October 1900 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 3 Edward Elgar/Cardinal Newmans oratorium premieres in Birmingham
  • Oct 4 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Problem of Thor Bridge" (BG)
  • Oct 4 In a final confrontation, some 4000 Ashantis are defeated by the British in Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • Oct 6 Britain annexes Orange Free State (as Orange River Colony)
  • Oct 7 The term "orienteering" is first used for an event
  • Oct 9 8.3 magnitude earthquake shakes Cape Yakataga, Alaska
  • Oct 10 Foreign ministers in Peking begin their first serious negotiations over what conditions their nations will impose on the Chinese after putting down the Boxer uprising
  • Oct 10 In Manchuria, Russia captures the major city of Mukden, part of their own plan to take over the whole province

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 12 The first modern submarine is commissioned by the U.S.Navy as the USS Holland, named for its designer John Philip Holland

  • Oct 16 Queen Wilhelmina leaves duke Heinrich "Henry" von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  • Oct 16 Great Britain and Germany sign the Anglo-German Treaty, agreeing to maintain territorial integrity of China and support 'open door' policy called for by US Secretary of State
  • Oct 18 Count Bernard von Bulow becomes Chancellor of Germany, famous for first referring to Germany's need for 'place in the sun' and global empire
  • Oct 19 Painter Henry O Tanner wins Medal of Honor at Paris Exposition
  • Oct 19 South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger departs for Europe
  • Oct 24 General Redvers Buller returns to England
  • Oct 25 Great Britain annexes the former Boer South African Republic, renaming it the Transvaal Colony
  • Oct 30 First-ever US auto show opens in Madison Square Garden in NYC
  • Oct 31 AL pres Ban Johnson writes to NL pres Nick Young seeking peace

Birthdays in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 2 Coco the Clown [Nicolai Poliakoff], Famous Russian clown, born in Dvinsk, Russian Empire (d. 1974)

Famous Clown Coco the Clown
Famous Clown
Coco the Clown
  • Oct 3 Jay Irving, cartoonist (Draw Me a Laugh), born in NYC, New York

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 3 Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (Look Homeward Angel), born in Asheville, North Carolina (d.1938)

Novelist Thomas Wolfe
Thomas Wolfe
  • Oct 7 Heinrich Himmler, a leading Nazi and head of the Gestapo
  • Oct 8 Geoffrey Alan Jellicoe, landscape architect
  • Oct 8 Serge Chermayeff, architect/designer
  • Oct 16 Edward Ardizzone, artist and illustrator (d. 1979)
  • Oct 16 Primo Conti, Italian painter (d. 1988)
  • Oct 20 Wayne Morse, (Sen-R/D-Ore)
  • Oct 22 Edward R Stettinius, US, foreign minister (1944-45)/diplomat
  • Oct 24 Elizabeth Hill, teacher of Salvonic languages
  • Oct 26 Ibrahim Abbud, general/premier Sudan (1958-64)
  • Oct 26 Karin Boye, writer (Kallocain), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1941)
  • Oct 30 Ragnar Granit Finnish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)

Weddings in History

  • Oct 2 Belgium crown prince Albert von Saksen-Coburg weds Elisabeth of Bayern

Deaths in History

  • Oct 14 Albert de Vriendt, Flemish historical painter/etcher, dies
  • Oct 20 Charles Dudley Warner, US writer (As We Go), dies at 70
  • Oct 20 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet (b. 1846)
  • Oct 28 Max Müller, German-born orientalist (b. 1823)