1894 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 117

  • Jan 1 Denmark adopts Mid-European time
  • Jan 1 Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
  • Jan 1 South African Amateur Athletic Union is founded in Johannesburg.
  • Jan 4 France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia
  • Jan 7 Early 5 second film of Fred Ott sneezing shot by Edison Manufacturing - 1st ever copyrited
  • Jan 8 Columbus World's fair in Chicago destroyed by fire
  • Jan 9 Georges Feydeau's "Un à la Patte" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 9 New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
  • Jan 13 Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops
  • Jan 21 Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 500m in 47.8 sec
  • Jan 23 G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min
  • Jan 27 Midwinter Fair opens in Golden Gate Park
  • Jan 30 Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
  • Jan 30 US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Adm Benham
  • Feb 2 US warship Kearsarge wrecked on Roncador Reef, near Solomon Island
  • Feb 5 Female suffrage organization in Amsterdam forms
  • Feb 7 The Cripple Creek miner's strike, led by the Western Federation of Miners, begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado.
  • Feb 8 Enforcement Act repealed, making it easier to disenfranchise blacks
  • Feb 12 Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into Paris's Cafe Terminus, killing one and wounding 20.
  • Feb 14 Venus is both a morning star & evening star
  • Feb 16 British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast
  • Feb 24 Nicaragua captures Tegucigalpa, Honduras (National Day, sort of)
  • Mar 3 "NY Atlantis" 1st Greek-language publication in US begins
  • Mar 3 4th & last British government of Gladstone resigns
  • Mar 4 Great fire in Shanghai; over 1,000 buildings destroyed
  • Mar 5 Seattle authorizes 1st municipal employment office in US
  • Mar 5 Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, becomes First Lord of the Treasury (the official title of the UK Prime Minister)
  • Mar 8 The state of New York enacts the nation's first dog-licensing law.
  • Mar 12 Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday & Friday
  • Mar 12 Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time in Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • Mar 17 US & China sign treaty preventing Chinese laborers from entering US
  • Mar 24 37 miners killed at Franklin, WA
  • Mar 25 Coxey's Army of the unemployed sets out from Massillon, Ohio, for Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 5 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn
  • Apr 5 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Empty House" (BG)
  • Apr 12 British & Belgian secret accord on dividing Central-Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 1st public showing of Thomas Edison's kinetoscope (moving pictures)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Apr 20 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 21 George Bernard Shaw's "Arms & the Man" premieres in London

  • Apr 29 The 500-strong Commonwealth of Christ (Coxey's Army) arrives in Washington, D.C., to protest against unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol
  • May 11 American RR Union strikes Pullman Sleeping Car Co
  • May 14 Fire in Boston bleachers spreads to 170 adjoining buildings
  • May 21 22-year-old French Anarchist Émile Henry is executed by guillotine. His last words were reputed to be "Courage, camarades! Vive l'anarchie!"
  • May 23 William Love hosts ground breaking ceremonies for Love Canal
  • May 26 Emanuel Lasker (26) becomes World Champion chess player
  • Jun 17 1st US poliomyelitis epidemic breaks out, Rutland, Vermont
  • Jun 18 Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
  • Jun 21 Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company
  • Jun 24 Marie Francois Sadi Carnot is assassinated by Sante Geronimo Caserio.
  • Jun 25 American Railway Union under Eugene V Debs goes on strike
  • Jun 25 Boer leader Paul Kruger meets the British High Commissioner, Sir Henry Loch, on Pretoria station in South Africa and accompanies him to his hotel to discuss the grievances of the Uitlanders (Foreigners)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26 Karl Benz of Germany receives US patent for gasoline-driven auto

