1887 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 5 1st US school of librarianship opens at Columbia University
  • Jan 6 `Abd-allah II of Harar opens the Battle of Chelenqo with an attack on the camp of the Shewan army of Negus Menelik II.
  • Jan 16 Cliff House damaged when powder cargo of schooner "Parallel" explodes
  • Jan 20 US Senate approves naval base lease of Pearl Harbor
  • Jan 21 Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) forms
  • Jan 21 Brisbane receives a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres (18.3 inches), a record for any Australian capital city.
  • Jan 26 Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian Emperor John IV defeats Italians
  • Jan 28 England all out for 45 v Aust SCG, their lowest total ever
  • Jan 28 In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, the world's largest snowflakes are reported, being 15 inches (38 cm) wide and 8 inches (20 cm) thick.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 28 Work begins on the Eiffel Tower in Paris

Engineer and Achitect Gustave Eiffel
Engineer and Achitect
Gustave Eiffel
  • Feb 2 In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, the first Groundhog Day is observed.
  • Feb 3 To avoid disputed national elections, the US Congress creates Electoral Count Act
  • Feb 4 Interstate Commerce Act authorizes federal regulation of railroads
  • Feb 5 Snow falls on San Francisco
  • Feb 8 Aurora Ski Club of Red Wing, Minn became the 1st US ski club
  • Feb 8 The Dawes Act authorizes the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments. Those who accepted allotments and lived separately from the tribe were granted United States citizenship.
  • Feb 16 1st newspaper convention (Rochester NY)
  • Feb 16 Eduard Douwes Dekker writes his last text (Lf8-c5)
  • Feb 20 Germany, Austria-Hungary & France end Triple Alliance
  • Feb 21 1st US bacteriology laboratory opens (Brooklyn)
  • Feb 21 Oregon becomes 1st US state to make Labor Day a holiday
  • Feb 22 Union Labor Party organized in Cincinnati
  • Feb 23 Congress grants Seal Rocks to SF
  • Feb 23 French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die
  • Mar 2 American Trotting Association organized in Detroit
  • Mar 3 American Protective Association forms (anti-Catholic) in Clinton Iowa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6 year old blind-deaf Helen Keller

Author Helen Keller
Author
Helen Keller
  • Mar 7 North Carolina State University is founded by the North Carolina General Assembly.
  • Mar 8 Everett Horton, CT, patents fishing rod of telescoping steel tubes
  • Mar 13 Chester Greenwood of Maine patents earmuffs
  • Mar 15 1st salaried fish & game warden (William Alden Smith in Michigan)
  • Mar 24 Oscar Straus appointed 1st Jewish ambassador from US (to Turkey)
  • Apr 4 Susanna Medora Salter elected 1st US woman mayor (Argonia, KS)
  • Apr 5 Anne Sullivan teaches "water" to Helen Keller

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 10 President Abraham Lincoln's re-buried with his wife in Springfield, Ilinois

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Apr 12 Henrik Ibsen's "Rosmersholm" premieres in Oslo
  • Apr 14 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Reigate Squires" (BG)
  • Apr 26 Huntsville Electric Co forms to sell electricity
  • May 2 Gioacchino Rossini's corpse transfered to Santa Croce, Florence
  • May 2 Hannibal W Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film
  • May 9 Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show opens in London
  • May 23 1st transcontinental train arrives in Vancouver, BC
  • May 24 Sultan Bargash of Zanzibar grants E Afr Association at East African harbors
  • May 26 Racetrack betting becomes legal in NY state
  • Jun 7 Monotype type-casting machine patented by Tolbert Lanston, Washington, D.C.
  • Jun 8 Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his punch card calculator.
  • Jun 15 Carlisle D Graham survives 2nd ride in Niagara waterfall in barrel
  • Jun 15 Stanley's expedition reaches Yambuya waterfalls Congo
  • Jun 18 The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 21 Britain celebrates golden jubilee of Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • Jul 4 The founder of Pakistan, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, joins Sindh-Madrasa-tul-Islam, Karachi.
  • Jul 26 1st Esperanto book published
  • Aug 2 Rowell Hodge patents barbed wire
  • Aug 10 Excursion train crashes killing 101. (Chatsworth, Illinois)
  • Aug 19 Dmitri Mendeleev makes a solo ascent by balloon to an altitude of 11,500 feet (3.5 km) above Klin, Russia to observe an eclipse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 31 Thomas Edison patents Kinetoscope, a device which produces moving pictures

