1890 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
  • Jan 2 Alice Sanger becomes 1st female White House staffer
  • Jan 2 Record 19.2 feet alligator shot in Louisiana by American businessman Edward Avery McIlhenny
  • Jan 3 1st US college-level dairy school opens at University of Wisconsin
  • Jan 7 African American inventor William Purvis receives a patent for the fountain pen
  • Jan 10 Edward Macdowell's "Lancelot & Elaine" premieres
  • Jan 10 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Sapientiae Christianae
  • Jan 21 1st issue of "Propria Cures", Amsterdam student-weekly newspaper
  • Jan 22 Jose Marti forms La Liga (Union of Cuban exiles) in NYC
  • Jan 25 National Afro-American League forms in Chicago
  • Jan 25 Nellie Bly beats Phileas Fogg's time around world by 8 days (72 days)
  • Jan 25 United Mine Workers of America forms
  • Feb 10 Around 11 million acres ceded to US by Sioux Indians, then opened for settlement
  • Feb 20 Amsterdam Theater destroyed by fire
  • Feb 27 D Needham & P Kerrigan box 100 rounds (6 h 39 m), SF; match is draw
  • Mar 1 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes (Study in Scarlet) published
  • Mar 2 Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 5 km (9:19)
  • Mar 4 The longest bridge in the Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) (1,710 ft) in Scotland is opened by the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII.
  • Mar 18 1st US state naval militia organized (Massachusetts)
  • Mar 20 General Federation of Womens' Clubs founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 20 German Emperor Wilhelm II fires chancellor Otto von Bismarck

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Mar 21 Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
  • Mar 24 Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of Wisteria Lodge" (BG)
  • Mar 27 A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.
  • Apr 6 French troops under capt Archinard occupy Segu, West-Sudan
  • Apr 7 Completion of the first Lake Biwa Canal.
  • Apr 11 Ellis Island, New York, designated as an immigration station
  • Apr 14 Pan American Day-1st conference of American states (Washington, D.C.)
  • Apr 18 NY Commission of Emigration ends, closing Castle Clinton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 19 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in Brussels

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 13 Lord Salisbury offers Helgoland to Germany in exchange for Zanzibar, Uganda & Equatoria

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 British sailor David Beatty is promoted to sub-lieutenant

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • May 17 Clyde Fitch's "Beau Brummel" premieres in NYC
  • May 17 Comic Cuts, 1st weekly comic paper, published in London
  • May 24 Caprivi succeeds Bismarck as chancellor of Germany
  • May 24 Geo Train & Sam Wall circle world in record 67 days, Tacoma-Tacoma
  • May 24 Tivoli Theater of Varities opens in London
  • May 30 1st Dodger home run (Dave Foutz)
  • Jun 1 US census at 62,622,250
  • Jun 6 United States Polo Association forms, NYC
  • Jun 13 Eagle Avenue in the Bronx is cut out & named
  • Jun 23 In an effort to solve the "Uitlander" grievances regarding voting rights, President of Transvaal Paul Kruger institutes a Second Volksraad, responsible for controlling local matters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 27 Cecil Rhodes' colonists attack Motlousi in Matabeleland

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • Jul 1 Great Britain & Germany sign Zanzibar-Helgoland Treaty
  • Jul 1 Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable.
  • Jul 2 Congress passes Sherman Antitrust Act
  • Jul 3 Idaho admitted as 43rd US state

  • Jul 3 King Leopold II gives Congo, previously a private possession, to Belgium
  • Jul 10 Wyoming becomes 44th state of US (1st with female suffrage)
  • Jul 17 Cecil Rhodes becomes Premier of Cape Colony
  • Jul 20 "Gibbons Stamp Monthly" begins publishing
  • Jul 20 Snow & hail in Calais, Maine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 27 Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh shoots himself in Auvers-sur-Oise, dies of injuries 2 days later

  • Aug 1 Cecil Rhodes' colonists reach Lundi
  • Aug 5 British & French accord to divide African colonization
  • Aug 6 At Auburn Prison in New York, murderer William Kemmler becomes first person to be executed by electric chair
  • Aug 9 First 44 Javans arrive in Suriname to work 5 years on sugar plantations
  • Aug 14 Cecil Rhodes' colonists reach Mashonaland (Fort Victoria)
  • Aug 16 Alexander Clark, journalist and lawyer, named minister to Liberia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 30 President Benjamin Harrison signed the first U.S. law requiring inspection of meat products

