1889 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 3 Admissions convention meets in Ellensburg, WA, asks for statehood
  • Jan 8 Dr Herman Hollerith receives 1st US patent for a mechanical tabulating machine
  • Jan 10 Ivory Coast declared a protectorate of France
  • Jan 15 The Coca-Cola Company, then known as the Pemberton Medicine Company, is incorporated in Atlanta, Georgia
  • Jan 16 128°F (53°C), Cloncurry, Queensland (Australian record)
  • Jan 22 Columbia Phonograph was formed in Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Daniel Williams forms Provident Hospital in Chicago

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • Jan 30 John Herschel uses camera obscura to photograph 48" (120cm) telescope
  • Jan 30 Victoria beat NSW after following on (NSW all out 63 needed 76)
  • Jan 30 Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
  • Feb 7 Astronomical Society of Pacific holds 1st meeting in SF
  • Feb 8 Flood ravages Dutch coast
  • Feb 9 The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is established as a Cabinet-level agency.
  • Feb 11 Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890
  • Feb 12 Henrik Ibsen's "Fruen fra Haven" premieres in Oslo
  • Feb 14 1st train load of fruit (oranges) leaves LA for east
  • Feb 22 US President Cleveland signs bill to admit Dakotas, Montana & Washington state to the union
  • Mar 2 Kansas passes 1st US antitrust

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Benjamin Harrison inaugurated as 23rd president

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • Mar 9 Battle at Gallabat (Metema): Mahdi's beat Abyssinian emperor John IV
  • Mar 9 Kansas passes 1st general antitrust law in US
  • Mar 12 Battle at Metema (Gallabad): Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated
  • Mar 12 Start of South Africa's 1st Test, v England, Port Elizabeth
  • Mar 14 August Strindberg's "Froken Julie" premieres in Copenhagen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 14 German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his "Navigable Balloon"

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • Mar 15 6 US & German warships perish in harbor of Apia Samoa, 200 die
  • Mar 23 Pres Harrison opens Oklahoma for white colonization
  • Mar 23 The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London.
  • Mar 23 The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.
  • Mar 26 Bernard Tancred carries bat for 26* out of 47! South Africa v England
  • Mar 26 Johnny Briggs took 15-26 (7-17 & 8-11) v South Africa at Newlands
  • Mar 26 South Africa all out 47, then follow-on all out 43 v England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31 Eiffel Tower officially opens in Paris. Built for the Exposition Universelle, at 300m high it retains the record for the tallest man made structure for 41 years.

Engineer and Achitect Gustave Eiffel
Engineer and Achitect
Gustave Eiffel
  • Apr 1 1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)
  • Apr 3 Savings Bank of Order of True Reformers opens in Richmond, Va
  • Apr 5 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Copper Beeches" (BG)
  • Apr 22 Oklahoma land rush officially starts
  • Apr 30 1st US national holiday, on centennial of Washington's inauguration
  • May 1 2nd International Congress calls for 1st International Workers Day 1st May 1890 to mark protests in Chicago in 1886
  • May 1 Bayer introduces aspirin in powder form (Germany)
  • May 2 Abyssinian Emperor Menelik II and Italy sign Treaty of Wichale
  • May 6 Exposition Universelle (World Fair) opens in Paris with the completed Eiffel Tower
  • May 14 The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) is launched in London.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 28 Édouard and André Michelin incorporate the Michelin tyre company

Industrialist André Michelin
André Michelin
  • May 29 August Strindberg's "Hemsoborna" premieres in Copenhagen
  • May 31 Johnstown Flood; 2,209 die in Penn
  • Jun 3 The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed from coast to coast.
  • Jun 6 Great Fire in Seattle destroys 25 downtown blocks
  • Jun 8 Cable Cars begin service in LA
  • Jun 8 Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Boscombe Valley Mystery" (BG)
  • Jun 12 88 are killed in the Armagh rail disaster near Armagh in what is now Northern Ireland.
  • Jun 13 2' of snow accumulates in Rawlins, Wyoming
  • Jun 15 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Stockbroker's Clerk" (BG)
  • Jun 19 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Man with the Twisted Lip"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Frederick Douglass named Minister to Haiti