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • Jun 28 Labor Day established as a holiday for federal employees
  • Jun 28 The Natal Legislature plans to introduce the Indian Franchise Bill, South Africa
  • Jun 30 Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid
  • Jun 30 London's Tower Bridge opens
  • Jul 2 Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers
  • Jul 4 Elwood Haynes successfully tests one of 1st US autos at 6 MPH
  • Jul 4 Republic of Hawaii proclaimed, Sanford B Dole as president
  • Jul 6 Cleveland sends 2,000 troops to Chicago to suppress Pullman strike
  • Jul 16 Many negro miners in Alabama killed by striking white miners
  • Jul 16 Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley signed between Japan & England
  • Jul 20 2000 fed troops recalled from Chicago, having ended Pullman strike
  • Aug 2 Death duties 1st introduced in Britain
  • Aug 2 Dutch Society for Women Suffrage gets royal charter
  • Aug 14 Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge demonstrates wireless telegraphy (radio) using Morse code at a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science at Oxford University
  • Aug 16 Indian chiefs from the Sioux & Onondaga tribes met to urge their people to renounce Christianity & return to their old Indian faith
  • Aug 17 Phils get 36 hits, Sam Thompson hits for cycle beating Louisville 29-4
  • Aug 18 US Congress creates Bureau of Immigration

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 22 Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in order to fight discrimination against Indian traders in Natal

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Aug 25 -26] Balinese troops assault Dutch army, 97 killed
  • Aug 25 Japanese scientist Shibasaburo Kitasato discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet
  • Aug 26 Netherlands Social-Democratic Worker's party (SDAP) forms
  • Aug 27 Congress passes Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, which includes a graduated income tax later struck down by the Supreme Court
  • Aug 30 Frederick Lugard's expedition to Niger
  • Aug 31 The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act passed by Richard Seddon’s Liberal government, making New Zealand the first country in the world to outlaw strikes in favour of compulsory arbitration
  • Sep 2 -3] Amsterdam Municipal theater opens
  • Sep 2 Forest fires destroy Hinckley Minnesota: about 600 die
  • Sep 4 In NYC, 12,000 tailors went on strike protesting sweat shops
  • Sep 10 London taxi driver George Smith is the first to be fined for drunk driving
  • Sep 14 Hottentotten uprising in Southwest Africa fails
  • Sep 15 Japan defeats China in Battle of Ping Yang
  • Sep 27 Aqueduct racetrack opens in NY
  • Sep 28 Simon Marks & Tom Spencer open Penny Bazaar in Manchester
  • Oct 1 Civic organization, Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben founded in Omaha, Nebraska
  • Oct 1 First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town.
  • Oct 15 Capt Alfred Dreyfus arrested accused of espionage in France
  • Oct 17 Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 28 German Emperor Wilhelm II fires chancellor Leo von Caprivi & Premier Botho zu Eulenburg

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Oct 29 First election of Hawaiian Republic
  • Oct 30 Daniel Cooper patents time clock
  • Oct 30 Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in industrial production of pandoro (a traditional Italian sweet yeast bread).
  • Nov 1 Vaccine for diphtheria announced by Dr Roux of Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 1 Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.

  • Nov 5 Frederick Lugards expedition reaches Nikki
  • Nov 5 Richard Strauss' "Till Eulenspiegels" premieres
  • Nov 10 Fred Lugard signs accord with king Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki
  • Nov 12 Lawrence Hargrave, Australian aeronautical pioneer and inventor of the box kite, linked four huge box kites together and flew - but remained attached to the ground by piano wire
  • Nov 14 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Golden Pince-Nez" (BG)
  • Nov 16 6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 145

  • Jan 1 Shitsu Nakano, Japanese supercentenarian (d. 2007)
  • Jan 1 Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian mathematician (d. 1974)
  • Jan 2 Robert Nathan, poet, novelist (Portrait of Jennie), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 4 Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician (d. 1962)
  • Jan 8 St Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (d. 1941)
  • Jan 9 Henryk Stazewski, Polish abstract painter/graphic artist
  • Jan 10 Reginald Denham, Broadway director (Obsession, The Bad Seed), born in London, England
  • Jan 15 Edmond Rubbens, Belgian attorney/minister of colonization
  • Jan 18 Wilhelm HC Tenhaeff, Dutch parapsychologist
  • Jan 20 Harold L Gray, creator (Little Orphan Annie)
  • Jan 22 Charles Morgan, England, writer (Fountain)
  • Jan 30 Boris III, Tsar of Bulgaria (1918-43)
  • Jan 30 Marcel Canneel, Flemish painter (Reuzenstoet)
  • Feb 3 Norman Rockwell, US, artist/illustrator (Sat Evening Post covers)
  • Feb 6 Eric Partridge, New Zealand lexicographer (d. 1979)
  • Feb 8 Ludwig Marcuse, German philosopher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 8 Billy Bishop [William Bishop], Owen Sound, Ontario, Canadian First World War flying ace

