1895 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Norway adopts Mid-European time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Aguinaldo became a Freemason, joining Pilar Lodge No. 203, Imus, Cavite

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Jan 5 Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London
  • Jan 5 Victor Trumper makes first-class debut for NSW 17 yrs 64 days
  • Jan 5 French Capt Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank; later exonerated
  • Jan 12 The National Trust is founded in Britain.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband" premieres in London

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer/Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • Jan 15 Albert Trott takes 8-43 on Test debut, then a record
  • Jan 15 French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar
  • Jan 17 French president Casimir-Perier resigns; Félix Faure installed.
  • Jan 22 National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati
  • Jan 29 King Koko's Kopermannen assault on Akassa Niger, 100's killed
  • Jan 30 C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic)
  • Jan 30 SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed
  • Jan 30 Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years
  • Jan 31 Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba
  • Feb 3 Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 secs)
  • Feb 4 1st rolling lift bridge opens, Chicago
  • Feb 11 -17°F (-27.2°C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record)
  • Feb 11 Georgetown became part of Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 13 Moving picture projector patented
  • Feb 14 Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London
  • Feb 15 23 cm (9 inches) of snow falls on New Orleans
  • Feb 20 Congress authorizes a US mint at Denver, Colorodo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 21 NC Legislature, adjourns for day to mark death of Frederick Douglass

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass

Sports record brokenWorld Record

Feb 23 Jaap Eden skates world record 10km (17:56)

Cyclist and Speed Skater Jaap Eden
Cyclist and Speed Skater
Jaap Eden
  • Feb 23 William Heard, AME minister & educator, named minister to Liberia
  • Feb 24 Cuban war for independence begins
  • Feb 26 Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio, patents a glass-blowing machine
  • Mar 11 Spanish cruiser Reina Regente sinks in Straits of Gibraltar, over 400 die
  • Mar 18 200 blacks leave Savannah, Ga for Liberia
  • Mar 19 Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
  • Mar 25 Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • Mar 26 King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
  • Apr 5 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of 3 Students" (BG)
  • Apr 5 Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices
  • Apr 11 Anaheim completes its new electric light system
  • Apr 15 Josephine Blatt (US) makes hip-and-harness lift of 3564 lb (record)
  • Apr 17 Treaty of Shimonoseki is signed ending the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)
  • Apr 24 Joshua Slocum completes around-the-world voyage in 11-m boat
  • May 7 Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention - the world's first radio receiver in St. Petersberg. Celebrated as Radio Day in Russia.
  • May 8 China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
  • May 17 W G Grace completes his 100th 100 v Somerset at Bristol
  • May 24 Henry Irving becomes 1st theatrical knight
  • May 25 Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years imprisonment for gross indecency
  • May 25 The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Ching-sung as the president.
  • May 27 British inventor Birt Acres patents film camera/projector
  • Jun 11 Charles E Duryea patents a gas-driven automobile
  • Jun 17 US Ship Canal (W 225th St) in the Bronx completed; cutting Marble Hill off from Manhattan
  • Jun 20 1st female PhD from an American University, earned by Caroline Willard Baldwin (in Science) at Cornell University
  • Jun 20 Nicaragua, El Salvador & Honduras form a short-lived confederation
  • Jun 21 British Roseberry government falls
  • Jun 28 El Salvador, Honduras & Nicaragua form Central American Union
  • Jun 29 Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government.
  • Jul 3 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Black Peter" (BG)
  • Jul 4 Katherine Lee Bates publishes "America the Beautiful"
  • Jul 8 Delagoa Bay Railway opens in South Africa
  • Jul 11 Auguste & Louis Lumière show film for scientists
  • Aug 10 1st Queen's Hall Promenade Concerto (Wagner's "Rienzi")
  • Aug 19 American frontier murderer and outlaw, John Wesley Hardin, is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas.
  • Aug 20 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Norwood Builder" (BG)
  • Aug 26 Electric generator at Niagara Falls produces first power
  • Aug 30 Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education
  • Aug 31 1st pro football game (QB John Brallier paid $10 & won 12-0)
  • Sep 3 1st pro football game played, Latrobe beats Jeanette 12-0 (Penn)
  • Sep 5 George Washington Murray elected to Congress from SC
  • Sep 9 American Bowling Congress forms (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 18 Booker T. Washington delivers 'Atlanta Compromise' address

