1898 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 131

  • Jan 1 Brooklyn merges with NY to form present City of NY
  • Jan 1 Lightship replaces whistling buoy at mouth of SF Bay
  • Jan 1 d'Annunzio's "Sogno d'un mattino di primavera," premieres in Rome
  • Jan 4 1st installment of William Dean Howell's "Life & Letters" appears
  • Jan 6 1st telephone message from a submerged submarine, by Simon Lake
  • Jan 12 Itō Hirobumi begins his third term as Prime Minister of Japan.
  • Jan 13 Emile Zola publishes his open letter (J'accuse) in defense of Alfred Dreyfus
  • Jan 14 Joe Darling hits the 1st six in Tests (out of the ground)
  • Jan 19 Brown defeats Harvard 6-0 in 1st intercollegiate hockey game
  • Feb 1 1st auto insurance policy in US issued, by Travelers Insurance Co
  • Feb 8 John Ames Sherman patents 1st envelope folding & gumming mach (Mass)
  • Feb 11 Owen Smith of NC, AME Zion minister, named US minister to Liberia
  • Feb 15 USS Maine sinks in Havana harbor, cause unknown, 258 sailors die
  • Feb 22 Black postmaster lynched, his wife & 3 daughters shot in Lake City SC
  • Feb 23 In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing government of anti-Semitism & wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus
  • Mar 2 Australia complete a 4-1 series annihilation of England
  • Mar 8 Richard Straus' "Don Quixote" premieres in Keulen
  • Mar 17 1st practical submarine 1st submerges, NYC (for 1 hour 40 minutes)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17 John Philip Holland achieves successful test runs of the first modern submarine off Staten Island

  • Mar 25 Intercollegiate Trapshooting Association formed in NYC
  • Apr 8 Battle of Atbara River, Anglo-Egyptian forces crush 6,000 Sudanese
  • Apr 11 President McKinley asks for Spanish-American War declaration
  • Apr 12 Army transfers Yerba Buena Island in SF Bay to Navy
  • Apr 20 US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota opens
  • Apr 21 Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain as of this date.
  • Apr 22 1st Spanish-American War action: USS Nashville, takes enemy ship
  • Apr 22 Congress passes Volunteer Army Act calling for a Volunteer Cavalry
  • Apr 22 US President McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors
  • Apr 24 US fleet under commodore Dewey sails from Hong Kong to Philippines
  • Apr 24 Spanish-American War: Spain declares war after rejecting US ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba
  • Apr 25 Spanish-American War: The United States declares state of war on Spain effective from 21st April.
  • Apr 30 Championship wrestling match at Met turns into a brawl
  • May 1 George Dewey commands "You may fire when you are ready, Gridley" as US route Spanish fleet at Manila
  • May 3 Camp Merriman forms at Presidio (SF) (see 0517)
  • May 8 The first games of the Italian Football League are played.
  • May 12 Louisiana adopts new constitution with "grandfather clause" designed to eliminate black voters
  • May 17 Camp Merritt forms in Presidio [see 0503]
  • May 19 US Congress passes the Private Mailing Card Act, allowing private publishers and printers to produce postcards though they had to be labelled "Private Mailing Cards" until 1901 and become known as "souvenir cards"
  • May 21 US Assay Office in Seattle, Washington, authorized
  • May 23 1st Philippine Expeditionary Troops sail from San Francisco
  • May 25 1st US troop transport to Manila leaves SF
  • May 26 SF approves City Charter, allows Municipal ownership of utilities
  • May 27 Arthur Pinero's "Trelawney of the Wells" premieres in London
  • Jun 1 Trans-Mississippi International Exposition opens in Omaha
  • Jun 7 Social Democracy of America party holds 1st national convention, Chicago
  • Jun 9 China leases Hong Kong's new territories to Britain for 99 years
  • Jun 10 US Marines land in Cuba during Spanish-American War
  • Jun 11 1st US Marines (600) land at Guantanamo Cuba during Spanish-American War
  • Jun 11 Emperor De Zong proclaims reforms in Peking
  • Jun 12 Philippine nationalists declares independence from Spain to US control

