1893 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 110

  • Jan 1 1st US college extension courses for credit, Univ of Chicago
  • Jan 1 Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar
  • Jan 1 The railway line from Germiston to Pretoria, South Africa, is opened to traffic.
  • Jan 2 1st US commemoratives & 1st US stamp to picture a woman issued (Queen Isabella, patron of Columbus)
  • Jan 2 World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago [or 0501]
  • Jan 4 US President Cleveland grants amnesty to Mormon polygamy
  • Jan 6 Great Northern Railway connects Seattle with east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • Jan 7 Hermann Sudermanns "Heimat" premieres in Berlin
  • Jan 10 Richard Drigo's ballet "Magic Flute" premieres, St Petersburg

Sports record brokenWorld Record

Jan 11 Jaap Eden skates world record 1500m (2:35)

Cyclist and Speed Skater Jaap Eden
Cyclist and Speed Skater
Jaap Eden
  • Jan 13 British Independent Labour Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)
  • Jan 13 U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
  • Jan 17 -17°F (-27°C), Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
  • Jan 17 Queen Liliuokalani deposed, Kingdom of Hawaii becomes a republic
  • Jan 19 Henrik Ibsen's play The Master Builder premieres in Berlin.
  • Jan 21 The Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, was formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate which is now Botswana.
  • Jan 28 Edward Mcdowell's "Hamlet & Ophelia" premieres in Boston
  • Jan 31 "Westminster Gazette" begins publishing
  • Feb 5 Alfred Naess skates world record 500m (49.4 sec)
  • Feb 9 Canal builder De Lesseps & others sentenced to prison for fraud
  • Feb 24 The American University is chartered by an act of the Congress of the United States of America.
  • Feb 26 2 Clydesdale horses set record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge, Mich
  • Feb 26 Einar Halvorsen skates world record 500m (48 sec)
  • Feb 28 Edward Acheson, Penn, patents an abrasive he names "carborundum"
  • Mar 1 Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the US rank of ambassador
  • Mar 2 1st federal railroad legislation passed; required safety features
  • Mar 3 Columbian Isabella silver quarter authorized
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes 1st federal road agency, in Department of Agriculture
  • Mar 4 Francis Dhanis' army attacks the Lualaba, occupies Nyangwe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Grover Cleveland (D) inaugrated as 24th US President (2nd term)

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Mar 9 Congo cannibals killed 1000s of Arabs
  • Mar 10 Ivory Coast becomes a French colony (Cote d'Ivoire)
  • Mar 10 New Mexico State University cancels its 1st graduation ceremony; its only graduand Sam Steele was robbed & killed the night before
  • Mar 30 Thomas F Bayard becomes 1st US ambassador in Great Britain
  • Apr 3 1st NSW v Queensland F-C game, at Brisbane Exhibition Ground
  • Apr 5 Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
  • Apr 6 Andy Bowen & Jack Burke box 7 hrs 19 mins to no decision (111 rounds)
  • Apr 6 Mormon Temple in Salt Lake City dedicated
  • Apr 8 The Critic reports that ice cream soda is our national drink
  • Apr 12 Battle at Hoornkrans Southwest-Africa: German Schutztruppen chases away Hottentotten under Hendrik Witbooi
  • Apr 22 Francis Dhanis army occupies Kasongo
  • Apr 22 Paul Kruger elected President of Transvaal for 3rd time
  • Apr 26 1st Cleveland Board of Park Commissioners forms
  • Apr 27 Richard "King Dick" Seddon succeeds John Balance as premier of New Zealand and leader of Liberal Party
  • May 1 World Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago
  • May 4 Cowboy Bob Pickett invents bulldogging
  • May 5 Panic of 1893: Great crash on NY Stock Exchange
  • May 10 Imperial Institute in London opens
  • May 19 Heavy rain wash "quick clay" into a deep valley, kills 111 (Norway)
  • May 22 Montreal Athletic Association beat Ottawa Generals 2-1, in 1st Cup Game
  • May 27 Audath Yisroel forms at Kattowitz (Katowice) Poland
  • May 31 Whitcomb Judson, Chicago, patents a hookless fastening (zipper)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7 Gandhi's first act of civil disobedience.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jun 16 RW Rueckheim invents Cracker Jack

MurderMurder of Interest

Jun 20 Lizzie Borden acquitted of the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts

