1897 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 1st football game between black colleges-Atlanta U 10, Tuskegee 0
  • Jan 8 Michael Eagan wins 1st US national amateur handball championship
  • Jan 10 Henrik Ibsen's "John Gabriel Borkman," premieres in Helsingfors
  • Jan 10 Vincent d'Indy's "Istar" premieres in Amsterdam & Brussels
  • Jan 11 M H Cannon becomes 1st woman state senator in US (Utah)
  • Jan 14 6,960 m (22,834 ft) Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 1st climbed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16 John Dewey's essay "My Pedagogic Creed" appears in School Journal

Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer
John Dewey
  • Jan 23 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Abbey Grange" (BG)
  • Jan 23 Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.
  • Jan 26 Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe's army
  • Jan 27 British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • Feb 1 Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
  • Feb 5 Marcel Proust meets Jean Lorrain in a pistol duel
  • Feb 10 NY Times begins using slogan "All the News That's Fit to Print"
  • Feb 11 White Rose Mission opens on East 97th Street, NYC
  • Feb 17 National Organization of Mothers forms (Parent Teacher Association)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Feb 17 Emilio Aguinaldo and a group of katipuneros defeat Spanish forces led by General Camilo de Polavieja at the Battle of Zapote Bridge in Cavite

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 William McKinley inaugurated as 25th president of USA

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
  • Mar 5 American Negro Academy forms
  • Mar 9 Cleveland Spiders sign Louis Sockalexis, full-blooded Penobscot
  • Mar 9 Indians fans start calling the team "Indians" (in 1915 becomes official)
  • Mar 11 A meteorite enters the earth's atmosphere and explodes over New Martinsville, West Virginia. The debris causes damage but no human injuries are reported.
  • Mar 13 San Diego State University is founded.
  • Mar 15 1st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden
  • Mar 16 Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of The Devil's Foot" (BG)
  • Mar 20 1st US orthodox Jewish Rabbinical seminary (RIETS) incorporates in NY
  • Mar 20 France signs treaty with Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia
  • Mar 29 Japan adopts Gold Standard
  • Apr 5 The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
  • Apr 22 NYC Jewish newspaper "Forward" begins publishing (still active)
  • Apr 24 1st reporter, William Price (Washington Star), assigned to White House
  • Apr 27 Grant's Tomb (famed of song & legend) dedicated
  • May 4 Fire in Paris bazaar at Rue Jean Goujon kills 200
  • May 12 1800-1900 year old fossil of "girl of Yde" found in Drente, Netherlands
  • May 12 Battle at Thessalie: Turkish army beats Greece
  • May 14 Great Britain signs treaty with Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia
  • May 15 The Greek army retreats with heavy losses in the Greco-Turkish War.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 The first successful submarine that can run submerged for any considerable distance and combines electric and gasoline engines is launched in the USA by its designer John Philip Holland

  • May 18 Paul Dukas' "L'Apprenti Sorcier Pruimtabak on the Market" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 18 "Dracula", by Irish author Bram Stoker is published by Archibald Constable and Company in London

Novelist Bram Stoker
Bram Stoker

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 19 Oscar Wilde is released from Reading Gaol.