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Jun 13 Yukon Territory of Canada organized, Dawson chosen as capital
  • Jun 14 France signs Niger Convention
  • Jun 15 US House of Representatives passes resolution to annex Hawaii
  • Jun 15 US marines attack Spanish off Guantánamo, Cuba
  • Jun 16 China's emperor De Zong (Guang Xu) receives Kang Youwei
  • Jun 17 The United States Navy Hospital Corps is established.
  • Jun 18 1st amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, NJ
  • Jun 21 Guam becomes a territory of US
  • Jun 23 Emilio Aguinaldo issues a decree replacing his dictatorial government with a revolutionary government, with himself as President
  • Jun 24 American troops drive Spanish forces from La Guasimas, Cuba
  • Jun 30 Winton Motor Carriage Company publishes the first known automobile ad in Scientific American using the headline “dispense with a horse.”

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jul 3 American troops captured deserted Wake Island
  • Jul 3 Dutch Automobile Club forms (KNAC)
  • Jul 3 Joshua Slocum completes 1st solo circumnavigation of the globe
  • Jul 3 US Navy defeats Spanish fleet in Santiago harbor, Cuba
  • Jul 4 French liner "La Bourgogne" collides with bark Cromartyshire, 560 die
  • Jul 4 US flag hoisted over Wake Island (Spanish-American War)
  • Jul 6 US Senate agrees to annex Hawaii
  • Jul 7 US President McKinley signs the Organic Act to annex Hawaii
  • Jul 8 US battle fleet under Admiral Dewey occupies Isla Grande at Manila
  • Jul 8 The shooting death of crime boss Soapy Smith releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
  • Jul 10 Jean-Baptiste Marchands expedition reaches Fashoda at White Hippo
  • Jul 12 Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda Sudan
  • Jul 13 SF Ferry Building at foot of Market St opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 15 Camillo Golgi discovers the Golgi Apparatus (a delicate network inside cells essential for the transmission and reception of information between cells)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • Jul 17 Spanish American War: Spaniards surrender to US forces at Santiago de Cuba
  • Jul 21 Spain cedes Guam to USA
  • Jul 22 Crew of Belgium RV Belgica see 1st sunrise in 1600 hrs - 1st expedition to endure Antarctic winter
  • Jul 25 1st US troops land & occupy Puerto Rice, at Guanica Bay
  • Jul 27 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Dancing Men" (BG)
  • Jul 28 Spanish troops in Ponce, Puerto Rico, surrender
  • Jul 28 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Retired Colourman"(BG)
  • Jul 30 Will Kellogg invents Corn Flakes
  • Aug 9 Rudolf Diesel of Germany patents the diesel internal combustion engine
  • Aug 12 Hawaii is formally annexed to US
  • Aug 12 Peace protocol ends Spanish-American War, signed
  • Aug 13 US forces under George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish-Amer war
  • Aug 16 Edwin Prescott patents roller coaster
  • Aug 25 700 Greeks and 15 Englishmen are slaughtered by the Turks in Heraklion, Greece.
  • Aug 28 Caleb Bradham renames his carbonated soft drink "Pepsi-Cola".
  • Aug 29 The Goodyear tire company is founded.
  • Sep 1 Lord Kitchener's troops attack Omdurman, Sudan
  • Sep 2 Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain
  • Sep 2 Machine gun 1st used in battle
  • Sep 6 Lord Kitchener destroys Mahdi's tomb in Omdurman
  • Sep 9 Ottawa Football Club re-organizes into the Rough Riders
  • Sep 10 Lord Kitchener's ships sails from Kartoum to Fashoda
  • Sep 10 Empress Elizabeth of Austria is assassinated by Luigi Lucheni.