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • Jul 1 US mint at Carson City, Nevada reopens
  • Jul 4 Washington state constitutional convention holds 1st meeting
  • Jul 8 John L Sullivan KOs Jake Kilrain in 75 rounds (last bare-knuckle bout)
  • Jul 8 Wall Street Journal begins publishing
  • Jul 11 Tijuana in Mexico becomes a city
  • Jul 30 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Naval Treaty" (BG)
  • Aug 10 Dan Rylands patents screw cap
  • Aug 13 William Gray patents coin-operated telephone
  • Aug 23 1st ship-to-shore wireless message received in US (SF)
  • Aug 31 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Cardboard Box" (BG)
  • Sep 5 German Christine Hardt patents the first modern brassiere
  • Sep 6 King Kabaka Mwanga of Buganda resigns
  • Sep 7 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Engineer's Thumb" (BG)
  • Sep 11 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Crooked Man" (BG)
  • Sep 23 Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda.
  • Sep 24 Alexander Dey patents dial time recorder
  • Sep 28 The first General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) defines the length of a meter as the distance between two lines on a standard bar of an alloy of platinum with ten percent iridium, measured at the melting point of ice
  • Oct 1 Washington voters adopt state constitution in referendum
  • Oct 2 1st Pan American conference (Washington, D.C.)
  • Oct 2 In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American Old West.
  • Oct 6 Moulin Rogue opens in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 Thomas Edison shows his 1st motion picture

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Oct 10 Barnard College is founded in New York City after Colubmia refuses to accept women
  • Oct 15 Amsterdam Central Station officially opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Vor Sonnenaufgang" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 Queen Victoria grants Cecil Rhodes rights to Zambezia

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Oct 29 Stanley Park dedicated in Vancouver, BC
  • Nov 2 North Dakota becomes 39th & South Dakota becomes 40th state in the United States
  • Nov 3 Chaplain Ariëns founds first roman catholic workers group
  • Nov 5 Louisa Woosley first women to be ordained as a minister in any Presbyterian denomination (US Cumberland Presbyterian Church).
  • Nov 8 Montana admitted as 41st state of the Union
  • Nov 11 Washington admitted as 42nd state of USA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14 New York World reporter Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) began her attempt to surpass fictitious journey of Jules Verne's Phileas Fogg by traveling around world in less than 80 days She succeeded, finishing the trip in January in 72 days and 6 hours

Novelist Jules Verne
Jules Verne
  • Nov 15 Dom Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil, deposed; republic proclaimed
  • Nov 17 Union Pacific begins daily through service, Chicago-Portland & SF
  • Nov 18 Oahu Railway begins public service in Hawaii
  • Nov 23 Debut of 1st jukebox (Palais Royale Saloon, San Francisco)
  • Nov 27 1st permit issued to drive a car through Central Park (Curtis P Brady)
  • Nov 27 Hermann Sudermann's "Ehre" premieres in Berlin
  • Dec 4 Stanley's expedition reaches Bagamoyo in Indian Ocean
  • Dec 7 Gilbert & Sullivan's "Gondoliers" premieres in London
  • Dec 9 President Harrison visits opening of Chicago Auditorium
  • Dec 13 Belgium rules on women/child labor law
  • Dec 14 American Academy of Political & Social Science organized, Phila
  • Dec 19 Bishop Museum founded in Hawaii