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • Sep 12 Cecil Rhodes' colonists found Fort Salisbury (now Harare, Zimbabwe)
  • Sep 13 Cecil Rhodes' colonists hoist the Union Jack in Mashonaland & Salisbury
  • Sep 19 Turkish frigate "Ertogrul" burns off of Japan, kills 540
  • Sep 23 Ed Cartwright bats in 7 RBIs in 1 inning
  • Sep 24 The President of the Mormon Church Wilford Woodruff issues a manifesto advising members that the teaching and practice of polygamy should be abandoned
  • Sep 25 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Silver Blaze" (BG)
  • Sep 26 US stops minting $1 & $3 gold coin & 3 cent piece
  • Oct 1 Congress creates Weather Bureau
  • Oct 1 Congress establishes Yosemite National Park (California)
  • Oct 3 Capt Guillaume of Kerckhoven marches into Boma Congo
  • Oct 6 General Conference of the Mormon Church outlaws polygamy
  • Oct 9 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Red-Headed League"
  • Oct 11 First 100 yard dash under 10 seconds run by John Owen in 9.8 sec at Analostan Island, Washington D.C.
  • Oct 11 Daughters of American Revolution founded
  • Oct 13 The Delta Chi fraternity is founded by 11 law students at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
  • Oct 15 Alabama Penny Savings Bank organizes in Birmingham
  • Nov 4 Great Britain proclaims Zanzibar as a protectorate
  • Nov 4 Prince of Wales opens first underground station at Stockwell, South London
  • Nov 11 D McCree patents portable fire escape
  • Nov 20 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Slavery in the Missions"
  • Nov 23 King William III of the Netherlands dies (b. 1817) without a male heir and a special law passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to inherit.
  • Nov 23 General elections in Italy.
  • Nov 27 1st signal box for SF Police Department goes into operation
  • Nov 29 1st US Army - US Navy football game, Score: Navy 24, Army 0 at West Point
  • Dec 16 Negro Methodist Episcopal Church founded in Jackson, TN
  • Dec 18 Lugards expedition to Meng and Kampala, Uganda
  • Dec 19 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Beryl Coronet" (BG)
  • Dec 21 Pim Mulier 1st & only trip to "Alvesteddetocht"
  • Dec 26 King Mwanga of Uganda signs contract with East Africa Company
  • Dec 29 US 7th Cavalry massacre 200+ captive Sioux at Wounded Knee, SD
  • Dec 31 Ellis Island (NYC) opens as a US immigration depot

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 137

  • Jan 1 Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (d. 1966)
  • Jan 4 Mosa Pijade, Yugoslavia, MP (communist)
  • Jan 7 Henny Porten, silent screen star (Deception), born in Magdeburg, Germany
  • Jan 8 Sandor Rado, Hungarian/US psycho analyst
  • Jan 9 Karel Capek, Czech, writer (R U R); coined the word "robot"
  • Jan 9 Kurt Tucholsky, German journalist/writer (Panther Tiger & Co)
  • Jan 10 Grigory Landsberg, Russian physicist (d. 1957)
  • Jan 11 Oswald de Andrade, Brazilian author (d. 1954)
  • Jan 12 Mordecai Wyatt Johnson, pastor and educator, born in Paris, Tennessee (d. 1976)
  • Jan 13 Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (d. 1945)
  • Jan 22 Fred M Vinson, Ky, 13th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court (1946-53)
  • Jan 28 Robert Stroud, American convict, "Birdman of Alcatraz", born in Seattle Washington (d. 1963)
  • Jan 31 Adolf Bach, German language/sociologist (Deutsche Namenkunde)
  • Feb 2 Jean J M de Lattre de Tassigny, French gen (Indo-China)
  • Feb 8 Claro Mayo Recto, Filipino nationalist/opponent of US colonialism
  • Feb 9 Jacobus J P Oud, Dutch architect/co-founder (Stijl)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 10 Boris Pasternak, Russian novelist and poet (Doctor Zhivago, Nobel 1958), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1960)

