1899 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 119

  • Jan 1 Cuba liberated from Spanish rule by the US, American occupation continues till 1902
  • Jan 3 The first known use of the word automobile, was seen in an editorial in The New York Times.
  • Jan 5 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure-Charles Augustus Milverton (BG)
  • Jan 12 Lynmouth Lifeboat rescues 18 people from the stricken schooner Forest Hall off the coast of Devon
  • Jan 17 US takes possession of Wake Island in Pacific
  • Jan 19 Anglo-Egyptian Sudan forms
  • Jan 21 Opel manufactured its first automobile.
  • Jan 22 Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Jan 24 Belgium government of Vandenpeereboom forms
  • Jan 24 Rubber heel for boots or shoes patented by Humphrey O'Sullivan
  • Jan 28 American Social Science Association incorporated by Congress
  • Feb 2 The Australian Premiers' Conference held in Melbourne decides to locate Australia's capital (Canberra) between Sydney and Melbourne.
  • Feb 4 The Philippine-American War begins with fighting between American and Philippine revolutionary forces
  • Feb 6 Spanish-American War ends, peace treaty ratified by Senate
  • Feb 10 -39°F (-39°C), Milligan, Ohio (state lowest record temperature)
  • Feb 10 Treaty of Paris which ended the Spanish-American War is signed by President McKinley; US acquires Philippines, Puerto Rico & Guam
  • Feb 11 -15°F (-26°C), Washington, D.C. (district record)
  • Feb 11 -61°F, Montana (record low temperature)
  • Feb 12 -47°F (-44°C), Camp Clarke, Nebraska (state record)
  • Feb 13 -16°F (-27°C), Minden Louisiana (state record)
  • Feb 13 -1°F (-18°C) New Orleans, La
  • Feb 13 -2°F (-19°C) Tallahassee, Florida (state record)
  • Feb 14 US Congress begins using voting machines
  • Feb 16 President of France Félix Faure dies in office.
  • Feb 16 Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur Iceland's first football club is founded.
  • Feb 18 80°F recorded in San Francisco, California
  • Feb 18 SF named as a port of dispatch for Army transports
  • Feb 20 Ill Tel & Tel granted franchise for Chicago freight tunnel system
  • Feb 24 Western Washington University is established.
  • Mar 2 Pres McKinley signs bill creating Mt Rainier National Park (5th in US)
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes Lafayette silver dollar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 George Dewey becomes 1st in US to hold the rank of Admiral of the Navy

Admiral George Dewey
Admiral
George Dewey
  • Mar 4 Cyclone Mahina sweeps in north of Cooktown, Queensland, with a 12 m wave that reaches up to 5 km inland - over 300 dead.
  • Mar 5 1st performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Concerto in D
  • Mar 6 "Aspirin" (acetylsalicylic acid) patented by Felix Hoffmann at German company Bayer
  • Mar 17 Windsor luxury hotel in NYC catches fire, 92 die
  • Mar 18 Phoebe, a moon of Saturn is discovered by William Pickering
  • Mar 21 British & French accord over West Africa
  • Apr 1 NC Mutual opens doors for business
  • Apr 4 South Africa all out 35 vs England (Trott 4-19, Haigh 6-11)
  • Apr 11 Treaty of Paris ratifies ends war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US
  • Apr 18 John McGraw, at 36, managerial debut as Oriole manager

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 18 The St. Andrew's Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria.

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • Apr 24 Transvaal British Uitlanders ask Queen Victoria for aid
  • May 8 The Irish Literary Theatre in Dublin opens.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 8 Ernest Rutherford publishes his discovery of two different kinds of radiation (Alpha and Beta Particles)