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 123

  • Jan 6 Alan M Bateman, Canadian geologist (Yale professor)
  • Jan 11 Calvin Bridges, American geneticist (d. 1938)
  • Jan 20 Allan Haines Loughead, American aviation executive (d. 1969)
  • Jan 21 Pitirim A Sorokin, Russian/US sociologist (Social mobility)
  • Jan 23 Prosper Arents, Flemish bibliographer (Rubens-bibliography)
  • Jan 27 Balthasar van der Pol, physicist (Comparison of Van der Pol)
  • Jan 30 Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist (d. 1937)
  • Feb 1 Gertrude Caton-Thompson, British archaeologist (Zimbabwe, So Arabia)
  • Feb 3 Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish director (Passion of Jeanne d'arc)
  • Feb 3 Risto Ryti, Finnish premier/president
  • Feb 6 Karel Wellens, Flemish painter
  • Feb 6 Siegfried Kracauer, writer
  • Feb 7 Harry Nyquist, important contributor to information theory (d. 1976)
  • Feb 10 Howard Spring, British author/novelist/writer/critic (O Absalom)
  • Feb 17 H[aroldson] L Hunt, Texas oil multi-millionaire
  • Feb 18 Sybold van Ravesteyn, architect (Blijdorp, CS Rotterdam, Utrecht)
  • Feb 19 Jose Eustasio Rivera, Colombia, poet/novelist (Vortex)
  • Feb 22 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain)
  • Feb 22 Olave Baden-Powell, English founder of the Girl Guide (d. 1977)
  • Feb 23 Frederik M baron of Asbeck, Dutch lawyer (League of Nations)
  • Feb 25 Homer S. Ferguson, United States Senator (d. 1982)
  • Mar 1 Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)
  • Mar 4 Oscar Chisini, Italian mathematician (d. 1967)
  • Mar 4 Oren E. Long, 10th Territorial Governor of Hawai'i (d. 1965)
  • Mar 5 Frits Slomp, [Frits de Rover], Dutch vicar/resistance fighter
  • Mar 8 Oscar Ewing, US government official (Everybody's Business)
  • Mar 12 Philip Guedalla, historian
  • Mar 12 Þórbergur Þórðarson, Icelandic author (d. 1974)
  • Mar 18 F Rijkens, oldest living person in Netherlands
  • Mar 19 Manoel II, last king of Portugal (1908-10)
  • Mar 27 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer/diplomat
  • Apr 6 Gabriela Mistral [Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga], poet (Noebel Prize 1945) and diplomat, born in Vicuña, Chile (d. 1957)
  • Apr 13 Herbert Osborne Yardley, American cryptographer (d. 1958)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 14 Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian (A Study of History), born in London (d. 1975)

  • Apr 14 Efim D Bogoljubov, Russian chess player
  • Apr 15 Asa Philip Randolph, labor leader (Railroad Porter's Union)
  • Apr 15 Thomas Hart Benton, Missouri, painter/muralist (Lonesome Road)
  • Apr 18 Jessie Street, Austrialian pro womans/aborigine rights fighter
  • Apr 19 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (d. 1946)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 20 Adolf Hitler, Austrian-born German dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45), born in Gasthof zum Pommer, Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 20 Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist (d. 1996)
  • Apr 21 Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • Apr 22 Ludwig Renn, German writer, born in Dresden (d. 1979)
  • Apr 22 Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator (d. 1945, by suicide)
  • Apr 23 Charles Warrell, big Chief I-Spy writer/teacher
  • Apr 24 [Richard] Stafford Cripps, Engl min of Plane-manufacturing (1942-45)
  • Apr 24 Lyubov Popova, Russian painter (d. 1924)
  • Apr 26 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austria, philosopher (Tractatus)
  • Apr 28 Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, premier/dictator Portugal (1932-68)
  • Apr 28 Karel WFM Doorman, Dutch rear admiral
  • May 4 Francis J Spellman, US Cardinal
  • May 6 Arthur Morison, typographer
  • May 12 Otto Frank, father of Anne Frank
  • May 15 Bessie Hillman, founder (Almalgamated Clothing Workers of America)
  • May 16 Joan Collette, Dutch (male) painter (New Church, Delft)
  • May 17 Alfonso Reyes, Mexican poet/historian/diplomat (Higenia Cruel)
  • May 18 Gunnar Gunnarsson, Icelandic writer (The Church on the Mountain), born Fljótsdalur, Iceland (d. 1975)
  • May 18 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (d. 1944)
  • May 20 Margery Allingham, detective story writer
  • May 20 William Lawther, union leader
  • May 23 Ernst Niekisch, German politician (d. 1967)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 25 Igor Sikorsky, Russian-American pioneer of aviation in both helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft, born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1972)