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 176

  • Jan 6 Jan Filip Boon, Flemish author/editor (De Standaard 1929-39)
  • Jan 6 Charles E. Pont, American artist (d. 1971)
  • Jan 9 Wally Baker, American supercentenarian
  • Jan 11 Hans Rudolf Krik, Danish writer/critic (Fiskerne, Slaven)
  • Jan 13 Pedro DE Teixeira de Mattos, Dutch diplomat
  • Jan 13 Kai Munk, Danish playwright and Lutheran pastor, martyr (d. 1944)
  • Jan 20 U Razak, Burmese politician (d. 1947)
  • Jan 22 Ben van Eysselsteijn, Dutch writer (Arid Earth)
  • Jan 22 Hans van Werveke, Flemish historian (Diocese Terwaan)
  • Jan 22 Ross R Barnett, lawyer/(Gov-D-Miss)
  • Jan 22 Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director (Battleship Potemkin), born in Riga, Latvia [NS] (d. 1948)
  • Jan 23 Freda Utley, British scholar and author (d. 1978)
  • Jan 25 Joachim Wach, German/US philosopher/sociologist (Understanding)
  • Jan 28 Wies Moens, Flemish writer/nazi
  • Jan 29 Karl Bjarnhof, Danish blind journalist/writer (History of Sascha)
  • Feb 3 Alvar Aalto, Finland, architect (Finlandia House)
  • Feb 3 Paul Urysohn, Russian mathematician
  • Feb 10 Bertolt Brecht, German poet and playwright (Mother Courage), born in Augsburg, Bavaria (d. 1956)
  • Feb 10 Joseph Kessel, French journalist/writer (Army of the Shadows)
  • Feb 11 Leo Szilard, Hungary, physicist/A-bomb worker/peace activist
  • Feb 13 Neville Pearson, English publisher
  • Feb 14 Fritz Zwicky, Swiss astronomer (supernova, dark matter)
  • Feb 18 Enzo Ferrari, racing car manufacturer, Modena
  • Feb 18 Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet (d. 1980)
  • Feb 19 Lauwrens Voorthuyzen, [Lou de Palingboer], Dutch sect leader
  • Feb 22 Anton de Kom, Surinam/Dutch worker's union leader/resistance fighter
  • Feb 23 Reinhard Herbig, German archaeologist
  • Feb 24 Kurt Tank, German WW II aircraft designer
  • Feb 25 William Thomas Astbury, English physicist/chemist (textiles)
  • Feb 26 Julien de Valckenaere, Flemish writer
  • Mar 4 Georges Dumézil, French philologist (d. 1940)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 5 Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People's Republic of China, born in Huai'an, China (d. 1976)

Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai
Premier of the People's Republic of China
Zhou Enlai
  • Mar 7 Jan Bata, Czech shoe manufacturer
  • Mar 14 Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (d. 1985)
  • Mar 18 Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (d. 1960)
  • Mar 23 Georgios Grivas, Greek general/opposition leader on Cyprus
  • Mar 24 Dorothy Stratton, organizer (SPARS-women's branch of US Coast Guard)
  • Mar 24 George Alpert, railroad executive
  • Mar 29 Cecil Lewis, airman/writer
  • Mar 30 Heinz Risse, German writer, born in Dusseldorf (d. 1989)
  • Apr 1 Pola Gojawiczynska, Polish writer (Stolica)
  • Apr 1 Roger Bastide, French sociologist
  • Apr 1 William James Sidis, American genius (d. 1944)
  • Apr 3 George Jessel, toastmaster general/entertainer (Diary of Young Comic)
  • Apr 3 Henry R Luce, Tengchow China, publisher (Time, Fortune, Life)
  • Apr 8 Achiel H Acker, Belgian premier (1945-46, 1954-58)
  • Apr 8 Cecil [Maurice] Bowra, British classics expert (Greek experience)
  • Apr 12 Grantley H Adams, Premier of Barbados (1953-58) and Prime Minister of the West Indies Federation (1958-62), born in St. Michael, British Windward Islands
  • Apr 18 Lord Leatherland, British journalist/Labour peer
  • Apr 19 Sybil Andrews, English/Canadian painter
  • Apr 23 Edwin E Dwinger, German writer (General Vlassov)
  • Apr 26 Vicente Aleixandre, Spain, writer (Ambito, Bird of Paper, Nobel 1977)
  • May 1 Eugene R Black, US, President of World Bank (1953-62)
  • May 2 Jef [Josephus C F] Last, Dutch poet/politician (The Spark)
  • May 3 Golda Meir, [Meyerson], Kiev Ukraine, 4th Israeli PM (1969-74)
  • May 3 Septima Poinsette Clark, civil rights activist/educator
  • May 6 Daniel Gerber, Freemont Mi, beloved by babies at mealtime
  • May 7 Vera Chapman, English writer and Tolkien Society founder, born in Bournemouth (d. 1996)
  • May 10 Ariel Durant, writer (Story of Civilization)
  • May 13 Justin Tuveri, Italian veteran of the First World War (d. 2007)
  • May 16 August de Schrijver, Belgian politician/founder (CVP)
  • May 16 Tamara de Lempicka, Polish-born painter (d. 1980)
  • May 17 Alfred Joseph Casson, Canadian painter (d. 1992)
  • May 18 Juan J Domenchina, Spanish poet/interpreter (sombra desterrada)
  • May 19 Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (d. 1974)
  • May 21 Armand Hammer, millionaire industrialist (Occidental Petroleum), born in NYC, New York
  • May 23 Scott O'Dell, American author (d. 1989)
  • May 24 Kathleen Hale, British children book writer/illustrator (Orlando)
  • May 25 Bennett Cerf, publisher (Random House) panelist (What's My Line)
  • May 25 Gustav Regler, German writer, born in Merzig (d. 1963)
  • May 31 Norman Vincent Peale, Ohio, clergyman (Power of Positive Thinking)
  • Jun 3 Rosa Chacel, spanish novelist
  • Jun 5 Federico Garcia Lorca, Spain, poet/dramatist (Blood Wedding)
  • Jun 6 Ninette de Valois, [Edris Stannus], Engl, ballerina (Royal Ballet)
  • Jun 9 Curzio Malaparte, [Kurt E Suckert], Italian author (Kaputt)
  • Jun 15 Willem Scheps, Dutch journalist
  • Jun 17 Maurits C Escher, Dutch graphic artist
  • Jun 17 Carl Hermann, German physicist (d. 1961)
  • Jun 18 Carleton Percy Hobbs, Farnborough England
  • Jun 19 James Joseph Sweeney, American Catholic prelate (d. 1968)
  • Jun 21 Donald C. Peattie, American botanist and writer (d. 1964)
  • Jun 22 Erich Maria Remarque, German novelist (All Quiet on the Western Front)
  • Jun 25 Kay (Katherine Linn) Sage, Albany New York, American painter and poet
  • Jun 26 Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer
  • Jun 26 Chesty Puller, the most decorated Marine in history (d. 1971)
  • Jun 27 Alexandra G "Alja" von Hoyer-Rachmanova, Russ/Aust author (Students)
  • Jul 1 Andre-Marie Charue, bishop of Namen Belgium
  • Jul 4 Dr. Pilar Barbosa, Puerto Rican historian (d. 1997)
  • Jul 5 Yip Man, Ving Tsun Sifu and Master of Style (Gung-Gung) (d. 1972)
  • Jul 8 Alec Waugh, novelist (Island in the Sun); brother of Evelyn, born in London, England
  • Jul 9 Gerard Walschap, Flemish writer/journalist (Mary, Revolt in Congo)
  • Jul 11 Hendrik J Pos, Dutch philosopher/CEO (Committee of Watchfulness)
  • Jul 11 Herman de Man, [Salomon H Hamburger], Dutch writer/Radio Orange
  • Jul 13 Martin David, German/Neth law historian
  • Jul 13 Julius Schreck, member of the Nazi party (d. 1936)
  • Jul 17 Berenice Abbott, Springfield Oh, photographer (World of Atget)
  • Jul 17 Osmond Borradaile, Canadian cinematographer (d. 1999)
  • Jul 18 Herbert Marcuse, communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization), born in Berlin, Germany
  • Jul 22 Alexander Calder, sculptor (mobiles, stabiles), born in Lawnton, Pennsylvania (d. 1976)
  • Jul 22 Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (d. 1943)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 10 Painter Henri Matisse (28) weds Amélie Noellie Parayre

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 6 Poet Paul Laurence Dunbar (25) weds political activist Alice Dunbar (22) in New York

HeartWedding of Interest

May 25 Chocolatier Milton S. Hershey (40) weds Catherine Sweeney at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 10 Russian revolutionary Vladimir Ilyich Lenin marries fellow revolutionary Nadezhda "Nadya" Krupskaya in Shushenskoye.