  • May 9 John Burr patents an improved rotary blade lawn mower in the US
  • May 17 Victoria & Albert Museum foundation laid, London, England
  • May 18 World Goodwill Day-26 nations meet in 1st Hague Peace Conference
  • May 20 First speeding infraction by a New York cabbie driving an electric car - 12mph down Lexington Street
  • May 24 1st auto repair shop opens (Boston)
  • May 31 -June 5] Conference of Bloemfontein fails
  • May 31 Bronx acquires Keltch Memorial Park
  • Jun 2 Black Americans observed day of fasting in protest against lynchings
  • Jun 5 Alfred Dreyfus acquitted
  • Jun 10 Improved Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks forms in Cincinnati
  • Jun 12 New Richmond Tornado: the eighth deadliest tornado in U.S. history kills 117 peoples and injures around 200.
  • Jun 29 Brazo River in Texas floods 12 miles wide causing $10 mil damage
  • Jun 30 Jack Hearne takes a hat-trick Eng v Australia at Headingley
  • Jul 1 Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels
  • Jul 1 SF City Hall turned over to city, after 29 years of building
  • Jul 19 National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers forms
  • Jul 29 1st motorcycle race, Manhattan Beach, NY
  • Jul 29 The First Hague Convention is signed.
  • Jul 31 Albert Trott hits Monty Noble over the Pavilion at Lord's
  • Aug 15 Louisville's Henry Dowling struck out 5 times in a game
  • Sep 4 8.3 earthquake shakes Yakutat Bay Alaska
  • Sep 6 Carnation processes its first can of evaporated milk
  • Sep 6 US minister of Foreign affairs John Hay publishes his "Open Through Note"
  • Sep 8 British government sends an additional 10,000 troops to Natal, South Africa
  • Sep 9 French Capt Alfred Dreyfus sentenced on unjust grounds
  • Sep 10 2nd quake in 7 days (8.6) hits Yakutat Bay Alaska
  • Sep 13 Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199m - 17,058 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya.
  • Sep 14 Henry Bliss becomes 1st automobile fatality in the US (NY)
  • Sep 17 1st British troops leave Bombay for South Africa
  • Sep 28 Transvaal mobilizes its army - leadup to Second Boer War
  • Oct 2 Orange Free state mobilizes
  • Oct 3 J S Thurman patents motor-driven vacuum cleaner
  • Oct 9 1st British troops reaches Durban, South Africa
  • Oct 9 South Africa President Kruger routes British authorities ultimatum
  • Oct 11 South African Boers declare war on Great Britain
  • Oct 12 South Africa Boer Republic declares war on Britain
  • Oct 13 7,000 layid-off black mine workers of South Africa reach Natal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 14 Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill departs to South Africa

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Oct 15 Cincinnati closes season with 16-1 & 19-3 victories over Cleve Spiders
  • Oct 17 Sutro railroad sold to Robert F Morrow for $215,000
  • Oct 20 Battle at Talana Hill, Natal: British army vs Boers
  • Oct 21 Battle at Elandslaagte Natal: (Boers vs British army)
  • Oct 22 British troops flee Dundee, Natal South Africa
  • Oct 24 Battle at Rietfontein, South Africa: Boers vs British army
  • Oct 30 Battle of Ladysmith, Natal: Boers defeat the British, leading to the Siege of Ladysmith
  • Oct 30 British Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill reaches Capetown
  • Nov 2 Boers begin siege of Ladysmith, Natal
  • Nov 11 Stuart/Rubens/Boyd-Jones' "Floradora" premieres in London
  • Nov 12 British troops reach Durban Natal
  • Nov 15 Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill captured by Boers in Natal
  • Nov 18 Trumper scores 208 in 185 mins (1 five 25 fours) NSW v Qld
  • Nov 22 -23] Battle at Willow Grange, Natal (British vs Boer army)
  • Nov 23 Battle at Belmont, Cape colony: general Methuen beats Farmers

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 180

  • Jan 2 Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgium, premier/sec-gen of NATO (1957-61)
  • Jan 8 Solomon WRD Bandaranaike, premier of Ceylon (1956-59)
  • Jan 12 Paul H Muller, Swiss chemist (DDT-Nobel 1948)
  • Jan 14 Fritz Bayerlein, German lt-general (WW I, Poland, Libya, St-Lo)
  • Jan 14 Carlos Romulo, Filipino diplomat and author (d. 1985)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 17 Al Capone, American gangster (Chicago bootlegging), born in Brooklyn, New York