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Igor Sikorsky
  • Jun 8 Joseph L Hromadka, Czech theologist (Lenin prize 1957)
  • Jun 14 Victor van Straelen, Flemish biologist/palaeontologist
  • Jun 18 Paul Joostens, Flemish painter
  • Jun 19 Enrico Celio, president (Switzerland)
  • Jun 20 John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-South African astronomer (d. 1951)
  • Jun 23 Anna Akhmatova, Bolshoy Fontan near Odessa. Russian poet (d. 1966)
  • Jun 25 Margriet M C Baers, Flemish philosopher
  • Jun 27 Alfred Courtens, Belgian sculptor
  • Jul 9 Leo Dandurand, American-born Canadian hockey executive (d. 1964)
  • Jul 11 Alfred E Green, Perris CA, director (Copacabana, Jolson Story)
  • Jul 13 Louise of Mountbatten, Queen of Sweden (d. 1965)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 17 Erle Stanley Gardner, American detective writer (Perry Mason), born in Malden, Massachusetts (d. 1970)

Detective Writer Erle Stanley Gardner
Detective Writer
Erle Stanley Gardner
  • Jul 29 Karl Otten, German Expressionist writer, born in Oberkrüchten (d. 1963)
  • Jul 30 Vladimir K Zworykin, USSR, electronics engineer/inventor, father of TV
  • Aug 1 John Friend Mahoney, American physician who pioneered the treatment of syphilis with penicillin, born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin (d. 1957)
  • Aug 1 Walther Gerlach, Biebrich, German Physicist who, with Otto Stern, co-discovered spin quantization in a magnetic field (Stern–Gerlach effect)
  • Aug 5 Conrad P Aiken, US, Pulitzer poet/writer (Ushant/Conversation)
  • Aug 6 George Kenney, American Air Force General (d. 1977)
  • Aug 6 John Middleton Murry, English poet (d. 1957)
  • Aug 10 Charles Darrow, Inventor (d. 1967)
  • Aug 12 Zerna Sharp, American writer and educator (Dick and Jane) (d. 1981)
  • Aug 13 Camillien Houde, Quebec politician, mayor of Montreal (d. 1958)
  • Aug 19 Arthur Waley, sinologist, translator from Chinese & Japanese
  • Aug 23 A Lichtenstein, writer
  • Aug 24 Simon Kimbangu/Kibangu, Congo prophet
  • Sep 7 Bruce F Cummings, English author (Journal of a Disappointed Man)
  • Sep 8 Robert A Taft, (Sen-R-Ohio, Taft-Hartley Act)
  • Sep 16 Claude A Barnett, founder (Associated Negro Press)
  • Sep 18 Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (d. 1970)
  • Sep 19 Sarah Delany, author/teacher
  • Sep 21 Otto Forst de Battaglia, Austrian diplomat/genealogist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 23 Walter Lippmann, American journalist/political writer (Public Opinion), born in NYC, New York

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann
  • Sep 25 George Douglas Howard Cole, socialist/novelist
  • Sep 25 C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, Scottish writer and translator (d. 1930)
  • Sep 26 Martin Heidegger, Germany, Existentialist (Being & Time)
  • Sep 28 Carlos I King of Portugal, Lisbon (1889-1908)
  • Oct 3 Carl von Ossietzky, Germany, journalist/pacifist (Nobel 1935)
  • Oct 5 Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (d. 1936)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 1 Architect Frank Lloyd Wright (21) weds socialite Catherine Tobin

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 25 Prime Minister of Canada Robert Borden (34) weds Laura Bond

8th Prime Minister of Canada Robert Borden
8th Prime Minister of Canada
Robert Borden

