1888 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 3 1st wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 5 Dutch Heidemaatschappij (land reclamation) established
  • Jan 7 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Valley of Fear" (BG)
  • Jan 13 National Geographic Society founded (Washington, D.C.)
  • Jan 27 National Geographic Society formed in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 30 Harry Moses 297 not out for NSW against Victoria
  • Feb 2 Frank Sprague opens the first successful U.S. electric street railway system, the Richmond Union Passenger Railway, in Richmond, Virginia
  • Feb 24 Louisville, Ky, becomes 1st government in US to adopt Australian ballot (i.e. secret ballot on standard voting forms)
  • Feb 28 Ferry in San Pablo Bay explodes
  • Feb 28 Vincent d'Indy's Wallenstein-trilogy, premieres
  • Mar 2 The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace.
  • Mar 10 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Psyche"
  • Mar 11 Great blizzard of '88 strikes northeastern US
  • Mar 12 2nd day of the Great blizzard of '88 in NE US (400 die)
  • Mar 13 Great Blizzard of 1888 rages
  • Mar 14 2nd largest snowfall in NYC history (21")
  • Mar 20 Start of the Sherlock Holmes Adventure "A Scandal in Bohemia"
  • Mar 21 Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender" premieres in London
  • Mar 22 English Football League established
  • Mar 25 Socialist leader Domela Nieuwenhuis elected to Dutch 2nd chamber
  • Apr 7 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Yellow Face" (BG)
  • Apr 11 The Concertgebouw in Amsterdam is inaugurated.
  • Apr 16 Drentse & Friese peat cutters go on strike
  • Apr 20 246 reported killed by hail in Moradabad, India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 24 Eastman Kodak founded by George Eastman

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Apr 29 Old Kavallison, Congo: Henry Morton Stanley meets Emin Pasha

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • Apr 30 Hail stones kills about 250 in Moradabad district of Delhi
  • May 4 Italy & Spain sign military covenant
  • May 7 George Eastman patents "Kodak box camera"
  • May 12 Crouching start 1st used by Charles Sherrill of Yale
  • May 13 DeWolf Hooper 1st recited "Casey at Bat"
  • May 13 Princess Isabel of Brazil signs "Lei Auréa" abolishing slavery
  • May 16 CPR opens Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, BC
  • May 22 Leroy Buffington patents a system to build skyscrapers
  • Jun 1 California gets its 1st seismograph
  • Jun 3 "Casey at the Bat" published (SF Examiner)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 US Democrats nominate Grover Cleveland for president

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Jun 5 The Rio de la Plata Earthquake takes place.
  • Jun 13 US Congress creates Department of Labor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 15 Wilhelm II becomes Emperor of Germany

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jun 20 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Libertas

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 23 Frederick Douglass is 1st African-American nominated for US President

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 25 Republican Convention in Chicago nominates Benjamin Harrison

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • Jul 4 1st organized rodeo competition held, Prescott, Ariz
  • Jul 11 118°F (48°C), Bennett, Colorado (state record)
  • Jul 11 Pennsylvania's Monongehela River rises 32' after 24 hour rainfall
  • Jul 15 Bandai volcano (Japan) erupts for 1st time in 1,000 years
  • Jul 23 John Boyd Dunlop applies to patent pneumatic tire
  • Jul 27 Philip Pratt unveils 1st American electric tricycle
  • Aug 7 Theophilus Van Kannel of Philadelphia patents revolving door
  • Aug 11 California Theatre closed (now a Pac Tel Phone Store)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 12 Bertha, wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes 1st motor tour

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • Aug 20 Longest US men's single tournament match Palmer Presbrey defeats T S Tailer, 19-21, 8-6, 6-1, 6-4, an 80-game 1st-round contest
  • Aug 21 American inventor William Seward Burroughs patents the adding machine
  • Aug 30 Lord Walsingham kills 1,070 grouse in a single day
  • Aug 31 The body of Jack the Ripper's first victim, Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols, is found in Whitechapel , in London's East End.
  • Sep 1 Dutch Railway Deventer-Almelo opens
  • Sep 4 George Eastman patents 1st roll-film camera & registers "Kodak"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 6 Queen Victoria grants William Mackinnon's Imperial British East Africa Company political & commercial rights