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
  • May 21 Yerkes Observatory 40" (1m) refractor used for 1st time
  • May 22 The Blackwall Tunnel, London, under the River Thames was officially opened
  • Jun 12 Possibly most severe quake in history strikes Assam India, shock waves felt over an area size of Europe (low mortality rate given size of earthquake, 1500 casualties)
  • Jun 15 Liberals/social-democrats win Dutch 2nd Parliamentary election
  • Jun 16 A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later.
  • Jun 17 William Frank Powell, NJ educator, named minister to Haiti
  • Jun 19 Wee Willie Keeler's 44 game hitting streak ends
  • Jun 24 Hail injures 26 in Topeka, Kansas
  • Jun 28 Marquis C de Bonchamps' expedition reaches Gore Ethiopia
  • Jul 1 Bronx acquires Hutton Square
  • Jul 11 Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen by balloon towards North Pole
  • Jul 16 The South African Committee, investigating the Jameson Raid releases its report finding that it was conducted almost implicitly through the support and encouragement of Cecil John Rhodes and the mining houses in the Transvaal
  • Jul 17 1st ship arrives in Seattle carrying gold from Yukon
  • Jul 18 Cap Anson is 1st to get 3,000 hits
  • Jul 21 Tate Gallery opens in England
  • Jul 25 Writer Jack London sails to join the Klondike Gold Rush where he will write his first successful stories.
  • Jul 26 37.5 cm rainfall at Jewell, Maryland (state record)
  • Jul 27 14.75" (37.5 cm) of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hr record)
  • Jul 27 Dutch government of Pierson/Goeman Borgesius resigns
  • Aug 4 Henry A Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Georgia
  • Aug 10 Automobile Club of Great Britain established (now: Royal Automobile Club)
  • Aug 14 The town of Anosimena is captured by French troops from Menabe defenders in Madagascar.
  • Aug 17 W B Purvis patents electric railway switch (aka points)
  • Aug 19 1st electric taxis drive in London
  • Aug 21 Oldsmobile begins operation as a General Motors Corp division
  • Aug 30 The town of Ambiky is captured by France from Menabe in Madagascar.
  • Aug 31 General Kitchener occupies Berber, North of Khartoum
  • Sep 1 The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America.
  • Sep 2 "McCal" magazine first published
  • Sep 10 Lattimer Massacre - a sheriff's posse kills twenty unarmed immigrant miners in Pennsylvania, United States.
  • Sep 11 After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom.
  • Sep 12 Tirah Campaign: Battle of Saragarhi
  • Sep 21 NY Sun runs famous "Yes, Virginia there is a Santa Claus" editorial
  • Sep 23 1st frontier days rodeo celebration (Cheyene Wyoming)
  • Sep 25 1st British bus service opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 4 George Bernard Shaw's "Devil's Disciple" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 5 Solomon Andrees baloon/polar expedition reaches White Island
  • Oct 15 Aaron/Samuel Bloch carry 1st Mail Pouch
  • Oct 15 King Leopold II takes Belgian crown
  • Oct 21 Yerkes Observatory of University of Chicago is dedicated
  • Oct 22 World's first car dealer opens in London
  • Nov 23 Andrew J Beard invents "jerry coupler" to connect railroad cars
  • Nov 23 Pencil sharpener patented by J L Love
  • Nov 25 Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy
  • Nov 29 1st motorcycle race (Surrey, England)
  • Dec 6 London becomes the world's first city to host licenced taxicabs.
  • Dec 9 Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde in Paris.
  • Dec 12 Anti-Jewish violence breaks out in Bucharest, Romania
  • Dec 12 Belo Horizonte, the first planned city of Brazil, is founded.
  • Dec 14 Emilio Aguinaldo signs the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, to end hostilities and dissolve his government, in exchange for amnesty and "$800,000 (Mexican)" as an indemnity
  • Dec 16 1st submarine with an internal combustion engine demonstrated
  • Dec 28 Edmond Rostand's "Cyrano de Bergerac" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 30 Province of Zululand annexed to Natal colony
  • Dec 31 Brooklyn's last day as a city, it incorporates into NYC (1/1/1898)

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 165

  • Jan 8 Dennis Wheatley, British author (d. 1977)
  • Jan 9 Karl Löwith, German philosopher (d. 1973)
  • Jan 11 August Heissmeyer, German SS officer (d. 1979)
  • Jan 12 Hendrik J Valk, painter/cartoonist/graphic artist
  • Jan 14 Hasso von Manteuffel, German general and politician (d. 1978)
  • Jan 15 Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet (d. 1931)
  • Jan 16 Carlos Pellicer, Mexican poet (d. 1977)
  • Jan 17 Marcel Petiot, French mass murderer (d. 1946)
  • Jan 19 Natacha Rambova, Salt Lake City UT, costume designer
  • Jan 19 René Victor, Flemish lawyer/knight (Rechtskundig Weekblad)
  • Jan 21 René Iché, French sculptor (d. 1954)
  • Jan 23 Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian politician
  • Jan 23 Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect (d. 2000)
  • Jan 28 Valentin Kataev, novelist/playwright (Embezzled), born in Odessa Ukraine (d. 1986)
  • Feb 1 Denise Robins, romantic novelist (1st Long Kiss), born in London, England
  • Feb 2 Howard Johnson, American hotelier (d. 1972)
  • Feb 2 Aimé Avignon, France's former oldest living man (d. 2007)
  • Feb 4 Ludwig Erhard, chancellor of Germany (CDU)
  • Feb 5 Dirk U Stikker, director (Heineken)/Dutch foreign minister/NATO
  • Feb 6 Alberto [de Almeida] Cavalcanti, Brazil, director (Nicholas Nickleby)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 6 Louis Buchalter, Jewish American mobster (Murder, Inc.), born in NYC, New York