Deaths in History

  • Jan 13 Solomon Bundy, American politician (b. 1823)
  • Jan 17 Juan Montalvo, Ecuadorian author (Siete Tratados), dies at 56
  • Jan 27 Ivan S Aksakov, Russian journalist, dies at 65
  • Jan 30 Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria (b. 1858)
  • Feb 3 Belle Starr, US female gangster, murdered at 40
  • Feb 13 João Maurício Wanderley, Brazilian magistrate and politician (b. 1885)
  • Mar 8 Jens/John Ericsson, Swed/US, engineer (fire extinguisher), dies at 85
  • Mar 12 Yohannes IV, [Kasa], Emperor of Ethiopia (1872-89), dies in battle
  • Mar 15 Melville Reuben Bissell, American inventor of the carpet sweeper, dies of pneumonia at 45
  • Mar 17 Joseph A Alberdingk Thijm, [Pauwels Foreestier], poet, dies at 68
  • Mar 27 John Bright, English statesman (b. 1811)
  • Mar 28 Matilde "Tillie" Ziegler, killed by husband William Kemmler
  • Apr 4 Thomas T H Jorissen, historian, dies at 56
  • Apr 9 Michel Eugène Chevreul, French chemist (b. 1786)
  • Apr 15 Father Damien, Belgian missionary (b. 1840)
  • Apr 19 Warren De La Rue, astronomer/chemist, dies
  • Apr 23 Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly, French writer (b. 1808)
  • May 9 William S. Harney, U.S. general (b. 1800)
  • May 10 Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Russian satirist (b. 1826)
  • May 14 Volney E. Howard, American politician (b. 1809)
  • May 15 Alfred Potocki, premier Austrian/governor/viceroy of Galicia, dies
  • May 17 William Roxby Beverly, artist, dies
  • May 28 Willem M d'Ablaing, lawyer, dies at 37
  • Jun 8 Gerard Manley Hopkins, poet, dies at 54
  • Jun 15 Mihail Eminesco, Romanian poet (Luceafarul), dies at 39
  • Jun 28 Maria Mitchell, 1st US woman astronomer (Vassar), dies at 70
  • Jul 11 Gyula Reviczky, Hungarian author/poet, dies at 34
  • Jul 13 Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (b. 1830)
  • Jul 16 Michele Amari, Italian historian/minister of Education, dies at 83
  • Jul 21 Nelson Dewey, American politician, 1st Governor of Wisconsin (b. 1813)
  • Aug 2 Eduardo Gutiérrez, Argentinian author (b. 1851)
  • Aug 5 Willem Ruys J Dz, ship owner, dies at 80
  • Aug 19 Jean MMPA de Villiers de l'isle-Adam, French writer (Axel), dies at 60
  • Aug 22 John Sanger, circus entrepreneur, dies
  • Aug 24 Jan E Matzeliger, Suriname inventor (shoe lacing machine), dies
  • Aug 29 Stefan Dunjov, Banat Bulgarian military figure (b. 1815)
  • Sep 23 [William] Wilkie Collins, English writer (The Moonstone), dies at 65
  • Sep 29 Louis Faidherbe, French general (b. 1818)
  • Oct 11 James Prescott Joule, English physicist (b. 1818)
  • Oct 17 Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1828)
  • Oct 18 Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (b. 1808)
  • Oct 19 King Louis of Portugal (b. 1838)
  • Nov 18 William Allingham, Irish poet (Day & Night Songs), dies at 68

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 6 Jefferson Davis, President of Confederate States of America (1861-65), dies at 81

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Dec 6 Joseph H "Jozef" Neuhuys, painter, dies at 48
  • Dec 10 Ludwig Anzengruber, Austrian playwright, dies at 50

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 12 Robert Browning, English poet (Ring & Book), dies at 77

  • Dec 12 Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1804)
  • Dec 15 Ferdinand II A F A, King of Portugal, dies at 73
  • Dec 21 Joseph B Lightfoot, English theologist/bishop of Durham, dies at 61
  • Dec 21 Friedrich August von Quenstedt, German geologist (b. 1809)
  • Dec 24 Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate, Dutch poet and clergyman (b. 1819)
  • Dec 31 Ion Creanga, Romanian (fairy tales) author, dies at 52