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone
  • Jan 17 Nevil Shute [Norway], novelist (On the Beach, Town Like Alice), born in London, England
  • Jan 17 Robert Maynard Hutchins, US, educator/civil libertarian
  • Jan 17 Roel [Martinus F] Houwink, Dutch literary (1 Man Without Character)
  • Jan 20 Kenjiro Takayanagi, VP (JVC)
  • Jan 22 Guido Kisch, Czech/German/US historian (Jews in medieval Germany)
  • Jan 23 Joseph Nathan Kane, historian (Famous Firsts)
  • Jan 26 Wyllis Cooper, Pekin Ill, TV narrator (Volume One)
  • Jan 28 Elias Simojoki, Finnish clergyman and politician (d. 1940)
  • Jan 30 Max Theiler, South African and American virologist who developed vaccine for Yellow Fever (Nobel Prize 1951), born in Pretoria (d. 1972)
  • Feb 3 João Café Filho, Brazilian president (d. 1970)
  • Feb 3 Lao She, Chinese writer (d. 1966)
  • Feb 7 Arvid Pelshe, Latvian Communist leader, CPSU Politburo member
  • Feb 14 John Randall Jr, Michigan, historian/philosopher (Western Man)
  • Feb 15 Lillian Disney, wife of animator Walt Disney, born in Spalding, Idaho (d. 1997)
  • Feb 18 Arthur Bryant, English historian (King Charles II)
  • Feb 19 Yury Olesha, Russian novelist (d. 1960)
  • Feb 20 Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, founder (Pan Am Airways), born in Long Island, New York
  • Feb 22 Dechko Uzunov, Bulgarian painter (d. 1986)
  • Feb 23 Erich Kästner, German writer (d. 1974)
  • Feb 24 Jacob Presser, Dutch historian/writer (Down-fall)
  • Feb 25 Leo J Weisgerber, German linguist
  • Feb 26 Max Petitpierre, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1994)
  • Feb 27 Charles Herbert Best, Washington County, Maine, American-Canadian physiologist/co-discoverer (Insulin)
  • Feb 28 Frederick Denison Maurice Hocking, pathologist
  • Mar 1 Erich von dem Bach, Nazi official (d. 1972)
  • Mar 2 Pattie Maie Menzies, Australian dame
  • Mar 3 Alfred M Gruenther, US, commanding general (NATO, 1953-56)
  • Mar 3 Yuri Olesha, Russian writer, born in Jelisawetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1960)
  • Mar 4 Emilio Prados, Spanish poet and editor (d. 1962)
  • Mar 8 Eric Linklater, Scotland, novelist/poet (Blue Swallows)
  • Mar 8 Elmer Keith, Firearms enthusiast and Author (d. 1984)
  • Mar 10 Robert Meier, German WW1 veteran, formerly Germany's oldest man. (d. 2007)
  • Mar 11 Frederick IX, [Christian FFMKWG], King of Denmark (1947-72)
  • Mar 13 Jan Lechoń, Polish poet (d. 1956)
  • Mar 13 John Van Vleck, Middletown Connecticut, American Physicist, Mathematician, and Nobel Laureate who pioneered the modern quantum mechanical theory of magnetism
  • Mar 14 K.C. Irving, Canadian industrialist (d. 1992)
  • Mar 18 Lavrenti Beria, chief of Soviet secret police under Stalin
  • Mar 25 Bella Spewack, Hungary, playwright (Kiss Me Kate)
  • Mar 25 Jacques Audiberti, French poet (Race of Men)
  • Mar 26 James B Connant, chemist/college president (Yale)
  • Mar 28 Harold B. Lee, American religious leader (d. 1973)
  • Mar 30 Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay, well known Bengali writer (d. 1970)
  • Apr 1 Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (d. 1968)
  • Apr 5 William Hornby Steer, barrister/judge
  • Apr 9 James Smith McDonnell, American aviator and engineer, born in Denver, Colorado

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 11 Percy Lavon Julian, African American chemist who received 130 patents, pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs from plants, born in Montgomery, Alabama (d. 1975)

