1900 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 245

  • Jan 1 1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel)
  • Jan 1 Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect
  • Jan 1 British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria are established
  • Jan 2 E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7" single-sided records (Montreal)
  • Jan 2 John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Jan 5 Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule.
  • Jan 6 Boers attack at Ladysmith, about 1,000 killed or injured
  • Jan 6 Maurice Ravel's "Albaradode Gracioso" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 10 Lord Roberts & Lord Kitchener reach Capetown
  • Jan 12 Freeland Colony founded in US
  • Jan 16 The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
  • Jan 16 The US gains control over Tutuila in Samoa and several smaller Pacific islands
  • Jan 18 Jan Blockx's "Tÿl Uilenspiegel" premieres in Brussels
  • Jan 21 The second contingent of Canadian troops sails from Halifax to fight in South Africa against the Boers
  • Jan 24 Battle of Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • Jan 26 Henrik Ibsen's "Naar vi Dode Vaaguer" premieres in Stuttgart
  • Jan 27 Social Democrat Party of America (Debs' party) holds 1st convention
  • Jan 27 Foreign diplomats in Peking, China, write formal notes of protest demanding that the Chinese Government stop the Boxes and other groups leading attacks on Westerners and Christians.
  • Jan 29 Boers under Joubert beat British at Spionkop Natal, 2,000 killed
  • Jan 31 The final report of the USA's Philippine Commission is released, favouring territorial government for the islands with home rule in local affairs, but with US assumptions of ultimate responsibility for the government.
  • Feb 3 Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Balt
  • Feb 3 Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
  • Feb 5 British troops under Gen Buller occupy Vaal Krantz, Natal
  • Feb 5 The United States and the United Kingdom sign treaty for Panama Canal
  • Feb 6 The Battle of Vaal Krantz, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • Feb 7 British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal
  • Feb 10 Peter Ostlund skates world record 500m (45.2 sec)
  • Feb 14 Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country.
  • Feb 15 General French relieves Kimberley/Cecil Rhodes
  • Feb 15 British troops relieve Kimberly, South Africa, under siege by the Boers since October 1899
  • Feb 16 1st Chinese daily newspaper in US publishes (Chung Sai Yat Po-SF)
  • Feb 18 Battle at Paardeberg, 1,270 British killed/injured
  • Feb 18 British troops occupy Monte Christo, Natal
  • Feb 19 British troops occupy Hlangwane, Natal
  • Feb 22 Battle at Wynne's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • Feb 22 Hawaii became a US territory
  • Feb 23 Battle at Hart's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • Feb 23 Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in SF Bay
  • Feb 27 Battle at Pietershoogte during the Boer War
  • Feb 27 Boer General Cronjé surrenders to British in Pardenberg, South Africa
  • Feb 27 In London, the Trades Union Congress and the Independent Labour Party (formed in 1893) meet, resulting in a Labour Representative Committee and eventually the modern Labour Party in 1906
  • Feb 28 General Buller's troops relieve Ladysmith Natal
  • Mar 3 US Steel Corporation organizes
  • Mar 5 American Hall of Fame founded
  • Mar 6 After a meeting in Indianapolis, USA, a group forms the Social Democratic Party and nominates Eugene Debs as its candidate for President in the forthcoming election (becomes the Socialist Party in 1901)
  • Mar 7 Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, Pres Kruger flees
  • Mar 10 Battle at Driefontein, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • Mar 10 Regents for the King of Uganda and leading chiefs sign a treaty with Great Britain agreeing to the organization of the government, taxation, courts, military, and other functions of their country, which is under British protection.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 11 British Prime Minister, Lord Salisbury rejects peace overtures from the Boer leader Paul Kruger (on 5 March) as demanding too-favourable terms