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 James Wimshurst, British designer/inventor (vacuum pump), dies at 70

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 14 Lewis Carroll, English writer (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland), dies at 65

Author and Mathematician Lewis Carroll
Author and Mathematician
Lewis Carroll
  • Jan 16 Charles Pelham Villiers, longest-serving MP in the British House of Commons (b. 1802)
  • Feb 16 Thomas Bracken, New Zealand poet (b. 1843)
  • Feb 18 Frances Willard, founder (Woman's Christian Temperance), dies at 58
  • Mar 1 George Bruce Malleson, English officer in India, author (b. 1825)
  • Mar 11 William Rosecrans, American Civil War Union general (b. 1819)
  • Mar 12 Zacharias Topelius, Finnish-Swedish writer (b. 1818)
  • Mar 15 Henry Bessemer, English metallurgist (b. 1813)
  • Mar 16 Aubrey (Vincent) Beardsley, English illustrator (Salome), dies at 23
  • Mar 17 Blanche Kelso Bruce, (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881), dies at 57, in Washington
  • Mar 18 Matilda Joslyn Gage, American suffragist (b. 1826)
  • Mar 19 Joao da Cruz, Brazilian poet, dies at 26
  • Mar 27 Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim intellectual and one of the founding fathers of Pakistan dies at 80
  • Mar 31 Edward Noyes Westcott, US attorney/writer (David Harum), dies
  • Apr 12 Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau, Roman catholic archbishop of Quebec (b. 1820)
  • Apr 15 Kepa Te Rangihiwinui, Maori military leader
  • Apr 18 Gustave Moureau, painter, dies
  • May 1 Alphonse Wauters, Belgian historian, dies at 81

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 19 William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1809)

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • May 22 Edward Bellamy, American author/socialist, dies of tuberculosis at 48
  • Jun 3 Samuel Plimsoll, English MP (Folkestone), dies at 74
  • Jun 5 Salvatore Ferragamo, Italian Shoemaker
  • Jun 6 Constant A Serrure, Flemish historian, dies at 62
  • Jun 10 Tuone Udaina, last speaker of the Dalmatian language.
  • Jun 13 Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1840)
  • Jun 17 Edward Burne-Jones, English artist (b. 1833)
  • Jun 22 Anton Kerner Ritter von Marilaun, Austria botanist, dies at 66
  • Jun 25 Ferdinand J Cohn, German botanist/publicist, dies at 70
  • Jul 8 Soapy Smith, American con artist (b. 1860)
  • Jul 11 Charles Chanoine, French lt/mass murderer in Senegal, dies
  • Jul 12 Paul Voulet, French captain/mass murderer in Senegal, dies
  • Jul 15 Jean Baptiste Salpointe, second Archbishop of Santa Fe (d. 1825)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 30 Otto Von Bismarck, German "Iron" chancellor, dies at 83

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • Aug 8 Eugène Boudin, French painter (b. 1824)
  • Aug 9 Gardner Quincy Colton, American lecturer who was the first to use nitrous oxide as an anesthetic in dentistry, dies at 84
  • Aug 27 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law) dies with three of his children in a mountaineering accident in the Pennine Alps, Switzerland at 49
  • Sep 2 Hubert Howard, British journalist (Times), dies through friendly fire
  • Sep 2 Wilford Woodruff, fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1807)
  • Sep 5 Sarah Emma Evelyn Edmonds, disguised as man fought for union, dies
  • Sep 9 Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (b. 1842)
  • Sep 10 Elisabeth AE, empress of Austria/wife of Franz Joseph I, dies at 60
  • Sep 14 Paul A Daum, writer/founder/editor (Batavian Newspaper), dies
  • Sep 14 William Seward Burroughs, American inventor (b. 1857)
  • Sep 16 Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat (b. 1827)
  • Sep 20 Theodor Fontane, German author (Der Stechlin), dies at 78
  • Sep 24 Bartel Wilton, ship builder, dies at 70
  • Sep 25 Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet, French Anthropologist who was the first to organize and classify Stone Age cultures into a chronological sequence of epochs, dies at 77
  • Sep 25 Hieronymus Theodor Richter, German Mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium, dies at 73
  • Oct 12 Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (b. 1816)
  • Oct 24 Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (b. 1824)
  • Oct 30 Yakov Petrovich Polonsky Russian poet (Stichotvorenija), dies at 78
  • Nov 2 George Goyder, English-born surveyor-general of South Australia (b. 1826)
  • Nov 20 John Fowler, English engineer (London Metropolitan Railway), dies
  • Nov 28 Conrad Ferdinand Meyer, Swiss writer, dies at 73
  • Dec 16 Pavel Tretyakov, Russian businessman and art collector, dies at 65
  • Dec 24 Sharbel Makhluf, Lebanese monk canonized in 1977 by Pope Paul VI (b. 1828)