Acquitted Murderer Lizzie Borden
Acquitted Murderer
Lizzie Borden
  • Jun 21 1st Ferris wheel premieres (Chicago's Columbian Exposition)
  • Jun 22 British fleet under Vice Admiral George Tryon leaves Beirut
  • Jun 27 Great stock crash on NY stock exchange
  • Jun 30 Excelsior diamond (blue-white 995 carats) discovered
  • Jul 6 The small town of Pomeroy, Iowa, is nearly destroyed by a tornado that kills 71 people and injures 200.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 Daniel Williams performs 1st successful open heart surgery without anesthesia

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • Jul 11 The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto.
  • Jul 11 A revolution led by the liberal general and politician, José Santos Zelaya, takes over state power in Nicaragua.
  • Jul 22 Katharine Lee Bates writes "America the Beautiful" in Colorado

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 A petition organised by Kate Sheppard, demanding women's suffrage, is delivered to New Zealand's parliament; signed by over 25,000 women, a 5th of the adult European female population

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Kate Sheppard
  • Jul 31 Henry Perky patents shredded wheat
  • Jul 31 Gaelic League is founded by Douglas Hyde and Eoin MacNeill in order to encourage Irish people to speak the language and take a greater interest in their culture
  • Aug 1 Henry Perky & William Ford patent shredded wheat
  • Aug 7 53rd Congress (1893-95) convenes
  • Aug 9 1st US bowling magazine, Gut Holz, published in New York
  • Aug 10 Chinese deported from San Francisco under Exclusion Act
  • Aug 10 Rudolf Diesel's prime model internal combustion engine, a single 10-foot iron cylinder with a flywheel at its base, ran on its own power for the first time in Augsburg, Germany
  • Aug 14 France introduces motor vehicle registration, includes a driving test
  • Aug 15 US no longer allowed exclusive rights in Bering Sea
  • Aug 20 Shechita (ritual slaughtering) prohibited in Switzerland
  • Aug 24 Tornado destroys coast of Savannah & Charleston, about 1000 die
  • Sep 1 Gladstones' Second Home Rule Bill for Ireland passes in the House of Commons but vetoed by The House of Lords by 419 votes to 41

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 4 English author Beatrix Potter first writes the story of Peter Rabbit for a 5 year old boy

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • Sep 11 Bronx Gas & Electric Company opens on Frisby & Tremont Ave
  • Sep 11 Shaku Soen is 1st Zen teacher to visit the West (Chicago)
  • Sep 11 First conference of the World Parliament of Religions is held.
  • Sep 16 Cherokee Strip, Oklahoma, opens white settlement homesteaders
  • Sep 19 New Zealand becomes the first country to grant all women the right to vote
  • Sep 21 Frank Duryea drives first US made gas propelled vehicle (car)
  • Sep 21 1st auto built in US (by Duryea brothers) runs in Springfield
  • Oct 1 3rd worst hurricane in US history kills 1,800 (Mississippi)
  • Oct 6 Nabisco Foods invents Cream of Wheat
  • Oct 14 George Edwarde's "Gaiety Girl" premieres in London
  • Oct 14 Harry Wright suggests umps keep ball-strike count a secret
  • Oct 23 C Dazey's "In Old Kentucky" premieres in NYC (27 seasons)
  • Oct 25 Battle of Shangani, Matabeleland: Dr Jameson beats Ndebeles
  • Oct 27 Hurricane hits coast between Savannah Ga & Charleston SC
  • Oct 30 US Senate approves repealing Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890
  • Nov 4 Dr Jamesons Legertje occupies Bulawayo Matabeleland
  • Nov 7 US State Colorado accepts female suffrage
  • Nov 12 The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan - the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two sister nations.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Hanneles Himmelfahrt" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Nov 18 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Providentissimus Deus
  • Nov 19 1st newspaper color supplement (NY World)

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 154

  • Jan 2 Lillian Leitzel, German acrobat and strongwoman (d. 1931)
  • Jan 3 Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, French novelist/essayist (Gilles)
  • Jan 4 Yone Minagawa, Japanese, became worlds oldest living person January 29, 2007. (d. Aug. 13, 2007)
  • Jan 5 Zoltán Böszörmény, Hungarian Nazi politician (d. unknown)
  • Jan 5 Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (d. 1952)
  • Jan 10 Albert Jacka, Australian soldier, first Australian World War I Victoria Cross winner (d. 1932)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 12 Hermann Goering, Rosenheim Bavaria, leading Nazi politician and party member

