January 1900 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel)
  • Jan 1 Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect
  • Jan 1 British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria are established
  • Jan 2 E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7" single-sided records (Montreal)
  • Jan 2 John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Jan 5 Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule.
  • Jan 6 Boers attack at Ladysmith, about 1,000 killed or injured
  • Jan 6 Maurice Ravel's "Albaradode Gracioso" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 10 Lord Roberts & Lord Kitchener reach Capetown
  • Jan 12 Freeland Colony founded in US
  • Jan 16 The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
  • Jan 16 The US gains control over Tutuila in Samoa and several smaller Pacific islands
  • Jan 18 Jan Blockx's "Tÿl Uilenspiegel" premieres in Brussels
  • Jan 21 The second contingent of Canadian troops sails from Halifax to fight in South Africa against the Boers
  • Jan 24 Battle of Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • Jan 26 Henrik Ibsen's "Naar vi Dode Vaaguer" premieres in Stuttgart
  • Jan 27 Social Democrat Party of America (Debs' party) holds 1st convention
  • Jan 27 Foreign diplomats in Peking, China, write formal notes of protest demanding that the Chinese Government stop the Boxes and other groups leading attacks on Westerners and Christians.
  • Jan 29 Boers under Joubert beat British at Spionkop Natal, 2,000 killed
  • Jan 31 The final report of the USA's Philippine Commission is released, favouring territorial government for the islands with home rule in local affairs, but with US assumptions of ultimate responsibility for the government.

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Hubert van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF)
  • Jan 1 Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (d. 1986)
  • Jan 3 Dorothy Arnzer, director
  • Jan 4 James Bond, American ornithologist (d. 1989)
  • Jan 5 Dennis Gabor, Hung/British physicist (holography-Nobel 1971) [or Jun 5]
  • Jan 5 Paula Ludwig, Austrian German poet, born in Vorarlberg, Austria (d. 1974)
  • Jan 5 Yves Tanguy, French/US sailor/surrealistic painter
  • Jan 8 Queen Marie, of Yugoslavia
  • Jan 9 Richard Halliburton, American adventurer (presumed dead 1939)
  • Jan 15 Caesar Domela, Dutch painter (Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis son)
  • Jan 17 Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant, patron of the arts
  • Jan 20 Doris Deane, WI, entertainer
  • Jan 25 Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukraine, genetist/writer (Mankind Evolving)
  • Jan 25 Yojiro Ishizaka, Japanese writer (d. 1986)
  • Jan 27 Hyman G Rickover, US Admiral (father of modern nuclear navy)
  • Jan 28 Alexandre AM Stols [Chl van Halsbeke], publisher (History of Ecuador)
  • Jan 28 Hermann Kesten, German writer (Allert de Lange)
  • Jan 28 Alice Neel, American artist (d. 1984)
  • Jan 29 Willem F K Hussem, Dutch painter/poet (Coastline, Lookout on Sea)
  • Jan 30 Sandy Powell, Rotherham England, costume designer (Rob Roy)
  • Jan 31 Betty Parsons, American artist and art dealer, born in NYC, New York City (d. 1982)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 20 John Ruskin, English writer (Dearest Mama Talbot), dies of flu at 81
  • Jan 20 Richard D Blackmore, English novelist (Lorna Doone), dies at 74
  • Jan 30 Vittorio Bersezio, [Carlo Nugelli], Italian playwright, dies at 71