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • Feb 10 [Maurice] Harold MacMillan, (C) British PM (1957-63), born in London, England
  • Feb 11 Isaac M Kolthoff, chemist (Massenanalyse)
  • Feb 14 Jack Benny, [Benjamin Kubelski], Waukegan Ill, "Oh! Rochester!"
  • Feb 15 Oswaldo Aranha, Brazil, lawyer/statesman (1st President of UN)
  • Feb 25 Ernst Friedrich, Breslau Germany, pacifist (War Against War!)
  • Feb 25 Meher Baba, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1969)
  • Mar 9 Frank Arnau, German writer (d. 1976)
  • Mar 14 Osa Johnson, American explorer (d. 1953)
  • Mar 17 Paul Green, US, novelist/playwright (In Abraham's Bosom)
  • Mar 19 Jackie "Moms" Mabley, Brevard SC, comedienne (Merv Griffin Show)
  • Mar 30 Sergei Ilyushin, Russian airplane builder (Ilyushin)
  • Apr 2 Rudolph P Cleveringa, Dutch anti-nazi lawyer
  • Apr 2 Walter Mittelholzer, Swiss aviation pioneer (Swiss Air)
  • Apr 6 Gertrude Baines, American Supercentarian
  • Apr 7 Gerald Brenan, English writer
  • Apr 10 Ben Nicholson, English painter/sculptor (Circle)
  • Apr 10 Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist (d. 1983)
  • Apr 12 Francisco H Craveiro Lopes, Portuguese general/president (1951-58)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 15 Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-64), born in Kalinovka, Russia (d. 1971)

Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev
Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Apr 20 Martinus Nijhoff, poet/interpreter/linguistic (spelling)
  • Apr 26 Rudolf Hess, Nazi official (d. 1987)
  • Apr 27 George Petty, WWII Pin-Up Artist (d. 1975)
  • May 11 Anton A Mussert, Dutch nazi leader (NSB)
  • May 11 Martha Graham, Allegheny Penn, choreographer (Appalachian Spring)
  • May 13 Ásgeir Ásgeirsson, 2nd President of Iceland (d. 1972)
  • May 20 Adela Rogers St John, journalist/author (Foreign Correspondent)
  • May 20 Chandrashekarendra Saraswati, Indian Hindu sage, Jivanmukta (d. 1994)
  • May 25 Dirk Vansina, Flemish playwright (Verschaeve Gives Evidence)
  • May 27 Dashiell Hammett, Maryland, detective novelist (Sam Spade, Maltese Falcon)
  • May 27 Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (d. 1961)
  • May 29 Josef von Sternberg, Austrian director (Der blaue Engel)
  • May 30 Hubertus J van Mook, Dutch minister of Colonies (1942-45)
  • Jun 4 Blanch Knopf, publishing CEO (Knopf)
  • Jun 5 Roy Thomson, Lord Thomson of Fleet, English publisher (d. 1976)
  • Jun 6 Violet Trefusis, English writer and socialite who had a famous affair with writer Vita Sackville-West, born in London England (d. 1972)
  • Jun 11 Dai Vernon (David Frederick Wingfield Verner), Canadian magician, The Professor (d. 1992)
  • Jun 13 Isaak E Babel, Russian writer (Konarmija, Marija) [or Jul 13]
  • Jun 13 Jacques-Henri Lartigue, France, photographer
  • Jun 13 Mark van Doren, Ill, author (Happy Critic, Transients)
  • Jun 13 Dr. Leo Kanner, Austrian-American physician (d. 1981)
  • Jun 14 Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (d. 1924)
  • Jun 15 Nikolai Chebotaryov, Ukrainian mathematician (d. 1947)
  • Jun 20 George Delacorte, philanthropist/publisher (Dell Books), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 20 Lloyd A Hall, Illinois, pioneer in food chemistry
  • Jun 21 Milward Kennedy, British public servant and mystery writer (d. 1968)
  • Jun 23 Alfred Kinsey, Hoboken, New Jersey, American entomologist/sexologist (Kinsey Report)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 23 Edward VIII, King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire and Emperor of India (Jan 20th, 1936 until his abdication on Dec 11th, 1936), born in Richmond, England (d. 1972)