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Jan 12 Alfred Rosenberg, German Nazi official (d. 1946)
  • Jan 13 Clarke Ashton Smith, US, sci-fi author (Lost Worlds, Genius Loci)
  • Jan 13 Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer (d. 1963)
  • Jan 15 Dragisa Cvetkovic, Serbian premiere of Yugoslavia (1939-4.)
  • Jan 20 Kaj Birket-Smith, Danish etnologist/anthropologist (Eskimos)
  • Jan 23 Frank Carlson, (Gov/Rep/Sen-R-Ks)
  • Jan 26 Bessie Coleman, 1st African American airplane pilot
  • Jan 26 Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (d. 1976)
  • Jan 27 Soong Ching-ling, Chinese wife of Sun Yat-sen (d. 1981)
  • Jan 31 Freya Stark, English explorer/ travel writer
  • Feb 2 Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1974)
  • Feb 3 Gaston Julia, French mathematician (d. 1978)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 4 Raymond Dart, Australian paleoanthropologist (Australopithecus africanus)

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Raymond Dart
  • Feb 5 Roman Ingarden, Polish philosopher (Studia philosophica)
  • Feb 6 Muhammad Zafrulla Khan, President of UN General Assembly (1962-63)
  • Feb 8 Ba Maw, Burmese politician (d. 1977)
  • Feb 11 Johan C P Alberts, Dutch literary (Festival)
  • Feb 12 Marcel G J Minnaert, Dutch astronomer
  • Feb 12 Omar Bradley, General of Army WW II (GI General)
  • Feb 13 Ana Pauker-Rabensohn, Romania, communist/foreign minister (1945-52)
  • Feb 14 Kay Fisker, Danish architect (Hornbeck House, Copenhagen)
  • Feb 15 Harm H Kamerlingh Onnes, painter/etcher/ceramist
  • Feb 16 Ivor Armstrong Richards, England, literary critic [OS]
  • Feb 19 Pietro Pancrazi, Italian critic (Scrittori d'Oggi)
  • Feb 20 Russel Crouse, journalist/novelist/playwright (Life with Father)
  • Feb 20 Elizabeth Holloway Marston, American psychologist (d. 1993)
  • Feb 26 Ivor A "I A" Richards, English poet/critic (Meaning of Meaning) [NS]
  • Feb 27 Ralph Linton, US cultural anthropologist (Tree of Culture)
  • Mar 1 Mercedes de Acosta, American socialite (d. 1968)
  • Mar 3 Beatrice Wood, potter/artist/author
  • Mar 5 Emmett J Culligan, founder of water treatment organization
  • Mar 6 Kathleen Smoothy, housewife (last link to Siege of SIdney Street)
  • Mar 7 Milton Avery, American artist (d. 1965)
  • Mar 9 Edgar Scauflaire, Belgian muralist/decorator
  • Mar 18 Wilfred Owen, England, anti-war poet (Anthem for Doomed Youth)
  • Mar 21 Geoffrey Dearmer, poet
  • Mar 23 Cedric Gibbons, American art director (d. 1960)
  • Mar 25 Edward Hart, (Rep-D-NJ)/1st chairman of Com on Un-American Activities
  • Mar 26 Palmiro Togliatti, founder (Communist Party of Italy)
  • Mar 27 Dragoljub "Draza" Mihailovic, Yugoslavian general/nazi collaborator
  • Mar 27 Karl Mannheim, Hung/German/British sociologist (Ideology & Utopia)
  • Mar 28 Spyros Skouras, Greek-born American movie executive (d. 1971)
  • Apr 3 Princess Maud of Fife (d. 1945)
  • Apr 7 Allen Dulles, American Central Intelligence Agency director (d. 1969)
  • Apr 8 Henri Puvrez, Belgian sculptor (Sereniteit)
  • Apr 11 Dean G Acheson, statesman/US Secretary of State (1949-53)
  • Apr 11 Johannes T Thijsse, Dutch founder (Waterloopkundig lab Delft)
  • Apr 20 Harold Lloyd, Burchard Neb, silent comic (Why Worry, Safety Last)
  • Apr 20 Hermann Ungar, Moravian writer, born in Boskovice (d. 1929)
  • Apr 20 Edna Parker, American supercentenarian
  • Apr 20 Joan Miró, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1983)
  • Apr 23 Frank Borzage, Salt Lake City, director (7th Heaven, Strange Cargo)
  • Apr 26 Draza Mihajlovic, Serbian WWII hero and war criminal (d. 1946)
  • Apr 27 Norman Bel Geddes, Adrian Mich, theatrical designer (Rivals, Dead End)
  • Apr 29 Elisaveta Bagrjana, [Beltsheva], Bulgaria, poet
  • Apr 29 Harold C Urey, Ind, physicist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 30 Joachim von Ribbentrop, Nazi foreign minister, born in Wesel, Rhine Province, German Empire (d. 1946)