Novelist & Poet Boris Pasternak
Novelist & Poet
Boris Pasternak
  • Feb 10 Fanny Kaplan, failed assassin of Vladimir Lenin (d. 1918)
  • Feb 11 John P M L de Vries, fairy tale writer
  • Feb 11 David Drummond, Australian politician (d. 1965)
  • Feb 14 Nina Hamnett, Welsh artist (d. 1956)
  • Feb 15 Robert Ley, Nazi politician. Committed suicide 1945.
  • Feb 18 Lauri SA Haarla, Finnish (stage)writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja)
  • Mar 1 Jan Duiker, Dutch architect (Zonnestral)
  • Mar 3 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor, communist and humanitarian (Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War), born in Gravenhurst, Ontario (d. 1939)
  • Mar 6 Fernand Ansseau, Belgian operator/theory (Orfeo)
  • Mar 8 Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist/philosopher
  • Mar 11 Vannevar Bush, developed 1st electronic analogue computer
  • Mar 12 A Evert Taube, Swedish writer/troubadour
  • Mar 12 William Dudley Pelley, American leader of the Silver Legion (d. 1965)
  • Mar 18 Gerardus van der Leeuw, Dutch religion historian/minister of Education
  • Mar 25 Marten Baersma, [MH Bottema], Friesan author (De ljochte kimen)
  • Mar 26 Jozef Arras, Flemish writer
  • Mar 29 Harold Spencer Jones, English Astronomer and 10th astronomer royal of England whose work led to a more accurate determination of the distance between the Earth and the Sun, born in London, England
  • Mar 31 William Lawrence Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • Apr 6 Andre L Danjon, French astronomer
  • Apr 6 Anthony Fokker, Dutch aviation pioneer and an aircraft manufacturer (Eindecker monoplanes, Fokker Triplane)
  • Apr 7 Marjory Stoneman Douglas, environmentalist (1st Lady of Everglades)
  • Apr 11 Donna Rachele Mussolini, wife of Benito Mussolini (d. 1979)
  • Apr 13 Frank Murphy, American public servant (d. 1949)
  • Apr 19 Lou Bandy, [Lodewijk F Dieben], revue-artist (Look for the Sun)
  • Apr 20 Maurice Duplessis, premier of Québec, known as "Le Chef" (d. 1959)
  • May 2 E[dward] E[lmer] "Doc" Smith, American sci-fi author (Triplanetary), (d. 1965)
  • May 3 B. Traven, (German?) writer (The Treasure of the Sierra Madre) whose real identity is disputed (possible date)
  • May 5 Christopher Morley, author (Kitty Foil)
  • May 11 Woodall Rodgers, mayor of Dallas, Texas (d. 1961)
  • May 15 Katherine Anne Porter, American novelist (Ship of Fools)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 19 Ho Chi Minh [Nguyễn Sinh Cung], Vetnamese communist revolutionary and President of North Vietnam (1946-69), born in Nghệ An Province, French Indochina (d. 1969)

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • May 23 Virginia Eames, Ft Davis TX, entertainer
  • May 26 Kurt Edzard, German sculptor (nudes/portraits)
  • Jun 2 Hedda Hopper, [Elda Furry], PA, gossip columnist (From Under My Hat)
  • Jun 6 Dorothy Heyward, American playwright (Porgy), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 10 Paul J M Lindemans, Flemish agricultural engineer/author
  • Jun 12 Egon Schiele, Austrian painter/graphic artist
  • Jun 15 Georg Wüst, Posen, German Oceanographer who provided the first complete understanding of the temperature, salinity and deep-current structure of the Atlantic Ocean
  • Jun 21 Frank Sherman Land, The order of DeMolay founder (d. 1959)
  • Jun 25 Hans Marchwitza, German writer and communist, born in Scharley, Upper Silesia (d. 1965)
  • Jul 2 Earl Roy Curry, religious thinker and Kirtland Temple overseer (d. 1980)
  • Jul 5 Frederick Lewis Allen, American social historian (d. 1954)
  • Jul 8 Walter Hasenvlever, German writer, born in Aachen (d. 1940)
  • Jul 11 Arthur W Tedder of Glenguin, British air marshal (WWII)
  • Jul 11 Georg Annenkov, Russian/French painter
  • Jul 14 Ossip Zadkine, [Zadkin], Russ/French sculptor (Destroyed City)
  • Jul 18 Charles Wilson, President of General Motors (1940-53)/Sec of Def (1953-57)
  • Jul 18 Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1983)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 22 Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, mom of JFK, RFK & Ted, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1995)