  • Apr 13 Alfred Moser Butts, game inventor (Scrabble)
  • Apr 13 Alfred Schutz, Austrian/US architect/philosopher
  • Apr 16 Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist (d. 1988)
  • Apr 17 Vincent Wigglesworth, entomologist
  • Apr 23 Vladimir Nabokov, novelist (Lolita, Ada), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • Apr 24 Oscar Zariski, Russian-born mathematician (d. 1986)
  • Apr 30 Jannetje Fisherman-Roosendaal, author (regional novels)
  • May 2 George Hamilton Combs, American politician and TV and radio commentator (Through the Curtain), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1977)
  • May 6 Billy Cotton, British entertainer (d. 1969)
  • May 8 Jan F van Hall, Dutch sculptor/resistance fighter
  • May 8 [Friedrich] August von Hayek, Aust/British economist (Road to Serfdom)
  • May 9 Edward Pollock, saxophone/clarinet
  • May 11 Paulino Masip, Spanish playwright (d. 1963)
  • May 12 Indra Devi, Latvian Yoga Instructor (d. 2002)
  • May 14 Pierre Victor Auger, French physicist (d. 1993)
  • May 15 Jean-Etienne Valluy, French general (d. 1970)
  • May 20 John M Harlan, 91st Supreme Court justice (1955-71), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • May 20 Alexander Deyneka, Ukrainian painter (d. 1969)
  • May 24 Henri Michaux, French poet (d. 1984)
  • May 26 Otto E Neugebauer, Austrian/US math historian
  • May 26 Pieter Menten, Dutch war criminal
  • May 26 Antonio Barrette, French Canadian politician (d. 1968)
  • May 31 Ilse Lagner, German antiwar writer, born in Breslau (d. 1987)
  • May 31 Leonid Leonov, Russian writer, born in Moscow (d. 1994)
  • Jun 1 Edward Charles Titchmarsh, English mathematician (d. 1963)
  • Jun 3 Georg von Bekesy, physician (Nobel-1961), born in Budapest, Hungary
  • Jun 4 Hassan Fathy, Egyptian architect (d. 1989)
  • Jun 7 Elizabeth Bowen, novelist (Death of the Heart, Encounters), born in Dublin, Ireland

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 8 Noel Wien, American aviation pioneer (Wien Air Alaska), born in Lake Nebagamon, Wisconsin (d. 1977)

Aviation Pioneer Noel Wien
Aviation Pioneer
Noel Wien
  • Jun 10 Raoul Salan, Fr/Indochina/Algeria (leader OAS)
  • Jun 11 Yasonari Kawabata, Japan, novelist (Thousand Cranes)
  • Jun 14 Kawabata Yasunari, Zen writer (Nobel Literature 1968)
  • Jun 16 Nelson Doubleday, US, publisher (Doubleday)
  • Jun 18 James Ralph Darling, teacher
  • Jun 19 George Calinescu, Romania, literature (Enigma Otilei)
  • Jun 20 Jean Moulin, hero of the French Resistance (WW II)
  • Jun 22 Michal Kalecki, Polish economist
  • Jun 24 Bruce Marshall, writer
  • Jun 26 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
  • Jun 27 Juan Trippe, American airline entrepreneur (d. 1981)
  • Jun 30 Frantisek Tomasek, bishop of Prague/cardinal
  • Jul 1 Henry "Indiana" Jones Jr, fictional character "Indiana Jones"
  • Jul 1 Konstantinos Tsatsos Greek politician and president (1975-1980)
  • Jul 5 Anna Arnold Hedgeman, social activist (NYC cabinet)
  • Jul 5 Marcel Achard, French screen/playwright (Jean de la Lune)
  • Jul 8 David Eli Lilienthal, US government organizer (Wisconsin)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 11 E. B. White, American writer (Charlotte's Web, Elements of Style), born in Mount Vernon, New York (d. 1985)

Writer E. B. White
Writer
E. B. White
  • Jul 15 Seán Lemass, Irish leader (d. 1971)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 10 Future US President Herbert Hoover (24) marries college sweetheart Lou Henry (24) in Monterey California

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 24 Businessman James Cash Penney (24) weds Bertha Alva Hess

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 9 US Admiral of the Navy George Dewey (61) weds Mildred McLean Hazen at the rectory St. Paul's Catholic Church in Washington, D.C.