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Sep 1 Dutch Amateur Photography Cooperation established
  • Sep 5 Gas lamp at Theatre Royal in Exeter catches fire killing about 200
  • Sep 15 Philadelphia celebrates 100th anniversary of US Constitution
  • Sep 26 Emile Berliner patents the Gramophone
  • Sep 28 Yellow River or Huáng Hé floods in China, killing an estimated 1.5 million people
  • Sep 30 Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Five Orange Pips" (BG)
  • Oct 1 Balochistan conquered by the British Empire.
  • Oct 11 A Miles patents elevator
  • Oct 18 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "A Case of Identity" (BG)
  • Oct 21 Detroit clinches best-of-15 touring World Championship with its 8th victory in Game 11 this afternoon in Baltimore, 13-3
  • Oct 31 Nikolai Rimski-Korsakov's "Capriccio Espagnol" premieres in St Petersburg
  • Nov 5 Ottawa College (ORFU) defeats Montreal Football Club (QRFU) 10-5 to win the Dominion championship
  • Nov 11 Anarchist Haymarket Martyrs August Spies (b. 1855), Albert Parsons (b. 1848), Adolph Fischer (b. 1858) and George Engel (b. 1836) are executed.
  • Nov 11 Construction of the Manchester Ship Canal starts at Eastham.
  • Nov 13 Bloody Sunday clashes in central London.
  • Nov 15 British SS Wah Yeung catches fire on Canton River off Hong Kong
  • Nov 19 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Dying Detective" (BG)
  • Nov 23 Notre Dame loses its 1st football game 8-0 to Michigan
  • Nov 24 Victorien Sardou's "La Tosca" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 29 US receives rights to Pearl Harbor, on Oahu, Hawaii
  • Nov 30 1st indoor softball game (Chicago)
  • Dec 1 Sherlock Holmes 1st appears in print: "Study in Scarlet"
  • Dec 1 Sino-Portuguese treaty recognizes Portugal's control of Macao
  • Dec 2 Amsterdam's Oscar Carrés Circus Theater opens
  • Dec 2 French president Grevy (80) resigns
  • Dec 5 Stanley's expedition reaches plateau at Lake Albert Congo
  • Dec 10 Austria-Hungary, Italy and Great Britain sign Balkan military treaty
  • Dec 17 Georges Feydeau's "Tailleur Pour Dames" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 19 Jake Kilrain & Jem Smith fight 106 round bare knuckle draw
  • Dec 27 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle" (BG)

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 145

  • Jan 1 Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral/head German military intelligence
  • Jan 3 Helen Parkhurst, US educator (Education on the Dalton plan)
  • Jan 3 August Macke, German painter (d. 1914)
  • Jan 10 Robinson Jeffers, US, poet/playwright (Tamar & Other Poems, Medea)
  • Jan 11 Aldo Leopold, founder (Wilderness Society)
  • Jan 13 George Gurdjieff, Armenian-Greek mystic (d. 1949)
  • Jan 17 Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (d. 1975)
  • Jan 19 Alexander Woollcott, NJ, short story writer (Man Who Came to Dinner)
  • Jan 22 Helen Hoyt, American poet (d. 1972)
  • Jan 25 Diego Valeri, Italian author/poet (Le Gaie Tristezze)
  • Jan 26 Enrique E Ecker, Curacao, bacteriologist
  • Jan 26 Marc A "Pete" Mitscher, US lt-admiral (WW II-Task Force 58)
  • Jan 27 Carl Blegen, archaeologist (excavator at Troy, Pylos), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Feb 1 Dirk Roosenburg, Dutch architect
  • Feb 1 Charles Nordhoff, English-born author (d. 1947)
  • Feb 3 Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (Autumn of the Lonely)
  • Feb 3 Silvio d'Amico, Italian theater critic (Tramonto del grande attore)
  • Feb 3 Juan Negrín, Spanish Prime Minister (d. 1956)
  • Feb 6 Josef Frings, German Archbishop of Cologne (d. 1978)
  • Feb 9 Vital Celen, Flemish writer (Puppy Love)
  • Feb 10 [Fran J] Vital Celen, Flemish literary/author [or Feb 9]
  • Feb 11 John van Melle, South African writer (Dawid Booysen)
  • Feb 13 Alvin York, famed US WWI soldier (Medal of Honor), led attack on German machine gun nest, born in Pall Mall, Tennessee (d. 1964)
  • Feb 15 H M Bateman, Sutton Forest NSW, cartoonist
  • Feb 18 Nikos Kasandsakis, Heraklion, Crete, Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ)
  • Feb 20 Hesketh Pearson, England, biographer/playwright (Writ for Libel)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 20 Vincent Massey, Canadian diplomat, first Canadian-born Governor General of Canada (1952-59), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1967)