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • Sep 18 Daniel David Palmer of Davenport, Iowa gives the first chiropractic adjustment
  • Sep 21 First auto manufacturer opens-Duryea Motor Wagon Company
  • Sep 23 French labor union CGT (Confederation Generale du Travail) forms
  • Sep 26 Italian general Oreste Baratieri lands in Massawa, Eritrea
  • Sep 30 France proclaims a protectorate over Madagascar
  • Oct 1 Romanians in Costantinople massacred
  • Oct 4 Horace Rawlins wins 1st US Open golf tournament (Newport RI)
  • Oct 8 Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms
  • Oct 11 Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia rejects a treaty with Italy
  • Oct 21 The Republic of Formosa collapses as Japanese forces invade.
  • Oct 22 David Belasco's "Heart of Maryland" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 22 In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop and crosses more than 30 metres of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse.
  • Nov 5 1st US patent granted for auto (George B Selden) for gasoline driven car
  • Nov 5 Edward, Prince of Wales, says "We are all Socialists nowadays"
  • Nov 5 US state Utah accepts female suffrage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 8 German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • Nov 11 Bechuanaland becomes part of Cape Colony
  • Nov 13 First shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii
  • Nov 19 American inventor Frederick E Blaisdell patents the pencil
  • Nov 21 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Bruce Partington Plans" (BG)
  • Nov 26 Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 27 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel's will establishes the Nobel Prize

Chemist, Engineer & Innovator Alfred Nobel
Chemist, Engineer & Innovator
Alfred Nobel
  • Dec 2 54th Congress (1895-97) convenes
  • Dec 7 Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies
  • Dec 8 Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian Emperor Menelik II drives Italian General Baratieri out
  • Dec 17 Anti-Saloon League of America formed, Washington, D.C.
  • Dec 17 George Brownell patents a machine to make paper twine (Mass)
  • Dec 29 Dr L S Jameson begins failed raid on Johannesburg

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 166


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 1 J. Edgar Hoover, first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1924-72), born in Washington, D.C.