  • Feb 9 Charles Edward Kingsford-Smith, pioneer Australian aviator
  • Feb 10 John Franklin Enders, Conn, microbiologist (polio-Nobel 1954)
  • Feb 18 Charles Kuentz, WW1 veteran, changed nationality 4 times (d.2005)
  • Feb 20 Ivan Albright, Illinois, painter (Door, Window)
  • Feb 22 Karol Świerczewski, Polish general (d. 1947)
  • Feb 27 Bernard F Lyot, French astronomer (Lyot filter)
  • Feb 27 G Paul H Schuitema, graphic designer/photographer (System-O-Color)
  • Mar 5 Mei-ling Soong, Madame Chiang Kai-shek
  • Mar 5 Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (d. 1960)
  • Mar 13 Marcel Thiry, Belgian poet (Statue of Fatigue)
  • Mar 17 Jozef C. Mazur, American stained glass artist and painter (d. 1970)
  • Mar 19 Liam O'Flaherty, Irish writer, born in Inishmore, Aran Islands (d. 1984)
  • Mar 24 Charles Eyck, Dutch painter/sculptor
  • Mar 24 Wilhelm Reich, Austrian-US psycho analysist (character analysis)
  • Mar 27 Douglas Hartree, English mathematician and physicist
  • Mar 27 Carlo Mierendorff, German politician/anti-fascist
  • Mar 28 Sepp Herberger, German football coach (d. 1977)
  • Apr 1 Willem H van de Pol, Dutch theologist (Christian Dilemma)
  • Apr 7 Erich Loewenhardt, German flying ace of World War I (d. 1918)
  • Apr 11 Caspar Neher, German set designer/librettist
  • Apr 13 Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (d. 1917)
  • Apr 14 Barbara Wootten, U.K. baroness
  • Apr 16 John B Glubb, British commandant/writer (A soldier with the Arabs)
  • Apr 17 Antonius F "Anton" Coolen, Dutch author (Village by the River)
  • Apr 17 Thornton N Wilder, US, novelist/playwright (Our Town)
  • Apr 18 Ardito Desio, Italian topographer (d. 2001)
  • Apr 19 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, sculptor/art benefactor
  • Apr 19 Peter de Noronha, Indian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1970)
  • Apr 20 Bernard Verhoeven, poet/literature (About the Laugh)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 23 Lester B. Pearson, 14th Canadian Prime Minister (1963-68) (Nobel 1957), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1972)

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
  • Apr 23 Lucius du Bignon Clay, US, general (WW II)/gov (West Germany)
  • Apr 24 Benjamin Lee Whorf, linguist (or 1797)
  • Apr 24 Manuel Ávila Camacho, President of Mexico (d. 1955)
  • Apr 25 VAA Mary, English princess
  • Apr 28 Ye Jianying, Chinese general and politician (d. 1986)
  • May 3 V K Krishna Menon, India, minister of defense
  • May 6 Paul Alverdes, German writer (Pfeiferstube)
  • May 10 Ewart Maurice Levy, 2nd Baronet
  • May 10 Einar Gerhardsen, Prime minister of Norway (d. 1987)
  • May 11 Izak W van der Merwe, [Boerneef], South African writer (Tweetalige Woordeboek)
  • May 11 Robert E. Gross, American businessman (d. 1961)
  • May 14 Ed Ricketts, American marine biologist (d. 1948)
  • May 17 Odd Hassel, Norwegian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • May 19 Frank Luke, American World War I pilot (d. 1918)
  • May 20 Diego Abad de Santillán, Spanish anarchist (d. 1983)
  • May 22 Robert Neumann, Austrian/British author (Waters of Babylon)
  • May 27 John Douglas Cockroft, English physicist (Radar, Nobel 1951)
  • Jun 8 John G. Bennett, British scientist and author (d. 1974)
  • Jun 11 Bruno Frei [Benedikt Freistadt], Austrian Marxist journalist, born in Bratislava (d. 1988)
  • Jun 12 Anthony Eden, Earl of Avon (C), British PM (1955-57)
  • Jun 16 Georg Wittig, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)
  • Jun 20 Elisabeth Hauptmann, German writer (d. 1973)
  • Jun 22 Norbert Elias, English/Dutch philosopher (Process of Civilization)
  • Jun 23 Winifred Wagner-William, German organizer (Wagner Festival)
  • Jun 24 Daniel K. Ludwig, American shipping magnate (d. 1992)
  • Jun 28 Jacobus J E Hondius, graphic artist
  • Jun 29 Fulgence Charpentier, French-Canadian journalist (d. 2001)
  • Jul 6 Richard Krautheimer, art Historian
  • Jul 10 Lloyd Goodrich, American Arts Museum director
  • Jul 10 Karl Plagge, German officer (d. 1957)
  • Jul 10 Jack "Legs" Diamond", American bootlegger (d. 1931)
  • Jul 11 Bull Connor, American law enforcement official (d. 1973)
  • Jul 17 Elbert Parr Tuttle, lawyer/judge
  • Jul 20 Tadeusz Reichstein, Swiss chemist (Nobel 1950)
  • Jul 24 Elmar Berkovich, Hungarian/Dutch designer (Eindhoven Theatre)
  • Jul 24 Karl von Mechow, German writer (Auf Dem Wege, Vorsommer)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 24 Amelia Earhart, American aviator and 1st woman to fly solo across the Atlantic, born in Atchison, Kansas (d. 1939)