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • Mar 12 President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein
  • Mar 13 British troops occupy Bloemfontein, capital of the Orange Free State
  • Mar 13 In France the length of the workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law.
  • Mar 14 Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's laws of genetics
  • Mar 14 US currency goes on gold standard after Congress passes the Currency Act
  • Mar 16 AL meets in Chicago, Ban Johnson announces that an AL team will be in
  • Mar 16 Sir Arthur Evans rediscovers the bronze age city of Knossos in Crete, home of the legendary Minotaur
  • Mar 16 Chicago, KC, Minn, Milwaukee, Indianapolis, Detroit, Cleve & Buffalo
  • Mar 17 In South Africa, British troops relieve Mafeking, besieged by the Boers since 13 October, 1899.
  • Mar 18 Ajax (Amsterdam Football Club), forms
  • Mar 18 Japan uses its influence over Korea to deny Russia's efforts to obtain a naval station at Korean Port of Masampo, the lead up to the Russo-Japanese war
  • Mar 20 US Secretary of State John Hay announces that all nations to whom he sent notes calling for an 'open door' policy in China have essentially accepted his stand.
  • Mar 24 New York City Mayor Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
  • Mar 25 US Socialist Party forms in Indianapolis
  • Mar 26 1st edition The (Free) People (Neth, probably Amsterdam)
  • Mar 27 Recognising that the war in South Africa is going to take a major commitment, Parliament passes the War Loan Act, calling for £35 million to support the fight against the Boers.
  • Mar 30 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Compulsory education law
  • Mar 31 At " Surprise of Sanna’s Post" in the Second Boer War 150 troops under Brigadier General Robert Broadwood were killed.
  • Apr 1 1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People"
  • Apr 2 1st edition of The Volk published (Amsterdam)
  • Apr 4 Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales, later British King Edward VII when shot by Jean-Baptiste Sipido in protest over Boer war
  • Apr 4 British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet
  • Apr 5 Attempted assassination of Edward, Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails
  • Apr 11 US Navy's 1st submarine made its debut

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 11 The first modern submarine designed and built by John Philip Holland is purchased by the U.S. Navy

  • Apr 12 The US Congress passes the Foraker Act, establishing Puerto Rico as an unincorporated territory (effective 1 May)
  • Apr 14 Veteran's Hospital at Ft Miley forms
  • Apr 15 Exposition Universelle/World Fair opens in Paris (till 12th Nov)
  • Apr 15 An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over 2 hrs
  • Apr 16 US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
  • Apr 17 7 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession
  • Apr 23 1st know occurrence of word "hillbillie" (NY Journal)
  • Apr 26 AL opener in Cleve draws 6,500
  • Apr 30 Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.
  • May 1 Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 George Bernard Shaw's "You Never Can Tell" premieres in London

  • May 5 "The Billboard" began weekly publication
  • May 8 John McGraw & Wilbert Robinson sign with Cardinals
  • May 12 Boer attack under Sarel Eloff, about 70 killed
  • May 12 Lord Roberts' troops occupy Crown city
  • May 17 British troops relieve Mafeking (Cape Colony)
  • May 17 In China, three villages within 100 miles of Peking are burned by Boxers and 60 Chinese Christians killed.
  • May 18 Britain proclaims protectorate over kingdom of Tonga
  • May 19 Great Britain annexes Tonga archipelago
  • May 19 World's longest railroad tunnel (Simplon) links Italy & Switz, opens
  • May 22 Associated Press organizes in NYC as non-profit news cooperative
  • May 22 Edwin S Votey patents pneumatic piano player
  • May 23 Associated Press News Service forms in NY
  • May 26 British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa
  • May 27 Lord Roberts' army fights the Vaal in South Africa