Admiral George Dewey
Admiral
George Dewey

Deaths in History

  • Jan 10 Gerard Keller, Dutch writer (Vlugmaren), dies at 69
  • Jan 12 Hiram Walker, American distiller (b. 1816)
  • Jan 25 Alfredo d'Escragnolle, French/Brazilian writer (Innocencia), dies
  • Jan 29 Alfred Sisley, painter, dies
  • Jan 29 Robert J Fruin, Dutch historian (80-year war), dies at 75
  • Feb 6 Georg Leo earl von Caprivi, German chancellor, dies at 67
  • Feb 6 Prince Prince Alfred of Edinburgh (b. 1874)
  • Feb 11 George Morgan, 1st English motorist to die in an motor accident, dies
  • Feb 16 Francois Félix Faure, president of France (1895-99), dies at 57
  • Feb 18 M Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician, dies at 56
  • Feb 25 Paul Julius von Reuter, German-born founder of Reuters news agency, dies at 82
  • Mar 1 Gyorgy earl Apponyi, Hungarian MP, dies at 90
  • Mar 3 William P. Sprague, American politician from Ohio (b. 1827)
  • Mar 6 Victoria Kaiulani, Hawaiian princess (b. 1875)
  • Mar 14 Emile Erckmann, French writer (Waterloo), dies at 76
  • Mar 16 Joseph Medill, mayor of Chicago (b. 1823)
  • Mar 18 Douglas Strutt Galton, English engineer (rails, trains), dies at 76
  • Mar 18 Svetolik Rankovic, Serbian writer (Crushed Ideals), dies at 35
  • Mar 20 Martha M Place, of Bkln, becomes 1st woman to be executed in an electric chair.
  • Mar 20 Franz Ritter von Hauer, Austrian geologist (b. 1822)
  • Apr 16 Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary (b 1875)
  • Apr 20 Joseph Wolf, German artist (b. 1820)
  • Apr 21 Heinrich Kiepert, German cartographer/geographer, dies at 80
  • May 1 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (b. 1824)
  • May 15 Francisque Sarcey, French writer (Le Temps), dies at 70
  • May 25 Marie-Rosalie "Rosa" Bonheur, French painter, dies at 68
  • Jun 30 Jon Helgason, Icelandic poet (Ur Landsudri), dies
  • Jul 12 Esquire Mauritius A de Savornin Lohman, Governor of Suriname, dies at 67
  • Jul 18 Horatio Alger, American clergyman and author (Disagreeable Woman, Ragged Dick), dies at 67
  • Jul 21 Robert G. Ingersoll, American politician and military officer (b. 1833)
  • Aug 9 Edward Frankland, British structural chemist who co-discovered helium and developed the theory of valence, dies on holiday in Norway at 74

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 16 Robert Bunsen, German chemist who invented the Bunsen Burner, dies at 88

Chemist Robert Bunsen
Chemist
Robert Bunsen
  • Sep 14 Henry Bliss, 1st auto death (NYC)
  • Sep 17 Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist (b. 1842)
  • Sep 28 Giovanni Segantini, Italian painter (Become his fare), dies
  • Oct 20 Robert H "Bobby" Gunning, British colonel (60th Rifles), dies in battle
  • Oct 23 W Penn Symons, British gen-maj, dies in battle
  • Oct 28 C Grant B Allen, Canada, British writer (Woman Who Did), dies
  • Oct 28 Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-born inventor (tuberculosis) (b. 1854)
  • Oct 30 William Henry Webb, American industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1816)
  • Nov 20 Carl A E Ahlqvist, [A Oksanen], Finnish translator, dies at 63
  • Nov 21 Garret Augustus Hobart, 24th VP, dies
  • Nov 24 Abdullah ibn Mohammed al-Ta'a'ishi, mahdi of Sudan (1883-99), dies
  • Nov 28 Adrian the la Rey, son of South African general, dies in battle at 19
  • Dec 2 Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general (killed at Battle of Tirad Pass) (b. 1875)
  • Dec 11 Andrew Wauchope, British Major-General, dies in Battle of Magersfontein in the Boer war, South Africa. Another British Major, The Marquess of Winchester also killed.
  • Dec 17 Frederick "Freddy" Roberts, son of British field marshal, dies in battle
  • Dec 22 Dwight L Moody, US evangelist (Student Volunteer Movement), dies
  • Dec 30 James Paget, English surgeon (disease of Paget), dies at 85