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Jan 2 Count Folke Bernadotte, Sweden, statesman (Red Cross, UN)
  • Jan 4 Lourens G M Baas Becking, Dutch botanist/resistance fighter
  • Jan 4 Leroy Grumman, American industrialist (d. 1982)
  • Jan 5 Jeannette Piccard, balloonist/Episcopal priest
  • Jan 7 Marie-Dominique Chenu, French Roman Catholic theologist
  • Jan 7 Sir Hudson Fysh, Australian aviator and co-founder of QANTAS (d. 1974)
  • Jan 13 Anton Betzner, German writer, born in Cologne (d. 1976)
  • Jan 14 George Richard Samways, children's writer
  • Jan 15 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • Jan 16 Nat Schachner, American author (d. 1955)
  • Jan 21 Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier (d. 1972)
  • Jan 24 Albin Zollinger, Swiss poet/author (Der Halbe Mensch)
  • Jan 24 Eugen Roth, German poet, born in Munich (d. 1976)
  • Jan 29 Muna Lee, American poet (d. 1965)
  • Feb 3 Victor Raul Haya de la Torre, politician (APRA-Peru) [or Feb 22]
  • Feb 4 Annie [Anna HM] Romein-Verschoor, Dutch historian (Erflaters)
  • Feb 4 Hanns [Johann] Rauter, German SS-lt-general/SS police chief in Neth
  • Feb 8 King Vidor, director (War & Peace, Stella Dallas)
  • Feb 9 Hermann Brill, German politician (d. 1959)
  • Feb 14 Max Horkheimer, German philosopher/sociologist (Studies in prejudice)
  • Feb 18 George "The Gipper" Gipp, football star (Notre Dame)
  • Feb 18 Semjon Timoshenko, Russ marshal/inspector-general (WW II)
  • Feb 20 Freida Geiken, autobiographer (National Historic Taping)
  • Feb 21 Carl Peter Henrik Dam Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • Feb 22 Victor RaulHaya de la Torre, founder (Peruvian Aprista Party)
  • Mar 1 G B "Duke" Keats, hockey hall of fame (elected 1958)
  • Mar 3 Matthew B Ridgway, US gen (WW II/China/Nicaragua/Korea/NATO)
  • Mar 3 Ragnar Frisch, Norwegian economist (1st winner of the Nobel prize in economics-1969), born in Oslo, Norway
  • Mar 4 Milt Gross, American comic book illustrator (d. 1953)
  • Mar 12 William C. Lee, U.S. Army general (d. 1948)
  • Mar 14 Frans Ganshof, Belgian historian
  • Mar 20 Fredric Wertham, German-born psychologist (d. 1981)
  • Mar 23 Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian (d. 2001)
  • Mar 25 Siegfried Handloser, German physician (d. 1954)
  • Mar 28 Spencer W. Kimball, American 12th President of the Mormon Church (1973-1985), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Mar 28 Christian Herter, 59th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1966)
  • Mar 29 Ernst Jünger, German author (d. 1998)
  • Mar 30 Jean Giono, French writer (World Chant)
  • Mar 31 John Jay McCloy, lawyer/banker (Sec of War 1941-45, pres Chase Man)
  • Mar 31 Vardis A Fisher, US author (Darkness & Deep)
  • Apr 7 Lewis B Combs, naval commander/civil engineer
  • Apr 9 Michel Simon, [Francois], Geneva Switzerland
  • Apr 13 Arthur Fadden, thirteenth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1973)
  • Apr 15 Corrado Alvaro, Italian writer (Gente in Aspromonte)
  • Apr 15 Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards player (d. 1980)
  • Apr 16 Robert Dean Frisbie, American writer (d. 1948)
  • Apr 19 Anton F Pieck, Den Helder, Netherlands, illustrator (Efteling, Kaatsheuvel)
  • Apr 23 Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand writer (d. 1982)
  • Apr 24 S Constantine Timoshenko, Russian marshal/people's commissioner
  • Apr 30 Philippe Panneton, French Canadian physician, diplomat and writer (d. 1960)
  • May 2 Alfred Kurella, writer
  • May 2 Peggy Bacon, Ridgefield Ct, author/illustrator (Off With Their Heads)
  • May 3 Earnest Kantorowicz, German/US historian (Laudes regiae)
  • May 3 Zoltan Korda, Hungarian/British director (Jungle Book, 4 Feathers)
  • May 3 Cornelius Van Til, philosopher and Christian apologist (d. 1987)
  • May 6 Fidél Pálffy, Hungarian Nazi (d. 1946)
  • May 6 Júlio César de Mello e Souza, Brazilian writer (d. 1974)
  • May 8 Edmund Wilson, American critic/writer (Patriotic Gore)
  • May 8 Fulton J Sheen, El Paso Ill, bishop (Life is Worth Living)
  • May 8 Jose Gomez, [Joselito el Gallo], bullfighter
  • May 8 James H. "Dutch" Kindelberger, American aerospace pioneer (d. 1962)
  • May 9 Lucian Blaga, Romaniams philosopher/poet (Dogmatic Aeon)
  • May 11 Jan Parandowski, writer
  • May 12 Jiddu Krishnamurti, India, philosopher (Songs of Life) [NS=May 22]
  • May 15 Charles Lamont, director (Abbott & Costello Go to Mars), born in San Francisco, California
  • May 15 William D. Byron, U.S. Congressman (d. 1941)
  • May 20 Reginald J "R" Mitchell, English aviation manufacturer (Spitfire)
  • May 22 Jiddu Krishnamurti, India, philosopher (Songs of Life) [OS=May 12]
  • May 24 Samuel I Newhouse, US millionaire publisher (Parade, Vogue, Glamour)
  • May 26 Dorothea Lange, US documentary photographer
  • Jun 3 Kavalam Madhava Panikkar, India, diplomat (Asia & Western Dominance)
  • Jun 4 Dino Conte Grandi, Italy, delegate to league of nations (1925-32)
  • Jun 5 William Boyd, Ohio, cowboy (Hopalong Cassidy)
  • Jun 10 Immanuel Velikovsky, writer (Worlds in Collision)
  • Jun 11 Nikolai Bulganin, Premier of USSR (1955-58), born in Gorky, Russia (d. 1975
  • Jun 14 Louis Finkelstein, US historian/theologist (Pharizees)
  • Jun 18 Manuela Fernández-Fojaco, Spanish supercentenarian
  • Jun 22 James Arthur Calata, Anglican clergyman and African National Congress (ANC) leader, Rabula, Keiskammahoek, Eastern Cape.
  • Jun 26 Jankel Adler, Polish painter
  • Jul 4 Massimo Campigli, Italian painter/illustrator
  • Jul 8 Anton G J van de Velde, Flemish writer/director (God & the Worms)
  • Jul 10 Maarten P Vrij, Dutch lawyer/criminologist/member High Court
  • Jul 10 Nahum Goldmann, Switz, pres Zionist World Organization
  • Jul 11 Dolly Wilde, English socialite (d. 1941)
  • Jul 12 R Buckminster Fuller, architect/inventor (geodesic dome)
  • Jul 14 Frank Raymond Leavis, British literary critic (Culture & Environment)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 18 George Machine Gun Kelly [Georgio Barnes], American gangster, born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1954)

American Gangster George
American Gangster
George "Machine Gun" Kelly
  • Jul 19 Xu Beihong, Chinese painter (d. 1953)
  • Jul 20 László Moholy-Nagy, Hungarian painter, photographer, and sculptor (d. 1946)
  • Jul 22 James Arthur Calata, African National Congress (ANC) leader and Anglican clergyman
  • Jul 24 Robert Graves, writer/poet (I Claudius) [or 6/26], born in London, England
  • Jul 26 Jane Bunford, Britain's tallest-ever person (d. 1922)
  • Aug 1 Benjamin E Mays, SC, African American educator (Morehouse, Howard University)
  • Aug 10 Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russian author and satirist, born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1958)
  • Aug 16 Albert Cohen, Swiss novelist (d. 1981)
  • Aug 19 Arnoldt Bronnen, writer
  • Aug 22 Paul Comtois, French Canadian politician (d. 1966)
  • Aug 24 Richard Cardinal Cushing, archbishop of Boston (d. 1970)
  • Sep 10 Kavi Samrat Viswanatha Satyanarayana, Telugu writer (d. 1976).