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 200

  • Jan 1 Hubert van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF)
  • Jan 1 Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (d. 1986)
  • Jan 3 Dorothy Arnzer, director
  • Jan 4 James Bond, American ornithologist (d. 1989)
  • Jan 5 Dennis Gabor, Hung/British physicist (holography-Nobel 1971) [or Jun 5]
  • Jan 5 Paula Ludwig, Austrian German poet, born in Vorarlberg, Austria (d. 1974)
  • Jan 5 Yves Tanguy, French/US sailor/surrealistic painter
  • Jan 8 Queen Marie, of Yugoslavia
  • Jan 9 Richard Halliburton, American adventurer (presumed dead 1939)
  • Jan 15 Caesar Domela, Dutch painter (Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis son)
  • Jan 17 Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant, patron of the arts
  • Jan 20 Doris Deane, WI, entertainer
  • Jan 25 Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukraine, genetist/writer (Mankind Evolving)
  • Jan 25 Yojiro Ishizaka, Japanese writer (d. 1986)
  • Jan 27 Hyman G Rickover, US Admiral (father of modern nuclear navy)
  • Jan 28 Alexandre AM Stols [Chl van Halsbeke], publisher (History of Ecuador)
  • Jan 28 Hermann Kesten, German writer (Allert de Lange)
  • Jan 28 Alice Neel, American artist (d. 1984)
  • Jan 29 Willem F K Hussem, Dutch painter/poet (Coastline, Lookout on Sea)
  • Jan 30 Sandy Powell, Rotherham England, costume designer (Rob Roy)
  • Jan 31 Betty Parsons, American artist and art dealer, born in NYC, New York City (d. 1982)
  • Feb 2 Carroll Righter, American columnist and astrologer to the stars, born in Salem, New Jersey (d. 1988)
  • Feb 5 Adlai E Stevenson, (Gov-D-Ill), presidential candidate (D) (1952, 1956)
  • Feb 6 Rudolf Vornlund, Swedish playwright (Heliga Familjen)
  • Feb 8 John Cameron, Scottish judge, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Feb 8 Ivan Ivanov-Vano Soviet animator and Russian animation director (d. 1987)
  • Feb 11 Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher
  • Feb 11 Thomas Hitchcock Jr, great polo player (Westchester Cup 1924,27,30,39)
  • Feb 11 Josei Toda, Japanese educator (d. 1958)
  • Feb 19 Giorgos Seferis, writer
  • Feb 20 Graham Spry, St Thomas Ontario, Canadian radio pioneer
  • Feb 22 Giorgios Seferis, Greece, poet (Nobel 1963)
  • Feb 22 Seán Ó Faoláin [John Whelan], Irish short story writer (Murder at Cobbler's Hulk)
  • Feb 28 Laura Z Hobson, writer
  • Feb 28 Wolfram Hirth, German pilot (d. 1959)
  • Mar 1 Edna Swithenbank Manley, Jamaican sculptor, wife of PM
  • Mar 1 Yorgos Seferis, [Seferi dis], Greek diplomat/poet (Strofi)
  • Mar 6 John Henry Pyle Pafford, librarian (University of London)
  • Mar 7 Giuseppe Capogrossi, Italian painter
  • Mar 7 [Albert] Carel Willink, Dutch painter (magic realism)
  • Mar 9 Aimone duke of Spoleta/Aosta, Italian king of Croatia (1941-43)
  • Mar 9 Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (d. 1973)
  • Mar 10 Sherman Billingsley, Enid Ok, talk show host (Stork Club)
  • Mar 12 David Croll, QC senator
  • Mar 15 Gilberto Freye, Brazilian sociologist/writer
  • Mar 19 [Jean] Frederic Joliot-Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1935)
  • Mar 23 Erich Fromm, Frankfurt Germany, psychologist (Sane Society)
  • Mar 29 John McEwen, eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1980)
  • Mar 31 Henry WFA, English duke of Gloucester/earl of Ulters
  • Apr 1 Robert McDowell, Mayor of Maryborough, Queensland (d. 1988)
  • Apr 2 Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (d. 1942)