Governor General of Canada Vincent Massey
Governor General of Canada
Vincent Massey
  • Feb 21 Savielly [Xavier] G Tartakower, Austrian/Polish/French chess player
  • Feb 22 Mary Ellen Chase, educator/author (Windswept, 1959 Sarah Hale Award)
  • Feb 24 Mary Ellen Chase, US linguistic/author (White Gate)
  • Feb 26 Benegal Narsing Rau, India, President of UN Security Council (1950)
  • Feb 26 Stefan Grabinski, Polish writer (d. 1936)
  • Feb 27 James D Innes, English painter
  • Mar 9 Fritz Lenz, German geneticist (d. 1976)
  • Mar 10 Toshitsugu Takamatsu, Grandmaster of Ninjutsu (d. 1972)
  • Mar 14 George Creten, Belgian sculptor/painter
  • Mar 14 Sylvia Beach, American publisher (d. 1962)
  • Mar 15 Marjorie Merriweather Post, American socialite and businesswoman (d. 1973)
  • Mar 17 Ben Sajet, Dutch physician/politician
  • Mar 21 Edwin Scharff, German "entartet" painter/sculptor
  • Mar 23 Felix Yussupov, Russian aristocrat, best known for participating in the assassination of Grigori Rasputin
  • Mar 23 Juan Gris, Spain, cubist painter (Still Life Before an Open Window)
  • Mar 23 Sidney Hillman, union leader (Sidney Hillman Foundation)
  • Mar 30 Albert P Termote, Flemish/Dutch sculptor (Charles the Great)
  • Apr 1 Leonard Bloomfield, US linguist
  • Apr 4 William Cumming Rose, Greenville South Carolina, American Biochemist who discovered threonine (an amino acid)
  • Apr 10 Bernardo A Houssay, Argentine physiologist (Nobel 1947)
  • Apr 13 Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association (d. 1995)
  • Apr 21 Lillian Walker, entertainer, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 24 Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter (d. 1931)
  • May 5 Estelle Hemsley, Boston MA
  • May 5 Lord Geoffrey Fisher of Lambeth, archbishop of Canterbury
  • May 7 Henri Pourrat, French writer (Gaspard of the Montagnes)
  • May 9 Jules Van de Leene, Belgian writer
  • May 9 Sir Ernest de Silva, Sri Lankan Philanthropist (d. 1957)
  • May 10 Jacobus C Bloem, Dutch poet (Sintels)
  • May 16 Jakob van Hoddis [Hans Davidsohn], German Jewish poet (d. 1942?)
  • May 18 Ernst Wiechert, writer
  • May 23 Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1963)
  • May 24 Edward "Mick" Mannock, Irish WWI flying ace (d. 1918)
  • May 25 Pio of Pietrelcina, Catholic saint (d. 1968)
  • May 27 Emiel van der Straeten, Flemish playwright (Sudanese legends)
  • May 27 Erich Kuttner, German journalist/historian (Vorwarts)
  • May 30 Alexander Archipenko, Ukraine sculptor/lithographer
  • May 31 Saint-John Perse, France, poet/diplomat (Nobel 1960) [or Mar 31]
  • Jun 5 Ruth Benedict, American anthropologist (Patterns of Culture), born in NYC, New York (d. 1948)
  • Jun 7 William Walraven, Dutch journalist/writer (Indian Daily)
  • Jun 13 Bruno Frank, German-born writer, born in Stuttgart (d. 1945)
  • Jun 20 Arnaut Colnot, painter/graphic artist
  • Jun 20 Kurt Schwitters, German/British dada-artist/poet (collages)
  • Jun 21 Norman L. Bowen, Canadian petrologist (d. 1956)
  • Jun 22 Albert PAA Besnard, Dutch poet/journalist (Uprising & Remorse)
  • Jun 22 Julian S Huxley, biologist/philosopher, Darwin's Bulldog, born in London, England
  • Jun 23 Ernst Rowohlt, German publisher (Rowohlt-Verlag)
  • Jun 25 George Abbott, Forestville NY, producer (Damn Yankees, Pajama Game)
  • Jun 26 Anthony G de Rothschild, Britain, philanthropist
  • Jul 2 Marcel Tabuteau, Compiègne France, oboist (Philadelphia Orch 1915-54)
  • Jul 7 Dirk Koster, literary (New Noises)
  • Jul 7 Marc Chagall, Russian-French artist (I & The Village), born in Vitebsk, Russian Empire (d. 1985)
  • Jul 9 Samuel Eliot Morison, historian (Admiral of the Ocean Sea)
  • Jul 18 Vidkun Al Quisling, Norwegian minister of Defense/premier (1942-45)
  • Jul 20 Willem H Drucker, Dutch lawyer
  • Jul 22 Gustav Hertz, German quantum physicist (Nobel 1925)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 28 Marcel Duchamp, French sculptor and painter (Nude Descending a Staircase), born in Blainville-Crevon, France (d. 1968)

Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
  • Jul 30 Felix A Vening Meinesz, Dutch geophysicist (gravity)
  • Jul 31 Hans Freyer, German sociologist (d. 1969)
  • Aug 3 Rupert Brooke, British WW I poet (1914)
  • Aug 7 Jan HA Eman, Aruban politician
  • Aug 8 J C Heldring, Dutch businessman
  • Aug 9 Abraham Schierbeek, Dutch biologist (Swammerdam)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 12 Erwin Schrodinger, physicist and Nobel Prize Laureate, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1961)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger
  • Aug 13 Julius Freed, American inventor and banker (d. 1952)
  • Aug 17 Charles I, last emperor of Austria-Hungary (1916-18)
  • Aug 17 Marcus Garvey, began back-to-Africa movement among US African Americans
  • Aug 18 Nico J Polak, Dutch economist
  • Aug 30 Adam Kuckhoff, German writer and resistance fighter (d. 1943)
  • Aug 31 Friedrich A Paneth, Austrian/British chemist
  • Sep 1 Blaise Cendrars, [Frederic Sauser-Hall], Swiss poet/writer
  • Sep 1 Otto Eissfeldt, German old testament scholar
  • Sep 7 Edith L Sitwell, English poetess/author (Wheels)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 22 Business magnate Andrew Carnegie (51) weds Louise Whitfield (30) in NYC, New York

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie

HeartWedding of Interest

Nov 9 Painter Grandma Moses (27) weds Thomas Salmon Moses in New York

Primitive Painter Grandma Moses
Primitive Painter
Grandma Moses

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Johan Hendrik Koelman, portrait painter, dies at 66
  • Jan 14 Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter, dies at 83
  • Jan 14 Peter "Peerke" Donders, missionary (Father of Melaatsen), dies at 77
  • Jan 17 William Giblin, Premier of Tasmania (b. 1840)
  • Feb 10 Ellen Wood, English author (Pomeroy Abbey), dies at 73
  • Feb 10 Pieter JBCR van der Aa, Dutch geographer, dies at 54
  • Feb 19 Multatuli [Eduard Douwes Dekker], Dutch writer (Max Havelaar), dies at 66
  • Mar 2 August W Eichler, German botanist, dies at 47
  • Mar 8 Pavel Annenkov, Russian literature historian/critic, dies at 73
  • Mar 8 Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman (b. 1813)
  • Mar 8 James Buchanan Eads, American engineer (b. 1820)
  • Mar 20 Pavel Annenkov, Russian literature historian, dies at 73
  • Mar 24 Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic (b. 1837)
  • Mar 28 Ditler G Monrad, Danish bishop/premier (1863-..), dies at 75
  • Apr 20 Muhammad Sharif Pasha, Egyptian statesman (b. 1826)
  • May 7 C. F. W. Walther, American Lutheran theologian (b. 1811)
  • May 8 Alexander Ulyanov, brother of Lenin/hanged for assassination of tsar
  • May 11 Jean Baptiste Boussingault, French chemist (b. 1802)
  • May 14 Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (b. 1808)
  • May 27 Coenraad J van Houten, Dutch cocoa manufacturer, dies at 86
  • Jul 5 August F Pott, German philological (That Personennamen), dies
  • Jul 16 Nicaise de Keyser, Flemish painter (Battle at Woeringen), dies at 73
  • Jul 17 Dorothea Dix, french social activist (b. 1802)
  • Jul 25 John Taylor, American religious leader (b. 1808)
  • Jul 29 Agostino Depretis, Italian statesman (d. 1813)
  • Aug 8 Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier (b. 1808)
  • Aug 14 Richard Jeffries, English naturalist and essayist, dies of tuberculosis at 38
  • Aug 19 Alvan Clark, American Astronomer and telescope maker, dies at 83
  • Aug 20 Jules Laforgue, French poet (b. 1860)
  • Sep 14 Friedrich T Vischer, German philosopher/writer (Auch einer), dies
  • Sep 29 Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (b. 1810)
  • Oct 12 Dinah Craik, English writer (John Halifax, Gentleman), dies at 61
  • Oct 17 Gustav R Kirchhoff, German physicist (spectroscopy), dies at 63

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 8 Doc Holliday, American gambler and gunfighter, dies at 36

Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday
Gunfighter in the American Old West
Doc Holliday
  • Nov 18 Gustav T Fechner, German psychologist/physicist, dies at 86

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 19 Emma Lazarus, US poet ("Give us your tired & poor"), dies in New York at 38

  • Nov 20 Louis Gallait, Belgian painter (Egmont & Receiver), dies at 77
  • Nov 25 Johann J Bachofen, Swiss historic rights, dies at 71
  • Dec 1 Albertus J Duymaer van Twist, gov-gen of Dutch-Indies, dies at 78
  • Dec 5 Eliza Roxcy Snow, American poet (b. 1804)
  • Dec 9 Mahmadu Lamine, Senegalese marabout and military leader