Aviation Pioneer Amelia Earhart
Aviation Pioneer
Amelia Earhart
  • Jul 26 Paul Gallico, NY, novelist
  • Jul 29 Sir Neil Ritchie, British general (d. 1983)
  • Jul 30 Jacques de Kadt, Dutch politician/writer (Fascism is War!)
  • Aug 2 Karl Otto Koch, German SS-officer (d. 1945)
  • Aug 2 Max Weber, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1974)
  • Aug 5 Aksel Larsen, Danish politician (d. 1972)
  • Aug 7 Franz J Weinrich, [Heinrich Lerse], German writer (Himmlisches)
  • Aug 9 Ralph Wyckoff, American pioneer in x-ray crystallography
  • Aug 10 Piet[er O] Bakker, Dutch novelist (Ciske the Rat)
  • Aug 10 John Galbreath, American businessman (d. 1988)
  • Aug 11 Louise Bogan, Maine, writer (Sleeping Fury)
  • Aug 11 Enid Blyton, children's writer and fifth most popular author in the world (Famous Five, Secret Seven, The Adventure)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 8 Confederate General James Longstreet (76) weds Helen Dortch (34) at the governor's mansion in Atlanta, Georgia

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet

Deaths in History

  • Jan 12 Isaac Pitman, British inventor (Pitman Shorthand) (b. 1813)
  • Feb 1 Constantin von Ettingshausen, Austrian geologist (b. 1826)
  • Feb 6 Ebenezer C Brewer, British writer (Dictionary of Phrase & Fable), dies
  • Feb 7 Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist (Ferrari), dies at 49
  • Feb 19 Karl T Weierstrass, German mathematician, dies at 81
  • Mar 9 Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (b. 1825)
  • Mar 11 Henry Drummond, Scottish geologist/evangelist, dies at 45
  • Mar 19 Antoine T d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), dies at 87
  • Mar 20 Apollon Maykov, Russian poet (b. 1821)
  • Mar 27 Andreas Anagnostakis, Greek physician (b. 1826)
  • Apr 8 Heinrich von Stephan, UK politician, dies
  • May 10 Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino revolutionary leader (b. 1863)
  • May 12 Ulrika "Minna" Cant-Johnstown, Finnish playwright, dies at 53
  • May 12 Willem Roelofs, painter/lithographer, dies
  • May 23 Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back), dies at 34
  • Jun 9 Alvan Graham Clark, American Astronomer (Sirius B), dies 3 weeks after 1st use of Yerkes 40" lens at 64
  • Jun 22 Ralph Abercromby, British meteorologist, dies at about 54
  • Jul 16 Levin Goldschmidt, German business law expert, dies
  • Jul 20 Jean Ingelow, English poet (b. 1820)
  • Jul 29 Joost G Kist, lawyer/president of High Council (1885-97), dies at 74
  • Aug 8 Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss cultural historian, dies at 79
  • Aug 13 Antonius von der Linde, Neth/German librarian, dies at 63
  • Sep 21 Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (b. 1819)
  • Sep 30 St Therese of Lisieux, Roman Catholic saint and mystic (b. 1873)
  • Oct 8 Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter (b. 1830)
  • Oct 9 John Heemskerk Azn, Dutch Internal minister (1866..88), dies at 79
  • Oct 19 George Pullman, American inventor and industrialist (b. 1831)
  • Oct 24 Francis Turner Palgrave, poet/editor (Golden Treasury), dies at 73
  • Oct 28 Hercules Robinson, South Africa Commissioner (1880-89,1895-97), dies at 72
  • Nov 15 John Mercer Langston, US African American jurist, dies at 67
  • Nov 17 George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (b. 1820)
  • Nov 19 William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian (b. 1810).
  • Nov 30 Abraham C Wertheim, Dutch banker/MP (Lib), dies at 64
  • Dec 16 Alphonse Daudet, French writer (Tartarin sur les Alpes), dies at 57
  • Dec 18 Carlo A Alfieri, Italian Member of parliament, dies at 70
  • Dec 28 Rev. William Corby, American Catholic priest (b. 1833)
  • Dec 29 William James Linton, American wood engraver and political reformer. (b. 1812)