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Sep 6 Charles Turner becomes the first bowler to take 250 wickets in an English season - a feat since accomplished only by Tom Richardson (twice), J.T. Hearne, Wilfred Rhodes (twice) and Tich Freeman (six times).
  • Sep 7 Edith Eleanor McLean is 1st baby to be placed in an incubator at State Emigrant Hospital on Ward’s Island, New York
  • Sep 8 In England the first six Football League matches ever are played.
  • Sep 11 Death of the Argentine politician Domingo Sarmiento, after whom the Latin American Teacher's Day is chosen.
  • Sep 12 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Greek Interpreter" (BG)
  • Sep 18 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Sign of Four" (BG)
  • Sep 25 Royal Court Theatre, London, opens
  • Sep 25 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Hound of Baskervilles" (BG)
  • Sep 30 "Jack the Ripper" murders 2 more women, Liz Stride & Kate Eddowes, in Whitechapel, London
  • Oct 1 National Geographic magazine publishes for the 1st time
  • Oct 9 Washington Monument opens for public admittance
  • Oct 10 Teatotalers excursion train crushed, killing 64 at Mud Run, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 19 Moshav Gederah is attacked by Arabs
  • Oct 23 Pelham Bay Park in Bronx vested
  • Oct 29 Lord Salisbury grants Cecil Rhodes charter for British South Africa Company
  • Oct 30 John J Loud patents ballpoint pen
  • Oct 30 Ndebele-king Lobengula grants Cecil Rhodes, Mashonaland £100 per month
  • Nov 3 Amsterdam: 1st concerto of Concert worker, under Willem Kes
  • Nov 6 Benjamin Harrison (R-Sen-Ind) beats President Grover Cleveland (D), 233 electoral votes to 168, Cleveland received slightly more votes
  • Nov 9 Jack Ripper's 5th and probably last victim, Mary Jane Kelly, found on her bed
  • Nov 14 USC Trojans (then Methodists) play their 1st football game
  • Nov 20 Willard Bundy patents timecard clock
  • Dec 11 French Panama Canal Company fails
  • Dec 18 Richard Wetherill and his brother in-law discover the ancient Anasazi ruins of Mesa Verde, Colorado
  • Dec 19 Stanley's expedition reaches Fort Bodo, East-Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 23 Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh cuts off his left ear with a razor, and sends it to a prostitute for safe keeping