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 26 Physicist and chemist Marie Curie (27) weds physicist Pierre Curie (36) in Sceaux, France

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 19 Poet Robert Frost (21) weds Elinor Miriam White in Lawrence, Massachusetts


Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 James Merritt Ives, American lithographer with Nathaniel Currier (b. 1824)
  • Jan 9 Aaron Lufkin Dennison, American watch manufacturer (b. 1812)
  • Jan 24 Lord Randolph Churchill, British politician (b. 1849)
  • Jan 26 Arthur Cayley, mathematician, dies
  • Jan 28 Francois Certain de Canrobert, French marshal, dies at 85
  • Feb 2 Archduke Albert, Austrian general (b. 1817)
  • Feb 18 Albrecht FR, arch duke of Austrian (Battle at Custozza), dies at 77

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 20 Frederick Douglass, escaped slave, anti-slavery leader, dies at 77

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • Mar 2 Berthe MP Morisot, French painter/aquarelliste, dies at 54
  • Mar 2 Ismail Pasha, kedive of Egypt (1863-79), dies at 64
  • Mar 5 Nikolai Leskow, writer, dies at 64
  • Mar 5 Henry Rawlinson, British soldier and scholar (b. 1810)
  • Mar 6 Camilla Collett, Norwegian writer and feminist (b. 1813)
  • Mar 9 Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (Masochism), dies at 59
  • Mar 10 Charles Frederick Worth, English-born couturier (b. 1826)
  • Apr 11 Julius Lothar Meyer, German Chemist, dies at 64
  • Apr 19 George Scharf, critic, dies
  • Apr 19 Victor J van Hinsbergh, South Neth engraver (PTT-stempels), dies at 70
  • Apr 23 Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig, physiologist, dies
  • Apr 23 Carl Ludwig, German physician (b. 1815)
  • Apr 30 Gustav Freytag, writer, dies at 78
  • May 15 Joseph Whitaker, British publisher (Whitaker' Almanack), dies at 75
  • May 19 Jose J Marti y Perez, Spanish/Cuban poet (Versos sencillos), dies
  • May 23 Franz E Neumann, German mineralogist/physicist, dies at 96
  • May 24 Joseph Quinaux, Belgian painter, dies at 73
  • May 24 Hugh McCulloch, US Treasury Secretary (1884-85, 85-69), dies at 86
  • May 25 Ahmed Djevdet Pasja, Turkish minister of Justice, dies at 73
  • Jun 29 Thomas Henry Huxley, English scientist (b. 1825)
  • Jul 8 Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (b. 1821)
  • Jul 19 Charles T Stork, great industrialist (cotton mach factory), dies at 73
  • Jul 19 Ernest H Baillon, French botanist (History of Plants), dies at 67
  • Jul 28 Joannes Kappeyne van Coppello, Internal minister (1877-89), dies at 72
  • Aug 2 Joseph Thomson, Scottish geologist and early African explorer (Thomson's Gazelle), dies of pneumonia at 37
  • Aug 5 Friedrich English, German textile manufacturer/marxist, dies
  • Aug 13 Christian B Freiherr von Tauchnitz, German publisher (T Edition), dies
  • Aug 19 John Wesley Hardin, American gunfighter (b. 1853)
  • Aug 24 John F Loudon, entrepreneur/colonial director, dies at 74
  • Sep 8 Adam Opel, German manufacturer (motorcars), dies at 58
  • Sep 14 Alfred J Verwee, Flemish painter, dies at 57
  • Sep 17 Auguste Toulet, Belgian balloonist, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 28 Louis Pasteur, French bacteriologist (Pasteurization), dies at 72

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Bacteriologist
Louis Pasteur
  • Oct 31 Franz Hedrich, Austria writer, dies at about 62
  • Nov 27 Alexandre Dumas fils, French writer and playwright (b. 1824), son of the French author of the same name
  • Nov 29 Eduard count von Taaffe, Austria premier (1868..93), dies at 62
  • Dec 5 Chief Gall, Sioux chief (b. 1840)
  • Dec 13 Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist (b. 1800)
  • Dec 25 Raul d'Avila Pompeia, Brazilian writer (Boarding-school), dies at 32
  • Dec 30 LP Hartley, British writer, dies