at 72
  • Jan 13 Schuyler Colfax, American politician (b.1823)
  • Jan 19 Fred Burnaby, English colonel/balloon pioneer, dies in battle
  • Jan 24 Martin R Delany, African American nationalist and Physician (1st African American major in US Army), dies at 72
  • Jan 26 Charles George Gordon, British Governor-General of Sudan, executed at 51
  • Jan 26 Edward Davy, English inventor (b. 1806)