  • Dec 30 Belgium: king Leopold II installs Order of African Star

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 144

  • Jan 1 John Garand, American inventor (d. 1974)
  • Jan 8 Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (d. 1972)
  • Jan 10 Grock, Switzerland, clown
  • Jan 15 Joseph Henabery, director (Cobra), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • Jan 16 Osip Brik, Russian writer (d. 1945)
  • Jan 23 Gilbert Ledward, British sculptor
  • Jan 23 Paul Peter Ewald, German Crystallographer and Physicist who devised the theory of X-ray interference by crystals and pioneered X-ray diffraction methods, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1985)
  • Jan 24 Ernst Heinrich Heinkel, German inventor (1st rocket-powered aircraft)
  • Jan 24 Hedwig "Vicki" Baum, Austrian/US author (Men Never Know)
  • Feb 3 Joris Baers, Flemish bibliography/founder (Boekengids)
  • Feb 4 Paul Althaus, German theologist (The Christian Truth)
  • Feb 6 Ljudmil Stojanow, Bulgarian poet (Metsh i Slowo, Cholera)
  • Feb 10 Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian poet (Hermeticism) and journalist, born in Alexandria (d. 1970)
  • Feb 13 Georgios Papandreou, Greek prefect of Lesbos/minister/premier
  • Feb 13 Heintje Davids, [Hendrika], Dutch revue star
  • Feb 17 Otto Stern, German/US physicist (Stern-Gerlach-experiment, Nobel 1943)
  • Feb 17 Ronald Aburthnott Knox, English priest/writer (Viaduct Murder)
  • Feb 19 Aurora Quezon, First Lady of the Philippines (d. 1949)
  • Feb 20 Georges Bernanos, France, novelist (Diary of a Country Priest)
  • Feb 21 Willem Banning, Dutch theologist/sociologist (Religious Build Up)
  • Feb 21 Clemence Dane, British novelist and playwright (d. 1965)
  • Feb 22 Owen Brewster, American politician (d. 1961)
  • Feb 25 John Foster Dulles, US Secretary of State (1953-59)
  • Feb 27 Roberto Assagioli, Italian psychiatrist (d. 1974)
  • Mar 5 Friedrich Schnack, German journalist/writer (Rosewood)
  • Mar 7 Alidius WLT van Starkenborch Stachouwer, gov of Neth Indies (1936-45)
  • Mar 8 Stuart Chase, NH, writer/economist (Tragedy of Waste)
  • Mar 14 Marc-Aurèle Fortin, Quebec painter (d. 1970)
  • Mar 17 Paul Ramadier, French politician (d. 1961)
  • Mar 18 Joseph Csaky, Hungarian/French sculptor
  • Mar 19 Josef Albers, German/US graphic artist/painter/writer (Bauhaus)
  • Mar 20 Siegfried von Vegesack, German writer, born in Gut Blumbergshof, Latvia (d. 1974)
  • Mar 24 Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Bolshevik politician (d. 1922)
  • Mar 26 Elsa Brändström, Swedish nurse (d. 1948)
  • Mar 29 Adrianus M de Jong, Dutch writer (World Tour of Bulletje & Bonestaak)
  • Mar 29 James E Casey, founder (United Parcel Service)
  • Apr 4 Zdzisław Żygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian (d. 1975)
  • Apr 6 Daniel Andersson, Swedish poet/writer (Svarta Ballader)
  • Apr 8 Dennis Chavez, American politician (d. 1964)
  • Apr 9 Sol Hurok, theatrical impresario
  • Apr 15 Maximilian Kronberger, German poet (d. 1904)
  • Apr 18 Arnold Henry Moore Lunn, skier
  • Apr 23 Georges Vanier, French-Canadian soldier and diplomat (d. 1967)
  • Apr 26 Aleksandr Mikhailov, USSR, astronomer
  • Apr 28 Henry DG Crerar, Canadian general (WW I/Italy/Netherland)
  • Apr 30 John Crowe Ransom, US poet/critic (God Without Thunder)
  • May 6 Emmanuel Celler, (Rep-D-NY, 1923-73)
  • May 9 Rolf de Maré, Swedish art collector and museum director (d. 1964)
  • May 11 P A J Losecaat Vermeer, leader of Dutch High Council
  • May 11 Willis A. Lee, World War II U.S. naval admiral (d. 1945)
  • May 15 Jean Wahl, French philosopher
  • May 23 Adrian Roland Holst, Dutch poet (Raged & Tired)
  • May 30 James A Farley, postmaster general (1932-38)
  • Jun 5 Raden Mas Nato Suroto, Indonesia, poet (Melatiknoppen)
  • Jun 10 Leo Weismantel, German writer (Der Reiter der Apocalypse)
  • Jun 11 Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist (d. 1927)
  • Jun 12 Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician (d. 1920)
  • Jun 13 Fernando A Nogueira de Seabra Pessoa, Portuguese poet
  • Jun 15 Ramon Lopez Velarde, Mexican poet (La Sangre Devota)
  • Jun 16 Bobby Clark, vaudevillan (World's funniest circus clown)
  • Jun 16 Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (d. 1980)
  • Jun 17 Heinz Guderian, German General (d. 1954)
  • Jun 18 S S Van Dine, [William Huntingdon Wright], author (Canary Murder Case)
  • Jun 22 Harold Burton, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1964)
  • Jun 23 Bronson M. Cutting, American politician (d. 1935)
  • Jun 24 Gerrit T Rietveld, Dutch architect (Juliana Hall, Sonsbeek Pavillion)
  • Jun 26 Paul Niggli, Zofingen, Swiss Mineralogist (crystal structures)
  • Jun 27 Antoinette Perry, American theater director (d. 1946}
  • Jun 27 Lewis Bernstein Namier, English historian (d. 1960)
  • Jul 2 Selman Waksman, Russ/US microbiologist (Nobel 1951)
  • Jul 10 Giorgio De Chirico, Greece, Metaphysical painter (Soothsayer)
  • Jul 10 Toyohiko Kagawa, Christian social reformer, born in Kobe, Japan
  • Jul 11 Carl Schmitt, German nazi-lawyer (Verfassungslehre)
  • Jul 11 Lyman Bryson, Valentine Nebr, educator (UN Casebook)
  • Jul 12 Tojohiko Kagawa, Japan, Christian-social reformer (Grain of Wheat)
  • Jul 13 Fernando A N de Seabra Pessoa, Portuguese poet (Mensagem)
  • Jul 16 Frits Zernike, invented phase-contrast microscope (Nobel 1953)
  • Jul 17 Shmuel Agnon, Israel, novelist (Day Before Yesterday-Nobel 1966)
  • Jul 18 Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian/Dutch painter
  • Jul 18 Sydney Horler, English detective writer
  • Jul 19 Eugene Jungers, Belgian governor of Rwanda Urundi
  • Jul 22 Kirk Bryan, American geologist (d. 1950)
  • Jul 23 Raymond Chandler, Chic, mystery writer (Farewell My Lovely)
  • Jul 23 Gluyas Williams, SF, cartoonist (Fellows Citizen)
  • Jul 23 Milan Stoyadinovich, Serbia, fascist Yugoslavia PM (1935-39)
  • Jul 26 Marcel Jouhandeau, French writer, dies at 90
  • Jul 30 Raden Sutomo, Indonesian freedom fighter
  • Aug 4 Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Bohra spiritual leader (d. 1965)
  • Aug 9 Hans Oster, German major general/spy/July 20th plotter
  • Aug 12 Willem Vogt, Dutch radio pioneer/founder (AVRO)
  • Aug 13 John Logie Baird, Scotland, inventor (father of TV)
  • Aug 13 Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor (d. 1975)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 16 T. E. Lawrence [Lawrence of Arabia], British author, soldier and diplomat famous for his liaison role in Arabia during WWI, born in Tremadog, Caernarfonshire, Wales (d. 1935)