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • May 3 Hope Landin, Minneapolis MN
  • May 3 Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, Georgian writer and public benefactor (d. 1975)
  • May 9 William Moulton Marston, American psychologist, writer (co-creator, Wonder Woman) (d. 1947)
  • May 14 Louis Verneuil, French playwright (d. 1952)
  • May 15 Stanley Lupino, English comic (Cheer Up, Over She Goes), born in London (d. 1942)
  • May 16 Jose Calvo Sotelo, Spanish minister of Finance (1925-30)
  • May 23 Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1977)
  • May 24 W H Walter Baade, German/US astronomer (Andromeda)
  • May 27 Hermann Dörnemann, German supercentarian (d. 2005)
  • Jun 4 Armand Calinescu, premier of Romania
  • Jun 4 Daan Boens, Flemish poet (Man who sold his Wife)
  • Jun 13 Dorothy Leigh Sayers, English novelist (9 Taylors)
  • Jun 15 Jacob HA van Coeverden, boer/edelman
  • Jun 19 Adriaan F Dussenbroek, Dutch family dr/co-founder (Union National Arubano)
  • Jun 24 Roy O. Disney, co-founder of the Walt Disney Company and brother of Walt (d. 1971)
  • Jun 29 Antoon Schweigmann, Dutch religious poet/resistance fighter
  • Jun 30 Harold/Joseph Laski, English economist/Labour leader (1945-..)
  • Jun 30 Walter Ulbricht, president German DR
  • Jul 1 Walter Francis White, Atlanta Georgia
  • Jul 2 Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer (Rockefeller Center) (d. 1950)
  • Jul 7 Miroslav Krleža, Croatian writer (d. 1981)
  • Jul 8 Fritz Perls, father of Gestalt therapy
  • Jul 14 John G Strijdom, premier of South-Africa (1954-58)
  • Jul 14 Clarence J. Brown, Newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1965)
  • Jul 19 Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (Ode to Revolution), born in Baghdati, Soviet Georgia [OS=7/7]
  • Jul 20 Alexander, king of Greece (1917-20)
  • Jul 20 Richard Billinger, Austria poet/writer (From Where I Came)
  • Jul 21 Hans Fallada [Rudolf Wilhelm Friedrich Ditzen], German writer, born in Greifswald (d. 1947)
  • Jul 23 Karl Menninger, psychiatrist (Menninger Clinic)
  • Jul 26 George Grosz, German painter (Gott mit uns)
  • Jul 30 Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani Mother of the Nation (d. 1967)
  • Aug 6 Guthrie McClintic, Broadway producer/dir (Winterset), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Aug 6 Wright Patman, American politician (d. 1976)
  • Aug 10 Viscount Dunrossil, Scotland, Gov Gen of Australia (1959-61)
  • Aug 10 Voranc Prezikov, [Lovro Kuhar], Slovenian author (Samorastniki)
  • Aug 15 Harlow H Curtice, President of General Motors (1953-8)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 18 British Poet and writer Rudyard Kipling (26) marries Carrie Balestier (29) in London

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 6 British Prince George Duke of York (later George V) marries Princess Victoria of Teck (Queen Mary) at St James's Palace

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 12 Education pioneer Booker T. Washington (37) weds Margaret James Murray

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist (b. 1805)
  • Jan 7 Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist and mathematician (b. 1835)
  • Jan 9 Mohara, Arab ivory/slave trader, dies in battle & is eaten
  • Jan 11 Benjamin F Butler, US gen/presidential candidate (anti-monopoly), dies at 74
  • Jan 16 Johan Philip Koelman, painter/sculptor/architect, dies at 74

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 17 Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th US President (1877-81), dies of a heart attack at 70