Kennedy Family Matriarch Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
Kennedy Family Matriarch
Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
  • Jul 26 Daniel J. Callaghan, US Admiral (Medal of Honor), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1942)
  • Aug 1 George II, king of Greece
  • Aug 4 Erich Weinert, German communist writer, born in Magdeburg (d. 1953)
  • Aug 5 Naum Gabo, [Pevsner], Russian/US sculptor (Stillife Flower)
  • Aug 9 Eino Kaila, Finnish psychologist/philosopher
  • Aug 10 Angus L. MacDonald, Canadian politician (d. 1954)
  • Aug 11 Erich Wichman, Dutch fascist painter/sculptor
  • Aug 13 [Lavinia] Marian Fleming Poe, African American advocate in Virginia
  • Aug 15 Elizabeth Bolden, American Supercentenarian (oldest verified person in the world at the time of her death), born in Somerville, Tennessee (d. 2006)
  • Aug 15 Elvin M. Jellinek, American Physiologist and pioneer in the study of alcoholism, born in New York City
  • Aug 17 Harry L Hopkins, US politician (Loan & Lease law)
  • Aug 17 Stefan Bastyr, Polish aviator (d. 1920)
  • Aug 18 Walther Funk, German economist and Nazi politician, born in Danzkehmen, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1960)
  • Aug 19 Yves Alix, French painter/graphic artist
  • Aug 20 H. P. Lovecraft, American horror writer (At the Mountains of Madness, Weird Tales), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1937)
  • Aug 22 Floyd Henri Allport, American psychologist and sociologist, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1979)
  • Aug 24 Jean Rhys [Ella Gwendolyn Rees Williams], British writer (Voyage in the Dark), born in Roseau, Dominica (d. 1979)
  • Aug 27 Man Ray, American artist and photographer (Dada), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1976)
  • Sep 5 Albert H Edelkoort, theologist (Zondebesef)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 9 Colonel Harland Sanders, American founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken, born in Henryville, Indiana (d. 1980)

Businessman and Restaurateur Colonel Sanders
Businessman and Restaurateur
Colonel Sanders
  • Sep 10 Franz Werfel, Austrian author (40 Days of Musa Dagh)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 10 Elsa Schiaparelli, Italian fashion designer, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1973)

Fashion Designer Elsa Schiaparelli
Fashion Designer
Elsa Schiaparelli

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 15 Agatha Christie, English crime writer (Murder on Orient Express), born in Torquay, Devon (d. 1976)

Novelist Agatha Christie
Novelist
Agatha Christie
  • Sep 15 Claude McKaye, Jamaica/US author (Songs of Jamaica, Banjo)
  • Sep 17 Lubov Tchernicheva, Russian ballerina
  • Sep 20 Rachel Bluwstein, Hebrew poet, born in Saratov, Imperial Russia (d. 1931)
  • Sep 22 Ferdinand Gonseth, Swiss mathematician/philosopher
  • Sep 23 Friedrich Paulus, German Generalfieldmarshal (Stalingrad). Dies 1957.
  • Sep 24 Alan Herbert, England, journalist/writer (Punch, Helen)
  • Oct 5 Kasimir Edschmid, [Karl E Schmidt], German writer
  • Oct 8 Eddie Rickenbacker, American aviator "Ace of Aces" (WWI), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1973)
  • Oct 9 Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist (Pentecostal), born in South-West Oxford, Canada (d. 1944)
  • Oct 13 Conrad Richter, writer (Light in the Forest)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 14 Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th US President (R, 1953-61) and WWII general, born in Denison, Texas

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 2 Physicist J. J. Thomson (33) weds Rose Elisabeth Paget

Physicist J. J. Thomson
Physicist
J. J. Thomson

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 14 Painter Pierre Auguste Renoir (49) weds Aline Victorine Charigot

Painter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste Renoir
Painter & Sculptor
Pierre Auguste Renoir