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • Aug 31 Ramon de Basterra, Spanish writer/diplomat (La Obra de Trajano)
  • Sep 1 Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician (d. 1958)
  • Sep 4 Oskar Schlemmer, German painter/sculptor
  • Sep 5 Sarvepalli Radhakrishan, president (India)/philosopher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 6 Joseph P Kennedy, diplomat, father of JFK, RFK & Teddy, born in Boston, Massachusetts

Patriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. Kennedy
Patriarch of the Kennedy family
Joseph P. Kennedy
  • Sep 8 Louis Zimmer, Flemish clock maker (Jubelklok/Wonder Clock)
  • Sep 19 J. W. Alexander, American mathematician (d. 1971)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 11 Industrialist Henry Ford (24) weds Clara Jane Bryant (22) in Greenfield Township, Michigan

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford

Deaths in History

  • Jan 29 Edward Lear, poet/author, dies at 75
  • Jan 30 Asa Gray, US botanist (Flora of North America), dies at 77
  • Jan 31 John Bosco, Italian priest, youth worker, educator, founder of the Salesian Society (b. 1815)
  • Feb 5 Anton Mauve, Dutch painter/cousin of Vincent Van Gogh, dies at 49
  • Feb 13 Jean Baptiste Lamy, 1st Archbishop of Santa Fe (b. 1814)
  • Mar 4 Amos Bronson Alcott, US theory/poet (Table Talk), dies at 88

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 6 Louisa May Alcott, American author (Little Women), dies of a stroke at 55

  • Mar 9 William I, German Emperor (b. 1797)
  • Mar 12 Henry Bergh, founder (ASPCA), dies at 76
  • Mar 16 Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman (b. 1801)
  • Mar 24 Vsevolod Garshin, Russian author (b. 1855)
  • Mar 26 Barghash bin Said, second Sultan of Zanzibar (b. 1837)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 15 Matthew Arnold, English poet, dies at 65

Poet/Critic Matthew Arnold
Matthew Arnold
  • Apr 16 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist (b. 1845)
  • May 17 Giacomo Zanella, Italian poet (b. 1820)
  • Jun 12 Carel Vosmaer, art historian/poet/editor (Neth Spectator), dies at 62
  • Jun 15 Emperor Friedrich III of Germany (b. 1831)
  • Jun 20 Johannes H Zukertort, German chess player, dies at 45
  • Jul 4 Theodor Storm, German judge/author (Schimmelreiter), dies at 70
  • Jul 20 Henri Braekeleer, Flemish painter, dies
  • Jul 21 Matthias J Scheeben, German theologist (Natur und Gnade), dies at 53
  • Aug 9 Charles Cros, French mathematician/chemist/poet, dies at 45
  • Aug 16 John Pemberton, American pharmacist and inventor of Coca-Cola, dies of stomach cancer at 55, poor and addicted to morphine
  • Aug 17 James Jameson, British nature investigator (Congo), dies
  • Aug 19 Spencer F Baird, US biologist (Wood's Hole Station), dies at 65
  • Aug 21 Simon Vissering, Dutch minister of Finance (1879-81), dies at 70
  • Aug 24 Rudolph J E Clausius, German physicist (thermodynamics), dies

MurderMurder of Interest

Aug 31 Mary Ann Nichols, a 42-year-old prostitute, was found stabbed to death in London, 1st of at least five murders by Jack the Ripper

First Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann Nichols
First Victim of Jack the Ripper
Mary Ann Nichols
  • Sep 9 John van Swieten, Dutch governor of West-Sumatra, dies at 71
  • Sep 11 Domingo F Sarmiento, President of Argentina (1868-74), dies at 77
  • Sep 30 Catherine Eddowes, English, murdered by Jack the Ripper at 45
  • Sep 30 Elizabeth Stride, Long Liz, English, murdered by Jack the Ripper at 45
  • Oct 8 Jules J baron d'Anethan, Belgian Minister of Justice, dies
  • Oct 16 John Wentworth, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1815)
  • Oct 19 Amaat Vyncke, Flemish missionary/founder (Flemish Wind), dies at 38
  • Nov 1 Nikolai Przhevalsky, Russian explorer (b. 1838)
  • Dec 2 Mehmed N Kemal Bey, Turkish writer/journalist (Vatan), dies at 47
  • Dec 3 Carl Zeiss, German lens maker (b. 1816)
  • Dec 31 Samson Raphael Hirsch, German rabbi (b. 1808)