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Jan 23 Jose Zorrilla y Moral, Spanish poet (Granada), dies at 75
  • Jan 23 Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1825)
  • Jan 27 James G Blaine, US minister of foreign affairs, dies at 62
  • Feb 1 George Henry Sanderson, Mayor of San Francisco (b. 1824)
  • Feb 13 Ignacio M Altamirano, Mexican author (El Zarco), dies at 58
  • Feb 18 Serranus Clinton Hastings, American politician (b. 1814)
  • Feb 20 P.G.T. Beauregard, American Confederate general (b. 1818)
  • Mar 5 Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher/historian, dies at 64
  • Mar 17 Jules Ferry, French statesman (b. 1832)
  • Apr 4 Alphonse LPP de Candolle, Swiss botanist, dies at 86
  • Apr 19 John Addington Symonds, critic/poet, dies
  • Apr 22 Chaim Aronson, inventor and academic (b. 1825)
  • Apr 27 John Murray Corse, US general (Union), dies on his 58th birthday
  • Apr 27 John Ballance, 14th Premier of New Zealand and the founder of the Liberal Party, intestinal disease after a major surgical operation at 54
  • May 14 Earnest E Kummer, German mathematician (surface of Kummer), dies at 83
  • May 14 Johan T Buys, Dutch lawyer, dies at 65
  • May 23 Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman (b. 1805)
  • Jun 5 Mary Ann Shadd [Cary], American/Canadian Publisher and anti-slavery campaigner (1st African American Publisher), dies at 69
  • Jun 21 Leland Stanford, American business tycoon and founder of Stanford University
  • Jun 23 Sir Theophilus Shepstone, British-born South African statesman (b. 1817)
  • Jul 6 Guy de Maupassant, French author (b. 1850)
  • Jul 7 Guy de Maupassant, writer, dies at 42
  • Jul 9 George Christopher Cato, Natal pioneer and first mayor of Durban South Africa, dies at 79
  • Jul 17 Frederick A. Johnson, American politician (b. 1833)
  • Aug 6 Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1811)
  • Aug 16 Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist (b. 1825)
  • Aug 17 Aleksei N Apuchtin, Russian poet (Stichotvorenia), dies at 52[NS=8/29]
  • Aug 29 Aleksei N Apuchtin, Rus poet (Stichotvorenia), dies at 52 [OS=8/17]
  • Sep 3 James Harrison, Scottish-born inventor (b. 1816)
  • Sep 15 Thomas Hawksley, English civil engineer (b. 1807)
  • Sep 19 Alexander Tilloch Galt, Canadian politician, a father of Canadian Confederation (b. 1817)
  • Oct 4 Pieter J Elout van Soeterwoude, MP (AR), dies at 88
  • Oct 14 Conradus Leemans, Dutch archaeologist, dies at 84
  • Oct 16 Patrice MacMahon, duc de Magenta, President of France (b. 1808)
  • Oct 18 Lucy [Blackwell-]Stone, US abolitionist/feminist, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 30 John Abbott, 3rd PM of Canada (C) (1891-92), dies of brain cancer at 72

3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
John Abbott
  • Nov 4 Cornelis E van Koetsveld, Dutch vicar/literature, dies at 86
  • Nov 4 Pierre Tirard, French politician (b. 1827)
  • Nov 7 Constantly Lievens, Flemish missionary in India, dies at 37
  • Nov 12 Alexander Freiherr von Bach, premier of Austria (1852-59), dies at 80
  • Nov 13 Antoine T d'abbadie, French explorer: Ethiopia, dies at 78
  • Nov 17 Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg, king of Bulgaria (1879-86), dies at 36
  • Nov 22 James Calder, 5th President of the Pennsylvania State University (b. 1826)
  • Nov 30 Jacobus J Backer, German sea historian, dies at 68
  • Dec 4 Allan Wilson, British/Rhodesian Major, dies in battle against the Ndebeles during First Matabele War
  • Dec 4 John Tyndall, Irish physicist who demonstrated why the sky is blue and proved that the Earth's atmosphere has a greenhouse effect, dies at 73
  • Dec 14 Karolina Pawlowa, writer, dies at 86
  • Dec 17 Levinus T Keuchenius, Dutch min of Colonies (1888-90), dies at 71
  • Dec 22 Johann Czerski, German chaplain, dies at 80
  • Dec 30 Samuel White Baker, English explorer, dies at 72
  • Dec 31 Jacob G de Scheffer, Dutch vicar/theologist, dies at 74