King of Great Britain Edward VIII
King of Great Britain
Edward VIII
  • Jun 25 Hermann Oberth, Germany, founded modern astronautics (V2/Redstone)
  • Jun 30 Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian assassin (arch duke Ferdinand)
  • Jul 8 Clemens VI Trefois, Flemish architect/sociologist
  • Jul 9 Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • Jul 11 Walter Wanger, [Feuchtwanger], US producer (Stagecoach)
  • Jul 13 Isaak Babel, Rus short-story writer/dramatist (Red Calvary) [or 6/13]
  • Jul 15 Tadeusz Sendzimir, Polish-American engineer and inventor (d. 1989)
  • Jul 19 Joris [Georges] of Severen, Flemish fascist/Member of parliament
  • Jul 19 Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 1965)
  • Jul 19 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin, Russian mathematician (d. 1959)
  • Jul 22 Oskar Maria Graf, German writer, born in Berg, Bavaria (d. 1967)
  • Jul 23 Arthur Treacher, Brighton England, announcer (Merv Griffin Show)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 26 Aldous Huxley, English author (Brave New World, Island), born in Godalming, Surrey (d. 1963)

  • Jul 26 Ludovicus J Rogier, Dutch historian (Henric van Veldeken)
  • Jul 27 Gerald F Bogan, US vice-admiral (WW II-Pacific Ocean)
  • Aug 3 John H van Maarseveen, Dutch minister of Justice/Internal minister
  • Aug 10 Varahagiri Venkata Giri, Fourth President of India (d. 1980)
  • Aug 16 George Meany, labor leader (headed AFL-CIO), born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 17 Erik A Blomberg, Swedish art historian/poet/author (Jorden)
  • Aug 17 Johan Polet, Dutch sculptor
  • Aug 23 James La Guma, Bloemfontein, South African political activist and trade unionist
  • Aug 24 Jean Rhys, [Ella Williams], Dominica, writer (Voyage in the Dark)
  • Aug 28 Charles Aubroeck, Belgian painter/sculptor (Iron Tower)
  • Aug 29 E Franklin Frazier, sociologist, (d. 1962)
  • Aug 31 Albert Facey, Australian writer (d. 1982)
  • Sep 2 Joseph Roth, Austria, journalist/writer (Hotel Savoy)
  • Sep 13 Anton Roosjen, Dutch politician/NCRV-chairman
  • Sep 13 John B[oynton] Priestly, author (Good Companions)/wed Jessica Hawkes
  • Sep 13 Julian Tuwim, Polish poet (d. 1953)
  • Sep 15 Jean Renoir, French director (Madame Bovary, Nana, Grand Illusion)
  • Sep 15 Oskar Klein, Swedish physicist (d. 1977)
  • Sep 19 Cornelis Rijnsdorp, writer (Kings Children)
  • Sep 23 Kornelis H Miskotte, theologist (Edda & Thora)
  • Sep 27 Lothar von Richthofen German pilot (d. 1922)
  • Sep 30 Dirk J Bush, Dutch/US mathematician (Concise History of Mathematics)
  • Oct 3 Elmer Robinson, American politician (d. 1982)

Weddings in History

  • May 28 Belgium Princess Josephine marries Prince Karl von Hohenzollern

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 22 Harry Houdini marries Bessie Rahner