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 Augusta Maria L Katharina, wife of German Emperor Wilhelm I, dies at 78
  • Jan 18 Amadeus I FM, king of Spain (1870-73), dies at 44
  • Feb 3 Christophorus H D Buys Ballot, Dutch meteorologist, dies at 72
  • Feb 17 Christopher Sholes, American inventor (b. 1819)
  • Feb 18 Gyula Andrássy Sr, Prime Minister of Hungary (1867-71), dies at 66
  • Feb 22 John Jacob Astor III, American businessman (Astor Estate holdings), dies at 67
  • Feb 22 Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (b. 1834)
  • Mar 16 Zorka of Montenegro, Princess of Serbia (b. 1864)
  • Mar 20 Alexander F. Mozhaiski, aviation pioneer (b. 1825)
  • Mar 22 Desire de Haerne, Belgian priest/Congressional leader, dies at 85
  • Apr 1 David Wilber, American politician (b. 1820)
  • Apr 2 Marinus FAG Campbell, bibliographer, dies at 70
  • Apr 4 Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, Quebec politician (b. 1820)
  • Apr 4 Edmond Hébert, French geologist (b. 1812)
  • Apr 8 Junius Morgan, philanthropist, dies at 76
  • Apr 11 Joseph Merrick, "The Elephant Man", dies of asphyxia at 27
  • Apr 13 Samuel J. Randall, American politician (b. 1828)
  • Apr 22 Magnus Huss, Swedish Physician who coined the word alcoholism and was the first to define it as a disease, dies at 82
  • May 7 James Nasmyth, Scottish Engineer and Inventor of the steam hammer, dies at 81
  • Jul 3 Gilman Marston, American Brigadier General (Union Army) and politician (R-NH), dies at 78

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 7 Henri Nestlé, German-Swiss industrialist (founder of Nestlé), dies from heart attack at 75

Founder of Nestlé Henri Nestlé
Founder of Nestlé
Henri Nestlé
  • Jul 13 John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer and presidential candidate (b. 1813)
  • Jul 16 Gottfried Keller, German-Swiss novelist and poet, dies at 70

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 29 Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter (Sunflowers), dies 2 days after shooting himself at 37

  • Aug 3 Louise Ackermann-Choquet, French author (Journal), dies at 76
  • Aug 11 John Henry Newman, English cardinal, dies at 89
  • Aug 22 Vasile Alecsandri, Romanian foreign minister, diplomat and poet, dies at 69
  • Sep 3 Charles-A Chatrian, French writer (Waterloo), dies at 63
  • Sep 3 Willem Linnig The Younger, Flemish painter and graphic artist, dies at 48
  • Sep 22 Johanna D Courtmans-Berchmans, Flemish author (Rozeken Pot), dies at 79
  • Oct 3 Joseph Hergenröther, German historian (b. 1824)
  • Oct 4 Catherine Booth, the Mother of The Salvation Army (b. 1829)
  • Oct 12 William Worth Belknap, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), dies from a heart attack at 61
  • Oct 13 Samuel Freeman Miller, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1816)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 20 Richard Burton, English explorer and translator (Arabian Nights), dies at 69

Geographer, Explorer & Translator Richard Francis Burton
Geographer, Explorer & Translator
Richard Francis Burton
  • Oct 23 Karel M M Verlat, Flemish painter/graphic artist, dies
  • Oct 26 Collodi, [Carlo Lorenzini], Italian writer (Pinocchio), dies
  • Nov 3 Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1811)
  • Nov 4 Jacob PP baron van Zuylen, Dutch foreign minister (1852-3), dies at 74
  • Nov 16 Johann A H Scheler, Belgian man of letters/librarian, dies at 71
  • Nov 23 Willem III, last male King of the Netherlands (1849-90), dies at 73
  • Nov 24 August Belmont, Sr., Prussian-born financier (b. 1816)
  • Dec 10 Ludolf AJW Sloet van de Beele, gov-gen (Net India 1861-66), dies at 84

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 15 Sitting Bull, Hunkpapa-Sioux chief who helped led his people to victory in the Battle of the Little Big Horn, killed by US Police aged 58 or 59

Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull
Lakota Sioux Chief
Sitting Bull
  • Dec 26 Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist (rediscovered Troy), dies at 86
  • Dec 29 Big Foot, Sioux Indian chief, dies at Wounded Knee
  • Dec 31 Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican war heroine (b. 1826)