  • Apr 3 Camille Chamoun, president of Lebanon
  • Apr 6 Leo Robin, US writer (Thanks For the Memory)
  • Apr 10 Jean Duvieusart, premier (Belgium 1950)
  • Apr 11 Sandor Marai, Hungarian writer (d. 1989)
  • Apr 13 Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer (d. 1976)
  • Apr 16 Polly Adler, Russia, bordello proprieter/author (House is not a Home)
  • Apr 18 Louise Tazewell, [Louise Skiller Tazewell], entertainer
  • Apr 19 Richard Arthur Warren Hughes, English writer (Fiction as Truth)
  • Apr 19 Roland Michener, Governor General of Canada (d. 1991)
  • Apr 20 Kees Verwey, painter/water colors painter/cartoonist
  • Apr 25 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, 1st Baron Gladwyn, British politician and diplomat
  • Apr 25 Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss/Us physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945)
  • Apr 26 Charles Richter, Ohio, Earthquakes seismologist (Richter scale)
  • Apr 27 Walter Lantz, animator (Woody Woodpecker's creator)
  • Apr 28 Bruno Apitz, German writer (Nackt unter Wölfen, born in Leipzig (d. 1979)
  • Apr 28 Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized "Oort Cloud")
  • Apr 28 Maurice Thorez, secretary-general (French Communist Party)
  • May 1 Ignazio Silone, Italy, novelist/politician (Bread & Wine)
  • May 5 Mervyn A Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope)
  • May 5 Dennis Gabor, electrical engineer and physicist, Nobel Prize winner
  • May 7 Bauke Tuinstra, Dutch/Frisian notary/author (Earste Keur)
  • May 13 Jos Panhuysen, author (Pornographer)
  • May 14 Hal Borland, American author (d. 1978)
  • May 14 Edgar Wind, German art historian (d. 1971)
  • May 18 Sarah Miriam Peale, US, portrait painter (Gen Lafayette-1825)
  • May 20 Lydia Cabrera, Cuban Anthropologist, born in Havana, Cuba
  • May 22 Yvonne de Gaulle, wife of Charles de Gaulle (d. 1979)
  • May 23 Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
  • May 25 Alain Grandbois, French Canadian poet (d. 1975)
  • May 27 Uładzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (d. 1933)
  • May 28 Owen Aisher, president (Marley)
  • May 31 Helma Wolf-Catz, Dutch author (Undercurrent, Coral Reef)
  • Jun 3 Gerard den Brabander, [Jan G Jofriet], poet (Nothing New)
  • Jun 5 Barbara Gooden, novelist
  • Jun 6 Manfred Sakel, Polish psychiatrist (d. 1957)
  • Jun 7 Jan [Johannes A A] Engelman, poet/translator/critic (Garden of Eros)
  • Jun 8 Herman J Friedericy, [H J Merlijn], writer (Last general)
  • Jun 9 Prosper Cocquyt, Belgian brewer/pilot
  • Jun 10 Henri Bruning, Dutch literary
  • Jun 11 Lawrence E Spivak, American news panelist (Meet the Press), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jun 15 Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (d. 1984)
  • Jun 16 Jan van Tilburg, governor Suriname (PVDA, 1955-62)
  • Jun 17 Martin Bormann, propoganda minister (Hitler)
  • Jun 24 Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (d. 1945)
  • Jun 25 Izak D du Plessis, South African writer/director (3rd World)
  • Jun 25 Lord Louis Mountbatten, of Burma, royal relative/earl/baron/admiral
  • Jun 26 Joseph E A "Jo" Spier, Dutch cartoonist/water color painter
  • Jun 27 Otto E Passman, (Rep-D-La, 1947-77)
  • Jun 28 Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Kordian into Cham)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 1 Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand (36) weds countess Sophie Chotek (32) in Reichstadt, Bohemia