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini

HeartWedding of Interest

Nov 26 Russian emperor Nicholas II (26) weds Alexandra Feodorovna (22) at the Grand Church of the Winter Palace in St Petersburg, Russia

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, German physicist (b. 1857)
  • Jan 8 Pierre-Joseph van Beneden, paleont (life of tapeworms), dies at 84
  • Jan 13 Nadezhda von Meck, Russian patroness of Pyotr Tchaikovsky (b. 1831)
  • Jan 19 Francois Haverschmidt, Dutch writer, dies at 58
  • Feb 4 Antoine J "Adolphe" Sax, instrument maker (saxophone), dies at 79
  • Feb 13 Franjo Racki, Croatian historian/politician, dies at 65
  • Feb 14 Eugène Charles Catalan, Belgian mathematician (b. 1814)
  • Feb 21 Gustave Caillebotte, French shipbuilding designer/painter, dies at 45
  • Mar 12 Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (b. 1840)
  • Mar 20 Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian freedom fighter/president (1849), dies at 91
  • Mar 27 Verney L Cameron, English explorer (Tanganyika), dies at 49
  • Apr 8 Bankim C Chattopadhyaya, writer (Mrinalini, Anandamath), dies at 55
  • Apr 11 Constantin Lipsius, German architect (b. 1832)
  • May 8 Klara Fey, German orch leaser (Die Kleinen Betrachtungen), dies at 79
  • May 21 August A Kundt, German physicist, (test of Kundt), dies at 54
  • May 21 Emile Henry, French anarchist (b. 1872)
  • Jun 3 Karl Eduard Zachariae, German expert on Byzantine Law (b. 1812)
  • Jun 22 Alexandre-Antonin Taché, Canadian archbishop (b. 1823)
  • Jun 24 M F Sadi Carnot, president of France (1887-94), murdered at about 56
  • Jul 1 Julius PJA van Nyevelt, Dutch min of Foreign affairs, dies at 77
  • Jul 1 Allan Pinkerton, American private detective (b. 1819)
  • Jul 5 Betty Paoli, writer, dies
  • Jul 17 Josef Hyrtl, Austrian anatomist (b. 1810)
  • Jul 18 Leconte de Lisle, writer, dies at 75
  • Aug 3 George Inness, US landscape painter (Delaware Water Gap), dies at 69
  • Aug 16 Herman van der Tuuk, Dutch linguist (Toba Batak grammar), dies at 70
  • Aug 26 PPH van Ham, general-major, dies in battle on Lombok
  • Aug 26 Te Wherowhero Tāwhia, Second Māori King and leader of the Waikato tribes in New Zealand, dies at 71 or 72
  • Sep 8 Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician (b. 1821)
  • Sep 17 Deng Shichang, Chinese admiral (b. 1849)
  • Sep 24 Martinus Nijhoff, founder Nijhoff's book publisher (Van Dale), dies
  • Oct 7 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American writer (b. 1809)
  • Oct 30 Honoré Mercier, politician, Premier of Quebec (b. 1840)
  • Nov 1 Tsar Alexander III of Russia (b. 1845) Reigned from 1881
  • Nov 27 Johanna von Puttkamer, Prussian noblewoman, wife of Otto von Bismarck (b. 1824)
  • Dec 3 HM Jozef Schadde, Flem architect (Antwerp Stock exchange), dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 3 Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish novelist, dies at 45

  • Dec 7 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French engineer/diplomat/earl, dies at 89
  • Dec 8 Willem JF Nuyens, Dutch physician/RC historian, dies at 71
  • Dec 8 Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (b. 1821)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 12 Sir John Thompson, fourth Prime Minister of Canada, dies of a sudden heart attack at 49

4th Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson
4th Prime Minister of Canada
John Thompson
  • Dec 13 Sarah Parker Remond, US/Italian abolitionist, dies at 68
  • Dec 29 Christina Rossetti, English poet, dies at 64 in London
  • Dec 30 Amelia Jenks Bloomer, suffragist (Bloomers named for her), dies at 76
  • Dec 31 Thomas J Stieltjes, mathematician (Stieltjes-integral), dies at 38