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 22 Oil tycoon Edward L. Doheny (44) weds Carrie Estelle Betzold in New Mexico Territory

Oil Tycoon Edward L. Doheny
Oil Tycoon
Edward L. Doheny
  • Oct 2 Belgium crown prince Albert von Saksen-Coburg weds Elisabeth of Bayern

HeartWedding of Interest

Nov 20 Archaeologist Hiram Bingham (25) weds Tiffany heiress Alfreda Mitchell in Honolulu, Hawaii

Archaeologist and Explorer Hiram Bingham
Archaeologist and Explorer
Hiram Bingham

Deaths in History

  • Jan 20 John Ruskin, English writer (Dearest Mama Talbot), dies of flu at 81
  • Jan 20 Richard D Blackmore, English novelist (Lorna Doone), dies at 74
  • Jan 30 Vittorio Bersezio, [Carlo Nugelli], Italian playwright, dies at 71
  • Feb 16 George Labram, US mine engineer in South Africa, dies in battle
  • Feb 18 Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (b. 1824)
  • Feb 18 Eugenio Beltrami, Italian Mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), dies at 64
  • Feb 23 William Butterfield, architect of the Gothic revival, dies
  • Mar 6 Gottlieb Daimler, designed 1st motorcycle, dies at 65
  • Mar 18 Antonio Nobre, Portuguese poet (So [Lonely]), dies at 32
  • Mar 19 John Bingham, American politician and lawyer (b. 1815)
  • Mar 26 Isaac Mayer Wise, rabbi/found American Hebrew Congregations, dies at 80
  • Mar 27 Pieter J Joubert [Smart Piet], South African general, dies at 69
  • Apr 4 Edward VII, King, assassinated
  • Apr 5 Comte de Villebois-Marevil, French/South African general, dies in battle
  • Apr 24 George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll and Secretary of State for India (1868-74, 1880-85), dies at 76
  • Apr 24 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor and cable car pioneer, dies at 64
  • Apr 30 John Luther (Casey) Jones, dies in Cannonball Express train wreck
  • May 5 Ivan Aivazovsky, Russian painter (b. 1817)
  • May 18 Jean Gaspard Felix Ravaisson-Mollien, French philosopher (b. 1813)
  • May 31 James Loudon, gov-gen of Neth-Indies (1871-75), dies at 75
  • May 31 John Power, Irish baronet/whiskey manufacturer, dies in battle

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 5 Stephen Crane, author (Red Badge of Courage), dies at 28

Novelist Stephen Crane
Stephen Crane
  • Jun 29 Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
  • Jul 24 Ferdinand Hamet, Dutch missionary in Mongolia, murdered at 59
  • Jul 29 Umberto I, Italian King (1878-1900) assassinated by Gaetano Bresci
  • Jul 30 Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (b. 1844)
  • Aug 4 Isaac Levitan, Russian painter (b. 1860)
  • Aug 5 James Augustine Healy, African American Roman Catholic bishop, dies at 80
  • Aug 6 Wilhelm Liebknecht, German journalist/socialist, dies at 74
  • Aug 12 James E Keeler, US astronomer (rings of Saturn), dies at 42
  • Aug 12 Wilhelm Steinitz, Austrian chess player (b. 1836)
  • Aug 16 José Maria de Eça de Queirós, Portuguese writer, dies at 54
  • Aug 25 Kuroda Kiyotaka, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1840)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 25 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Übermensch and the doctrine of eternal return), dies at 55

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • Aug 28 Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Women on University), dies
  • Sep 23 William Marsh Rice, American philanthropist and university founder (b. 1816)
  • Sep 25 Félix-Gabriel Marchand, premier of Québec (b. 1832)
  • Sep 29 Samuel Fenton Cary, congressman, prohibitionist (b. 1814)
  • Oct 14 Albert de Vriendt, Flemish historical painter/etcher, dies
  • Oct 20 Charles Dudley Warner, US writer (As We Go), dies at 70
  • Oct 20 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet (b. 1846)
  • Oct 28 Max Müller, German-born orientalist (b. 1823)
  • Nov 6 PWJ Le Gallais, British lt-colonel, dies in battle at Bothaville

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 30 Oscar Wilde, Irish playwright and novelist (Importance of Being Earnest), dies in Paris at 46

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
  • Dec 14 Jean B A Kessler, director of oil on Dutch Indies, dies at 46
  • Dec 21 Roger Wolcott, American political figure, 39th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1847)
  • Dec 27 William Armstrong, of Cragside, British inventor and industrialist ( hydraulic accumulator), dies at 90
  • Dec 28 Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto, Portuguese explorer (b. 1846)